Interior decoration of the attic
Anyone who is determined to turn the attic space into additional meters of living space must have a clear idea of the amount of work and the amount of materials required to carry out such a conversion. Without a clear assessment of financial costs and knowledge of technology, the event is doomed to annoying mistakes and tedious long-term construction. To prevent this from happening, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the main types of finishing work to achieve the desired result with minimal costs.
Options for the device and design of the attic space
An attic is the exploited part of the house, the walls of which are at the same time the roof of the building.
The origin of the word is French, named after the architect François Mansart, who was the first (in 1630) to theoretically and practically substantiate the possibility of using the attic of a building for residential purposes.
Modern building technologies allow you to re-equip any room for specific purposes. But you should always remember that the attic is not an ordinary place. The specificity lies in the inclined or broken shape of the walls and the limited volume.
The walls of the attic have a broken shape, so many functional and decorative elements for it have to be made to order
Regulatory requirements for the construction of the attic
The document regulating the arrangement of attics is SNiP 2.08.01–89 "Living quarters". When designing, the following nuances are taken into account:
- Materials are selected in accordance with the architectural features of the building as a whole. Structural units and details must organically fit into the original structure of the house.
- Communications (electricity, water, sewerage, etc.) are connected to the engineering systems of the lower floors.
With a rational roof arrangement on the attic floor, you can place several full-fledged living quarters
- The placement of translucent elements (inclined and vertical windows) is carried out taking into account the interior and external architectural appearance.
The sizes and locations of the front and roof windows are selected based on the configuration of the room
- When erecting an attic under a roof with a large angle of inclination, it is necessary to carefully select not only the roofing material, but also safe means of waterproofing, sealing and insulation.
Human health, indoor microclimate and the degree of sound insulation of the roofing depend on the correct choice of heat-insulating material.
- When performing construction work in a residential operated building, compliance with the increased security regime is required. Noisy works are carried out only at agreed hours, tests and tests of waterproofing systems - with the obligatory control of the situation on the lower floors.
- The weight of equipment and building materials should not exceed the permissible limits established by the design data for the existing floors.
The analysis of the attic floor layout is carried out not only taking into account the intended purpose, but also in relation to the existing conditions. A thorough revision of the rafter system and the roofing of the roof is carried out. All defects must be eliminated, since unnoticed leaks and rot can in a short time negate all further work.
Attic lighting is designed in two ways:
- Through the organization of access to natural solar radiation.
- With the help of artificial lighting devices.
For the device for transmitting natural light, gable and dormer windows are used. On the gables, ordinary vertical windows are installed, in the roof slopes - special oblique (designed for a slope from 15 to 85about).
It is recommended to make the low-lying roof window in the children's room deaf so that the child cannot go out onto the roof
For those who intend to place a greenhouse with live plants in the attic, it is useful to know that most windows do not allow the ultraviolet radiation necessary for photosynthesis to pass through. In this case, special double-glazed windows are required, designed to transmit sunlight in the full spectrum. Otherwise, the plants will die.
Since the throughput of roof windows is higher than that of vertical windows, the norms set the ratio of the glazing area to the total area of the room, equal to 1:10. This means that to calculate the total surface of the windows, you need to determine the floor area and divide it by 10. The installation height is determined by the ease of use. If the windows are blind, they can be placed high above the ceiling. The lower limit for the installation of hinged windows is 85–90 cm from the floor.
The heat supply of the attic can be connected to the general heating system of the building or be autonomous. Since the ability to retain heat in the attic is 7-9% lower (the proximity of the external environment affects), additional sources are often used - gas and electric fireplaces, warm floor systems and others.
If the power of the heating equipment of the house is sufficient, the veranda can be heated from it.
Along with the insulation and sealing of the attic floor, it is necessary to develop a ventilation system scheme that ensures the flow of air necessary for human life. Natural circulation is not always enough, therefore, supply valves on the windows and forced ventilation systems are additionally used. The standard volume is calculated at the rate of 4 m3 per person per hour.
Examples of design solutions for the attic floor
Consideration of examples of ready-made solutions will help to better visualize the possibilities of decorating the interior of the attic.
As practice shows, many people use the attic for the bedroom. And this is not surprising. With a good level of sound insulation, a warm and cozy bedroom in the attic serves as a great place to relax. The sloped walls and ceiling in no way cause discomfort, since the person is in a horizontal position, and the compact size only enhances the feeling of security and peace.
The classic design of the bedroom is warm, pastel colors, matte beige with milk. The walls and ceiling are kept in the same colors - contrasts are not needed in the bedroom, everything should be conducive to relaxation. A weak night light made of point LEDs is mounted outside the line of sight, emphasizing the arrangement of furniture items and illuminating the way to the exit. Natural materials are selected for decoration, the temperature is regulated by ventilation and heating devices. With a small bedroom, it is advisable to give preference to compact and folding furniture. So, cabinet doors can be sliding, the table, chairs and the bed itself can be folding, etc.
