Ranunculus (Ranunculus) is also called the garden buttercup (Asian). The birthplace of such a plant belonging to the buttercup family is Asia Minor. The names of these flowers were given by the scientist Pliny, who lived in ancient times. From Latin ranunculus translates as "frog", the fact is that most species of such flowers prefer to grow in swampy places. In the 16th century, this plant was brought from Turkey to England and gained great popularity among flower growers there. However, since the end of the 19th century, it has lost its former popularity, but now these flowers are in increasing demand every year. At the moment, this genus unites more than 600 different species of ranunculus. If you cut a flower of such a plant and place it in a vase, then it will retain its freshness throughout the crescent. Italians call the garden buttercup "golden buttons of meadows." There is a famous legend that Jesus turned small stars into buttercups and gave them to his mother as a sign of love and respect ...
Features of ranunculus
The Asian ranunculus is a pretty showy flower. It is used to decorate apartments and gardens, growing on balconies, terraces and living quarters. The height of the bushes can vary from 20 to 80 centimeters. Deeply dissected leaf plates are located on strong shoots. Rhizomes are presented in the form of tubers, shaped like the legs of geese. The shoots of this flower, along with the roots and leaves, are very similar to the dahlia. Very showy flowers can be semi-double, double and densely double. They differ in a variety of colors, but blue and blue flowers are not found. Their diameter varies from 5 to 10 centimeters, and they bloom gradually from May to August. At the very beginning of their opening, the flowers are similar to roses. And after full disclosure, they are very similar to terry poppies. Very often, pink ranunculus and white ranunculus are used when drawing up a bride's bouquet. But at the same time, do not forget that the juice of such a plant is poisonous.
Gardeners and florists are engaged in the cultivation of various species and varieties of Asian ranunculus. He, in turn, originally had 2 varieties, namely: turban or African ranunculus (Ranunculus africanus), the flowers of which are similar to peonies, as well as Persian ranunculus (Ranunculus Persian), its inflorescences have a certain resemblance to a rose.
Ranunculus. Features of growing ranunculus.
In order to grow beautiful flowers, you must adhere to certain rules in caring for them:
- While fertilizing the soil, you can burn the roots of the plant. In this regard, you need to opt for those fertilizers where vermicompost is available.
- The flower reacts extremely painfully to transplants, in this regard, it should be disturbed only if absolutely necessary.
- When a buttercup is in bloom, it needs limestone and potassium.
- To increase the duration of flowering, experienced growers advise to reduce watering and move the flower pot to a darkened place.
- When the leaf plates are completely dry, the plant's tubers must be dug up and stored for the winter, because the ranunculus is not frost-resistant.
- If you want to have a spectacular bouquet at home, then in one container you can plant several copies of such a plant at once, which will differ in the color of the flowers.
- Inflorescences that have begun to fade should be removed, in this case, new flowers will open faster. At the end of the summer period, the shoots must be cut to the ground.
How to plant in open ground
How to prepare the ground
Buttercup (garden ranunculus) can grow and thrive quite well in a sunny location, but shade works best for it. The fact is that there, such a flower retains a more saturated color of the inflorescences, while the duration of flowering increases markedly. Also, the buttercup should be protected from the influence of drafts. Such a plant does not tolerate sub-zero temperatures, in this regard, it should be planted only after the threat of frost has passed.
The soil for ranunculus is most suitable for light, neutral acidity and rich in nutrients. So, it can be peat or humus mixed with black soil. But it is imperative to add chalk to it to neutralize. You cannot plant such a flower on a site with loam. Remember that the soil should perfectly absorb water during irrigation, but it should not linger in it for a long time. In order to avoid the formation of rot, plants need good drainage. To do this, add, for example, a small amount of sand to the bottom of the planting pit. Before planting a buttercup, you need to dig up the soil, while adding compost to it. And also to cultivate the soil with foundation.
