Cucumber Cupid: from heaven to the garden bed
The short and expressive name Cupid has many meanings: it is the ancient Roman deity of love, and one of the largest rivers of the Earth, and a commercial fish, and a hockey club, and an asteroid ... But there is also a more mundane object named Cupid - an early ripening cucumber.
The origins of the cucumber Cupid
The Amur variety has been included in the State Register maintained by the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Variety Commission" since 2000. This new variety of cucumbers was declared for consideration and variety testing by the selection and seed-growing company "Manul" from the city of Mytishchi near Moscow on November 1, 1999. It is her experts who are the originators of this vegetable.
Cupid cucumbers are popular with gardeners and farmers in our country.
About the appearance and characteristics of the Amur variety
These parthenocarpic cucumbers, that is, they do not need pollination by insects, are recommended for cultivation throughout our country under film shelters, but they grow well both in the open air and in greenhouses. Cupid begins to bear fruit very quickly; it takes only 37–40 days after seed germination to get the first cucumbers.
Indeterminate, that is, not having restrictions on the growth of shoots, plants of the Amur variety need to be tied up. At the same time, the bushes have a weakly expressed climbing ability (that is, a small number of stepchildren), the main crop is formed on the main stem.
Cupid bushes will need to be tied up
Video: garter cucumbers
The flowering type of these cucumbers is female. 1–2 spindle-shaped greens, which form from flowers in the axils of plants, reach 12–15 cm in length. In the practice of growing this vegetable, it has been noted that the tendency for bouquet formation of cucumbers is more often observed in the lower part of the plant.
Thanks to such qualities of the variety as the formation of fruits without pollination by insects and resistance to low temperatures, some amateurs grow Cupid even in winter in the garden on the windowsill.
During the cultivar testing of Amur cucumber, the State Commission noted the plant resistance to cladosporia, cucumber mosaic and powdery mildew, as well as moderate susceptibility to downy mildew. Practicing gardeners and vegetable growers note that these qualities are consistently manifested in the vertical cultivation of cucumbers (tying to a trellis or stakes). If Cupid is grown creeping on the ground, the likelihood of diseases (especially peronosporosis) increases significantly as a result of moisture ingress on all plant organs during irrigation and natural precipitation.
Cupid is resistant to many diseases of cucumbers
The green skin of cucumbers, with faint light stripes in the lower half of the fruit, is covered with small tubercles. The average weight of cucumbers at the stage of technical ripeness is 90–110 g. A rather large number of them on each plant makes it possible to get from 1 m2 planting up to 14 kg of marketable cucumbers. The plant gives off almost the entire crop in a month.
Average weight of cucumbers - 90-110 g
The disadvantage of this variety is that summer residents, who do not have the opportunity to often visit their site, consider that it is necessary to collect greens every day or every other day, otherwise they outgrow, their skin coarsens, and the taste is lost. It is preferable to harvest in the morning when it is cool.
Fruits harvested on time during transportation and storage perfectly retain their presentation and good taste, which received a good and excellent assessment from specialists. There is no bitterness. Gardeners note that the vegetable remains tasty in preparations for the winter (pickling, home canning, pickling).
Amur cucumbers are perfect for blanks
The fruits are primarily intended for salad, but our gardeners use them as universal, that is, they make excellent preparations for the winter.
Video: cucumber Cupid in Yakutia
The early parthenocarpic cucumber Cupid will not require excessive efforts from the gardener during cultivation. It is enough to follow the general procedure for growing cucumbers and pay attention to some points:
- If the purchased seeds are colored coated, that is, processed and ready for sowing, they should not be soaked for germination.
- Since all cucumbers have a fragile small root system, and Cupid also has a short growing season and does not have time to adapt after transplanting, it is better to sow the seeds immediately in a permanent place of growth or in special pots from which the seedlings will not be extracted.
- Amur is planted on open beds two weeks before the threat of frost return passes, but to protect the seedlings and insure the emerging plants, a temporary arc shelter is made of agrofibre or plastic wrap. You can use a cropped large plastic bottle for each plant. When stable heat is established, the temporary shelter is removed, stakes are driven in or the trellis is pulled.
- In regions such as Siberia or the Middle Strip, Amur cucumbers are usually planted in the garden until mid-June, and to the south, the operation can be carried out in early July (for example, re-sowing). In any case, the weather conditions of the current season should be taken into account.
- Optimum plant density per 1 m2:
- on an open bed - 4–5 plants;
- in the greenhouse - no more than 3 plants.
- During the period of active fruiting, Cupid needs abundant watering. If the weather is dry, then each square meter of the garden will require 20 liters of water daily.
In dry weather, the cucumber will need to be watered a lot.
- Amur is fed during the growing season 2-3 times with complex mineral fertilizers:
- the first feeding is done during the appearance of the first flowers, the subsequent ones - after 7-10 days;
- use in accordance with the instructions such preparations as Biohumus, Agricola, Zdraven and others;
Cucumbers are fed 2-3 times during the growing season
- you can replace them with an infusion of weeds (nettle and others) - when the infusion ferments and becomes like slurry, it is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and about 2 liters are added under each cucumber plant.
- Harvesting, as already noted, must be at least 3 times a week. It is preferable to do this during the cool hours of the morning.
Almost namesake - variety Amur 1801
Upon closer examination of the State Register, one can notice that in 2002 the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements introduced a cucumber variety called Cupid 1801, bred by specialists of the Dutch company BEJO ZADEN B.V. In the network, this variety of cucumbers is called differently: Cupid F1, f1 or F1, Bejo, Bejo zaden or Bejo, Bejo is touched, but this does not change the essence of the matter - in each case we are talking about early ripening parthenocarpic cucumbers of Dutch selection.
