The use of burdock for medicinal purposes
Burdock is a familiar and very useful plant
We often hear people say about someone: "You are swollen"... This expression means that a person hung up his ears like burdock leaves, trusted someone and made a mistake, went nuts. Indeed, the leaves of burdock are huge, they are perhaps the largest among all plants in the European part of Russia. And this feature is readily used by many gardeners.
I myself more than once tore off the largest leaves on burdock plants that grew violently on the slope of a nearby reclamation ditch in order to shelter the seedlings of marrows, squash and other plants that had just been planted in the open ground from the bright sun.
Of course, everyone knows that it is best to plant tender seedlings in cloudy weather, but if the weather is sunny, and the seedlings are outgrowing, then you still need to plant.
Better to do it in the evening. Everything is extremely simple: plant seedlings, water abundantly, and then from the south side, from where the bright sun will be shining at noon, insert a long petiole of burdock leaf into the soil with a slight slope towards the planted plant (if the ground is dense, you can make a hole with a stick for the diameter petiole). And a protective green screen - a burdock leaf - will stand next to the seedlings.
Then the burdock leaf, devoid of nutritious juices, will begin to lose turgor, lean towards the seedlings, covering it with a kind of umbrella. It will only be necessary to check all these "umbrellas" in the morning so that they do not crush the seedlings. After a day or two, when young plants take root, you can remove this dried up shelter.
This is the first small benefit that gardeners can derive from the familiar, and sometimes annoying burdock (everyone knows its prickly balls containing achenes, which, after ripening, cling to clothes and are removed after walking in nature only after much effort). It is not by chance that the saying among the people appeared: "Clung like a burr"... In addition, the Latin name for burdock is lappa - means "cling"... But burdock is not so simple, it has many other useful properties, which will be discussed.
Burdock (Arctium lappa) Is a biennial herb belonging to the Asteraceae family. Its other names are also known among the people: burdock, burdock, burdock. It grows everywhere in our country, it can be found near dwellings in villages, in garbage bins, along roads, in a garden, in a vegetable garden, along streams, in fields and at the edges of forests.
In the first year, this plant forms basal leaves on long petioles, and in the second year it expels a high branched stem (up to 120 cm and higher).
The main feature of burdock is a long taproot that penetrates the soil to a depth of 60 cm and deeper (depending on the quality and looseness of the soil). The leaves of the burdock are also noteworthy, especially the basal ones - they are large, ovoid, up to half a meter long, and the leaves formed on the stem, as they approach the crown of the plant, decrease in size. From above, they are all green in color, and the lower part of the leaves is gray tomentose. Pubescence is present both on the stems and on the branches.
Burdock flowers are tubular, they are collected in large spherical baskets of red-violet color, and are placed on peduncles on the stem and branches. Burdock blooms in June-July, seeds ripen in August-September. After ripening, the achenes cling to the clothes of people passing by, to the hair of animals and are transferred to new places, and this is how burdock multiplies. After the seeds ripen, in the second year of life, the large burdock dies, and its seeds, which have fallen into favorable conditions, begin a new two-year life.
The healing properties of burdock
Burdock has long been used in folk medicine. Almost all parts of this plant were used for medicinal purposes: the root, leaves and tops with flowers were harvested.
Procurement of raw materials
Herbalists recommend harvesting the root in the first year of the plant's life, then they have the greatest strength. Dig them up in the fall. If you didn't manage to dig them up in the fall, then you can do this in the spring - in the second year of the burdock's life, but only before the first leaves appear on it. The roots are dug out carefully, trying not to damage the surface skin, carefully peeled from the ground (do not wash), cut into pieces and dried at a temperature of 40 ° C in country attics, where the temperature is quite high during the day, or at home. The leaves and the flowering crown of the burdock are harvested during flowering and also dried in the shade in a ventilated room.
In general, burdock root was used not only as a medicine. It turned out that it is quite applicable in cooking. It was used and is still used boiled, fried, baked. Add to borscht and soups instead of potatoes, carrots, parsley. True, you can take not any roots, but only from plants of the first year of life. Used in cooking and young shoots of burdock, peeled, and young leaves - in salads and cabbage soup. It is known that in Japan, whose inhabitants very widely and skillfully use many plants for culinary purposes, now one of the types of burdock is specially grown in the beds.
