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Varieties of raspberry-blackberry hybrids - Lucretia, Izobilnaya, Cumberland and others - 2

Varieties of raspberry-blackberry hybrids - Lucretia, Izobilnaya, Cumberland and others - 2


Abundant.

The variety is highlighted by I.V. Michurin. From the population from free pollination of the Lucretia variety. The bush is powerful, with creeping shoots covered with strong, curved thorns. The yield is high. The berries are large (6-10 g), elongated, sweet and sour, late ripening. In the conditions of central Russia, it needs shelter for the winter. The variety is fruitful, propagates by rooted tops.

Taylor.

An old remontant variety found in the Baltic countries. The bush is powerful, with ribbed reddish stems covered with numerous thorns. Growing shoots are thin, greenish-yellow, strongly prickly. The berries are medium-sized, up to 4-5 g, black, juicy. The variety is not winter-hardy enough, shoots require shelter for the winter.

Thornfree.

One of the first commercial blackberry varieties with thornless shoots. It forms a powerful bush with long (4-5 m) semi-creeping shoots. The flowers are large, 3-3.5 cm in diameter, pink petals. The berries are large, weighing up to 5 g (up to 3 cm long), ovoid, purple-black, sour-sweet. In the conditions of central Russia, it blooms in the second half of June, fruit ripening ends at the end of August. Berries are used to prepare high quality processed products. The variety is not winter-hardy, but resistant to anthracnose shoots, rust and stem cancer.

Raspberry and blackberry varieties

Loganberry (Loganberry).

One of the first raspberry-blackberry hybrids produced in the USA. The bush is less powerful than that of a blackberry, creeping shoots, prickly. The berries are large, conical, red-purple with a peculiar aroma. Productivity is moderate, winter hardiness is low. Ripening of berries is late. There are many clones of Loganberry, among which there are thornless forms with earlier ripening of berries.

Texas.

The variety was obtained by I.V. Michurin in 1907 from free pollination of the Loganberry variety. By morphological characteristics, it is close to it. The bush is powerful, creeping. Does not form overgrowths. Shoots are strong, with numerous stiff thorns on an extended base. The berries are very large (up to 10 g), raspberry, elongated, sweet and sour, with a specific blackberry flavor. The yield is high (up to 6 kg per bush). The variety is of medium late ripening, non-resistant, requires shelter of shoots for the winter.

Phenomenal.

A raspberry-blackberry hybrid obtained in the USA by Luther Burbank. By morphological characteristics, it resembles Logan's berry, but has larger berries, lighter in color and with better taste. The peculiarity of this variety is the numerous bifurcation of berries and an unstable yield.

Tayberry.

Obtained in the UK. The variety has large (up to 5 cm in length), beautiful, tasty, early ripening (in July) berries. Fruiting is concentrated on short lateral branches, which simplifies harvesting. The variety is very popular in a number of countries in Western Europe and North America. The disadvantages of the variety include its low winter hardiness and strongly thorny creeping shoots.

Krasnodar.

Domestic raspberry-blackberry variety (seedling of the Texas variety), isolated in the vicinity of Krasnodar. Creeping shoots up to 4-5 m long with numerous needle-like thorns. The berries are large (3-4 cm long), cylindrical in shape, dark raspberry, sweet and sour blackberry taste, removed together with the fruit, early ripening (beginning in the first decade of June). The yield is high - 8-10 kg per bush. Shoots require winter shelter, because their winter hardiness is low.

Chokeberry.

A variety of unknown origin, began to spread in 1934 in many private gardens in the Baltics. The winter hardiness of the variety is average, withstands low temperatures down to -30 ° C. The yield is about 2 kg per bush. The bush is powerful, up to 1.5 m high, shoots with a hanging top, medium prickly. Blooms late with large white flowers. The fruiting period is extended (from the second half of August to September 5-10). Berries of medium size, round or elongated-oval, black, shiny, juicy pulp, good taste, with a specific aroma.

In addition to the above varieties, other raspberry-blackberry varieties are popular among amateur gardeners: Youngberry - large-fruited, with high-quality berries, but not winter-hardy enough, Boysenberry - large-fruited, somewhat more winter-hardy, Lincoln Logan - large-fruited, winter-hardy and a number of others.

In addition to varieties of blackberries and raspberry-blackberry varieties, amateur gardeners also grow varieties of black raspberries, the main range of which was created and cultivated in the USA. Most of them are not very hardy and are of little use for the conditions of central Russia, however, there is a group of varieties that can withstand frosts down to -25 ...- 30 ° C, which can be successfully grown in regions with mild winters or when sheltering shoots for the winter. These include the well-known varieties Cumberland, Airlie Cumberland, Bristol and New Logan.

In recent years, at the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture, breeder V.A. Sokolova created new domestic varieties of black raspberries, promising for cultivation in Siberian and other regions of Russia, especially by amateur gardeners.

Cumberland.

A bush of medium height (1.5-2 m) with arcuate curved shoots with thorns and a thick waxy bloom. Propagated by rooting the tops of the shoots. Withstands frosts down to -30 ° С. The berries are small (up to 2 g), round, black-purple, shiny, sweet, with a blackberry flavor, transportable, ripen together, easily separated from the fruit.

Earley Cumberland.

In terms of its economic and biological characteristics, it is close to the Cumberland variety, it is distinguished by an earlier ripening of the crop.

Bristol.

One of the most productive varieties of black raspberries with large, sweet and transportable berries. The disadvantage of the variety is the reduced winter hardiness of the shoots and the defeat by anthracnose.

New Logan.

In many ways it is similar to the Cumberland variety, but differs from it in the earlier ripening of berries (almost a week) and increased resistance to anthracnose. Winter hardiness is slightly lower than that of the Cumberland variety.

Coal.

A new domestic variety, bred at the Scientific Research Institute of Siberia. The bush is medium-sized (up to 2.5). Annual shoots are arcuate with a gray waxy bloom with hard curved thorns. Berries weighing up to 1.8 g, black, broadly blunt-conical, slightly pubescent, do not crumble when ripe, easily separated from the fruit. The taste is sour-sweet with a slight astringency aftertaste. Ripening of berries is early and friendly. Harvest 2.5-3 kg per bush. The variety is quite winter-hardy and hardy to pests and diseases.

Turn.

The variety was bred at the Siberian Research Institute of Horticulture. The bush is powerful, spreading, 2.4-2.6 m high. Annual shoots are thorny, curved downward. Berries weighing 1.6-1.9 g, black, hemispherical without pubescence, sweet, with a slight acidic sensation. Ripening is medium-early, amicable. Harvested in 2-4 harvests. Productivity 3-3.5 kg per bush. The variety is winter-hardy (withstands frosts down to -35 ° C), moderately resistant to drought. Tolerant to major diseases and pests of raspberries.

Galina Aleksandrova, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences


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