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Growing honeysuckle: the rules of planting and care in the Moscow region

Growing honeysuckle: the rules of planting and care in the Moscow region


Edible honeysuckle in the Moscow region and central Russia begins to yield the harvest earlier than other crops on the site. The sweet and sour (sometimes bitter) taste of dark purple fruits is liked by both adults and children. Honeysuckle production is almost always guaranteed with proper care. However, the first step is to choose the right seedlings and the best growing location.

Time to board

The novice gardener is wondering at what point in time it is best to plant honeysuckle. The timing of planting is directly influenced by the intended method of culture propagation.

The main options are:

  • separation from the parent bush of the daughter with its own root system,
  • harvesting cuttings,
  • rooting of layers.

Regardless of the breeding option for honeysuckle, as a result, a seedling (or several) should be prepared as an independent unit of planting material. If the seedlings are received in the fall, and planting is planned for the spring, you will have to take care of the safety of the planting material in the winter. For example, dig the roots into the ground and leave them temporarily warm until spring.

In the climate of the Moscow region, planting of edible honeysuckle is possible both in spring and autumn. Spring is the best time to plant honeysuckle. Some experts argue that replanting the plant is also better in the spring.

The honeysuckle must be planted in a permanent place before the buds open.

Planting and transplanting of bushes is carried out until the buds bloom on the shoots. The best time for planting in spring is the last decade of April, and in autumn, mid-September.

Planting honeysuckle in the Moscow region in spring

If the planting is planned for the spring, it is not worth delaying the procedure and it is better to complete it before the active vegetation of the bush, which begins in early summer. Honeysuckle in the Moscow region is planted in the same way as in another territory of our country. Despite the general unpretentiousness, this culture has certain requirements for growing conditions. For example, to the place on the site and to the fertility of the soil. Honeysuckle is a sun-loving plant. Therefore, the place where it will be planted should be well lit.

Honeysuckle loves sunny places on the site

The soil should be fertile, with moderate moisture, but no stagnant water in it. Groundwater in a place designated for a bush should not rise high to the surface. When preparing the landing pit, the bottom is covered with a drainage layer - broken bricks, expanded clay and other similar materials. The distance between the seedlings is kept within 1.0–1.3 m. The holes are dug to a depth of half a meter. The top layers of the soil are folded apart and mixed with nutrients:

  • humus (3 kg per sq. m),
  • wood ash (1.5 cups per sq. m),
  • lime (1 tbsp. l. per 10 liters of water).

Pits filled with a nutrient substrate are left for a couple of days. And only after that they start planting seedlings. The young plant is lowered into the planting hole, carefully distributing the roots around the perimeter. The root collar is deepened at a distance of 7 cm.

The root collar of a honeysuckle seedling is deepened when planting by 7 cm

After backfilling the substrate into the pit, the seedling must be well watered. Over the next week, it is necessary to carry out regular watering, keeping the soil constantly moist.

How to propagate honeysuckle in different ways

If the site already has a bush of your favorite variety of honeysuckle, it can be propagated by cuttings. For this, cuttings are taken green or lignified. Harvesting of green cuttings is carried out in late spring, when the phase of fruit ovary begins. The characteristic crunch when a branch is broken indicates that a stalk can be prepared from this shoot.

Cuttings are harvested from strong shoots of the current year, cutting in the morning. Planting material is formed from the middle part of the branches, providing a length of 15 cm. On this segment of the branch, there must be two nodes and one internode.

Fresh cuttings are immediately planted in moist nutrient soil, covered with plastic wrap. In young plants, the roots grow back after about one and a half weeks. In autumn, cuttings are not recommended to be planted in an open area. It is more advisable to leave them in greenhouse conditions before the onset of warm spring days. Young honeysuckle bushes begin to bear fruit in the third year after planting.

Honeysuckle cuttings are rooted before planting

The procedure for rooting lignified cuttings is carried out in a different way. They are cut in the fall and, wrapped in a dense cloth, are stored in the sand until the arrival of spring. Planting in the ground is carried out in the spring, filling the top of the roots with soil by 20 cm. The formed mounds in summer and autumn are spud and watered. The next year, the seedlings are dug up and transplanted to a permanent place.

Reproduction of culture can be carried out by dividing the bush. To do this, the bushes that have reached the age of three or five years are dug out early in spring or autumn, divided into 2-3 parts in the rhizome area. Already separated bushes are planted in a permanent place of growth.

