Detailed description of the strawberry variety gigella
Many of us love strawberries. Especially if the berries are juicy, sweet and large in size. All these advantages include variety Gigantella.
The Gigantella strawberry is a fairly popular variety. Many gardeners are interested in her, since it is she who stands out for large berries and a high yield.
This variety requires very careful maintenance., as he is very moody to any changes. With improper care, the bushes may dry out or the berries may be small.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Garden strawberry Gigantella was bred by breeders in Holland... It got its name due to its huge size.
The variety is mid-season, the harvest is mainly harvested in early July.
One berry can weigh up to one hundred grams. This is what attracted many gardeners and gardeners.
The pulp is rich in color, dense, juicy, sweet taste. Scarlet appearance. Due to its density, strawberries well transportedwithout changing their external and taste qualities.
Features of Gigantella strawberry
According to the description, the bush can reach a height of 60 cm, which is important to consider when planting a plant, planting away from each other. The leaf is rather large.
Loves sunny places. The berries can be frozen, the taste does not change in this case. Harvesting reaches three kilograms.
Strawberry bushes grow quite quickly. All mustache must be removed during grooming... The strawberry taste is sweet with a slight sourness and pineapple aroma.
The advantage of this species is in its frost resistance, but it should be noted that you still have to cover the bushes in winter, since the plant is quite capricious.
Advantages and disadvantages
Of course, Gigantella has a large number of advantages, but there are also minor disadvantages. These include frequent watering of bushes.
Attention is paid to the fact that the strawberries are not poured, gently with water, water in moderation, but often.
In the spring, around the beginning of May, flowers form on the bushes. Ripens in early June. It means that berries appear rapidly, after flowering has passed.
The first berries are about 10 cm in size, flat surface, and weigh about 80-100 grams.
Bushes are planted on the ground, where the sun's rays fall, from the southwest side. The place should not be too humid and located in the lowlands.
Soil preparation does not require special measures and includes loosening, leveling and fertilization. Seedlings are buried in September and at the end of April - 2 times per year. Seedlings can be purchased from experienced gardeners or grown on their own.
Planting Gigantella strawberry seeds:
Favorable environmental conditions are created: temperature regime (20-25 degrees), soil moisture, good illumination (for this you can use special lamps).
After the seeds are sown, the first shoots appear after 3 weeks. Seedlings are dived to develop a good root system at a distance of 7 cm from each other.
The seedling should have 5 leaves and strong roots before planting., which are cut to 6 cm.Then, seedlings are dropped at a distance of 20 cm from each other, the distance between the rows should be at least 70 cm.
It is better to plant in cloudy times, otherwise, in sunny weather, the possibility that the plants will not be accepted is great. It is immediately necessary to arrange watering, about 0.5 liters per seedling.
After two weeks, the seedlings are checked, those that have not started are removed and new ones are added in their place.
Planting strawberries (strawberries) variety Gigantella:
Care and reproduction
Caring for this type of strawberry is no different from caring for other varieties. But there are subtleties of caring for Gigantella.
With the rapid development of strawberries, they release a huge number of mustaches, which must be removed in a timely manner. Otherwise, there will be a low yield.
Only if you want to propagate it, you can leave a few bushes, from which the mustache is added.
This species reproduces in a carpet way., that is, the mustache is not removed, it grows and takes root. After that, reproduction stops and fruiting begins.
Gigantella strawberries require some care. After the snow melts, the plants are examined and processed, dry leaves are removed, and treated with pesticides.
Further the soil is fertilized with onion peels... It must be laid out in rows between the bushes. Over time, when the strawberries begin to grow, fertilizers are applied there.
Dry leaves are removed before flowers appear. Then they are fed. Straw and needles are placed near the bushes, which will retain moisture for the appearance of good fruits in the future and protect against various diseases.
This variety is destroyed by many pests.... Therefore, special insect repellents are selected for care. Spraying is done five times per season. In early May, a solution is made from Fitosporin and Gumi.
If you carefully approach the issue of processing, you can significantly reduce the level of infection of planted plants. Plants can be transplanted to another plot of land, but only after 8 years.
Compost is a good fertilizer... It is placed under each bush about one bucket. It nourishes the soil well and promotes the rapid growth of strawberries.
At the moment when buds begin to form on the bushes, the plant needs potassium, therefore potassium salt is fertilized.
With the help of boric acid, strawberries are processed to increase the yield. After collecting it, the soil is fertilized so that the plants do not feel hunger in winter.