What time is the sowing of seeds
Growing buttercup from seeds is a rather difficult process, and all because they have a relatively low percentage of germination. Experienced gardeners are advised to collect seeds only from those flowers that have faded first. In order for the seeds not to spill out onto the surface of the soil, the inflorescences must be wrapped with gauze. Sowing should be done in mid-February. For this, a light substrate enriched with useful substances is used. After the seeds are sown, sprinkle them with a very thick (1.5 to 2 centimeters) layer of soil. On top of the container, you need to lay transparent glass or stretch the film. The container should be moved to a place with good lighting, where the temperature is within 15-17 degrees. If necessary, it is necessary to moisten the soil. The first seedlings should appear 14–20 days after sowing. When this happens, the cover should be removed from the container. When 2 pairs of true leaves grow, the ranunculus will need to be dived into individual pots. When the threat of frost passes in the spring, these flowers should be transplanted into the garden. Flowering will be observed only next year, so if you want to get a quick result, this method of reproduction of ranunculus is not suitable for you.
What time is the planting of tubers
After the soil warms up and the frosts are left behind, you will need to plant buttercup tubers in open ground. As a rule, this time falls on the last days of April, the first - in May. Planting tubers is not difficult, but there are rules and tricks that should not be forgotten. Before planting tubers, they must be prepared. To do this, they are laid out in well-moistened moss, sawdust or on a moistened sponge. The tubers should sit for several hours. The same effect can be achieved by soaking in cold water or in a weak solution of potassium manganese. In some cases, it is recommended to add a growth-promoting substance to the liquid. Choose the most suitable place for such a flower at once, since it is not recommended to transplant it.
It is necessary to lower the tuber into the prepared planting hole with the "beak" down to a depth of 5 to 8 centimeters. It is necessary to maintain a distance of 10 to 15 centimeters between plants. In the event that frosts are expected, then the plantings should be covered with straw or special covering material. After 2-3 months, several peduncles will grow on each bush, and flowering will begin after some time.
Ranunculus (buttercup) - planting tubers
Features of care in open soil
Taking care of such a plant is quite simple. It is necessary to moderately systematically water the ranunculus, but at the same time make sure that the soil does not become waterlogged, as in this case rot may form. You can find out that the flower has begun to rot by looking at the mold on the leaf plates and by the buds falling off. The affected parts of the flower should be cut off, the soil around it must be loosened and watering must be reduced by all means. Timely need to remove faded flowers, as they will prevent the flowering of other inflorescences. This plant needs regular loosening of the soil, and it must also be fed using organic fertilizers. So, 2 times a month, potash fertilizer must be applied to the soil (per 1 square meter from 40 to 50 grams of the substance), and during flowering, potassium sulfate, potassium salt or wood ash are suitable for this. A spider mite can settle on a buttercup bush (especially during a summer drought). Thrips and aphids can settle on leaves and shoots. When you see whitish or silvery spots on the foliage, then immediately take measures to destroy the pests. For this, the bushes must be treated with suitable insecticidal agents. For preventive purposes, ranunculus should be treated with a solution of mercaptophos (0.2%) 2 or 3 times a week.
How to care at home
How to plant indoors
Taking care of buttercups growing on the balcony is also not difficult, as well as those that are grown in the garden. However, in order for the plant to grow and develop well, you should remember some rules and secrets. In indoor conditions, such a flower should not be grown as a single, therefore, it is recommended to plant several bushes in one pot at once. For planting, you can use both a decorative box and a fairly voluminous pot purchased at a store, in which there must be drainage holes on the bottom. For planting, you need exactly the same soil as in the garden, or rather, peat-based soil. The tubers should be immersed in water for 24 hours before planting. A good drainage layer should be laid on the bottom of the pot or box; expanded clay, crushed stone or egg shells are suitable for this. Then the earth is poured and nodules are laid out on its surface. They must be covered with soil in such a way that only the tops rise above the surface. With a sufficient volume of a flower pot, several nodules can be planted in it at once. Water well and remove for the first time in a cool enough place (about 12 degrees). Soil moistening should be carried out as necessary.
