Wild Apricot Black Prince and his black-sided brethren
What curiosities you can sometimes not meet! For example, black apricot. The Black Prince is the most famous of its varieties. Not only do these delicacies have an interesting taste, but they are simple in agricultural technology and are quite suitable for growing even by novice gardeners.
What is this fruit, what is it eaten with
When the garden apricot and the garden cherry plum spontaneously pollinated among themselves, and someone thought of planting a seed from the fruit of such a crossing, a black apricot appeared. Its varieties in taste are in many ways similar to the parent plants. The stone does not separate, like a plum, but the fruit is fragrant and aromatic, like an apricot.
There are old species that are not very suitable for growing outside the Caucasus region: they are not at all winter-hardy, they mature late. In central Russia, they have to be well covered, but the harvest is still harvested a little unripe. However, modern varieties of plum-apricot, as this culture is also called, tolerate cold winters better and ripen faster.
Video about the features of apricot
Black apricot varieties are interesting to grow for the following reasons:
- Its flowering begins later than all other stone fruits, late spring frosts are not terrible;
- Black apricots are well tolerated by recurrent winter frosts, which are detrimental to common varieties;
- Dark-fruited hybrids are much more resistant to traditional stone fruit diseases: clasterosporium disease, cytosporium disease, and moniliosis;
- Black is inferior to ordinary apricot in the taste of ripe fruits. It is more tart, piquant, which is why it is best suited for jams, which, moreover, have a beautiful aesthetic appearance. Already in terms of jams, it absolutely outperforms simple types of apricots;
- Dark-fruited trees are more compact, easier to care for.
The experience of many farmers in the Middle Lane has shown that the black-fruited apricot is not only not afraid of spring frosts, but may even need a cool spring.
In any case, some of them noted the fact that when, due to late frosts of plums, common apricots and nectarines shed their color, plum-apricots, which previously refused to set fruit, brought good yields.
Photo of black apricot
Features of agricultural technology
In terms of agricultural technology, our black curiosity is not much different from an ordinary apricot. When choosing a place for planting, follow the basic principles for stone fruit crops:
- Choose a sunny, protected place. It is ideal to place the seedling at the southern wall of the fence or house;
- Groundwater should not lie close to the surface to avoid roots getting wet;
- Snow cover in spring is desirable of moderate size, no more than half a meter, otherwise it is fraught with damping out of the lower part of the apricot trunk.
If the groundwater table is too close to the surface, then gardeners often resort to planting in slightly dug in barrels with a carved bottom. First, they prepare a pit, cover its bottom with pebbles or other drainage. And then the planting substrate is poured out of sand, humus, clay, peat, compost. Where the barrel is already being hoisted so that it rises half a meter above the soil level. Then such a tree will not be afraid of both the high spring rise of groundwater, and the winter excess of snow at the base of the trunk.
Photo of apricots "Black Prince"
Popular variety of apricot Black Prince and his friends
Michurin began the cultivation of these black-fruited stone fruits from the old Caucasian variety Tlor Tsiran (sometimes you can find the name Shlor Tsiran). In terms of taste, it is not very good, but in terms of winter hardiness it is inferior to the northern subspecies of apricot. But since then, the selection of this plant has progressed far ahead. Now, among the black-fruited varieties, there are many winter-hardy, productive, disease-resistant, that is, perfectly suitable for average garden conditions, when there is no time to take care of one green pet for a long time.
Melitopol black apricot was bred by Kuban specialists from an experimental fruit growing station in the city of Krymsk. He is one of the least whimsical, large-fruited, fruitful. The latter is important for plum-apricots, since in terms of yield they lose to both plum, cherry plum, and apricot. The fruits of Melitopol are large, 50 grams each, round. The taste is more reminiscent of apricot than plum. Very sweet with a honey flavor. Melitopol is the earliest ripe among blacks, begins to ripen from mid-July. You need to be careful, as overripe apricots begin to crumble quickly. It is very resistant to diseases, pests, does not require special care for itself.
In the same place, in the city of Krymsk, another popular apricot was bred - Black Velvet. It is obtained by crossing cherry plum with American varieties. Differs in small vigor of growth, compact size. Of the known varieties of European selection, the most winter-hardy. Its fruits are small, only 25 or 35 grams, very well stored. They taste something like a cross between apricots and plums. The harvest begins to ripen by the beginning of August.
And, perhaps, the most famous apricot is the Black Prince. The description of this variety speaks of its good self-fertility. That is, male and female flowers of the same tree are enough for him to pollinate. This is a good fact.
Video about growing apricots
Most plum-apricots are self-fertile trees.
That is, they need a tree of a different variety in the neighborhood, so that there is a normal pollination process, the color does not fall, but forms the ovary. In this regard, the Black Prince is well suited for gardeners who do not have other stone fruits in their garden, or do not have enough space to plant another tree. The prince will lead Ukrainian breeders from the experimental nursery station in the city of Artyomovsk. It differs in less winter hardiness than the same Black Velvet, but just as strongly resistant to spring freezing of fruit buds.