It can be noted with precision that Gigantella strawberries are a wonderful addition to your garden or vegetable garden... Having planted this variety, you will be satisfied with the harvest and will expand the area of the land plot for planting new bushes.
Diseases and pests
Common diseases of strawberries include:
- Brown spot... On the leaves, the edges appear burnt and dark bulges appear. Treatment: in the spring, it is necessary to spray the bushes with phytosporin or Bordeaux one percent mixture. These procedures are carried out before the appearance of the buds.
- Septoria or white spot... White spots with a dark red border appear in the center of the leaf.
- Gray rot... It appears on fruits in the form of dark spots covered with fluff.
- Black rot... Occurs on leaves. Treatment: spring treatment with Bordeaux liquid.
- Phytosporous wilting... Collapsing gray leaves.
- Fusarium wilting... Irregularities appear at the edges of the leaf, then the entire leaf is deformed.
- Verticillary wilting... Withering of old and young leaves on the bushes.
To prevent these diseases from appearing, before planting, the root system is placed in a solution of one liter of water and seven grams of 23k agate. If the disease has attacked, then it must be treated with metaxil.
- Beetles... It is necessary to cultivate the land around the plant with karbofos, water with a decoction of onion husks.
- Birds... They scare them away by establishing twigs a little more than a meter high around the perimeter of the site where the strawberries are planted. You need to throw a net on them, or hang something shiny, such as tinsel, on each peg.
- Slugs... To combat them, beer is used. It is poured into flat containers and placed under the bushes. In the morning you need to collect the slugs.
- Mites... In order to prevent them from attacking strawberries, in early spring the bushes are treated with phosphamide or a hot solution of potassium permanganate.
- Weevils... The bush is treated with actellik two weeks before flowering.
- Ants... To combat them, baits are used that are filled with poison.
“Gigantella strawberries are delicious and aromatic. Its plus is that it requires a minimum of effort in leaving. It is easy to weed, because the bushes are tall, and the harvest is convenient because the berries are large. "
“I bought the Gigantella strawberry saplings back in 1991. This type of plant was not so well known to many gardeners. The bush shocked me as it was very powerful. Harvesting huge fruits my delight knew no bounds. But soon after five years, I had to give up this variety. The berries have become much smaller and the taste has changed. "
“I have been reading reviews on the Gigantella strawberry variety on the Internet for a long time and wanted to purchase material for planting. It turned out to be difficult to find seeds. I wrote them out through the online store. Having received the seeds, I planted them immediately (in February). All the seeds have sprung up and pretty quickly. I planted the planting material in the garden, processed it as expected. In the summer I got a decent harvest of very tasty, sweet, big strawberries ”.
“For several years in a row, the Gigantella strawberry variety has been pleasing us with its harvest. The berries are medium-sized, sweet. Our soil is poor in minerals, so we often have to apply fertilizers. "
Thus, it is worth concluding that this variety takes pride of place on any piece of land... Having planted Gigantella strawberries, you will be satisfied with the collection of its berries and will multiply this variety with pleasure.
The best varieties of strawberries: photo and description
Almost everyone simply adores delicious and very aromatic strawberries (garden strawberries). There are many varieties of strawberries, all of which differ in their taste and yield. In this regard, any gardener may have a question, which variety is best to choose for planting in your garden? What varieties of this berry crop are considered the best?
Strawberry Gigantella variety description photo
It was first bred in Holland. The main advantage of the species is the scarlet, incredibly large fruits (up to 100 g). Their features:
- rich taste
- light pineapple flavor
- dense pulp, which makes it easy to transport the harvested crop.
Strawberry Gigantella, reviews of gardeners about which there are only positive, develops very well on any soil. It differs from other subspecies in tall bushes that grow up to half a meter in height, so it is not afraid of wet and swampy areas and is less likely to get sick.
In connection with such a solid size, there are some inconveniences with the calculation of space in the garden, since the optimal planting scheme is considered: four seedlings per square meter. For this thermophilic culture, it is advisable to choose sunny areas. Gigantella strawberries can also be grown in greenhouse conditions, but in this case it is worth worrying about high-quality and constant daylight, otherwise it will not be sweet.
To begin with, you should plant strawberries correctly. She needs fertile soil, while the acidity should be neutral. Therefore, initially you need to choose a suitable site for planting. The selected location should be well lit by the sun. Further, the soil needs to be dug up and fertilized. To do this, 1 sq. m. you need to add a bucket of humus. You should also add some wood ash. The soil will then be ready for planting. We must not forget that strawberries do not sit tightly. As mentioned above, for 1 sq. m. there should be 4 bushes.