Honeysuckle, like many fruit shrubs, is propagated by layering according to the following scheme:

  1. The young shoot is deflected from the mother bush, laid in a pre-prepared trench and pinned with wire.
  2. The soil around the stem is slightly loosened.
  3. They are waiting for the roots to grow back.
  4. Then the finished seedling is separated from the mother plant and planted as an independent bush.

To get a honeysuckle seedling, the shoot from the mother bush is taken into a trench for rooting.

Propagated by honeysuckle and seeds. However, this option is more often used by breeders. Seed harvesting is performed from large and fully ripe fruits. Seeds are sown at the end of October. Prior to that, the seeds are stored in a wooden container covered with polyethylene. Seeds begin to sprout after 30 days. The sprouts are planned to be transplanted into the ground in May of the next season.

What honeysuckle is better to plant in the suburbs

Honeysuckle varieties, like any other crop, come in early, middle and late ripeness. The berries of edible honeysuckle varieties vary in shape and color (from dark purple to black). They also vary greatly in taste. There are sweet, less sweet, sweet and sour, with or without bitterness.

The selection of new varieties of honeysuckle with dessert indicators of taste for cultivation in the Moscow region and in the Moscow region began in the Main Moscow Botanical Garden in the middle of the twentieth century. Breeders A. Kuklina, L. Kuminov, A. Skvortsov studied specimens of culture brought from Siberia and the Far East. They were faced with the task of removing bitterness from the berries, preserving the maximum of useful substances and natural vitamins in the fruits. As a result of their labor, the now well-known Moscow varieties appeared, which today are respected by gardeners. They are conventionally classified into several groups.

Dessert varieties for home use

They have large berries with a sweet taste and thin skin, easily detach from the stalk. Each bush of the variety gives a crop of 2–4 kg. These are varieties such as:

  • Gzhel early,
  • Wiliga,
  • Gourmet,
  • Kuminovka,
  • Fast-growing,
  • Nizhny Novgorod early,
  • Korchaga,
  • Nipple.

The honeysuckle variety Kuminovka was created by Russian breeders for the Moscow region

Varieties of universal use

In addition to nutritional value, these varieties also have a decorative function. Resistance to frost and early ripening of berries - these are the distinctive features of these shrubs. The height of the plants is decent - up to 2-3 meters, they have decorative leaves and fragrant fruits. More than 4 kg of berries are harvested from one bush. The following varieties are suitable for cross-pollination:

  • Shahinya,
  • Moscow 23,
  • Gzhelka,
  • Titmouse,
  • Kingfisher,
  • Fortune.

Honeysuckle variety Kingfisher is hardy, sweet taste and lack of bitterness

Here are some more recommended varieties of honeysuckle suitable for planting in the Moscow region.

  • The chosen one. Late grade. Bushes are weak, semicircular in shape. The fruits are large, oblong-oval, sweet, with a pleasant taste, weighing 1.2 g. The bushes of the Chosen One have a strong crumbling of fruits.
  • Nymph. A mid-season variety, considered the best for breeding in the climate of the Moscow region. Winter hardy. The sweet berries of the Nymph have a pronounced sourness and a dessert taste. Berries weigh 1.1–1.3 g, length 26–30 mm. Productivity - 1.5 kg per bush. The surface of the berries is wavy, the skin is thin, the flesh is tender.
  • Moraine. It is characterized by early ripening of berries, shows good resistance to diseases and harmful insects. Bushes are oval. The berries are large - up to 2 g in weight, up to 25 mm in length, have an elongated cylindrical shape, thin peel, blue-blue color with a touch of wax. Dessert taste with a pronounced aroma. Productivity - 1.5 kg per bush.
  • Silginka. The variety has vigorous, spreading bushes with an oval crown. In the conditions of the climate near Moscow, it develops and bears fruit perfectly. It tolerates periods of drought well. The berries are elongated, large, with a pointed tip, weighing 1.4 g, 3.5 cm long. Silginka is the best honeysuckle among sweet varieties, has sweet and aromatic fruits with delicate pulp.
  • Bakchar giant. Large-fruited and abundant harvest distinguish the variety of this honeysuckle. Semi-sprawling bushes, up to 1.9 m high, shoots have an anthocyanin coloration. Berries are pear-shaped, weighing up to 1.8–2.0 g, up to 4 cm long. Their flesh is juicy, sweet and sour, with a good taste.

Photo gallery: popular varieties of honeysuckle suitable for the Moscow region

Since honeysuckle is self-fertile, it needs cross-pollination to set fruit. For this, up to three different varieties of this shrub should be planted on the site. At the same time, the choice of a variety for the Moscow region climate should be done by familiarizing yourself with the peculiarities of growing crops in a particular region, as well as reading reviews of gardeners with experience.

