Purslane, sow it in a warm layer or in the ground and harvest
Purslane, common purslane, vegetable purslane ...
We can say everything about purslane, except that it is very common! It is, first of all, very easy to grow, with a rapid growth and above all it has interesting flavors and textures in the kitchen. The stems and leaves are slightly graceful, thick, fleshy. Its flavors are sweet and slightly tart or even peppery. Purslane can be cooked raw, as a salad, alone with vinaigrette or as a combination in a salad of tomatoes, or cucumber, to give a boost of "pep", in this case we will rather use young shoots! But it can be cooked, cooked like spinach, braised in butter, in cream, etc. Or in a soup.
• Portulaca Oleracea
• Family : Lamiaceae, lamiaceae
• Cycle: Annual plant
• Hardiness: Non-hardy plant (frost plant)
• Foliage : obsolete
• Exposure : Sun
• Ground : Light and fresh
• Harbor : Tuft / Stems erect and sometimes creeping.
• Rooting: Roots
• Origin: Europe
• Toxicity: –
• Honey plant: –
Special features and "health" advantages:
• Health & nutrition: Purslane full of qualities: aperitif, depurative, diuretic, nutritious, refreshing ...
• Essential oil : –
• Vitamins: Very rich in vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C
• Minerals: Purslane is rich in iron, rich in calcium and phosphorus.
• Crop rotation: Purslane is considered an undemanding plant. practice a 2-year rotation.
• Toxic: No
Advantage in the garden:
• Very easy to grow
• Not susceptible to disease
• Very sensitive to frost
• Hermaphrodite flowers
Purslane (It is also called market garden purslane or porcelain) is a small tuft that is slightly erect and sometimes creeping. The leaves are opposite in opposite shape, i.e. the leaflets are attached in pairs at the same level of the stem. They are a beautiful green color and bear small yellow flowers. They are shiny and a bit thick.
What soil to cultivate purslane:
• A light, cool, and well-drained soil.
When to sow purslane seeds?
Heat is a staple of purslane cultivation. It is a plant that fears the cold and especially the small bursts of spring frost.
• Under shelter, on a warm bed: Sow the seeds from January to March
• In the ground: on warmed earth, from May by spreading the seedlings
How to sow it?
In the ground:
• Work the soil, and if necessary, amend it with a mixture of peat, potting soil and sand.
• Sow purslane preferably in rows 25 to 30 cm apart.
• Barely cover with potting soil.
• Lead with the back of a rake and spray with light rain.
• Keep the soil moist until emergence.
• Start after emergence, keeping only the strongest plant.
• By spreading the seedlings you will be able to obtain purslane until frost.
What exposure for purslane?
• Sunny and warm exposure
Harvest and conservation?
• Harvest as needed, when the leaves are well formed, from summer, before the cold weather.
• It is the well leafy stems that are cut. Purslane plants can be cut several times in succession.
• Purslane keeps quite poorly, ideally it should be eaten very soon after harvest.
Maintenance of purslane plants:
• Hoeing and weeding
• Regular watering, especially in hot periods.
• In the month of September, fertilize with compost.
• Some foliar fertilization of lithothamne powder.
Varieties of purslane:
• Golden purslane with large leaves
• Golden purslane
• Pink purslane
• Wild purslane
Purslane and good company in the vegetable garden
• Purslane seems to have only friendly crops in the vegetable garden.
• The plant is one of the “undemanding”. It can be cultivated alternately every 2 years.
• No disease, no parasite!
And on the recipe side?
Simply in salad. Larger stems can be cooked like pickles in brine.
Difficulty of sowing
For early sowing: a frame and a hot layer system (potting soil, manure or unripe compost).
For sowing in the ground:
- Soil decompaction tool (fork, grelinette.)
- Croc for clods
- Rake to refine the surface on a few centimeters
- Chalk line to draw the lines
- Tool for measuring distances (correct size rods or a graduated stick)
- Watering can filled with water
- Compost and potting soil
These root vegetables have an unusual, somewhat earthy flavor. Salsify are hardy and grow easily in any soil that is not too stony. However, they prefer a cool soil rich in humus.
They fear heat and drought, water them regularly, especially in hot weather. Sow them in rows 30 cm apart. Germination is slow. Thin the plants every 15 cm.
Harvest: from November to May
Small important reminders
If the layer is properly constituted, the fermentation process will start quickly to reach 60 to 70 ° C after 7 to 10 days (depending on the composition of the layer, the weather, the humidity) this is called the “shot” ).
Wait for the temperature to drop to around 25 ° C before sowing or planting in the layer.
As soon as seedlings or young plants are in place, daily monitoring is imperative:
- The temperature should be checked regularly using a thermometer in the potting soil. It should not exceed 25 ° C.
- As soon as the sun shines, the temperature can rise very quickly inside the device. It is then necessary to open the sashes during the day and close them in the evening.
- Doormats placed on the frames for cool nights should be removed early in the morning to prevent plants from wetting.
It takes about 2 months after sowing to start harvesting leaves and stems. It is preferable to harvest the young leaves as and when you need them, they will then be softer and much better in taste. When harvesting, I suggest that you do not cut too close to the ground in order to promote the growth of new shoots but also consider staggering your sowing for regular and continuous harvests.
A word about the pests of purslane: Normally, no disease occurs on this plant or not to my knowledge. You may possibly be faced with the presence of slugs on the young shoots that are still tender, but once the feet have developed, the slugs are not so interested in them.
To conclude …
As you can read, purslane is an interesting plant on many levels. First of all, it is edible, easy to maintain, perfectly adapted to our growing conditions, it is possible to combine it with other taller crops but also, it favors the arrival of a certain fauna, it is little susceptible to pests and vegetable diseases. The final question: Do you grow purslane in your permaculture vegetable garden?