Finding a lapagerie in a flower shop is a huge success. The thing is that it is quite difficult to find it outside its habitat. And even in the largest botanical gardens, this flower is grown quite rarely. But what is so unusual about him? Lapagheria is incredibly beautiful, and its bell-shaped flowers are especially charming. However, for all her magnificence, she is quite capricious and demanding.
Lapagerie care at home
Seeing this beautiful plant, which is also called the Chilean liana, you will certainly want it to decorate your apartment. However, one must be prepared to face many difficulties. And the first one is planting this flower.
It is very, very difficult to find a rooted cutting of a lapageria and, most likely, you will not be able to do this. However, you should not despair, because it can be grown from seeds, although it is very difficult to do this.
Before starting planting, the seeds must be soaked for a while. Clean warm water is perfect for this. In the meantime, prepare the ground, keep in mind that it should be quite loose. After that, you can proceed to the direct planting of seeds. They should not be embedded very deeply.
In order for the first sprouts to appear faster, you can make a special miniature greenhouse. However, the wait is still long enough. So, on average, 1.5 months (6 weeks) pass from the moment of sowing to the appearance of shoots. But the appearance of the first flowers will have to wait even longer. As a rule, the plant blooms only three years after sowing.
As mentioned above, Lapagheria is a rather capricious and demanding plant. So, her leaves must be sprayed every day, as well as air the room in which she is. Also, the Chilean vine needs to be transplanted into a new pot every year. This is because it has a very powerful root system that grows quickly enough. Also, do not forget to water the plant and feed it on time. By the way, during the preparation for flowering and in the process, the plant loses a lot of energy.
In order for this flower to develop normally, and you do not know any problems with it, you need to properly care for it. If you do something wrong, this can affect the state of your flower in an extremely negative way.
So, so that you don't forget anything and do everything right, study this mini-instruction:
- In order for the Chilean vine to feel good, it needs sunlight. However, she does not tolerate direct rays of the sun. A place where there is partial shade is best suited for her.
- In summer, in the heat, Lapagheria feels great, because no special temperature regimes are provided during this period. However, with the onset of winter, the room where the flower is located must be kept at a temperature not exceeding 15⁰ Celsius.
- It should be watered as needed, that is, as long as the topsoil does not dry out, this should not be done. However, the plant does not like dry air, therefore it is necessary to moisturize both it and the leaves every day. A conventional spray and clean water are best suited for this purpose. It should be noted that it should not be hard, so the water should be softened before watering or spraying.
- Also, do not forget to systematically feed the Chilean vine. This should be done in certain months when the most active growth phase is observed, namely in the spring and summer months. A complex mineral fertilizer specially designed for flowering indoor plants is perfect for this. Top dressing should be done once every 7 days.
- Since this flower is a vine, it sprouts. They are quite delicate and fragile and do not become lignified over time. Therefore, it is very important to make a reliable support for these processes in advance. And as soon as they grow a little, they must be tied up immediately.
This plant can be propagated in several ways. So, it has already been described above how to do this using seeds. And it also propagates through cuttings or rooting of cuttings.
So, in order for the cuttings to take root well, it must be strong and young enough. It should be bent to the surface of the soil and the place of contact should be fixed with wire, and then sprinkled with earth on top. Then you just have to wait until the shoot takes root properly. However, hoping for a quick result is not worth it. As a rule, several months should pass. Do not rush to separate the layers even after you see that it is already well rooted. This can be done only after the young green leaves appear.
Cuttings can also be used to successfully propagate lapagheria. As a rule, the grafting procedure is carried out in the summer months. To do this, place the cut cuttings in miniature greenhouses. However, an already rooted stalk should be transplanted only after 12 months.
Cutting and shaping the crown
Although the Chilean liana grows extremely slowly, after 2 years it can grow up to a couple of meters in height. And then the question will certainly arise what can be done with this beauty.
As mentioned above, for its shoots, it is simply necessary to make a reliable support. Otherwise, they will break. Also, a beautiful lush bush can be formed from this plant. To do this, you need to regularly pinch the stems that are long.
Also, this type of vine responds well to a haircut. This is because when old leaves are removed, young ones begin to grow in their place, which has a fairly good effect on the general condition of the flower.
Features of the choice of varieties
Despite the fact that Lapagheria is considered a rather rare flower, its seeds are quite affordable. However, the choice of variety and species is definitely not great. So, very beautiful white flowers of a delicate cream shade have a variety called "Albiflora". And such as "Nesh Kurt" has pretty pink flowers.
Flowering and planting site
The Chilean liana can bloom when it pleases, even in summer, even in winter. It is important to take proper care of her, and then you can admire her wonderful flowers to your heart's content.
Mostly this plant is grown in the house. However, it also feels quite good on the street. So, if possible, then take out the pot with the lapagerie on the shady veranda or on the northern balcony. Better yet, plant her in the garden under the trees. There she will grow and bloom well enough.
So, the enemy of the Chilean vine is aphid. And often it can be found precisely on young shoots. To get rid of this type of pest, you can use chemicals, but it is advisable to use them only if the plant is outside the house. If the flower grows in an apartment, then use a mechanical method or organic (garlic tincture).