Correct feeding affects the quantity and quality of the crop. To do this, it is recommended to adhere to the following rules:
- When strawberries grow only the first year, then it is better not to use fertilizers that contain nitrogen. Otherwise, the fruits can rot. BUT
- zot has a positive effect on foliage growth, but this should not be allowed for a young plant. During this period, it is better to use potash fertilizers, which are added to the ground in early spring, evenly distributing them throughout the territory.
- When the second year of strawberries has gone, then ammonium nitrate can be added to the soil.
- In the third year, superphosphate is also used, as well as the above fertilizers. They are put together and brought into the ground. Initially, this procedure is done in the spring, and then after the last harvest has been harvested. Top dressing should be done correctly. Together with it, you need to water the strawberries well.
Strawberry Zolotinka propagates with the help of seeds. They are sown in February-March, and planted in open ground in May-June. The soil for seedlings is prepared in advance. First, a soil mixture is made from soils of the following composition:
- peat from the agro shop
- river sand.
These components are mixed in equal amounts and the resulting mixture is calcined in the oven for disinfection. Then place the soil in a container with a lid or box.
The strawberry seeds are placed on a damp cloth and refrigerated for several days. Then they sow on a moistened soil base. Seeds of Zolotinka are very small. They are simply scattered evenly on the surface of the soil, without sprinkling anything.
The container with the sown strawberries is covered with a lid or foil and placed in a warm and well-lit place. The cover or film is removed for ventilation approximately once every two days, when visible condensation forms. Water the strawberries with a spray bottle. Seedlings should appear in 30-40 days.
When the seedlings produce two good leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into a separate container. Watering is carried out under the very root of the sprout, without affecting the delicate leaves of the plant.
When 5-6 leaves are formed on the sprouts, the seedlings can be planted in open ground. Before planting, strawberries should be hardened by placing them in a room with an ambient temperature of no more than 14-16 degrees.
There is a certain confusion surrounding strawberries and strawberries. To understand this issue, it is worth understanding how these plants differ.
Strawberries can be found naturally. Its characteristic features are: heterosexual flowers (which causes low productivity), round shape and small size of the fruit, adjacent to the sepals. This type of plant is not of particular value for cultivation in culture. Strawberries, as opposed to strawberries, deserve every attention. This plant has bisexual flowers, which gives good yields. It is this species that is grown by gardeners. For some unknown reason, the biologically correct name "strawberry" has been relegated to the background, while the word "strawberry" has successfully taken root in the common people. Below we will use both names to help you find this article :).
Description of varieties of strawberries (strawberries)
Garden strawberry varieties differ in terms of ripening. Early and mid-early varieties have a dessert purpose. They ripen from late May to mid or late June. The early strawberries are represented by the varieties Iosif Mahomet, Alba, Oktava, Marishka, Kama, Divnaya.
Medium and mid-late varieties of strawberries are considered universal - they are used fresh, and are also processed for winter storage. Fruiting dates: from early June to early July. Representatives of this category of strawberries are the varieties Solovushka, Favorit, Marshal, Moscow Jubilee, Marmolada, Elsanta, Syria, Hungarian giant, Elvira, Sonata.
Late varieties are mostly used for technical processing. Fruiting season: early or mid-June to mid-July. Late strawberries are represented by the varieties Zingerdt giant, Fireworks, Red Gauntlet, Symphony, Arosa, Roxana, Bohema, Olympic hope, Carnival, Molling, Pandora.
Repairing and semi-repairing strawberry varieties bloom and yield throughout the season (after the first harvest, new buds are laid and new fruits are set). Such strawberries require more frequent watering, give a lower yield than ordinary varieties, make great demands on the composition of the soil, but the gardener receives not one strawberry harvest, but two. Repaired varieties can bear fruit from late June to early September (Everest, Badi), from early summer to mid-first month of autumn (Selva, San Andreas), from mid-July to late September (Albion).
Strawberries of a neutral day have only one difference from other remontant varieties - their flowering does not depend on the length of the day. Three outdoor crops can be harvested during the season. In greenhouses, a year-round harvest awaits you. The terms of fruiting are the same as those of the rest of the remontant strawberries. Popular varieties: Seascape, Referent, Fern, Olstar, Brighton.