Photo gallery: examples of arranging a bedroom in the attic
The idea of creating a living room on the attic floor isn't all that crazy. Meeting guests and joint family leisure in an unusual place always pleases. After a working day spent in production and office premises, a change of environment has a beneficial effect on a person's mental health and mood.
Home cinema in the loft living room will quickly become a gathering place for the whole family
True, the arrangement of the living room assumes more space than in the bedroom, because several people can be in the room at the same time. This must be taken into account when planning - a living room cannot be cramped by definition. Therefore, it is decorated in light colors with several bright color accents. Large windows are preferable, usually in the front of the room, with a good view from the outside. Rooms with an asymmetric configuration are "leveled" by arranging furniture and distributing functional areas.
The general color scheme in the living room is kept in calm, discreet colors.
The arrangement of a children's room in the attic involves the use of only safe materials. There are two main areas - a recreation area and a play area. As the child grows up, the play area transforms into a learning area. To do this, it is enough to replace the furniture - install a desk and equip additional lighting.
Photo gallery: children's room in the attic
Games or sports hall
Table sports - tennis, billiards, weight machines and a treadmill are placed in the attic, provided that the room is well ventilated. The fresh air inflow is regulated by opening windows.
For sports, it is better not to clutter up the space with unnecessary furniture
High-quality audio equipment with rhythmic music will complement physical education. In the attic, it is not recommended to arrange rooms for exercises with the use of heavy barbells and weights.
Heavy rods and weights in the attic should be used within reasonable limits.
Kitchen, dining room, bathroom
Sometimes it is advisable to move the kitchen, dining room and bathrooms to the upper levels. True, for this you have to think over and implement the supply of water and sewage. But if circumstances allow (and today practically nothing is impossible), the invested efforts and funds will pay off handsomely. In addition, you need to take care of good ventilation, in particular the hood above the stove.
When arranging a kitchen, in addition to cold, hot water supply and sewerage, it is necessary to provide an exhaust hood above the stove
From the point of view of design, kitchen utensils are conveniently placed in the frontal (vertical) plane. There are options for creating a special partition for the working line, along which the refrigerator, sink, stove and cabinets are installed. Cutting tables and work tables can be placed under sloping walls without compromising ergonomics. Sometimes they practice the "island" arrangement, using non-standard furniture (made to order) to fill the dead space between the roof slopes and the floor.
When arranging a shower or bath in the attic room, it is necessary to provide for high-quality waterproofing and, if possible, protect the windows from condensation.
To avoid the formation of condensation, the shower cabin is placed at a distance from windows.
Study, library, studio
If a full-fledged living room requires at least 15-20 m22 useful area, then for a workplace consisting of a table and several shelves with books, literally a few square meters are needed. To equip a secluded office for work, isolated from the outside world, will help simple furnishings near a wide window in the attic. A creative person does not have numerous requirements, the main condition for work is “not to interfere”.
Placement of the desktop by the window will help to make optimal use of the natural light of the attic
Greenhouse, winter garden
With an area of 20 m2 on the attic floor, many housewives arrange a greenhouse or winter garden in it. In order to breed plants year-round, it is necessary to create conditions close to natural. This means that you need to maintain the temperature regime, soil and air humidity, and provide an influx of sunlight and water for irrigation. All this is possible with the right approach. An evergreen attic garden can be not only a source of positive emotions, but also a profitable item in the family budget.
A greenhouse and a winter garden in the attic can simultaneously serve as a place of relaxation
Of course, combined options are also possible. The kitchen is functionally combined with the dining room and living room. The bedroom is with a study. Children's room - with a play or sports area. If the attic area is more than 40 m2, full-fledged rooms are being equipped, each of which has its own purpose.
Attic Design Tips
With the help of simple techniques, you can visually enlarge the limited space of the attic. Here are some guidelines to help you move your focus out of tight spaces and create a sense of spaciousness.
- Beveled walls are painted in darker (in relation to other walls) tones. Straight and horizontal surfaces are covered with bright (glossy or matte) colors.
- Wall images of natural landscapes with perspective projection are used. The view of the mountainous area, the surface of the sea or the endless forest area compensates for the small size of the walls.
- The effect of the mirror expansion of the premises is applied. Glossy tiles, glass stained-glass windows and just mirrors will create the illusion of unlimited space. Often used are mirrored stretch ceilings, coffee tables and work tables covered with glass. The abundance of reflected light well conceals the real dimensions of the room.
- Interior elements, furniture and wallpaper with vertical orientation are selected. Tall floor lamps, bunk beds, long vertical paintings, standing indoor plants - all this can visually expand the volume of the room.
A dark floor creates a feeling of reliability and durability; you should not finish it with light laminate, parquet or carpet.
The combination of a dark bottom and a light top represents the most natural style of attic room decoration.
