Transplanting violets in various ways: when and how best to do it?
Transplanting indoor violets is necessary because the soil in the pot gradually loses the acidity necessary for the plants, depletes and cakes, which leads to poor air exchange. As a result, saintpaulias lack nutrients and lose their attractiveness.
How to determine when to transplant violets
Indoor flowers are not enough to plant once in a flower pot and let them continue to grow as they please. Over time, the plant becomes cramped in its native pot, and it significantly slows down its development, stops blooming or begins to wither before our eyes. This is especially true of indoor violets, from which it is already difficult to achieve flowering. The annual transplant of violets not only contributes to their lush flowering, but also allows you to hide the lower part of the stem, which eventually becomes ugly bare.
The need for a transplant is evidenced by an earthy lump tightly braided by roots
You can understand that it is time to transplant the Uzambar violets by a white bloom on the soil surface - this sign signals poor air permeability of the soil and an overabundance of minerals. Also, the need for a transplant is evidenced by an earthen lump tightly braided by roots, it is enough just to remove the violet from the pot to make sure of this.
Violet transplant video
Novice florists will certainly have a question: is it possible to transplant violets in the fall? In principle, the transplant can be carried out at any time of the year, however, in winter in Russia, the lack of sunlight affects, so the adaptation of plants is best done with a spring transplant. If you can provide the Saintpaulias with sufficient illumination, then you can replant them also in the fall and winter. On hot summer days, it is better not to transplant, as it will be difficult for the plants to take root.
Regardless of the season, it is undesirable to transplant violets during flowering, starting with the appearance of buds, since this procedure will suspend flowering for a while. And why rush to transplant - since the violet is blooming, it means that it has enough in this pot too, transplant after the flowers wither. But if the soil has acidified in the pot or parasites have started, do not waste time thinking: "Is it possible to transplant a blooming violet?" In emergency cases, in order to save a plant on which flowers have already appeared, you can use the transshipment method (we will talk about it below), only cut off the buds beforehand so that the violet has enough strength to root.
Regardless of the season, it is undesirable to transplant violets during flowering, starting with the appearance of buds
Preparing plants for transplanting
Make sure that when transplanting the violets, the earthen ball is moderately moist: it does not stick to the hands, but it is not dry either, otherwise the roots will be damaged. The leaves of the plants should remain dry, then they will be less contaminated during transplantation.
Here are the basic rules to follow when transplanting Saintpaulias:
- do not use old pots with a salt coating (it must be thoroughly washed immediately if you plan to use these pots in the future);
- with each subsequent transplant, choose a pot with a larger diameter, but keep in mind that the plant should be three times the diameter of the pot;
- choose plastic pots, since in clay or ceramic the earth dries out faster, and the lower leaves of the violet wither and deteriorate from contact with the edges of the pot;
- take the soil loose, air and moisture permeable, with the addition of peat and sand;
- for Saintpaulias, drainage from expanded clay or sphagnum moss is very important;
- the correct planting depth - when the lower leaves of the Saintpaulia lightly touch the ground;
- it is impossible to water on the first day after transplanting; it is better to put the plant under a plastic bag, providing it with moisture.
Do not use old pots with salt deposits
At the same time, an adult overgrown uzambar violet is rejuvenated during transplantation by cutting off part of the roots and cutting off the largest leaves (they can be used to propagate violets by a leaf). If you want to visually imagine how violets are transplanted, the master class in the video tab will be very useful to you.
How to transplant a violet in various ways
Having chosen the right time when you can transplant violets, having bought pots of the required diameter and having prepared fresh soil, you can start the transplanting process itself. It remains only to decide which of the three methods is best suited.
Transplant with complete soil replacement
For adult Uzambara violets, in which the stem is noticeably bare, this method is preferable when plants wilt and when the soil becomes acidic. Its advantage is that the soil is completely renewed, and the root system of the flower is cleaned, giving you the opportunity to inspect the roots, removing rotten and old ones. To do this, the violet is carefully removed from its pot, the earth is shaken off its roots, all the yellowed lower leaves and peduncles are removed, the cuts are powdered with charcoal.