How to care
When the sprouts reach a few centimeters, the pot should be transferred to a warmer place (from 20 to 22 degrees). If you walk, enjoy the beautiful flowers of ranunculus as long as possible, then during the flowering period it should provide a temperature of about 18 degrees (not lower, not higher). Such a plant, grown indoors, needs direct sunlight. In this regard, it is recommended to place it on windows with western or eastern orientation. However, a southern window works best for a buttercup. When it is warm outside, then these flowers, if desired, can be placed in fresh air (balcony, terrace). They need systematic watering, while during intensive growth it is recommended to add fertilizers to the water. Watering is top, but at the same time try to avoid waterlogging of the soil. From time to time, you need to moisten the foliage with a sprayer. When the plant begins to wilt, it needs to be watered much less.
Ranunculus after flowering
How to dig up and store tubers of garden ranunculus
The tubers are dug up in autumn. After the shoots and foliage turn yellow and dry, they are cut off, and tubers are dug out of the soil. It should be remembered that the rhizomes of such a plant are quite delicate and can easily break, so they should be dug out carefully. Such a perennial can die at temperatures less than minus 7 degrees, in this regard, it is recommended to store the dug tubers in a basement with good ventilation, where the temperature should be at a level of 4 to 6 degrees. In this case, the tubers must be wrapped with dry moss or put in a paper bag. Before removing the nodules for storage, they are processed in the foundation for half an hour, and after that they are allowed to dry well in a shaded place for about 3 days. Such a perennial plant in places with mild winters does not need to be dug out, they are simply covered with fallen leaves or spruce branches.
Caring for indoor ranunculus after flowering
After the ranunculus has faded, it must be removed to a shaded and cool enough place. The flower will grow for some time, and then it will have a dormant period, while the shoots and foliage will turn yellow and dry out. Transplant the flower into fresh substrate and transfer it to a place with a temperature of 15 to 18 degrees. The duration of the dormant period is about 4 weeks, young sprouts will appear already in April. During the period of intensive growth, each nodule has from 5 to 7 young shoots. They are dug up and carefully separated. Then the tubers can be planted in individual pots, or they can be stored until spring on a refrigerator shelf in the vegetable section or in the basement. It must be remembered that weaker plants grow from such "preserved" nodules and their flower diameter is comparatively smaller. Most inexperienced growers therefore acquire fresh nodules every year.
Mesembriantemum: growing from seeds and care, species
Author: Natalia Category: Garden Plants Published: February 15, 2019 Last revised: January 20, 2021
- Planting and caring for the mesembriantemum
- Botanical description
- Caring for the mesembriantemum at home
- Growing from seeds
- Watering and feeding
- Planting and caring for the mesembriantemum in the open field
- When to plant
- How to plant
- Care rules
- Mesembriantemum in winter
- Pests and diseases of the mesembryanthemum
- Diseases and their treatment
- Pests and the fight against them
- Types and varieties
- Crystal mesembryanthemum (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum)
- Mesembryanthemum gramineus
- Mesembryanthemum bellidiformis
- Mesembryanthemum cloudy (Mesembryanthemum nubigenum)
- Mesembryanthemum occulatus
- Comments (1)
Mesembryanthemum (lat.Mesembryanthemum) - a genus of small succulent annuals or biennials of the Aizaceae family, which are common in South Africa. The name given to the genus in 1684 is translated from Greek as "midday flower": the mesembryantemums known at that time were united by the feature of opening flowers only in sunny weather. Because of this feature, mesembryanthemums are also called sunflowers and sunflowers. However, in 1719, mesembryanthemums were discovered, whose flowers bloom at night.
According to various sources, the genus includes from 50 to 80 species.