Decorating the attic floor with your own hands
Let's make a reservation that further we will talk exclusively about the decoration of the attic walls. According to the rules, the floor is finished last when the walls are mounted and covered with a finishing layer - paint, wallpaper, etc. But a solid base of the floor is a prerequisite for working with the walls. This can be a rough cement screed, subfloor made of planks or plywood. The main thing is to be able to install scaffolding, store materials and move freely around the floor.
The main attention before sheathing the walls of the attic must be paid to the insulation and insulation of the under-roof space. The creation of the so-called roofing pie is not difficult, but responsible. It is necessary to take into account the main factors contributing to reliable thermal insulation:
- high-quality outdoor waterproofing;
- hermetic internal vapor barrier;
- the presence of a ventilation gap;
- a layer of insulation of sufficient thickness.
The thickness of the insulation is determined depending on the climatic characteristics of the region (but not less than 15 cm) and the properties of the insulation itself. Preference is given to non-combustible materials with good thermal insulation. The best option today is considered to be mineral wool made of glass and rocks. They are not subject to decay, rodent attack and have high technological qualities. The leaders among heaters are the products of such companies as Ursa and Rockwool.
Depending on the design of the frame, choose the packaging of mineral wool in the form of mats or rolls
Video: insulation of the attic with mineral wool
Wood trim is perhaps the most popular type of wall and ceiling covering in attics. Wood is a natural material with an attractive texture, high strength, it is absolutely harmless to humans. The low weight and ease of processing make wood work even the most inexperienced people in the carpentry business. Installation is carried out using simple tools - a saw (or jigsaw), a hammer or screwdriver. But there is one significant drawback that you should always keep in mind. It is highly flammable. Flame retardants partly reduce the flammability of wood finishes.But under the influence of open fire, the boards will still catch fire and will burn with the release of a large amount of heat and suffocating gases.
There are several types of wood finishing materials:
- Grooved boards. The main purpose is flooring, but they are often used to decorate the walls of the attic. This is due to the good thermal insulation properties. A tenon and groove in the longitudinal plane of each board, created by the milled purl method, ensures a virtually seamless connection. The outer surface is smooth and does not need sanding. The thickness of the board starts from 33 mm, which, in fact, ensures low thermal conductivity. The material can be fixed in an open way (through a nail or a screw across the horizontal plane) or secretly (inside the groove at an angle).
With the hidden fastening of the grooved board, the walls will have a more attractive appearance
- Lining. Produced in the form of planed boards with locks in the longitudinal plane. The thickness ranges from 9.5 to 15 mm. Fastening is carried out with nails, screws or clamps. The width of the canvas for interior finishing works is selected, as a rule, from 10 to 20 cm. The front side is sanded, ventilation ducts are grooved on the back surface.
Galvanized sheet clamps are attached to the frame and tightly press the lining groove, providing a neat and aesthetic fixation of the lining without traces of nails on the front surface
- Block house. It has a structure similar to the clapboard, but differs in that the surface of the outer side is convex. The covering creates the illusion of a log wall structure and is used by designers to create country-style cladding.
The room, finished with a block house, looks like part of a village hut made of perfectly straight logs
- Plywood. This is a multi-layer board glued from thin veneer sheets (most often birch). It is very convenient to install, since the sheets can have an area of up to 4.5 m2... The outer surface is flat, easily painted and pasted over with wallpaper. Plywood is afraid of dampness and with a moisture content of more than 90% it can delaminate over time.
The advantage of plywood as a finishing material is ease of installation and a perfectly flat wall surface
- Chipboards. The recently popular finishing material compares favorably with plywood with a thickness (up to 20 mm) and low cost. OSB (English OSB - orient stand board) is made by gluing small wood waste (chips and shavings) with resin and synthetic wax. It contains boric acid and water-repellent plasticizers. This is not very good from an environmental point of view, however, the material is allowed for interior decoration. The specific texture of the leaf is used in the design to create a distinctive style.
Video: design and sheathing of the OSB attic
All considered types of finishing materials require a mounting frame. In rare cases, when the roof rafter system is made with high quality and the trusses are located in increments of 0.6 to 0.9 m, the rafter legs play the role of a frame. In any case, you need to add support bars at the horizontal joints. The frame for finishing is mounted during insulation and at the same time serves to fix the heat insulator, waterproofing and vapor-proof film.
Video: plywood attic interior
Despite the contentedly complex production, drywall is recognized as one of the most environmentally friendly materials. It contains natural gypsum, pressed between two sheets of construction cardboard. During production, this kind of sandwich is subjected to heat treatment and compression under high pressure, which gives the sheets high strength and ductility.
Green drywall is intended for work in places with high humidity
The plasterboard cladding technology assumes the presence of a wooden or metal frame, mounted in increments of 0.3 to 0.6 m. Fastening is carried out with self-tapping screws, which are subsequently putty with plaster mortar. The front surface is covered with paint or wallpaper. The amorphous structure of drywall opens up ample opportunities for creating multi-level planes, as well as rounded surface shapes. All the necessary parts and accessories for the construction of columns, arches and even the simplest cabinet furniture are available on the open market.