If you have removed a lot of roots, use a smaller diameter transplant container.
If you have removed a lot of roots, use a smaller diameter container for transplanting. Pour drainage on the bottom, then a hill of fresh soil and place the roots of Saintpaulia on it, add the soil on top to the level of the lower leaves, tapping on the pot - this way the earth will settle down better. After a day, the plant can be watered and more earth can be added so that the violet leg is not exposed.
Partial soil replacement
In most cases, with the planned transplantation of young uzambar violets, especially miniature ones, partial soil renewal is sufficient. This method allows you to gently transplant the grown plant into a larger pot without damaging the root system. The transplant is similar to the method described above, but when removing the Saintpaulia from the pot, only the easily crumbling soil is shaken off from the roots, leaving a small earthen lump.
Transfer by transshipment method
As mentioned earlier, the transshipment is suitable for urgent transplanting of flowering plants, as well as for young children and for violets in which the rosette has grown three times the diameter of its pot. The earthen lump of the flower is completely preserved during transshipment - this must be carefully monitored by removing the violet from the pot.
Video about planting (transshipment) of violets on a wick
Fill the pot for transplanting one third with drainage, add some fresh soil and, inserting an empty old pot into the center of the new one, fill all the space between them with earth. Remember to tap the sides of the pot to compact the soil. Now the old pot can be removed and a violet with an earthen lump placed in its place so that the surfaces of the old and fresh soil are at the same level. The transfer of violets is completed.
To get a beautiful symmetrical plant with lush flowering, you need to learn a lot: how to grow Saintpaulia from a small leaf, how to provide it with care, how to plant a violet after the babies appear, and how to transplant plants annually. Let it all take a lot of time, but as a reward your uzambara violet will regularly delight you with beautiful flowers!
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Any indoor plant sooner or later needs to be planted or transplanted. There are many reasons for this, but most often the transplant is carried out when it is necessary to replace a small pot with a large one. In cramped conditions, indoor flowers cease to fully develop, bloom and lose their decorative effect. Newbie gardeners often have a question about how to transplant a violet at home. After all, Saintpaulia is a very delicate indoor flower, from which it is already difficult to achieve flowering.
Rejuvenating violets at home: detailed instructions
How to rejuvenate a violet in different ways:
- Pouring soil into young plants (by dropping).
- Re-rooting the socket.
- By cutting (a healthy leaf is chosen as a cutting).
Sometimes the violet has to be cut at the root.
The easiest way is to add fresh soil, this must be done while the saintpaulia is still relatively young.
Saintpaulia has one remarkable property: if it is buried in the soil, the stem will give roots.
How to transplant a violet with a long stem if it is still viable:
- Break off or prune the lower leaves.
- Sprinkle the bare stem with a nutritious layer of soil.
- Carefully level the poured soil.
Important! Violet does not like strong compaction, therefore, new soil cannot be strongly rammed.
This method is possible if the plant protrudes from the ground no more than 1-3 cm. But sometimes only attentive flower growers can recognize this phase. Many people notice an aging violet when it sticks out of the ground and stretches up to 5-6 cm. In this case, the effectiveness of adding soil is not always high.
It will be useful to learn another way to update a violet with a long stem. There is a radical operation, namely, "the removal of the head of a violet." More professionally, this action is called rerooting an outlet.
The step-by-step process of rejuvenating an overly stretched plant:
- Trim the stem at the very base at ground level.
- Free the stem from the lower and diseased leaves (leave no more than 6-8 upper central leaves), while ensuring symmetry.
- Remove brown dead growths from the stem and leave only healthy green tissue.
- If there are buds, they must be removed.
- Allow the top to air dry. This will happen in 30-40 minutes.
- Sprinkle the cut points with crushed activated carbon.
- Place a 1: 1: 1 mixture of turf, perlite and sand in a pot.
- Dig a hole in the center, the diameter of which is equal to the diameter of the stem, and place the plant there.
- Deepen the violet to the lower leaves.
