Information

Banana

Banana


It's about the same banana, the fruits of which both children and adults love to feast on. It turns out that it can be grown at home. At the same time, he will delight his owners not only with the taste of the fruit, but also with the appearance.

Banana (Musa) is a very tall (up to 10 m) powerful perennial plant of the family of the same name. Despite its impressive size, bananas are classified as herbs, and their fruits are nothing more than a berry.

Bananas grow in the tropics and subtropics. His homeland is southeast Asia and Hindustan. The taste of the fruits of this plant was liked by travelers and sailors, who contributed to its spread.

Description of the plant

The underground part of the banana is represented by a powerful, spherical, rhizome with well-branched adventitious roots and a central growth point. Shortened escape, underground. What we are used to seeing above the surface of the earth is not a shoot, it is leaves.

The leaves are long-petiolate, wrapping each other's bases. They form a kind of trunk. The leaf blades are impressive in size: 2, sometimes even 3 m in length and up to half a meter in width. Ellipsoidal, juicy, green, sometimes with burgundy or dark green spots. After fruiting, the leaves of the plant gradually die off, they are replaced by new ones.

Flower: The first banana bloom will come in about a year. By this time, it develops from 15 to 18 leaves. The peduncle emerges from the flower bud and does a great job, "breaking through" the base of the leaves, growing through the long vaginal tube and stretching out almost to the height of the leaves. There it "ends" with a huge, up to one and a half meters, inflorescence, consisting of a large number of small single flowers, painted in pale yellow and greenish tones. Among them there are both bisexual and heterosexual flowers. The banana bloom is a magnificent sight, lasting two or even three months.

The fruits are tied after pollination of the largest, female, flowers and are located in their place, forming a kind of brush called bunch. A ripe single fruit has an elongated bean-like shape and reaches a length of 3 to 40 cm.

Banana care at home

Location and lighting

Banana loves bright rooms, is not afraid of direct rays of the sun, and also needs a long day of light. In winter, he needs a backlight.

Temperature

Banana is a thermophilic plant. Optimum for the full development of a banana is considered to be an air temperature in the range of 24-30 degrees. It is important that the temperature does not drop below 16 degrees.

Air humidity

Banana does not tolerate dry air, reacting to it with a loss of gloss and drying of the leaves. For additional moisture, the plant is sprayed daily, and the banana pot is placed in a tray filled with wet expanded clay. It is important that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water. For the purpose of moisturizing and hygiene, wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp soft cloth or arrange a warm shower for the flower.

Watering

Banana needs not only humid air, but also abundant watering, especially in spring and summer. In the fall, watering is reduced, and by winter it is completely reduced to a minimum. For irrigation, only settled water at room temperature or slightly higher is suitable.

The soil

The optimal composition of the soil for growing a banana: a mixture of turf, humus, leafy earth and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Like most plants, bananas are fed using liquid fertilizers designed for indoor plants. Top dressing is carried out twice a month, starting in April and ending at the end of September.

Transfer

Banana grows rapidly, so it needs to be repotted periodically. It is better to do this in the spring, choosing a more spacious pot. A drainage layer must be poured onto the bottom of the container.

When replanting a banana, it is always deepened more deeply than the previous time. This is done in order to stimulate the emergence of new roots.

Banana propagation

Bananas are usually propagated by offspring, by dividing rhizomes, and some species by seeds.

Reproduction using seeds is quite laborious. The hard shell, reminiscent of a nut shell, is a serious and sometimes insurmountable obstacle to a delicate sprout. Therefore, 2-3 days before sowing, the seeds are placed with warm water, and then scarified (filed). Sowing is carried out in a moist substrate made up of equal amounts of leafy earth, peat, sand and charcoal. The planting depth of the seeds should be equal to their size.

Greenhouse conditions are created for seedlings by covering the container with glass or transparent film and placing it in a warm place with a temperature of 24-26 degrees. The crops are ventilated and sprayed daily. Seedlings will have to wait at least a month, sometimes even two. A pick is carried out after the seedlings get stronger and give 2-3 leaves. Young plants are fast growing.

How to grow a banana at home from seeds / indoor banana

Vegetative propagation is carried out by root suckers. It is very convenient to propagate a banana in this way during transplantation, separating layers from an adult plant, making a cut on the rhizome. The cut points are sprinkled with coal. The root offspring is placed in a separate container filled with a mixture of equal amounts of leaf, peat soil and sand.

Diseases and pests

Over-watering can lead to root rot and leaf spot. At home, it is possible to damage a banana with a spider mite, thrips, a scale insect, a mealybug.

Popular types of banana

They differ in more modest, in comparison with wild plants, in size, beautiful flowers and leaves, for the sake of which they are grown.

Banana velvet - rises above the ground by one and a half meters and has spectacular bright yellow flowers with scarlet wrappers or bracts. The bracts are gradually bent outward, curling up the tube. This species has velvety fruits, which owes its name.

Banana lavender appreciated for its beautiful, lavender, pink or orange inflorescences.

Banana bright red does not exceed a meter in height, and has a bright flower with a scarlet wrapper, effectively set off by green foliage.

BANANA CARE AND ERRORS WHEN GROWING. EXOTIC WINDOWSILL.


How to care for a banana?

Caring for a banana means, first of all, observing temperature and humidity conditions, as well as daylight hours. Throughout the year, these indicators should be approximately the same. Humidity + -70%, air temperature - + 25 degrees. Additional lighting is required in winter and autumn. If you put the lamps under a banana, you get an original decor element.