Due to the flexibility of drywall, any curved surfaces are created from it.
Without exaggeration, we can state the fact that drywall is the favorite finishing material of designers. True, its use is inextricably linked with high-quality roof waterproofing. Direct exposure to water will gradually disrupt the geometry of the sheet. Like wood, it is impregnated with water repellents, which increases moisture resistance many times over. Plasterboard sheets covered with a green protective layer are originally intended for construction in humid environments - toilets, bathtubs - and for cladding the outside of buildings. It is them that it is desirable to use for the interior arrangement of the attic.
There are two types of drywall sheets in thickness - 9.5 and 12.5 mm. The most common dimensions are 1.2x2.5 m. A thin sheet (9.5 mm) is used only for mounting ceilings.
Another important advantage of plasterboard finishing is ease of repair. Any damage is repaired locally, without dismantling the entire sheet. The deformed area is cut out with a regular file and sutured in a matter of minutes. It is also impossible not to mention the soundproofing properties of this material - lining, OSB and other coatings transmit sound several times better. Having studied in more detail the stages of sheathing the walls (or ceiling) with plasterboard, everyone will be able to successfully carry out installation in their own attic. The same principles apply to cladding with any other sheet material.
The sequence of work when sheathing the attic with plasterboard
For the first time, the technology of manufacturing and implementation of "dry plaster" - the so-called drywall - was developed in the post-war years in the USSR by Ural scientists. But later the patent was not recognized at the international level, although in the old "Khrushchev" buildings it can be found to this day.
- Sew up the surface along the frame starting from the bottom up. On the first sheet, a five-centimeter (narrowed) strip is cut from the bottom. If the floor is concrete, a waterproofing tape must be glued to the guide.
The sheets of the bottom row are laid first with a mandatory check for horizontalness using a construction level
- The next sheet is set offset by the width of the step of the profiles. This is necessary in order for the structure to gain greater strength.
- The sheets are placed so that their joints fall on the racks or partitions of the frame, and are fastened with self-tapping screws. The distance between the screws is 15–20 cm. The depth of immersion of the screw in the plasterboard is 1–1.5 mm. In this position, it firmly fixes the finishing material on the frame, and its cap will not interfere with further processing of the front surface. To increase the strength of the structure, the screws on two adjacent sheets are staggered.
The installation locations of self-tapping screws on two adjacent sheets are staggered
- If sheathing is made in two layers (which is desirable, but not necessary), the sheets must be placed again with a shift - the coincidence of the seams is unacceptable. In this case, the step of installing screws in the first layer is allowed up to 70 cm. Before installing the second layer of drywall, the joints and holes of the caps of the screws are coated with gypsum mortar, trying to level the plane as much as possible.
The offset of the outer sheet is made in accordance with the pitch of the supporting structure (1/2 or 1/3 of the sheet width)
- After covering the entire area, the front surface is leveled by applying two layers of Knauf, Regips or Volma gypsum plaster and finishing putty on top. It is necessary to maintain a time between applying each layer until the solution is completely dry.
- The joints of the sheets are additionally reinforced with a serpyanka-type painting net or fiberglass. The tape is glued to the first layer of plaster, and after drying, the area is leveled with a second layer of mortar. The putty layer is stretched 15–20 cm on both sides of the joint.
For a better setting of the plaster, a self-adhesive mesh is applied to the joints of drywall sheets
- Before finishing the front surface with fine emery paper, all irregularities and bumps are removed. The cavities are filled with putty until they are completely leveled. The topcoat can only be applied on a well-dried substrate (after 24 hours at normal room temperature). Otherwise, overspending of expensive paint is inevitable.
Before painting or pasting drywall with wallpaper, its surface must be leveled with fine sandpaper
- Before wallpapering, the entire surface is treated with a primer with medium penetration. A primer mixture based on PVA glue is best suited.
Before pasting drywall with wallpaper, the surface must be treated with a primer based on PVA glue
- If there are gaps (up to 2 mm) at the joints of the drywall with the walls or floor during the installation process, they must be eliminated with acrylic sealant. You can not use silicone-based sealants - they do not lend themselves to staining, paint flows from them. Ideally, one should strive to ensure that the entire surface of the cladding becomes an airtight monolithic plane.
Acrylic sealant, when dry, forms a monolithic surface that absorbs paint well
Video: finishing the attic with plasterboard
Finishing with plastic clapboard
Until recently, plastic lining was used exclusively for exterior decoration. However, recent research into the sustainability and safety of plastics has yielded positive results. Types of plastics with low-flammability properties and without toxic emissions have been developed. Most often they can be found on sale under the name "internal siding", since the assembly is carried out according to the same principles. This is probably the fastest, easiest and most inexpensive way of lining the attic. In addition, the material requires virtually no maintenance, it can be simply cleaned with ordinary detergents, it is easy to install and, if necessary, can be quickly repaired. The texture of such panels is distinguished by a wide variety and color range.