- Water lightly, making sure no water gets on the leaves.
- Create a mini-greenhouse made of polyethylene if the indoor air is very dry
Attention! For an elongated violet, they take a radical measure - they make a hard pruning.
Very often, flower growers transplant violets by rooting a cutting with a leaf. This method has become widespread.
How to rejuvenate a violet at home step by step:
- A sharp knife is taken and the stem with the leaf is cut off.
- The resulting petiole is placed in water (it should not touch the leaf plate).
- Crushed activated carbon is added.
- After the roots appear (this should happen in 2-3 weeks), the seedling is transplanted into light soil.
Violet petiole transplant sequence
You can choose another option: without keeping the leaf in water. In this case, the transplant process will look like this:
- The stem cut is moistened with a root growth stimulator.
- Planting in a moist nutrient mixture.
- Cover with a plastic cup or polyethylene bag to create a greenhouse effect.
- After 3 days, the greenhouse is opened for ventilation.
Here you need to know how to cut a violet correctly: the leaf is cut by one third if it is very large.
Attention! In this way, 100% growing of a new violet is guaranteed, but a flowering plant can be obtained no earlier than 2 years after the start of the rooting process.
Requirements for pots
Before planting a violet, you must first select the correct container. These flowers have a unique root system that grows not in depth, but in breadth.
In accordance with this factor, pots for violets are selected. The rest of the criteria are not so important, and the design is determined by individual preferences, in accordance with the characteristics of the interior.
Inexperienced growers often make mistakes and plant violet sprouts in huge flowerpots.
Which pot in terms of parameters will be the ideal option for violets:
- For an adult sprout, containers with a height and diameter of 90 mm are ideal.
- The size for medium-sized bushes is 7 cm in height and 7 cm in diameter.
- Young seedlings should be placed in special pots for young plants. The depth and diameter parameters are 5 × 5 cm.
It is absolutely impossible to choose large containers - the plant will die. The pot should fit the root system back to back.
The pot should resemble a deep plate, since the roots are located only on top of the substrate, and the rest of it will deteriorate over time.
Therefore, the less earth remains at the bottom of the container, the better. A rectangular long or square version of the container can be used. The main thing is that the dimensions of the form are not too large.
The flowerpot for violets can be chosen in accordance with the design solutions of the room. It is desirable that the decorative container is suitable in depth and size - the pot should not come close to getting into the pots. The material and color are also individual.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting
Saintpaulias are considered to be demanding plants. Therefore, not knowing how to plant a violet correctly, and having done it at random, you can not wait for flowering and active growth.
Requirements for pots
The choice of a suitable pot begins with the material. For violets, clay and plastic are best suited. Plastic containers have the following advantages:
- affordable price
- long service life
- light weight.
However, these flowers need constant airing of the soil. Plastic walls do not allow air to pass through, but the problem can be solved. It is enough to choose pallets with a cruciform bottom or cut small holes yourself.
Clay pots are in demand among experienced flower growers. They note that the plant feels much more comfortable in them. Natural material contributes to stable ventilation of the root system.
Note! When buying a clay pot, you should pay attention to its external processing. Walls poured on the outside with decorative glaze, just like plastic ones, do not allow oxygen to pass through.
Also, such a purchase will significantly hit the budget. In addition, beginners in floriculture should consider the weight of the clay product. If the flowers are grown on racks, then the pots will put a significant strain on the shelf and hardware.
Next, you need to choose the option that suits the size. For the smallest flowers, seedlings and miniature varieties, it is recommended to buy containers, the diameter and height of which does not exceed 5 cm. As they grow, they are transplanted into a 7 × 7 cm pot. The largest is 9 × 9 cm. It is used for an adult plant.
Important! Even if the plant greatly exceeds the size of the pot 9 × 9 cm, its increase is unacceptable. In this case, it is necessary to make a transplant with a complete replacement of the soil.
Recommended pot shape
- moisture and air permeability
- presence of mineral components: phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen
- acidity ranging from 5.5 to 6.5
- the absence of pests and the presence of a favorable microflora.
