How iron chelate treatment in October can help cope with chlorosis
Iron speeds up life processes and nourishes plants. With a lack of this substance, development stops, there is a risk of chlorosis. It is recommended to use iron chelate to prevent such problems.
How to cook with your own hands
To prepare the solution, it is necessary to boil 5 liters of water, cool it and mix with 1 tbsp. citric acid. After all the crystals are dissolved, add 5 g of ferrous sulfate to the solution. Mix all components thoroughly.
The result should be a light orange liquid.
This solution must be used immediately, because after 3-4 days of storage, the metal will precipitate, due to which the effectiveness of the product will decrease to zero.
How to use on site
Processing is carried out only with iron chlorosis, a symptom of which is yellowing or whitening of the leaves. At the same time, the veins on them remain green. Most often, a similar disease can be observed in plants planted on calcareous soils.
Treatment with iron chelate can be both foliar and root.
Spraying on the leaf is carried out for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes. In the first case, the plants are treated twice with an interval of 2-3 weeks. If treatment is carried out, then the number of sprays is increased up to 5 times (the same interval).Root application involves watering the affected plants. This method of treatment is used in the advanced stage of the disease. The amount of fertilizer applied depends on the crop.
Vegetable and berry plants need 5 liters of solution per 10 m², shrubs - 1.5 liters per adult bush, trees - 20 liters, seedlings - 10 liters.
Processing is carried out in a quiet, dry, cloudy weather. This must be done in personal protective equipment: in overalls, respirator, gloves and glasses. After completing the work, it is recommended to take a shower to wash off any accidental splashes of solution.
When will the result be seen
Iron chelate is effective only in the case of non-infectious chlorosis, that is, one that was caused by a lack of iron in the soil. This tool is completely absorbed by the plant, which means that it will be possible to quickly make up for the lack of an element.
Thanks to this, metabolism is normalized, the formation of chlorophyll in the leaves is ensured, immunity and resistance to diseases increase.
When spraying, beneficial substances penetrate into the tissues of the plant already on the first day, while when watering this occurs only on the third day. At the same time, signs of recovery appear - the color of the leaves is restored, the plates are aligned.
Processing yellowed cucumber leaves
Cucumbers are considered simple and easy to grow and care for. But, like any other plant in the garden, this vegetable requires attention. And especially when there are any negative changes on the plants. Often, gardeners are faced with yellowing of the leaves. At such a moment, the question arises of how to process the leaves of cucumbers if they dry and turn yellow. But, do not rush to processing without finding out the reasons for such a problem.
- The main causes of yellowing
- Lack of lighting
- Violation of the water regime
- Sudden changes in temperature, hypothermia
- Nutrient Deficiency
- Lack of nitrogen
- Lack of potassium
- Lack of calcium
- Lack of iron
- Lack of magnesium
Processing yellowed cucumber leaves
Help identify plant disease in the garden. How to treat and prevent?
I am a beginner in gardening and, in fact, this season was the first and difficult for me. Now one disease in plants, then another, then a third. The most affected were lilacs, forsythia, hydrangea (in addition to the scorching sun, some illness also finished it off) and, ultimately, mulberry. The symptoms are similar: curling and wilting of the leaves, the appearance of a brown, dried edge, and in the final stage, an ash coating appears on the leaves. After I cut the finally wilted forsythia bush, black rings were visible on the cut. I read that it is bacteriosis. Plants were regularly sprayed with phytoverm (against insects), SKOR. Unfortunately, the result hasn't changed much.
I would like to ask experienced gardeners what kind of disease it can be, how to properly carry out prevention and treatment.
the remains of hydrangea
twisted forsythia leaves
twisted lilac leaves
Ivan, a fungal disease on mulberry, very similar to spotting. There is also fungus on hydrangeas, as well as traces of improper care. On forsythia and lilacs, it seems like a virus carried by aphids and other sucking insects. The leaves are eaten, which means that gnawing insects are also present.
I agree with Andrey on the treatment of fungal diseases with Horus, but the processing temperature should not be higher than 25 degrees.
Hydrangea can also be treated with copper preparations, HOM and others.
Fitoverm works against pests, but it decomposes very quickly in the wind and sun, so I recommend using Tanrek.
Please inspect the leaves on both sides for pests, perhaps with a magnifying glass?