In practice, both horizontal and vertical orientation of plastic lining lamellas are used.
Combined finishing with various materials
Sometimes, due to the peculiarities of the layout or other circumstances, a combined attic finish is used. In this way, various functional areas are distinguished. For example, when placing bathrooms or kitchen appliances in the attic, a reliable base for ceramic tiles is required. It will not be possible to stick tiles on a lining or block house, therefore, gypsum plasterboard sheets with increased moisture resistance are used in these places. In bedrooms and living rooms, the location of the bed or upholstered furniture is inlaid with natural wood, covered with stain or varnish. Technologically, this is not a difficult task, but a certain flavor arises that contributes to an increase in aesthetics and comfort in the room.
The combination of different materials for finishing creates an additional aesthetic effect
When switching from one type of cladding to another, it is necessary to monitor the safety of the vapor barrier. Even minor damage can lead to quite serious problems. Saturated with moisture through air vapor, mineral wool loses up to 80% of its thermal insulation properties.
Finishing the attic gables
The interior decoration of the attic gables does not fundamentally differ from the processing of the rest of the area. The same materials are used, but there are certain nuances.
- The gables are covered with finishing materials after facing the inclined walls. The construction of the pediment lathing overlaps the wall decoration, therefore, the wall thickness increases. It is necessary to use insulation with different parameters (thicker or thinner in two layers).
In frame-type houses, the finishing material is attached to the posts of the supporting structure
- The ceiling rails are attached to the gable and the load from the ceiling is transferred to the wall. This means that the rigidity of the frame needs to be strengthened - by reducing the pitch of the lathing (support posts are located more often) and by increasing the cross-section of the timber.
- If the pediment is a brick wall, insulated from the outside, there is no need to duplicate the thermal insulation from the inside. It is enough to form a supporting structure with a vapor barrier coating.
- If the pediment is not insulated from the outside and is made of planks, the entire roofing pie is repeated before finishing. First, the waterproofing is strengthened, then the frame is assembled. Next, a heat-insulating layer is spread, which, in turn, is covered with a vapor barrier. Only after that the facing work is carried out.
When finishing an uninsulated wooden pediment, a standard roofing pie is mounted inside it
- To support the ceiling guides (or other interior elements associated with the pediment), the frame is reinforced with metal profiles or wooden beams. Just like the raster posts, they are rigidly attached to the plane of the pediment with anchor or threaded fasteners.
- When installing a false ceiling, several additional girders are installed inside the attic, connecting opposite gables.
Video: finishing the attic gable with plasterboard
When giving preference to one or another design solution, one should not forget about energy saving factors and safety. The use of substandard and harmful materials (of which, unfortunately, there are many in the modern market) can lead to problems not only with money, but also with health. You need to pay particular attention to the selection of finishing and decorative coatings in attics, which are planned for children's rooms, bedrooms and living rooms.
Requirements for the premises
Getting started, you should study the requirements of SNiP 2.08.01-89, with particular attention to the points that speak of safety, compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards.
The attic floor can be located in any building, although there are objections to arranging it in a wooden house. When using a special impregnation for wooden structures and with proper protection, if the height of the building does not exceed 75 meters, it is allowed to use wooden structures.
When working in attic rooms, it should be borne in mind that the walls in the room can be 1.5 meters high. For an ordinary room, the optimal ceiling height should be at least 2.5 meters; in the attic, the ceiling may have a lower height. The ceilings in the attic floors have a complex structure, but using certain methods, you can independently equip a comfortable home.
Drafts and blowing are frequent in attic rooms, and in order to avoid them, work should be carried out to seal the seams, heat the room, install windows with a coating that retains heat in the room.
Attic design: photos and the main stages of transforming an attic into a living room
An under-roof room is a stylish and delightful decoration for any home. In addition, a well-equipped attic space has a number of advantages over a cold attic:
- Possibility to increase the area of the house.
- Saving energy for heating during cold seasons.
- Improving the aesthetic appearance of the house.
Bright and spacious attic space converted into a comfortable room
Attic design requires attention, time and effort. However, as a result, a dull attic can be equipped for any room:
- small gym
- dressing room
- rest room
- cozy bedroom
- unusual nursery.
A small attic can be arranged as a relaxation room or living room for receiving guests
The issues of arranging the attic must be approached seriously and prudently. On the way to creating comfortable housing there are many problems that need to be solved. First of all, these are weather conditions: in summer it is hot under the attic, and in winter the roof is cooled by cold winds. To prevent this from becoming an obstacle, you must perform the following actions:
- conduct communications to the attic floor: heating, ventilation, air conditioning. In solving these problems, you need to be technically savvy, so it is not always possible to complete these tasks on your own.
- competently use all the elements of the attic in the design: oblique walls, struts, racks, beams and roof slopes
- intelligently organize the lighting of the room
Stylish and practical multifunctional living room
- use vertical windows or windows located in the hatches. This will help increase the attic space and achieve maximum illumination.