Recommendations by region: which variety to choose?
The middle zone of Russia is characterized by frosts in spring and autumn. Such varieties as Festivalnaya and Clery (early strawberries), Lord (medium ripening), Cardinal and Holiday (late strawberries), Gigantella (mid-late strawberries), Queen Elizabeth (remontant berries) can withstand a similar climate well.
A sharply continental climate (short summer, long winter) is observed on the territory of Western Siberia. The varieties Omskaya (early strawberries), Amulet and Maryshka (mid-early berries), Tanyusha and Junia Smides (medium ripening periods) took root here.
In the North-West of Russia (in a temperate continental climate) the following varieties are grown: Sudarushka (early strawberries), Junia Smides, Onega, Divnaya and Krasavitsa Zagorya (medium ripening periods), Tsarskoselskaya (mid-late berries).
The South of the Non-Black Earth Region belongs to the moderately middle continental belt. Varieties such as Zephyr, Kalinka and Kama (early strawberries), Vityaz, Makovka and Slavutich (medium ripening), Zenga Zengana, Bounty and Borovitskaya (late strawberries), Moscow delicacy and Geneva 22 (remontant varieties) are grown here.
The best varieties of strawberries (strawberries)
It is difficult to name with absolute accuracy the best varieties of strawberries (strawberries) - much depends on the region of cultivation. We bring to your attention a short selection.
This popular variety has an early ripening period. It is recommended for cultivation in central Russia (the variety was bred in Italy). Strawberry bushes are compact in size, flowers tolerate frost well. This variety bears fruit since the beginning of summer. The bright red, ripe berries are conical and roughly equal in size. They are characterized by a sweet taste and a bright strawberry aroma. This variety gives rich yields (about 200 kg / ha). The pulp of the berries is quite dense, so that the crop can be transported almost without loss. The plant is not susceptible to disease.
This variety has an average ripening period. The variety is recommended for growing not only in central Russia, but also in colder or arid regions (it withstands both frost and heat well). It is resistant to disease. When ripe, strawberries acquire a burgundy color. They are quite large and sweet. The fruiting season begins at the end of June.
Zenga-Zengana strawberry variety
These berries have a late ripening period. They are grown in the middle lane, in the south of the Non-Black Earth Region and in other regions of Russia. The berries are sweet with a slight sourness. They are juicy and fragrant, the average fruit weight is 10-12 g. The shape of the berries is angular, broadly conical. The variety is resistant to drought, cold weather and most diseases (except for gray rot). When ripe, the berries become dark red, shiny.
- Moscow delicacy
strawberry variety Moscow delicacy
It is an early remontant variety, bred in Holland. It is resistant to adverse conditions, moderately resistant to pests and diseases, and gives high yields. Blunt-conical berries are of medium size, characterized by a sweet and sour taste. When ripe, the berries turn bright red.
Large varieties of strawberries (strawberries)
Large berries weigh 100-150 g. The following varieties belong to the large-fruited category: Zolotaya, Kiss Nellis, Maxim. The most famous is Gigantella (medium late variety). It was bred in Holland. The fruits are not only very large, but also sweet. The structure of the berries is dense, which allows them to be transported. The variety is immune to pests, is not afraid of weather fluctuations, bears fruit from June to the autumn cold.
Sweet varieties of strawberries (strawberries)
The following varieties are distinguished by the increased sweetness of the berries: Eldorado, Carmen, Crown. The Elvira variety has also proven itself well. It was bred in Holland. The berries are of medium weight (40-60 g) and round in shape. This variety is well resistant to diseases, withstands temperature fluctuations, and gives high yields. The dense structure of the berries allows them to be transported.
Mustacheless strawberries: varieties
This type of strawberry has a number of advantages: it has excellent taste characteristics, gives good yields, and bears fruit for a long time (until autumn frosts). The absence of antennae greatly facilitates the care of the beds. The following varieties belong to the category of beardless strawberries: Monterey, San Andreas, Portola, Capri, Albion, Aromas.
The Lyubava variety is popular in Russia. It is resistant to cold weather, can withstand short-term drought, and is characterized by good disease resistance. Large sweet berries have a pleasant aroma. These strawberries can be grown in decorative pots at home.
Small-fruited strawberries without tendrils are represented by the original Yellow Miracle variety. The average height of the bushes is 20-25 cm, the berries are small, conical and light yellow. The berries have a sweet taste, bright aroma, strawberry. This variety is picky about watering, is not afraid of frosts, and is resistant to diseases. It can also be grown in an apartment.