Do you have a lot of ants in your garden? Do they run along tree trunks?
Okay, today I will carefully examine the forsythia leaves from both sides. Previously, I did not notice the presence of insects, no matter how I looked. As for ants, yes, there are a lot of them. There are a lot of aphids on apple trees, on a cotoneaster shiny, so you have to regularly treat with insecticides.
Thanks a lot for the advice!
Found three more summer photos.
The final missing forsythia.
I have not written for a long time, but now there is an opportunity to briefly tell what happened next.
Indeed, as Maxim suggested, some insects were found on the back of the leaves. Moreover, some were smaller, others more. Fitoverm did not work on them, but Tanrek helped, no insects are visible. Handled by Horus. The leaves, of course, did not recover, but the bushes did not die as well as the previous plant. Now it is much colder (in Krasnodar +2 - +8), even snow has fallen, but the leaves are holding, they are not going to fall off.
Removed diseased leaves, treated with Horus. The new leaves that appeared a little later were no longer twisted. It looked healthy. I brought rotted manure under the lilac bushes.
The most capricious plant I've ever seen. At least this particular type of hydrangea is very difficult to grow in the South of the country. Panicle hydrangea is much more friendly; it grows and blooms with its neighbors. As for preparing for winter, then, as I read, you need to remove the lower leaves and cover it with peat a little. So I'm waiting for the rains to stop and start. HOM treatment did not give an effect: new leaves appear beautiful, healthy, but after a while they either turn white and dry out, or become covered with brown spots and die off. It might make sense to remove all the leaves, shorten the stems, and start over the next season.
Treated the fungus with Horus. Since it was already October, there were no new leaves, it is difficult to judge the effect. Next year, I'll start with prevention to prevent these problems. By the way, there were some light yellow butterflies on the back of the leaves. Perhaps large individuals of whitefly. I think it was not without them.
In the new year I plan to treat all trees with Horus, Homoxil and Tanrek. Question: how often should this be done in early spring?
Pests on forsythia leaves
Well-moistened soil helps plants to survive the winter more easily, increases their frost resistance. Also, moist soil conducts heat better from the lower layers of the earth to the roots of plants. But it should be remembered that excessively moist soil can, on the contrary, displace all the warm air. In this case, the roots of the plants begin to suffocate, which leads to their death.
Winter watering is important for berry bushes
Therefore, you need to look at the condition of the soil: if it rained in the fall and the earth is sufficiently moist, then watering is not worth it. But if during August-September there was no rain at all, the earth dried up, it is necessary to carry out subwinter watering. In this case, at least 40 liters of water (4 buckets) must be poured under each adult bush.
Iron vitriol: how to breed for processing
A solution of ferrous sulfate is prepared in a plastic or glass container using water with a high level of softness. The substance is introduced gradually, stirring thoroughly until the crystals are completely dissolved.
Photo of the appearance of ferrous sulfate
How to measure the amount of ferrous sulfate
When scales are not at hand, ordinary teaspoons and tablespoons are used to measure the required amount of a substance:
- h. l. - ferrous sulfate (5 g) and citric acid (8 g)
- Art. l. - iron vitriol (20 g).
How to treat trees from pests
In October, the bulk of pest control activities are mainly reduced to the use of agrotechnical methods, the main task of which is to deprive insects of their hiding places. This is done in several stages:
1. Be sure to remove and dispose of, if not done earlier, all fishing belts.
2. Clear the trunks and branches of trees from mosses and lichens, while removing the nests of wintering pests from the boles.
3. Treat the wounds with one of the fungicides described above, and cover deep injuries with a special putty, for example, BlagoSad or RanNet.
4. Whitewash the trees. This procedure will help to avoid damage to the bark in the winter-spring period.
5. Rake and dispose of the fallen leaves, then dig up the soil in the near-trunk circles, collecting nests of pests wintering in the ground along the way.
6. If during the season your trees suffered from pests, treat with industrial insecticides (Ivanhoe, Inta-Ts-M, Karbotsin, Koragen, Sharpei, Senpai, Movento Energy, etc.).
The most detailed information on how to deal with specific garden pests can be found in a separate article.
Treat diseases and pests in dry, calm weather and only in a protective suit!
Take care of the health of your trees in the fall, and you will not have to waste time treating them in the spring!