- choose the right furniture, try not to clutter up the space. Also, things should not be too high: low ceilings - low furniture
- use moisture resistant and natural materials
- do not overload the interior with many decorative items and accessories.
Stylish and practical loft accommodation - with spacious living room and separate kitchen
If the space under the roof is quite large, then the room can be divided into several functional areas. The advantage of attic landscaping is the acquisition of additional square meters at minimal cost.
The peculiarity of the room under the roof is the sloping walls. They are also the main problem when choosing a design, since standard solutions will not work here. Also, in the design, you need to take into account low ceilings, roof details, the location of the stairs. Therefore, before starting work on the attic, it is necessary to think through all the details to the smallest detail. After all, the interior of the attic depends on the layout of the upper floor and on the shape of the roof.
In the attic, you can equip a full-fledged apartment with a living room, bedroom and bathroom
Useful advice! The main thing in the attic project is to rationally use the space, since it is easy to make it even smaller even so small. You can visually increase the volume of a room with the right lighting and a well-chosen color scheme.
Minimalism style is suitable for a small attic space
Interior decoration of the attic requires proper organization and preparatory work. If the decoration is done by hand, it is necessary to insulate the walls, floor and ceiling, check the chimney pipes and the design of the slopes of the windows. Since the attic is a spacious space with an irregularly shaped roof, when installing double-glazed windows, you need to use special models that harmoniously fit into the design of the room and allow you to ventilate the room. This is important to maintain constant moisture and temperature inside the building.
Usually, the attic space is equipped in houses with a sloping roof., where one slope is made gentle, and the other is steep. Before the start of finishing, it will be necessary to give the attic a more functional look, to raise its height along the entire perimeter of the building. At the preparation stage, it is important to treat all surfaces of the room with waterproofing solutions and ensure complete sealing of the joints. The base under the floor must be flat, it is initially leveled, sound and heat insulation is laid, after which decorative finishing is started. In the event that a bathroom or kitchen is placed under the roof, you will have to apply a primer to the surface.
Bedroom design 2020: 160 photos of stylish novelties and combinations
Bedroom decoration plays an important role in the design of the entire apartment, embodying a cozy atmosphere for relaxation and recreation. For a full sleep and a comfortable rest, you need to take into account your wishes and preferences in design, lifestyle and occupation.
Successful and trendy bedroom furnishings depend on the size of the room. Below will be an overview of stylish interior designs for small bedrooms, finishes and selection of colors for the embodiment of modern ideas and combinations. We will reveal several secrets of a successful restroom design using modern furniture and decorative elements.
Finishes and colors
A huge selection of building materials, furniture, accessories opens up a large platform for the implementation of ideas for top design and renovation of a bedroom with a small area.
In order for the atmosphere of the bedroom to bring you aesthetic pleasure, you need to think in advance in what style you want to equip it, the main color scheme of the room, and what furniture should be present in the interior. Decorating large rooms is a little easier than, for example, designing a bedroom length.
Choosing a fashionable design for a bedroom of 13 m, choose light shades, such as those shown in the photo.
It does not mean at all that bright and bold shades should not be allowed in small rooms, it is just that their number and format must be accentuated wisely.
The use of light colors when decorating a bedroom has several advantages:
- Compatibility with almost all other shades. The room can remain tender and light, or it can sparkle with bright colors, thanks to deep accents.
- Visual increase in space. Light tones in the interior visually expand the boundaries and enlarge the room, while dark tones reduce it.
One of the most fashionable colors for decorating a bedroom in 2020 is white. It goes well with several trendy interior design styles - hi-tech, Scandinavian, classic or minimalist style. The room, decorated in white, is versatile in terms of decor.
For several years, bedroom design in red colors has not gone out of interior fashion. The decision to decorate the room in shades of red has several positive points:
- Positive effect on sexual energy
- Powerful charge of energy
- A sublime shade for royal bedrooms.
It is worth taking a very responsible attitude to the choice of this color; you should not overdo it with its amount in the interior. Red has a huge palette and goes well with almost all colors. It is not necessary to paint the entire room red. It is quite profitable to place bright textile accents.
Fashion even extends to lighting elements in interior design. In 2020, the main trends in the world of light will be modular and retro lamps, chandeliers and floor lamps with gilded decoration. This trend can become a beneficial accent in the design of a bedroom in a panel house.
Modern designers are advised to select lamps of the original form. Unusual patterns and non-standard design of the lamps perfectly suit the new trendy interior designs. Lamps from the new collections perfectly complement loft, minimalism, scandi or classic styles.
The use of extraordinary materials for fashionable lamps has become a "trick" of this season. Lamps made of paper, cardboard, wood and metal are suitable for a loft-style bedroom design.
- The laconic style and strict geometric shape of the lighting elements will complement the interior, decorated in accordance with all the canons of the high-tech style.