Caring for honeysuckle after planting

Honeysuckle can grow in one place for about 20-25 years. There is nothing difficult in caring for her. It includes the following activities:

  • loosening the periosteal circle,
  • abundant watering,
  • pruning shoots,
  • timely feeding.

The plant should be monitored with particular care immediately after planting in a permanent place. Honeysuckle requires plenty of drinking in the amount of a bucket per bush. It is important to irrigate on very dry days and in the phase of intensive shoot development. A lack of moisture can negatively affect the taste of berries: due to lack of water, they can become bitter.

Due to lack of water, honeysuckle berries can become bitter.

For honeysuckle, it is not so much the regularity of watering that is important as their abundance. Therefore, it is better to water less often, but with a large volume of water at a time. Watering often and superficially, slightly moistening the ground, is not worth it. The depth of moisture penetration should be at least 40-50 cm.

If a soil crust has formed on the ground, it is loosened, removing weeds. During the season, the near-trunk circle is loosened several times, carrying out manipulations carefully, without damaging the root system approaching close to the surface of the earth. Preparation for wintering involves digging up the earth around the trunk of the plant, followed by mulching.

Top dressing of honeysuckle in the first two years of growth in a permanent place is not carried out. In the subsequent period, in early spring, organic fertilizers are applied at intervals of a year. Every year, ammonium nitrate (12–15 g) is added to the near-trunk soil circle before the beginning of the active bud opening phase. The bushes are also fed with a urea solution prepared at the rate of 1 tbsp. on a bucket of slightly warmed water. If the growth rate is slowed down, the plant should be fertilized with slurry or dissolved nitrophos. This measure is intended to stimulate abundant fruit production even in weak bushes.

Pruning bushes

Pruning shoots on bushes is one of the standard honeysuckle care procedures. However, already matured plants need it, but not young bushes in the first years of life. The best time for manipulation is at the end of the leaf fall at the junction of low temperature values. When pruning, dry, injured shoots are removed, thinning the maturing crown. At the same time, the places of the cuts on the shoots are covered with garden pitch. The bush is formed by selecting the 5 most powerful and healthy trunks.

Basic pruning rules for beginner gardeners:

  1. It is important to monitor the uniformity of the growth of the crown of the bush, adjust the process by pruning.
  2. In the case of strong thickening, zero shoots that come directly from the soil should be removed.
  3. If there are a lot of shoots, they should be thinned out by removing the undersized stems.
  4. The reason for the thickening of the crown can be the intensive formation of tops, their growth should also be controlled.
  5. Every year in early spring, sanitary pruning should be carried out, in which dry, weakened and broken off branches should be eliminated.
  6. When pruning in spring, you do not need to shorten young one-year-old shoots, since they give the greatest yield.
  7. Spring pruning of the crown should be oriented mostly towards the inner branches, which will allow the entire shrub to receive maximum illumination.

When pruning honeysuckle, the main emphasis is on the inner, thickening branches of the bush.

Rejuvenating pruning is sometimes necessary for honeysuckle bushes that have reached the 10-year milestone. In the process of such an event, the bush is thinned out, cutting off the shoots that have stopped developing and growing. A full-fledged anti-aging pruning consists in cutting off all the stems in line with the soil, after which a bush is formed from young shoots.

Treatment against insects, fungi and viruses

In the conditions of home gardening, caring for honeysuckle provides for the regular observance of preventive measures aimed at protecting berry plantings from damage by harmful insects and diseases. Processing carried out in a timely manner significantly reduces the risk of bushes death and has a positive effect on the productivity of berry crops.

In order to properly process plants, you should be aware of the main misfortunes that honeysuckle can be exposed to. The most common diseases:

  • reddish olive blotch,
  • powdery mildew,
  • tuberculariosis (drying of the stems),
  • blackening of branches due to damage by fungal pathogens.

Less often, honeysuckle is capable of contracting cancer and viral diseases: mottled foliage, mosaic-sharp. Fungicide preparations help fight fungal diseases. These include colloidal sulfur, Bordeaux liquid, copper oxychloride, or Speed. Preventive measures for treating bushes against fungi are especially relevant in early spring.

Insect pests pose a significant danger to edible and decorative varieties of honeysuckle. The honeysuckle aphid is the main one. A lot of harm to this culture is leafworm (currant and rose), fingerwing, scale insect, moth. Hand picking caterpillars when insects are still small can help prevent their spread. Spraying the bushes with the use of chemicals is possible only at the end of fruiting. Professional gardeners recommend using the following drugs against leaf-gnawing insects:

  • Rogor-S,
  • INTA-Vir,
  • Decis,
  • Actellik,
  • Confidor.