Of course, you can buy ready-made soil specifically for violets in the store. However, many experienced growers note its increased acidity and prefer to make the mixture on their own. To do this, mix the following components in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1:
- leafy ground (in other words, rotted humus)
- perlite, vermiculite or sphagnum moss
- river sand.
Important! A drainage layer must be placed on the bottom of the pot.
Preparation of seedlings
Violets can be transplanted as the root system develops in the cuttings. Thus, when their length reaches about 2-3 cm, they are rooted. After about a month, each such leaf develops small bushes - children. They begin to independently receive nutrients from the ground, and the mother leaf dies off. When the bushes grow large enough, you will have to think about how to plant a violet.
It is recommended to plant each outlet in separate containers. For this, the earth is moistened to facilitate the process of reaching. They need to be carefully separated, and the cut points must be treated with crushed coal. Then they are planted in a previously prepared container and sprinkled with earth.
Important! The ground should not be tamped, this will disrupt ventilation and moisture permeability.
In the early days, the earth is moistened with a spray bottle. When spraying the soil, water should not fall on the leaves.
After completing the procedure, the flowers are placed in places where they will continue to grow. From the moment the violet is rooted, care is carried out as for an adult specimen.
Features of the process and subsequent care
There are a number of rules according to which it is necessary to transplant a violet.:
- Before transplanting, the container must be thoroughly rinsed with water, regardless of whether it has been used previously or not. In this case, the dishes must be correctly selected. The best material for crockery is plastic.
- With the correct transplantation of Saintpaulia, its lower leaves should be in contact with the ground.
- Do not water the violet immediately after planting. This can lead to rotting of the root system. To keep the soil moist, cover it with a transparent plastic bag.
- It is advisable not to neglect plant rejuvenation procedures during the transplantation process. In order for the violet to take root quickly and painlessly, it is also necessary to properly care for it in the first time after transplantation.
- To ensure normal growth, it is necessary in the room in which the transplanted violet is located, to maintain a moderate humidity (approximately 50%) and a temperature above 21 degrees Celsius.
- Daylight hours should be at least 10 hours.
- It is necessary to protect the flower from sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
- Watering should be done carefully and in moderation. Do not spray the leaves.
- After 2-3 weeks, you can begin to introduce top dressing, first in small doses, and then gradually increase to normal.
On the first day, the earth is moistened with a spray bottle. Then you can water it in the usual way after a week.
Note! Saintpaulias tolerate soil drying much easier than waterlogging.
In 5-6 days, the damage on the roots heals, and the flower is ready for the usual rules of care.
In the early days, the pot is placed on the western or northern windows. The leaves should receive maximum light, but they are afraid of the sun. If the day is short, artificial lighting is recommended. Providing the flower for 10-12 hours with sufficient light and good rest at night, the accelerated adaptation process will be noticeable immediately.
Additional lighting for violets
It is not recommended to fertilize the soil immediately after transplanting. The supply of nutrients in the soil should be enough for about a couple of months. But the deficiency of macro and microelements of Saintpaulia begins to experience earlier. Therefore, the first feeding is carried out in a month.
Violet transplant - subtleties for successful engraftment
Any indoor plant sooner or later needs to be planted or transplanted. There are many reasons for this, but most often the transplant is carried out when it is necessary to replace a small pot with a large one.
In cramped conditions, indoor flowers cease to fully develop, bloom and lose their decorative effect. Newbie gardeners often have a question about how to transplant a violet at home.
After all, Saintpaulia is a very delicate indoor flower, from which it is already difficult to achieve flowering.
When should you transplant a violet?
Annual transplanting has a beneficial effect on this plant, allowing you to hide the lower bare part of the stem and get a lush blooming specimen. In addition to obtaining a decorative effect, the transplant of violets is carried out when it is necessary to replace the soil, which over time loses its nutrients, acidity and simply cakes.
There are several factors that determine the need for violets for a transplant at home:
- White bloom formed on the surface of the soil. This indicates poor air permeability of the soil and its oversaturation with mineral fertilizers.