- To decorate a bedroom in a Scandinavian and classic style, it is best to choose more mundane materials, such as:
For interiors in a classic style, a crystal chandelier is suitable. Lamps with mirror elements will look very unusual, shimmering and sparkling to create additional decor for the room.
Modern furniture in the bedroom
When choosing furniture for a bedroom, it is very important to start from the size of the room. The minimalism style has become an excellent design solution for decorating a small bedroom. A minimum of furniture and accessories allows you to feel comfortable after the hustle and bustle of working days.
The central place in the bedroom is under the bed. Creating a modern bedroom design with a size of 14 sq m, use a bed with a soft headboard - the furniture trend of 2020.
Such furniture decor will breathe a little luxury into the minimalistic decoration of the room. A soft headboard can serve not only as a bed decoration, but also have a functional purpose.
You can sit comfortably watching your favorite movie or reading a book. In 2020, forged elements remain fashionable furniture trends: various inserts, patterns, carved metal painting.
One of the main pieces of furniture in the bedroom is the wardrobe. If you are limited by the size of the room, install sliding and built-in systems.
The sliding wardrobe will help "clutter up" the room and free up space for other interior elements. If the size of the bedroom allows, you can use open shelves and racks.
Thanks to all sorts of ideas for furniture designs, this area can be beaten and made one of the accents of the room. It is convenient to place decor, books, flowers and other accessories on the shelves.
Often, the design of a bedroom in a panel house is designed taking into account the placement of a working area in it. Not many have the opportunity to allocate an entire room for their own study, and the atmosphere of the bedroom encourages quiet measured work.
Modern compact furniture will do the job perfectly. A neat compact table can become an element of room decoration during off hours.
The bedroom is not where massive and bulky decor should be. It was created for comfortable rest and relaxation.
Accordingly, it is better not to overdo it with cluttering the space. This does not mean that you should limit yourself to one bed and a bedside table.
The main decorative elements in the design of a loft-style bedroom are:
- paintings, photos and posters
- natural flowers and plants
An important accent in the bedroom is the window. The design of a small bedroom does not allow the use of heavy curtains and drapes in the interior. Designers advise to install structures like roller blinds and roman blinds on windows.
Bedroom interior 2020: secrets of successful design with a photo
A small or non-standard bedroom is not a sentence. It is enough to use a few simple techniques when decorating the interior and know a couple of stylistic techniques to visually increase the space.
The main thing when designing and renovating a small bedroom is to use the canons of a minimalist style. Do not arrange bulky and unnecessary pieces of furniture.
- Leave only the most important things for a good rest: a bed, a chest of drawers, wall shelves and a few accessories to recreate the complete picture of the interior.
Use light pastel shades to decorate the room. One of the design techniques for the visual expansion of space is the use of glossy stretch ceilings and large mirrors.
- Feel free to experiment with lighting - focus on the backlight rather than the central chandelier.
It is better to choose a small chandelier. By the way, in the design of a small or long bedroom there is no place for large decorative elements.
- Secondary light sources will be able to recreate the illusion of an expanded space.
The upcoming renovation is a state of mind. And the bedroom is a place where a person rests in body and soul, replenishes vital energy, so it is worthwhile to take a responsible approach to the choice of the design of this room.
World designers and manufacturers of finishing materials set the trendy colors of interiors every year. In 2020, 5 main shades will be relevant:
- Spicy honey. An adorable beige shade warms you up. Such a palette will relieve stress after a hard day's work and give strength and vigor. The soft caramel shade can be light or dark in color. Everything will depend on the accompanying palette and decor shades. This palette of colors complements the classic style of the interior, and when combined with white trim or furniture, take on a more modern character.
- French vanilla. The pale yellow shade will create a sunny mood even on the most cloudy day. A light palette in the design of a bedroom in a panel house will visually enlarge the room and recreate an atmosphere of comfort.
- Mint shade. The light mint palette has not gone out of interior fashion for several years. He is so fond of designers when decorating interiors, especially when it is necessary to visually expand the boundaries of the room, such as in the design of the length of the bedroom.
- Hazelnut. Natural wood palette is the trend of 2020. Light brown tones intertwine in loft-style bedroom designs, classic or minimalist interior decorating styles.
- Warm gray. Interior decoration in light gray is a great option for long-term renovations. The neutral palette can be "diluted" and supplemented with contrasting accents in the form of textiles and decor.
We sorted out with fashionable trends in shades and a palette for the design of a small bedroom and interior decoration. Let's pay a little attention to the current trends in interior design for the upcoming 2020.
Bedroom decoration bears the main task for the designer - to recreate a cozy atmosphere with the functionality of interior items. Consider several options and ideas for decorating the rest and sleep area.
- Classic style. The main details of this design are stucco molding and woodcarving of natural rocks, luxurious textile elements with fringe and drapery, crystal and porcelain decor and other luxury details. It is better to choose a palette in a classic bedroom design of 14 sq m from natural shades. It is better to leave bright defiant colors for decoration of other rooms. The decor is best chosen in the Renaissance, Baroque and so on style.