But the main fame of the burdock was brought by its medicinal properties. In my younger years, working in the garden, I sometimes got bruises. On the advice of an elderly neighbor, I was looking for burdock plants, tore off its leaves and applied them with the bottom, felt side, to the bruised place. Then he wrapped it with a cloth and fixed it on his leg with elastic bands or a bandage and walked like that all day or made such a bandage at night. Burdock helped relieve pain and swelling. One friend, who had arthritis, made the same bandages on sore joints - on the arms and legs.
And the root of burdock was used and is used for rheumatism of the joints, gout, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, constipation. Root preparations help to cleanse blood vessels, have diuretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, diaphoretic properties, they reduce uric acid in the blood.
The beneficial properties of burdock are explained by its rich and valuable chemical composition. Burdock roots contain mucus, essential oil, fatty oil consisting of palmitic and stearic acids, as well as inulin, tannins and bitter substances, glycosides, alkaloids, resins, protein, starch, sugar, mineral salts, vitamins C, groups B, E, D, carotene. Due to the content of polysaccharides in the plant, the deposition of glycogen in the liver increases and the insulin-forming function of the pancreas improves.
The use of burdock root in official medicine
The roots of burdock large in the form of decoctions and infusions are taken as a diuretic, choleretic and diaphoretic. Its preparations are also effective when used externally in the treatment of seborrhea, acne, eczema, itching and furunculosis.
Burdock root is included in diaphoretic charges, complex charges for the treatment of gout and metabolic arthritis. Burdock oil is also used in cosmetology - to strengthen hair in case of baldness.
Decoction of burdock roots
To obtain it, you need to place one tablespoon of dry burdock roots (10 g) in an enamel bowl and pour one glass of boiling water (200 ml). Then close the container with a lid and put it in a water bath for half an hour, often stirring the liquid. After removing from heat, cool the broth for 10 minutes, strain, and squeeze out the remaining raw material of the root. Bring the resulting volume of the broth to the original (200 ml) with boiled water. This broth can be stored in a cool place for no more than a day.
It is recommended to take a decoction of burdock root warm - 2-3 times a day for half a glass.
In folk medicine, the range of application of preparations of roots and other parts of burdock is much wider.
For example, an infusion of burdock roots is used in the presence of kidney stones and bladder stones, as well as for gastritis, stomach ulcers and some other diseases.
Infusion of burdock roots
To prepare it, one teaspoon (this is about 5 g) of dry crushed root is placed in a thermos and poured with half a liter of boiling water. Insist during the night. Then the resulting infusion is drunk hot during the day. If there is no thermos, the container with the root, filled with boiling water, must be carefully wrapped overnight. Just before use, the liquid will have to be warmed up. Thermos is still better.
Big burdock decoction
It is used for baths and compresses for joint pain, as well as for arthritis, arthrosis, rheumatism. Such a decoction is prepared from one tablespoon of dry crushed burdock roots and two glasses of water. The roots are poured with water and boiled over low heat for half an hour, and then filtered.
Women can use this broth to strengthen hair and improve its appearance. Before going to bed, the broth should be rubbed into the hair skin for several months. They do it in two days. And then the hair will become thicker and silky.
Infusion of burdock seeds
Its traditional healers advise taking it for constipation. The seeds are harvested as they ripen and can be stored for three years. To prepare such an infusion, you need to take 20 g of burdock seeds and pour them with a glass of boiling water (200 ml). After that, leave for 20 minutes and drain. Take an infusion of 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Large burdock juice
It is obtained from burdock leaves plucked in May. They are washed, dried and immediately passed through a meat grinder, and then the juice is squeezed out through cheesecloth. It must be taken one tablespoon before meals. The course of treatment is two weeks with a weekly break: take juice for one week, and then take a week break and take it again for a week. In chronic hepatitis, an annual treatment is recommended.
Such juice from fresh young leaves, mixed with crushed leaves, is applied to purulent wounds, ulcers, burns, bedsores, tumors, and cuts.
