Raspberry remontant or how to get maximum berries from a minimum area
Repaired raspberries are the choice of gardeners who prefer to enjoy fragrant berries throughout the season, right down to frost. But this requires a little more effort than growing conventional varieties, and some knowledge of agricultural technology. We will talk about this.
Features and benefits of remontant raspberry varieties
Repaired raspberries are a large group of varieties that bear fruit both on last year's shoots and on this year's annual shoots. If the planting of remontant raspberries was done in the spring, then at the end of summer it will delight you with the first harvest.
All remontant varieties are conventionally subdivided into continuously bearing and autumn bearing varieties. And the word "repair" itself does not need to be explained. With regard to raspberries, it can be interpreted as self-renewal, that is, remontant varieties are constantly self-renewing.
Video about the features of remontant raspberries
This raspberry received a high rating from gardeners for the fact that the period of consumption of fresh berries is up to 1.5-2 months, in contrast to common raspberries, in which the harvesting period is 2-3 weeks in mid-summer. The last berries ripen just when the harvest of other fruit crops in the garden has long been harvested. This is explained by the fact that the ovary of the remontant raspberry is resistant to a drop in temperature, in comparison with other berries. Even at temperatures marked "minus", the ovaries do not stop developing, and what is surprising, they ripen high-quality berries.
A distinctive feature of the remontant variety is the growth of the bush itself, unlike ordinary raspberries, it does not grow and does not litter the land. Modern highly productive varieties give little shoots, in this regard, they do not create unnecessary trouble in care, and on the other hand, this fact explains the difficult reproduction of this variety. Such characteristics of the remontant raspberry increase the demand and cost of planting material.
The last berries ripen just when the harvest of other fruit crops in the garden has long been harvested.
Varietal variety of remontant raspberries
Amateur gardeners and breeders have bred many different varieties of this culture: tall and short, with early and late ripening, which are suitable for all climatic conditions.
The best varieties of remontant raspberries: Indian Leto, Hercules, Red Guard, Bryansk miracle, Orange miracle, Diamond, Ruby necklace, Brusvyana, Yaroslavna, Atlant, Polana, Poranna Rosa, Harriteich, Himbo Top and many others. These are the results of the work of breeders from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Switzerland.
Medium-sized raspberry varieties reach a height from 120 to 160 cm, tall ones - up to 2 meters, the mass of berries, depending on the variety, ranges from 4 g to 12 g, the yield from one bush can be obtained from 2 kg to 3 kg.
How to plant remontant raspberries
Given such excellent indicators, many summer residents are trying to plant and grow remontant raspberries. Before planting, it is necessary to take into account its high need for sunlight, so you need to make sure that the planted seedlings on the site will be sufficiently illuminated.
Before planting, it is necessary to take into account its high need for sunlight.
The planting scheme for raspberries is selected individually for each variety, it depends on the formation of new shoots. For most varieties, it is recommended to plant bushes in a row at a distance of 0.7 to 0.9 m, and observe the distance between rows - from 1.5-2 m, rarely up to 2.5 m.
Experiments on planting raspberries have shown that there are several more planting methods - these are in the form of small groups (clumps) and nesting, when the plant is located at a distance of 1 to 2 meters from each other on the site.
For those who like to get not only a harvest, but also to use plants for decorating a personal plot, it is advised to use a triangular planting pattern. For this, plants with berries of different colors are selected, formed into groups of three plants and planted at a distance of 0.5 to 0.9 m.
Planting raspberries in spring
- Repaired raspberries are best planted in the spring before the start of the growing season, a week after the last frost.
- Prepared seedlings should have a good root system and a cut off aerial part with a height of 25 to 30 cm.
- Repaired raspberries are planted to a depth of 35 to 5o cm. Not observing these rules, the seedlings take root for a very long time.
- Having compacted the soil, it is necessary to water it, even if the planting was carried out in moist soil, after which it is advisable to mulch this place with humus 10 cm thick.
- If early planting is missed, it can be done in late May or early June, but this is possible only if the seedlings were kept in a glacier. These are necessary measures to delay the growing season.
- A vegetative seedling, most likely, will not take root.