If you planted a lapagheria in the garden, then another type of pest can attack it, namely, snails. The best way to deal with them is mechanical (manual collection). Other remedies show their low effectiveness.
Following all the above tips, you can easily grow a beautiful Chilean liana at home, which will delight you with its lovely flowers for more than one year.
How to Grow Lapageria rosea - The Chilean Bellflower or 'Copihue'
Pentas - Egyptian star
Pentas is one of the rare representatives of the plant kingdom, willing to delight the owners with flowers in the most cloudy months - from October to February. During this period, any greenery, any leaf or flower gives great joy, even if it grows only on the windowsill. It is impossible to look indifferently at the lush hat of the pentas, which is strewn with bright five-pointed stars. And more than one gardener fell in love with this plant because its flowers flash like New Year's lights in our gloomy rooms and help us forget a little about sadness in anticipation of spring.
In indoor greenhouses, they call him a bouquet in a pot, and also an Egyptian star. And I fully support such names, because only one flowerpot with this wonderful flower can dispel the boring monotony of everyday life and cheer up. The pentas inflorescences seem to have absorbed the entire color spectrum - we can admire the iridescence of milky, white, lilac, pink, flesh, red, crimson colors. There are several peculiarities in caring for this handsome man. Here I am going to tell you about them.
Indoor cultivation recommendations, care
- Lighting and location selection. Since under conditions of natural growth the plant "lives" in dense forests, then in indoor conditions it will not tolerate direct rays of the sun, since it will be impossible to organize a constant circulation of fresh air in the room. It is better to place a pot with a vine on the east, west southeast or southwest windowsill with bright but diffused lighting. On the window of the southern location you need a shadow, on the northern one - additional lighting.
The temperature of the Lapazheria content in the spring-summer period should be in the range of 18–20 degrees, but as soon as the plant fades and begins to plunge into rest mode, then the heat indicators should be gradually reduced. So in the winter months, the thermometer should not go beyond 6-8 units. For a short time, the "Chilean bell" can withstand a drop and up to 5 degrees below zero. In the summer, you can move the pot with the plant to the open air - a place in the garden under the diffused shade of trees, on a terrace or balcony is suitable. But it should be remembered that protection from the action of a draft will be required.
Air humidity when growing "Chilean cucumber" should not fall below 50%. The plant reacts very poorly to dry indoor air, and the edge of the foliage may begin to dry out. Therefore, you should spray the deciduous mass once a week with warm and soft water. A finely dispersed atomizer is used for this. Drops of moisture should fall not only on the leaves, but it is recommended to simply spray the mist next to the lagoon. Only if moisture gets on the flowers will damage their appearance, dark spots may appear on the petals. Also, to increase the humidity of the air, you can put humidifiers or just vessels filled with water next to the pot.
Watering. From spring until the end of flowering, it is recommended to water the lapazheria abundantly, so that the soil is constantly moistened. Overdrying the earthen coma should not be allowed, but despite the fact that under natural conditions the plant can withstand prolonged rainfall, stagnant water in the stand under the pot will lead to rotting of the root system. It is recommended to water the vine every 4 days in the spring and summer. With the arrival of autumn, moisture decreases. Only well-settled and warm water is used. River or rainwater can be used, but there is no guarantee that it will be sufficiently clean in urban conditions. Therefore, you should take a distilled one or pass a tap water through a filter, then boil it and stand for several days.
Fertilizers for Lapazheria are introduced from the beginning of its growth and throughout the entire flowering period. The regularity is once every 2-3 weeks. In top dressing, it is necessary that the content of potassium and phosphorus exceeds the amount of nitrogen. Since the latter will contribute to the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering. After the flowers on the liana wither and it goes into rest mode, the feeding stops.
Transplantation and selection of a substrate. Due to the fact that the root system is distinguished by powerful parameters, then when carrying out a transplant, you need to select larger pots. Also, in this operation, life should be very careful so that the roots are not damaged, since the Lapazheria is sensitive enough to this. It is recommended to use the transshipment method when the earth lump is not destroyed. The transplant is carried out annually in the spring. In a new container, it is necessary to make holes in the bottom for the outflow of excess moisture and, before pouring in the substrate, lay a small layer (2-3 cm) of drainage material. The soil is used with an acidity of about pH 5.5, which has nutritional properties and sufficient looseness. It is possible to use garden soil, coarse-grain sand (it is replaced with perlite), wet peat or humus (can be replaced with foliage soil) for the soil mixture - all parts are equal in volume.
Sowing eggplant - seedling in the traditional way
Consider the simplest "grandmother's" method of sowing eggplant seeds for seedlings.
It is very simple and always guarantees good results, time-tested.
Make grooves 0.5-1 cm deep in the ground.
Spread the seeds throughout the furrow. The distance between the seeds should not be less than 1 cm. More is possible.
Cover the grooves with soil and moisten the soil well with a spray bottle. This method of moistening prevents seeds from eroding and sinking into the ground.
When the ground is moist enough, cover the container with glass or plastic. Place in a warm place.
The temperature required for seedlings is 22-25 degrees.
As soon as the seedlings appear, we gradually remove the glass, accustoming the seedlings to fresh air.