Its healers recommend taking it for gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, for colitis and enterocolitis, hemorrhoids, chronic constipation.
To obtain the infusion, the fruits of burdock together with the pericarp, dried in the shade, are ground into powder and then two tablespoons of the powder are poured with half a liter of boiling water and infused overnight. Drink a glass of infusion in the morning on an empty stomach, and in the evening - drink the same amount of infusion before meals.
Infusion of burdock leaves
It is prepared from two tablespoons of dry crushed burdock leaves. They are placed in a bowl and poured with half a liter of boiling water and insisted overnight. Then strain the infusion and drink 3/4 cup three times a day a quarter of an hour before meals or an hour after meals.
This infusion is taken in the treatment of hepatic and renal edema, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and kidney stones, as well as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, prostatitis.
It is produced by industry and sold in pharmacies and shops. This oil helps with burns, wounds, frostbite, hair loss.
You can also make this oil at home. To do this, you need to infuse chopped burdock roots in olive oil for two weeks.
Take 25 g of leaves and 25 g of burdock roots, chop them. Then pour them into a bowl and boil for 20 minutes in 100 ml of water. Then thoroughly grind everything in 100 g of butter. This ointment can be used in the prevention and treatment of baldness, burns, frostbite.
Like many other herbal preparations, it is not recommended to consume burdock and preparations from it during pregnancy and lactation. Individual intolerance to this plant is also possible. Consult your doctor.
Photo by the author
- stones in the kidneys
- liver stones
- trophic ulcers and lichens
- skin rashes
- joint diseases
- delayed menstruation
Infusion of roots
1 tbsp Pour 2 cups of boiling water over dry crushed roots. Insist 2 hours. Strain. Drink hot, ½ cup 3-4 times a day.
Infusion of leaves
1 tbsp Pour 1 glass of water over dried leaves. Insist 2-3 hours. Take an hour after eating, 1 tablespoon, 4-5 times a day.
Decoction of roots
It is taken for rheumatism, gout, kidney and gallstones, diabetes mellitus, eczema, skin rashes, boils, gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, for constipation, edema, delayed menstruation.
1 tbsp crushed roots are poured with 1 glass of boiling water and kept in a water bath for 20 minutes. Take ½ glass 3 times a day.
Infusion of roots (external)
1 tsp Pour 2 cups of boiling water over chopped roots. Leave to infuse overnight. Strain. Use the infusion for skin lesions.
Burdock oil is an infusion of roots in olive oil. It is used to treat baldness, baldness, and seborrhea.
Once a day, rub the oil into the hair roots for 2 weeks.
Fresh burdock leaves are pounded to drain the juice and applied to wounds, hard tumors and gouty nodes.
Salads with burdock leaves
Young leaves are used in any salad and any dish. Fresh leaves are an excellent source of vitamin C.
From dried burdock roots, ground into flour, bread is baked, while adding wheat or rye flour.
Burdock roots are eaten instead of potatoes. Also the roots are pickled.
Burdock and chicory root coffee
Rinse the roots, grind, dry in the sun or in the oven, then grind in a coffee grinder.
2 tsp powder, pour 1 cup boiling water.
Coffee has a tonic, tonic effect, improves metabolism, activates digestion, and lowers blood sugar.
Blood-purifying tea for eczema
- Burdock root (1 part)
- Pharmacy chamomile, flowers (1 part)
- Black currant, leaves (2 parts)
- Fireweed (ivan-tea) (1 part)
- Strawberries, grass (2 parts)
- Blueberries, leaves (2 parts)
- Oats, straw (2 parts)
- Field horsetail (3 parts)
- Chicory, flowers (3 parts)
- Birch leaves (2 parts)
- Basil (2 parts)
3 tbsp collection, pour 1 liter of boiling water. Take 7 times a day in equal portions.
How to chew propolis: medicinal use, benefits and harms, for what diseases
Experts recommend chewing pure propolis for general strengthening of the body and prevention of various diseases. This sticky substance has powerful disinfectant and immunomodulatory properties. Despite its benefits, it must be used with caution, taking into account even small nuances.