Types and varieties
More than 600 species of buttercups are known in nature, but the most famous cultural representative of the genus is Asiatic ranunculus - a beautiful plant with deeply dissected leaves and strong shoots. The color of its double, semi-double and densely double flowers can be very diverse: white, red, yellow, lilac, pink, crimson, purple. Among this multicolor, there are not only varieties with blue and blue petals. It is interesting that garden buttercups are simultaneously similar to several ornamental crops at once - their flowers in buds resemble miniature roses or peonies, and when they bloom, they look like fluffy multi-petaled poppies. Examining the leaves and stocky rhizomes of plants, you can easily guess the similarity of ranunculus to dahlias.
Experts classify all varieties of Asian buttercup by flower shape:
- Turtle-shaped (African, densely double) - dense flowers have a spherical shape.
- French (semi-double) - the petals are arranged in 2 rows.
- Persian (undersized) - with simple or semi-double flowers.
- Peony (double) - large luxurious flowers.
The best varieties of culture are: Bloomingdale (variety series known among domestic gardeners under the name "Blossoming Valley), Rebecca (mix of colors), Purple Picotee (lilac-white), Double Pink Buttercup (thick double, hot pink).
Less commonly, other types of buttercups are found in flower beds:
- Ranunculus aconitolistny (borecelist) is a stately giant (up to 1 m high) with snow-white or golden-yellow flowers.
- Ranunculus anemone-leaved is a compact plant about 30–35 cm high with yellow or white flowers.
- Ranunculus caustic - only forms of the species are grown in floriculture, which have large double flowers of various shades of yellow.
Passionate florists are also showing interest in wild-growing buttercups - Altai, Alpine, Kamchatka, Gray, Haast, Pyrenean, sulfur-yellow.
Ranunculus care at home
To make the plants look as decorative as possible, several copies are planted in one pot. A layer of expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the pot, the container is filled with nutritious light soil with a high peat content. Pre-soaked nodules are planted so that the tops remain on the surface. Moderate watering is required for successful germination.
Until the sprouts appear in the room, the temperature is maintained at about 12 degrees. When the ranunculus start to grow, the temperature is raised to 20 degrees and the pots are moved to bright light. When the weather is warm, containers with flowers can be displayed on an open balcony or veranda. During the flowering season, ranunculus are fed several times with complex mineral fertilizer.
Abundant watering is needed during the growth period, when the ranunculus bloom, the amount of moisture is reduced. After the end of flowering, watering is stopped, the plants begin to prepare for winter. When the stems are dry, they are cut, the tubers are dug up and transplanted into fresh soil, and the pots are moved to a cool, shaded area. In April, the first shoots appear, containers with ranunculus are transferred to bright light, watering is intensified and the first buds appear.
Buttercup grow in the house
Buttercups grow in indoor conditions, it is easier than in flower beds. It is best not to plant in single pots as a group in large boxes. Thus, during the flowering period you will get a small, very colorful meadow with many colors and aromas.
In order to grow and bloom Buttercup well, planting and care in the house for the plant is carried out by analogy with growing in the open field. For this crop, you can use any commercial flower primer. Be sure to fill the soil with drainage before placing it in the container, best for clay.
Ranunculus - planting and care in containers at home
The ground should not be compacted, on the contrary, they make it loose and airy, then carefully deepen the tubers, and then cover them with the substrate, completely covering the roots.
At first, it is recommended to place the container in a slightly cool place and do not water, keep the soil slightly moist. During the period of active growth, the plants are fed with organic substances, along with watering, and the soil is periodically cultivated.
Buttercups during the period of active growth
After flowering at home, Buttercup moved to a shady place, where the aerial part of the plant gradually dries up and cut it off. During this period, the tuber should be transplanted into new soil. Digging into them, you will find 5 to 7 children on each rhizome, which should be separated and seated. The rest period from Buttercups lasts about a month, then they will start growing again.
Buttercup grows in a flowerpot at home