Many people isolate Victoria, considering it a separate type of berries. In fact, this is one of the very first strawberry varieties. It was bred by crossing meadow (virgin) strawberries and strawberries brought from Chile. The variety is resistant to cold weather, not afraid of pests and diseases. Sufficiently large berries are colored bright red. They have a rich taste and are able to retain useful elements for a long time.
Strawberry varieties: reviews
Reviews of the same strawberry varieties may differ. Gardeners agree that it is worth planting several popular varieties with different ripening periods on their site. Well, how they show themselves will help to make a choice.
Regina strawberries are planted in open ground in early May. Choose a sunny, slightly shaded place with loose, fertile soil. The land where it is planned to plant strawberries must be prepared in advance. All weeds and their roots are removed from the site, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied, while digging up the soil. The Regina variety is recommended to be planted according to the following scheme:
- between seedlings 10-15 cm
- between rows - 30-40 cm
- placing rows from south to north.
It is advisable to do no more than two rows. Planting is carried out in the evening or in cloudy weather. Each bush is watered abundantly after planting.
It is better to mulch the beds with Regina strawberries right away. Mulching protects plantations from abundant weed growth, retains moisture in the soil, which greatly facilitates maintenance. Peat chips, sawdust, straw, hay or black agromaterial are used as mulch.
The use of black agromaterial has gained great popularity among gardeners lately. Before planting strawberries, you must first cover the beds with agrotechnical cloth, make holes in it for each seedling, and then place strawberry bushes.
Strawberry Regina is a variety that is unpretentious to care for. You just need to follow the simple rules of agricultural technology, and there will be a result in the form of a good harvest. Water the strawberries regularly, depending on the weather conditions. A drip irrigation system is recommended. The optimal frequency of watering in hot summer is once a week.
After pouring, the soil should be loosened to remove the hard earthen crust, which prevents oxygen from penetrating to the plant root system. Weeds are pulled up as they emerge.
The Regina strawberry variety is remontant, which means the duration of fruiting. Strawberries give several yields, and the plants are significantly depleted over the season, actively investing strength and energy in fruiting. To replenish growth energy, plants need nutritious feeding. For the Regina variety, it is necessary to make additional fertilizing several times per season. Regina's bushes are fed in the following order:
- The first nutrient supplement is applied in early spring, as soon as the snow melts. It will be useful to apply fertilizers containing nitrogen: diluted infusions of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:25), urea (5 g per bucket of water).
- Before flowering, strawberries need: boron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, zinc. These microelements are added in the form of complex mineral fertilizers.
- After the end of fruiting and before preparing for the winter dormant period, strawberries are fed with the introduction of mineral complexes without nitrogen content in them.
Protection from diseases and pests
The Regina variety is highly resistant to various diseases of horticultural crops. The variety is also very resistant to pest infestations. Of the pests, strawberries can be affected by slugs that appear in too waterlogged soil. The drip irrigation system will allow dosing the supply of moisture to the beds and preventing waterlogging of the earth.
It is recommended to carry out the following preventive measures to prevent the development of diseases and damage by pests:
- The plantings are sprayed with a diluted mixture of ammonia and table vinegar. Mix ammonia, vinegar and water in a 1: 6 ratio.
- Marigolds, calendula, onions, or garlic are planted nearby.
- The bushes are treated with an infusion of chopped garlic (2-3 heads of garlic per 10 liters of water).
- Tobacco dust is scattered in the aisles, which repels dangerous insects.
It is recommended not to use plant protection chemicals.
Preparing for winter
The last wave of the harvest from the Regina strawberry variety is harvested before frost. After the last harvest, the strawberry bushes must be carefully examined to identify diseases. If there is a diseased plant in the garden, then it must be removed and burned.
Dried leaves are removed. The soil in the aisles is loosened so that the pests do not remain for the winter next to the strawberries. In the southern regions, the Regina variety winters without shelter. In northern regions with severe winters and lack of snow, plantations require a small cover with a layer of needles, straw or agrofibre on low arcs.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Regina strawberry variety has a large number of the following advantages:
- Fruits with a wonderful taste.
- Winter hardiness.
- Excellent yield.
- Grows well in all climates.
- Unpretentiousness to the type of soil.
- Disease and pest resistance.
- Good transportability and long shelf life.
Of the shortcomings, only the absence of a mustache can be distinguished, and as a result, the complexity of breeding the variety.