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- What diseases can you chew propolis
- Is it possible to chew propolis for gastritis
- How to properly chew pure propolis
- How long does it take to chew propolis
- How much propolis should you chew per day
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The healing properties of aloe
Aloe is a unique medicinal plant. Its chemical composition is unique - the plant sap contains about two hundred and fifty active biological substances. Aloe leaves are 97% water - the very juice that is a concentrate of nutrients.
Aloe juice contains:
- vitamins A, C, E and B vitamins
- trace elements - zinc, manganese, phosphorus, calcium, selenium, potassium, iron, etc.
- various essential oils, including esters
- phytoncides and flavonoids
- tanning agents and resins
- amino acids
- beta carotene
- alkaloids and other useful substances.
In terms of the content of nutrients, the juices of tree-like aloe and aloe vera are approximately the same, but it is believed that the former is more successful in treating skin diseases, and the latter - diseases of the internal organs.
Aloe is a very unassuming plant and everyone can grow it, if they wish. This plant can grow in a cramped pot for years and withstand neglect from its owners. But in order for the medicinal properties of aloe to be at the level, the plant must be provided with nutritious soil and timely feeding.
Surprisingly, young burdock roots, those that are harvested even before the whole plant blooms, are considered edible, for example, in Japan it is even specially grown for this purpose.
Burdock roots are eaten not only fresh, but also boiled, baked, pickled and fried. Ground roots are added to flour and used to bake bread, cakes and pancakes, and fresh roots are used to replace potatoes in soups, used in the preparation of side dishes and salads.
Healthy Burdock Root Recipes:
- Salad: Rinse the root, peel and grate. In 100 g of powder, add 40 g of grated carrots and chopped cabbage, season with mayonnaise, salt to taste.
- Broth: Use fresh or dried root (the latter must be soaked first). Grate and fry it in oil (vegetable), then put it in boiling water and boil for 10 minutes. The broth turns out to be rich, reminiscent of mushroom in taste.
- Drink: If you are a big coffee lover, but for some reason cannot drink it, then burdock root will come to your aid. Peel young roots, wash, dry and fry in the oven until they turn brown. Cool, grind in a coffee grinder and brew like coffee, 2 tsp. 200 g boiling water, sugar to taste.
What is the use of burdock
Medicinal raw materials are burdock roots, which contain the polysaccharide inulin, proteins, fatty acids, tannins, essential oil.
Infusions and decoctions the roots have a pronounced diuretic and diaphoretic effect and are used by folk medicine in the treatment of kidney stones, gout, rheumatism, diabetes mellitus, and edema of various origins. Burdock roots are included in herbal preparations used for diseases of the genitourinary organs, hemorrhoids. Outwardly decoction of the roots treat skin diseases (dermatitis, eczema and others).
Popular medicine - Burr oil (oil extract, which is prepared from burdock root in olive or other high-quality vegetable oil) - is used externally to strengthen hair, in case of hair loss, seborrhea, and also in case of burns. It is made on the basis of the root and is healing ointment (with pork or other animal fat), which treats boils, eczema, sunburn.
Burdock root can, among other things, use for food: fresh roots are boiled, dried ones are used to make flour and a coffee substitute. Edible (but usually not consumed) and other parts of the young plant.
All common types of burdock have medicinal properties.
Leaves are used less often as a healing raw material. Traditional medicine recommends compresses from fresh burdock leaves from sciatica and joint diseases, they also prepare a tincture from them, make a decoction for medicinal baths (read more about this in the selection of Health Recipes: burdock leaves for sciatica and joint pain). Fresh juice from the leaves is used to treat wounds and abrasions.
Making burdock juice at home
For self-preparation of a healing drink at home, you need to comply with some conditions:
- The optimal time for collecting material is May or the beginning of flowering (first weeks).
- Choose a day with high air humidity - the plant is most saturated with moisture at this time.
- Collect away from roads and industries.
Chop the roots and foliage of the burdock, squeeze the juice and set aside. Pour the resulting cake with water 1/10, respectively, and insist for 2 hours, then mix the juice with a thick mass, placing it in the refrigerator.