- High tech. The fashionable trend in bedroom design is suitable for young creative personalities who are always aware of modern innovations and technologies. A distinctive feature of this style is considered to be a huge amount of free space, the absence of unnecessary pieces of furniture and accessories. The main shades of high-tech style can rightfully be considered black and white. To soften the contrast and create coziness, it is recommended to dilute the design with a palette of gray tones.
- Minimalism. Minimalism is a derivative of high-tech style. It is also characterized by restraint of colors, laconicism and the absence of unnecessary pieces of furniture. The main rule for the design of a small bedroom in the style of minimalism is no more than four colors in the interior. The optimal combination is the use of white, warm gray and delicate pastel shades. Light plays an important role in this style. There should be plenty of it, and the lighting elements should be small. The optimal solution to this issue will be the installation of spotlights.
- Loft style. One of the most extraordinary trends in interior decoration. The loft-style bedroom design is suitable for creative people who are not afraid to experiment with non-standard solutions. The main feature of the fashionable style is the creation of a picture with elements of unfinished repair - brickwork without finishing, open beams and profiles, ceiling mounted structures.Furniture and decor are best chosen in bright colors. They will give the bedroom a complete look and create a homely environment.
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There are several basic styles of floor plans and house plans that are industry standard.
Colonial floor plans
Traditional colonial or early American-style floor designs are usually rectangular in shape, two-story heights, and exterior trim with wood siding, columns, and shutters. Interior floor plans usually consist of a central corridor with large square rooms on each side, two in the front and two in the back.
Colonial-style homes often have chimneys at either end of the house and may have a barrack or barn roof. The upper floors usually have four large rooms that share the same layout as the main level. Federal or Georgian-style house plans are characterized by brick façades without front porches and often have gables and decorative battlements. Southern colonial structures often include heavy columns in front of the house.
Also included in this group are Cape Cod styles, which tend to be smaller than their sister colonial buildings, with two bedrooms on the top floor. They are characterized by sloped ceilings, roofs with dormer windows that add extra space, and the absence of porches or columns.
Rural floor plans
The floor plans for farmhouses have the same boxy style as traditional colonial buildings. They have distinctive pitched roofs, a simple style, and circular verandas that extend at the front and wrap around the side of the house. Country styles usually have more modest covered verandas that only extend across the front of the house, and large “rustic” kitchens, often located next to the family room.
Traditional ranch design
Ranch floor plans are one-story floor plans with straight, U- or L-shaped plans in which all bedrooms are grouped in one wing or side of the house, sometimes the master bedroom is somewhat separate from the other bedrooms. Since the ranch styles are only one floor high, the scope for expansion is limited if there is no attic.
Traditional floor plans
Traditional floor plans are some of the most popular floor plans in America. Roofs are usually steep, with a pediment facing the facade, and outside - brick, stucco or lining. Interiors often have lofts or high ceilings to create a sense of spaciousness, and these homes strive for gorgeous views.
Apart from the usual traditional houses, there are also romantic Victorian houses. They usually have decorative fish scale tiles, bay windows, gingerbread decorations on gabled roofs, and large circular verandas. They are unusual and full of historical charm.
Modern floor plans
Modern floor plans are very popular. They tend to have a very clean line-oriented appearance, but they can also have wood or stone facades. Plans can include large overhangs, split levels, and a very open floor plan. Contemporary-style plans can have a pitched roof or flat roof.
Modern floor plans tend to have very asymmetrical designs, bold shapes, and larger angles than traditional homes. They use a lot of glass, including walls, windows, skylights, and lanterns that provide plenty of sunlight. Combined with very open floor plans and interesting sloping walls, ceilings and rooftops, these homes look vibrant and vibrant.
Florida home plans are generally one story, have a stucco exterior with Spanish / Mediterranean elements and arches, and fewer corners than other modern homes, so they look softer. It is a "transitional modern" design that brings several styles together and incorporates these elements both inside and out.
House plans in European style
European floor plans encompass several different and distinct styles, influenced by the architectural styles of England, France and Spain.
The Mediterranean-style house layout offers low roofs covered with red tiles, pastel stucco facades and spacious interiors with clean lines, soft arches and columns. These and more specific Spanish floor plans provide a spacious space that easily flows from room to room.
English Tudors recognize the design elements of medieval England. They feature warm stucco, stone or wood on the outside, which are accentuated by dark corner wood beams and cladding for accents, as well as steep roofs and gables. Tudor drawings have visible partitions between rooms, arched interior and exterior doorways, and tall, narrow windows. They often have huge decorative chimneys.
French houses are simply decorated with brick or stucco facades. They also have accent pieces of distinctive interlocking stones that form a unique design with alternating large and small blocks at the outer corners. Their multi-layered windows are decorated with decorative shutters. The interiors offer excellent formal living and dining areas.
For more information
With so many styles to choose from, how do you choose the style and design that's right for you? See our information on how to choose the right home plan.