- If you have enough planting material, you can plant it in the fall, a week and a half before the onset of frost. The planting scheme and method are the same as in the spring. But the survival rate will be lower.
If you have enough planting material, you can plant it in the fall, a week and a half before the onset of frost.
Do not expect a large harvest from remontant raspberries planted in spring. She will not have time to build up a sufficient vegetative mass and, most likely, will only show you her berries so that you can confirm your varietal affiliation. But the survival rate of seedlings with spring planting is much higher than with autumn planting.
How to care for remontant raspberries
Repaired raspberries do not require any special complex care. It is enough to carry out watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing and removing weeds on time.
Watering is very important for this variety, the soil should not be allowed to dry out, but it is also not recommended to flood the root system too much.
Biennial and three-year-old plants, in addition to loosening and mulching, are fed with mineral fertilizers. In the summer, it is recommended to fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers, closer to autumn - complex fertilizers, which include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and a set of trace elements.
Biennial and three-year-old plants, in addition to loosening and mulching, are fed with mineral fertilizers
It is inconvenient and troublesome to grow an ordinary raspberry variety and a remontant in one area. This is due to the fact that ordinary raspberries are very susceptible to all kinds of pests, and the neighborhood with it threatens the same problem. Therefore, when planting seedlings, it is necessary to take into account all the nuances and try to plant these two varieties further from each other.
If, for some reason, the landing was performed without observing the precautionary rules, then it is recommended to treat the remontant raspberry before flowering with insecticidal preparations. The best drugs are Agrovertin or Fitosporin, since they are less toxic than others.
On very hot days, raspberry bushes can be damaged by a spider mite, and vice versa, in case of abundant humidity and cold weather, by a raspberry mite. The problem is that it is very difficult to see these pests; infection can be detected by the color of the foliage, twisting and drying. Colloidal sulfur is considered the most effective remedy in this situation.
Safe control methods give good results - spraying with garlic or onion infusion. You can prepare the infusion from the consumption of 100 g of chopped garlic husk per 10 liters of water and insist for at least three days. Diluted laundry soap in the amount of 50 g is added to the finished liquid.
Safe methods of struggle give good results - spraying with garlic or onion infusion
A lot of factors affect the appearance of pests, so no one is immune and it is impossible to completely protect the plant from infection. If suddenly the slightest hint of the appearance of ticks, aphids, and leaf-gnawing and sucking pests is noticed, they immediately begin to destroy them. They try to choose the most harmless methods for humans, for example, prepare an infusion of wood ash with the addition of laundry soap and kerosene emulsion. The mixture is shaken well and added to clean water, and then sprayed with your favorite raspberry variety.
When caring for raspberries in the summer, we advise you to pay attention to the appearance of new shoots, which it is advisable to remove immediately, thereby improving the lighting conditions, which is very important for the ripening and quality of the berries. We recommend cutting the green shoots appearing from the root at a distance of up to 5 cm below the soil and using them in the future as planting material.
Caring for remontant raspberries in the fall
Full pruning of the aerial part is performed in late autumn with the onset of cold weather, after the last harvest. Then the site is removed from debris, watering and mulching are performed. It is impossible to rush to clean up the territory, a suitable period for the start of these works comes after the freezing of the top layer of the soil. Until the first frost, nutrients enter the root system from the leaves and shoots, this process cannot be disturbed, since it allows the plant to develop more intensively next year. Correct pruning of remontant raspberries will guarantee a good harvest next season.
Video about planting, growing and caring for remontant raspberries
Some gardeners do not cut off old shoots completely, but only their upper part, which has dried out, like ordinary raspberries. The next year, in the spring, lateral shoots will develop on these shoots, which will give the first harvest. But this is not recommended. This will lead to a significant decrease in yield and degeneration of the variety. Old shoots will pull on all the nutrients, and the young will receive less of them. Therefore, in late autumn, remontant varieties of raspberries are subject to complete pruning.
With the onset of spring, new shoots will grow from the underground part of the rhizome, which will give a new good harvest. This is how the remontant raspberry rejuvenates and repairs itself. And you don't need to make your own adjustments to this process.