Cupid 1801 is Dutch by origin, bred by BEJO ZADEN B.V
Both Cupids, registered in the State Register, have many similarities:
- can be grown throughout our country in open and closed soil;
- plants are indeterminate, parthenocarpic;
- flowering type is female;
- the taste of fresh greens is good both fresh and when canned;
- are resistant to many diseases of cucumbers.
The differences between the varieties are very small.
Table: differences between varieties Amur and Amur 1801
|Zelentsov color||Green||Dark green|
|Purpose of cucumbers||Salad, but also used as canning||Salad and canned food|
|Cucumber length||12-15 cm||9.2-9.4 cm|
|Fruit weight at the stage of technical maturity||90-110 g||95-100 g|
|Marketable cucumbers per 1 m2||12-14 kg||8.5-11.2 kg|
|Disease resistance||cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew||olive spot, cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew|
From the given data it is clear that:
- with approximately equal mass, Cupid cucumbers are somewhat longer, and therefore thinner;
- the yield of the Amur variety is significantly higher than that of the Amur 1801.
Video: a brief description of AMUR 1801 cucumbers (AMUR BEJO ZADEN) - video
Reviews of the Amur cucumber variety
According to the descriptions and reviews that gardeners and summer residents post on the network, it is not always possible to understand which of the two varieties with the name Cupid is talking about - domestic or Dutch.
Cucumber Cupid has gained considerable popularity among farmers and gardeners for undemanding planting, unpretentious care, high yield and early maturity. Simple adherence to the simple rules for growing cucumbers makes it possible to satisfy all your needs for these tasty and healthy vegetables.
Features of the variety
The Amur hybrid is intended for growing outdoors, as well as in greenhouses and greenhouses. Great for planting on a personal plot and farm.
Country of origin, regions of cultivation
The Amur F1 variety was bred in Russia by the Manul agricultural firm near Moscow. It can grow throughout the country, subject to the necessary conditions. Shows the best productive qualities in the warmest regions and in the middle lane.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety has a huge number of advantages over other less popular varieties. Among the most significant:
- pleasant and pronounced taste without bitterness
- high yield
- versatility in use
- resistance to damage during transportation and storage
- unpretentious care
- low percentage of "empty" inflorescences
- disease resistance.
Meanwhile, there are several negative characteristics of the hybrid:
- relatively short fruiting period
- too tight skin
- relatively small number of ovaries on the bushes.
The plant is self-pollinated. Read about self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse in this article.
To carry out planting, it is recommended to re-acquire planting material on farms each time in order to prevent degeneration.
Diseases and pests
Table: common diseases varieties and treatment methods
Root rot affects both seedlings and adult plants. The reason for the occurrence is the use of low-quality seeds, watering with cold water, planting in dense soil.
Cleaning of weeds.
Soil cultivation with dry bleach (200 g per 1 sq. M.).
Elimination of sick cucumbers.
White rot develops as a result of increased humidity.
The presence of mucus on the stems, leaves and ovary.
Removal of affected plants.
Soil treatment with a composition of 10 liters of water, 10 g of urea and 2 g of vitriol (1 liter of solution per 10 square meters).
Anthracnose occurs due to high humidity.
The formation of yellow-brown spots on the leaves, the spread of pink bloom throughout the plant. Darkening and shrinking of fruits.
Treatment of a diseased plant with a suspension of bleach 20 days before harvesting (40 g per 10 l of water). If necessary, the solution is applied again after 10 days.
Photo gallery: common diseases
Table: typical pests of the Meringue variety and control methods
Ways to fight
The presence of larvae on the back of the leaves.
Removal of larvae with water.
Planting around the perimeter of the tobacco site.
Treatment of cucumbers with Inta-Vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water). Plants can be sprayed no more than 3 times.
The presence of mucus and dark droppings on the plant. Traces of eating fruit pulp.
Use of the drug Metaldehyde. In the evening, it is laid out on the site at the rate of 4 g per 1 sq. M. The drug should not be used more than 2 times.
The presence of many underground passages.
Placement of bottles filled with sweet syrup as a trap on a bed.
The presence of a small cobweb on the plant.
Planting dill near cucumbers, which attracts ladybirds. These insects destroy spider mites.
Spraying cucumbers with an infusion of 200 g of onion or garlic husks and 10 liters of water. Processing is carried out 4-5 times during the season.
Falling leaves, wilting flowers, decreased yield.
Destruction of weeds in the garden.
Spraying the culture with a solution of 50 g of crushed soap, 200 g of ash and 10 liters of water.
Photo gallery: common parasites
Cucumber yield Cupid F1
According to the characteristics, Amur F1 cucumbers bear fruit in the early stages. The first cucumbers are removed 37 days after germination. From 1 sq. m plantings collect 12 - 14 kg of cucumbers. Most of the crop ripens in the first wave of fruiting.
Cucumbers are harvested 2-3 times a week. The ripening period for cucumbers is extended. It is best to remove the fruits in batches and not let them overripe. If the cucumbers hang on the bushes for too long, they become denser and coarser in taste. Fruiting of the variety is extended, lasts until late autumn.
The yield of Amur cucumbers depends on the growing conditions. In the greenhouse, they are provided with a certain microclimate. Fruiting is positively influenced by good illumination and soil quality. Be sure to water and feed the plantings.