- Earthen lump tightly entwined with roots. To make sure of this, the plant is removed from the pot.
When can a violet be transplanted?
Violets are transplanted at any time of the year, except for the winter period, when the flowers do not have enough sunlight. Therefore, it is better not to touch them in winter and wait for spring, and this will be correct. To transplant violets in the fall or winter, plants need additional lighting with lamps. In summer, in hot weather, replanting violets is not recommended, since the chances of their engraftment are very small.
Many flower growers often have a question about whether it is possible to transplant a blooming violet. Starting from the moment the flower buds appear, transplanting violets is not advisable. She can pause this process. A flowering plant indicates that it feels great in this container too. Therefore, you should not rush into this. Only when the plant has faded can it be replanted.
A flowering violet transplant is carried out only in emergency cases, in order to save the flower. Correctly, this procedure must be carried out according to the method of transshipment of an earthen coma. Before that, all flower buds must be cut off, so the plant will take root faster.
Before replanting flowers, they need to be prepared for this. To avoid damage to the roots, the earthen ball is slightly moistened.
It shouldn't stick to your hands, but it shouldn't be dry either. When wetting the soil, try not to wet the leaves. So they get less dirty during the transplant process.
How to transplant Saintpaulia correctly?
- The main rules for transplanting violets at home, which must be strictly observed:
- Any old container intended for planting a flower must be well rinsed and cleaned of salt deposits.
- For each subsequent transplant, you need to take a pot with a diameter larger than the previous one.
- Violets are transplanted into plastic vases, since the soil dries quickly in ceramic or clay pots.
- Violets are transplanted into nutrient soil with the addition of sand and peat. It must have good air and moisture permeability.
- At the bottom of the container, it is imperative to put drainage from sphagnum moss or expanded clay.
- When properly planted, the plants are buried in the soil so that the lower leaves are slightly in contact with the ground.
- Immediately after planting in a new pot, do not water the violets. They can be covered with transparent plastic to ensure moisture.
In the process of transplanting, the violet is rejuvenated, partially cutting off the root system and large leaves.
Transplant in different ways
Today, there are several methods for transplanting these indoor flowers. Each of them will take a little time, plastic flowerpots and potting soil.
One of the most frequent transplants of these flowers at home is carried out in order to replace the old soil with new one. This is carried out when the plant withers, it has a bare stem, as well as due to acidification of the earth.
In the process of such a transplant, the old soil is completely removed from the root system. This makes it possible to fully examine the entire root system of the flower, removing damaged or rotten roots.
The violet is carefully removed from the flowerpot, shaken off the ground, remove all yellowed leaves, sluggish and dry peduncles. All sections must be treated with charcoal powder.
In the case when many roots were removed from the plant during transplantation, the container for transplanting is taken one size smaller than the previous one.
At the bottom of the pot, you need to put a layer of drainage, then pour the soil mixture in a slide and put the plant on it, straightening the root system. Next, add the soil to the level of the leaves. To make the earth settle down as best as possible, lightly tap on the flowerpot. The plant must be watered 24 hours after planting. To prevent exposing the stem, add some more soil.
Violet transplantation at home is also carried out in order to partially replace the soil. This method is more applicable to miniature varieties, for which partial soil renewal will be quite sufficient. In this way, the flower is transplanted into a larger pot without damaging the root system. The very principle of disembarkation is the same as the previous one. The soil is partially shaken off, leaving an earthen lump.
Transfer of violets
Violets are transplanted by the transshipment method when it is necessary to save flowering specimens, transplant children. Plants with a strongly overgrown rosette are also transplanted. This flower transplantation implies the complete preservation of the earthen coma. Fill the new flowerpot with a good layer of drainage, then add some fresh soil.
Insert the old one into the new pot in the very center. Fill the formed space between the containers with soil, tapping on the walls for better compaction. After that, we take out the old container and plant a violet in its place along with an earthen lump. In this case, the surfaces of the new and old earth should be at the same level.
The transfer of violets is over.
This is followed by competent and reverent care, thanks to which the plant will fully develop and bloom violently.