The prince has the largest fruits of the black varietal group, which can reach sizes up to 80 grams. He is also the record holder for taste among them. If other plum-apricots are most delicious, like jam, then this one will compete with southern nectarines and apricots for dessert. It is the most productive among all black-fruited varieties. Growth strength is average, disease resistance is very high. The poor winter hardiness of the Black Prince is more than compensated for by its yield and fruit quality.
Photo of black apricots
In addition to these three popular varieties, there are many old Caucasian varieties, they are resistant to pests, stunted and can grow to the north in a stanza or non-standard form. There are also representatives of the Far Eastern selection, obtained by crossing with Siberian apricot. They can withstand frosts down to -55 ° C, but are inferior to European ones in quality, fruit size, and yield.
Black prince early-growing variety. Fruits begin to ripen from late July to mid-August, depending on the growing region. Stable fruiting begins from the second year of life.
The fruits have the following characteristics:
- The color of the fruit is plum; closer to ripening it darkens almost to black shades.
- The pulp is dark yellow with burgundy blotches.
- The skin is thin.
- A small stone does not cut well from the pulp.
After full ripening, apricots quickly crumble, so harvesting begins a few days before they ripen. This will allow the fruit to be stored and transported to storage or sale.
The history of the creation of the variety
This variety was bred by Chinese breeders at the end of the last century. In Russia, the Black Prince tomato has been allowed for cultivation in regions with a temperate climate since 2000. Also recently, tomato hydride Black Prince F1 was introduced. Therefore, before buying seed, you need to carefully read the description - after all, seeds can only be harvested from a varietal tomato, and hybrid seed is unsuitable for further cultivation, since it does not retain parental characteristics.
Late varieties of apricots ripen not earlier than the end of July in the southern regions and only in August - in the middle lane. These varieties, as a rule, have medium-sized fruits with dense pulp and sour taste. This is a great "compote" option. In addition, late apricots keep well in the refrigerator.
It is the late apricots that are best suited for growing in the Central Region and the Black Earth Region. Trees of these varieties, as a rule, are characterized by increased winter hardiness. So, the "Augustine" variety can withstand frost of forty degrees.
One of the best late varieties is Samarsky. It was bred in the process of crossing the varieties "Kuibyshevsky Yubileiny" and "Firstborn of Samara". The fruits of "Samarsky" taste good, they are eaten raw and canned.
Other popular varieties of "late" apricots:
- "Triumph North"
Black apricot varieties - photo and description
Apricot in Russia is considered an exotic fruit, since the climate does not allow it to be grown everywhere. This explains the interest of breeders in the fruit: to date, several dozen winter-hardy hybrids have already been bred.
The variety was bred at an experimental station in the city of Artyomovsk (Ukraine) by crossing late cherry plum and common apricot. This is the largest hybrid. The weight of the fruits in the southern regions reaches 90 g, the average weight is 45-60 g. The skin of the apricot is dark burgundy, and the flesh is orange, reddish or wine-red, depending on how warm the summer was. The harvest ripens in mid-August. The fruit tastes juicy, sweet with tartness inherent in cherry plum. Many people prefer this variety to nectarines. On mature trees, thorns can grow, the bark of the trunk is dark with a green tint in the sun.
Video: hybrid features
Pros and cons of the variety - table
|High yield, large fruits||Ripe fruits do not tolerate storage and transportation poorly, become cracked, give juice|
|Good taste, the bone is separated from the pulp||You need to pick it 2-3 days before full ripeness, otherwise all the fruits will crumble|
|High resistance to cold near bark and kidneys||Less winter hardy compared to other varieties, roots can freeze out|
|Does not get sick, is not affected by aphids|
The variety was bred in the Crimea by crossing cherry plum and American black apricot. The authors are the breeders of the Vavilov All-Russian Research Institute. The hybrid lives up to its name, the fruits are pubescent and, when fully ripe, acquire a dark purple color. The surface of the apricot really looks like black velvet. Another feature is round-oval fruits with a sharp nose.
Rounded pointed fruit covered with velvety skin
The harvest ripens in early August, the weight of the fruit is 30 g, the taste is sweet, the aroma is apricot. The pulp is juicy, yellow near the stone, pink under the skin.
Pros and cons of the variety - table
|Good transportability and high keeping quality, unripe fruits are stored in the cellar for 3-4 months||Small fruits|
|The most winter-hardy variety, can grow in Siberia||Poorly tolerates both drought and waterlogging|
|The bone is small, detachable|
|Above average yield|
|Resistant to diseases: clasterosporium, bacteriosis, cytosporosis, moniliosis|
And this variety is of Ukrainian origin. The first crop was obtained in Krymsk, but a hybrid was bred at the Research Institute of Melitopol. Closed-eyed fruit is indistinguishable from an ordinary apricot. The touch is velvety, the same size (50 g), the taste is sweet, with a honey flavor characteristic of an ordinary apricot. The shape of the fruit is round, the seam is barely noticeable, the color of the skin is dark burgundy, the flesh is bright red with yellowness. The crop is harvested in July.
This variety has round, dark fruits with a barely noticeable seam.