The plant needs good watering, but only when the topsoil is dry to the touch. It is useful to loosen the soil from time to time. Dust should be periodically removed from the leaves and sprayed to maintain moisture. In winter - once a week, in summer - every day. Just like any other plant, a banana needs feeding. You can feed it with vermicompost (1 tbsp per 1 liter of water) or ash (1 tablespoon per 1 liter of water). Any organic and mineral fertilizers are suitable.

How to care for a banana if it has stopped growing? You need to change the old pot for a larger pot. But, in any case, do not plant a banana immediately in a large pot, because this can lead to root rot. In order for the banana to bear fruit more, an adult plant, at least one meter high, is watered with fish broth. For this 150 - 200 gr. fish waste or fish is poured with two liters of water. Strain and dilute with cold water. This broth can be used together with humus or vermicompost.

Top dressing from lupine and or quinoa has a beneficial effect on the growth of a banana. The grass is poured with boiling water in the ratio between a glass of grass and a liter of water, filtered and watered. Such dressings are done simultaneously with watering so as not to burn the plant. A plant hydrogel can make it easier to care for a banana, which will create the necessary water balance.

Banana almost never has pest diseases, but for prevention, you can sprinkle tobacco dust on the ground every 60 days. Every six months - water with a manganese-acidic potassium solution, do not forget to loosen the soil around the plant 1 cm deep and protect the banana from drafts. Observing all of the above recommendations, you can easily grow a beautiful ornamental plant or get tasty and juicy fruits, depending on the variety you choose.


Exclusive! Dwarf banana "Simon" (premium variety yields up to 300 fruits per year) 1 seedling per pack

Specifications

  • Class: perennial herb
  • Height: 1.2-1.5m
  • Flowering duration: from 3 months
  • Fruit flavor: sweet

Exclusive! Dwarf banana "Simon"... Seedlings of fruit-bearing bananas grow well and bear fruit in indoor growing conditions. The beginning of fruiting begins at 70cm growth. For a year from one plant, you can get up to 100 delicious fragrant fruits that are not inferior in taste to "real" bananas. In a winter garden, even with a short daylight in winter, this variety produces up to 300 fruits per year.

A banana needs a lot of light to grow. A well-lit window sill of the south, south-east or east window would be a good place for him. Lack of light affects the likelihood of fruit ripening; it is better to use additional lighting near the northern window. On the balcony, the plant must be shaded from direct rays of the sun with a gauze curtain, and also protected from drafts.

Indoor banana in winter

Reduce watering to avoid root rot. Provide moisture and keep away from cold.
Useful properties of bananas: The fruits of this wonderful herb are rich in vitamins and minerals. They contain serotonin and tryptophan, which can improve mood. Banana cultivation volumes are impressive: they are in fourth place after corn, rice and wheat.


Benefits of buying seedlings from Agro-Market

  • Only the best varieties grown in Ukraine
  • Marking of each grade
  • 100% conformity of grades
  • Gentle and holistic packaging
  • Time-tested varieties
  • Survival in any region of Ukraine


    Banana Dwarf Cavendish 1 seedling per pack

    Specifications

    • Sapling age: half year
    • Plant height: 1.2-1.5m
    • Flowering: long lasting, lasts up to several months.
    • Fruit flavor: sweet

    Banana Dwarf Cavendish (up to 1.2-1.5 m high). Saplings of fruit-bearing bananas of the Cavendish "Super Dwarf" variety, grow well and bear fruit in the conditions of apartment cultivation. The beginning of fruiting begins at 70cm growth. For a year from one plant, you can get up to 100 delicious fragrant fruits that are not inferior in taste to "real" bananas. In a winter garden, even with a short daylight in winter, this variety produces up to 300 fruits per year.

    A banana needs a lot of light to grow. A well-lit window sill of the south, south-east or east window would be a good place for him. Lack of light affects the likelihood of fruit ripening; it is better to use additional lighting near the northern window. On the balcony, the plant must be shaded from direct rays of the sun with a gauze curtain, and also protected from drafts.

    This tropical herb also loves warmth. Banana growth slows down if the temperature drops below 16 ° C. In summer, the optimum temperature of the content is in the range of 23-26 ° C.

    High humidity is the third component of successful banana cultivation in an apartment. Spray your pet more often (at least 1 time a day), place a container with wet expanded clay next to it. In winter, it is enough to spray once a week.

    Indoor banana in winter

    Reduce watering to avoid root rot. Provide moisture and keep away from cold.
    Useful properties of bananas: The fruits of this wonderful herb are rich in vitamins and minerals. They contain serotonin and tryptophan, which can improve mood. Banana cultivation volumes are impressive: they are in fourth place after corn, rice and wheat.


    Benefits of buying seedlings from Agro-Market

  • Only the best varieties grown in Ukraine
  • Marking of each grade
  • 100% conformity of grades
  • Gentle and holistic packaging
  • Time-tested varieties
  • Survival in any region of Ukraine


    What are the deadlines for?

    On favorable lunar days, the plant sap goes from flowers to leaves. In the roots, the cell membrane becomes soft, which is why they lose water and become strong. All this allows the plants to better take root in the new conditions where it was transplanted. Flowers grow in the confined space of a pot. The roots gradually grow, and they become cramped in the pot. The earth loses its useful properties over time. As a result, if the flower is not transplanted, it will die.

    Sometimes emergency measures need to be taken to keep the flowers from dying. These signs are:

    • decay of roots
    • there is an unpleasant smell from the ground
    • accidentally damaged or broken the pot
    • unexpected gift of a pot with peat and an exclusive flower.

    A signal that the plant has already become cramped in the pot is the appearance of white and thin roots that have crawled out of the holes intended for drainage.


    Watch the video: Conkarah - Banana feat. Shaggy Official Audio