A solution of tobacco dust is used as a folk remedy.

Video: the main principles of growing honeysuckle

Gardeners reviews

If you decide to supplement your backyard or garden plot with honeysuckle bushes, you should understand that caring for this culture does not cause much trouble. The plant will not only decorate your garden, but also delight you with delicious and healthy berries. In addition, any variety of honeysuckle (including inedible) has a lot of medicinal properties. To wait for the berries, you need not only to be patient, but also to take care of the plantings, observing the standards of agricultural technology.

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Growing honeysuckle in the Moscow region: planting, feeding and care

This shrub is an adornment for any park area due to its magnificent decorative appearance. The aroma of flowering honeysuckle bushes is also pleasant. The positive qualities of this perennial plant are complemented by the high taste qualities of the fruits and their medicinal qualities.

Their unpretentiousness to care, ease of reproduction, high resistance to frost, good yields annually - these positive qualities are appreciated by gardeners, and recently you can increasingly see this shrub growing not only in parks and squares, but also in garden plots.

Due to the fairly high frost resistance, honeysuckle has taken root in the Moscow region. Below we will talk about honeysuckle: planting and caring for this shrub in the Moscow region.


Time to board

The novice gardener is wondering at what point in time it is best to plant honeysuckle. The timing of planting is directly influenced by the intended method of propagation of the culture.

  • separation from the parent bush of the daughter with its own root system,
  • harvesting cuttings,
  • rooting of layers.

Regardless of the breeding option for honeysuckle, as a result, a seedling (or several) should be prepared as an independent unit of planting material. If the seedlings are received in the fall, and planting is planned for the spring, you will have to take care of the safety of the planting material in the winter. For example, dig the roots into the ground and temporarily leave them warm until spring.

In the climate of the Moscow region, planting of edible honeysuckle is possible both in spring and autumn. Spring is the best time to plant honeysuckle. Some experts argue that replanting the plant is also better in the spring.

The honeysuckle must be planted in a permanent place before the buds open.

Planting and transplanting of bushes is carried out until the buds bloom on the shoots. The best time for planting in spring is the last decade of April, and in autumn, mid-September.


How to care for honeysuckle

The complex of works for the care of honeysuckle in the spring includes the same agricultural practices as for other plants in the garden or garden. The shrub needs watering, loosening, if there is no mulch, top dressing.

Watering is done regularly, as honeysuckle loves moisture. The frequency of irrigation depends on where the bush grows - in partial shade or in the sun, as well as the weather. In the heat, watering is required; in the south, they can be daily. Freshly planted plants are often watered, less often after rooting. You can water with a hose, watering can or bucket. After watering, you need to loosen the soil, but carefully, especially near the bushes, so as not to hurt the roots, which are located superficially.

Fertilize the honeysuckle after planting from 2 years old. Until that time, the bush should have enough of those substances that are in the soil. You can fertilize honeysuckle in the spring with organic matter. It is believed that the best fertilizer for her is rotted horse manure. It can be scattered around the bushes, it is enough to add 1 bucket every 3 years. In addition to humus, ash must be used - 0.5 kg per bush.

From mineral fertilizers, at the beginning of the growing season, nitrate (20 g per m2) or urea (15 g per m2) is applied. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are used in the fall, after its end.

Every year, especially starting from the 4-5 years of age of honeysuckle, it will be necessary to carry out sanitary pruning of shoots. You cannot do without this, it thickens quickly enough, and unkempt bushes lose productivity and look sloppy. It is necessary to prune carefully, the plant has rather fragile shoots and they break easily.

Honeysuckle almost does not get sick, and it is not damaged by pests, with the exception of birds. It ripens early, earlier than many other berry bushes in the garden. In most varieties, fruiting is extended, berries can be picked within 1-1.5 months. They can quickly crumble after ripening, so collection should not be delayed.

Taking care of honeysuckle in the fall also includes preparing for winter. This plant is cold-resistant, which is why it can be grown even in the north. It can withstand severe frosts down to - 45 ° C, flower buds - up to - 8 ° C, so it does not threaten freezing, winter thaws are much more dangerous for it, that is, the alternation of cold and heat. Therefore, it is not necessary to cover adult bushes, although young ones that have just been planted should be covered in the first year. Any covering plant material is suitable: straw, hay, autumn leaves, fallen needles, it can be laid in a layer of 10-15 cm around the base of the bush.


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