Pros and cons of the Melitopolsky variety - table
|Real apricot flavor||The bone is large, poorly detachable|
|Undemanding to the composition of the soil||Unresistant to moniliosis|
|Early ripening||Trees grow quickly, the crown thickens, pruning is carried out twice a year|
The fruits of this hybrid ripen in August, each weighing 45-50 g. The shape is spherical, the skin color is burgundy, and the pulp is bright scarlet when fully ripe. Juicy fruit with quince flavor, apricot aroma.
The fruits of Korenevsky black ripen by the beginning of August.
Pros and cons of the variety - table
|High winter hardiness||On soils poor in phosphorus and potassium, the fruits do not ripen|
|Disease resistance||The close occurrence of groundwater leads to root rot|
The second name of the variety is Hummingbird. It is a very compact, bonsai tree. The maximum height is 3 m. The hybrid is suitable for growing in spacious tubs. The fruits of such a plant, of course, are small - 30 g. They do not differ in exquisite taste. Depending on the growing conditions, they can be both sweet-sour and sour-sweet, but always with an apricot aroma. The velvety skin is barely perceptible, the color is red-violet, inside is yellow-orange.
Fruits of the Mouse are small, turn purple by the time of full ripeness
Advantages and disadvantages of the Mouse - table
|Compact, takes up little space, easy to clean||Small fruits|
|Grows well and ripens in central Russia||The skin is almost smooth, only the smell reminds of the apricot|
|The bone is small, it is easily separated|
The variety of folk selection, according to one version, is the Armenian hybrid Shlor Tsiran, which Michurin tried to adapt to the harsh climatic conditions. Fruits are medium-sized (25-30 g), round, almost black, strongly pubescent. The aroma of apricot is very weak, and the taste is pleasant, with sourness. Harvest is ready for harvest at the end of July.
Small round fruits of Luhansk black have a purple-black color
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
|Adapted to the conditions of the middle lane||Fruits are small, dense, juicy, the stone cannot be separated|
|Early ripening||Demanding on the composition and structure of the soil|
|Pleasant taste, suitable for workpieces||Low yield|
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Despite their unusual appearance, black apricots are rapidly gaining popularity. This can be largely attributed to their multiple virtues, including:
- Late flowering, due to which the plant is not vulnerable in case of late cold snaps in spring.
- The compactness of plants, which makes it easy to care for them.
- High resistance to major diseases and pests, including moniliosis and cytosporosis, often affecting stone fruits.
- Excellent taste of the fruit. Of course, they are somewhat different from the usual apricot with a tart note. But on the whole they are very pleasant and original.
In fairness, it must be said about some disadvantages. The fact is that if you do not harvest the crop on time, then the peel of the fruit begins to crack, as a result of which they lose their appearance, and transportation becomes more difficult. In addition, in cold climates, gardeners must take care of covering the area of the trunk circle in order to avoid freezing of the roots.
One way or another, such an original hybrid apricot is very interesting to modern gardeners. With proper care, trees give high yields, requiring a minimum investment of time and effort.
No wonder the variety is endowed with a "golden" name.Its fruits are bright yellow in color and shimmer in sunlight. Flowering falls in the month of April. During this period, the tree looks especially wonderful. White flowers cover it completely and carry a captivating scent. Apricots ripen by the beginning of August. An adult columnar plant is capable of producing about 10 kg of delicious fruit. The fruits themselves are symmetrical and large in appearance. The characteristic aroma of apricot cannot be confused with anything else.
Lovers of this variety in reviews convey admiring responses about the taste of the fruit. Of course, like all apricot trees, Gold loves warm edges. But its winter hardiness allows it to grow and bear fruit in the Moscow region, where the weather conditions are quite changeable and cold. The variety will not die at critically low temperatures. He will staunchly live at temperatures up to -35 degrees. And in springtime it will definitely bloom with a white-pink bedspread of flowers. The quality of the fruit is highlighted by buyers, the apricot is fleshy and sweet.
Apricot Black Prince is becoming more and more popular due to its resistance to frost, disease and pests. The tree is easy to care for.
Alexey, Verkhnyaya Salda
I have been raising the Black Prince for several years now. The variety suits everything, except for poor transportability. They grow only for themselves, not suitable for sale. Apricots do not lie and do not tolerate transportation well.
I saw it at a neighbor's house, I thought it was a plum, but it turned out that it was an apricot. I got it at home while I like it. Although thorns began to appear, so they have to harvest the crop in a jacket and gloves. I make everything from apricots: mashed potatoes, compote, jam. They are aromatic, sweet with a tart sourness. Guests always praise and wonder what it is.
The tree has good decorative qualities. It blooms beautifully in spring, green in summer with aromatic apricots. The tree is compact, not spreading, and when forming the crown, you can give any shape. A great option for a small garden.
Apricot Black Prince is an interesting variety of apricots. The tree grows small and is great for growing in a small area. The variety is becoming more and more popular due to its excellent taste, resistance to adverse conditions and unpretentiousness.
I am the chief editor of this site. I prefer to embody new ideas on the garden plot, try different growing methods, introduce modern methods of increasing the yield. But at the same time, he is a supporter of the "old-fashioned" methods of feeding and treating garden plants using folk methods.
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