The benefits and harms of black beans for the human body
Bean plants, which are known to man today, number nearly ninety species. Black beans are considered to be a unique but not widely used legume. Its useful and harmful qualities are somewhat different from the varieties we know, but from the point of view of nutritional and medicinal qualities, such a plant is recommended for use. Let's take a closer look at this bean representative, what benefits and harms such beans have for the human body.
Description and characteristics of black beans
At first, this plant was grown by the Romans, Egyptians and Chinese, but more than two hundred years ago it came to our territory, having made a long journey from South America through France. Today, people in Brazil and Mexico continue to use it as the main ingredient in their diet. But if you think about it, this role is most suitable for black beans, because they are considered the most nutritious variety.
Both the pods and their contents are black. At first glance, it may even seem that they are just dirty or spoiled by some kind of disease. The size of the seeds is influenced by the cultivation conditions and the particular cultivar. There are some that are the largest among legumes.
Bean grains are silky black, dense structure. They taste slightly sweet, with hints of smoked meats, which is considered a special business card of this plant. In cooking, black beans are perfectly used as an additive to meat and fish dishes, in soups, served with baked or fried vegetables.
The plant has a record calorie value when compared to other bean varieties. One hundred grams of the product accounts for 314 kcal, which is almost sixty more than in red. The main nutrients are proteins, fats and carbohydrates. In addition, beans contain a lot of fiber, and if you eat one hundred and forty grams of the product per day, you can freely replenish the need for dietary fiber.
The plant is also affected by the level of trace elements. The entire list consists of twenty-three items, the main of which are:
Some metals are heavy and can harm the body, for this reason the product is subjected to serious heat treatment before useto boil off all toxic substances. From this, the calorie content and the content of useful components are reduced by three times.
Amino acids are also present in beans, the role of which in health and life expectancy cannot be overestimated. It is they who help tissue renewal, maintain stability in the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates, and prevent the development of oncology.
The beneficial components contained in beans affect the entire body, not being limited to certain systems:
- potassium helps with various puffiness, strengthens blood vessels, reduces stress on the heart;
- for women, beans are very useful because they contain vitamin B group considered a source for beauty and youth. In combination with other vitamins and mineral components, their anti-aging properties are manifested quite strongly - they improve tone, remove toxins, give a healthy look to the skin and nails, normalize the nervous system;
- beans helps to cleanse the body of toxins, removes cholesterol from blood vessels, dissolves kidney stones;
- participates in blood clotting;
- with regular use of the product improves brain function, the aging process slows down.
Beans are considered to be a good aid in the battle against overweight and obesity. But before using it, it is still recommended to consult a doctor.
Harm and contraindications for use
With all its positive advantages, the plant can also have a harmful effect on the body. These beans are considered the most nutritious and heavy food to digest. so it should not be consumed by those suffering from intestinal colic, ulcers, gout and an increased level of acidity in the stomach. Another contraindication is considered to be an allergenic effect on people with individual intolerance.
To make it easier for the digestive tract to deal with high levels of fiber, it is recommended to drink plenty of fluids when using such a product.
Use in traditional medicine
To lower blood sugar levels, it is recommended to take infusions and decoctions made on the basis of bean leaves. The high-quality protein that enters the body in this way is involved in the construction of insulin.
Besides, infusions are excellent as anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic agents, are diuretic compounds that can reduce pressure in the arteries and dissolve stones in the bladder and kidneys.
Application during pregnancy and lactation
Legumes are often excluded from the list of recommended vegetables during breastfeeding due to the fact that they can cause colic and bloating in the baby. But beans are still considered a nutritious food that can even increase the amount of breast milk. And if this vegetable is introduced into the diet correctly, you can significantly diversify a woman's diet and enrich her milk with useful vitamin compounds.
In addition, the salts and beneficial trace elements contained in beans will help stabilize the reproductive system of a nursing mother, and will generally strengthen the entire body.
Preparation of infusions
- the beans are ground into a powder in a coffee grinder. 50 g of it is poured with boiling water (400 ml), infused in a thermos overnight. It is necessary to take half a glass about twenty minutes before meals;
- crushed leaves in the amount of three tablespoons filled with cold water (1 liter), insisted for eight hours, filtered. Take one glass before meals.
- a spoonful of powder from the bean flaps is poured with a glass of boiling water, boil for twenty minutes in a water bath. The broth should be cooled, filtered and squeezed. Reception is three times a day, three spoons;
- a kilogram of bean flaps is boiled in three liters of water, filtered. It should be consumed on an empty stomach for a long time, one glass at a time.
Before using the decoction or infusion, it should be shaken.
These beans can be grown in the garden. It is recommended to use the Kindi variety, which is characterized by a black shade and a sweet taste. with the presence of a slight bitterness. To preserve beans for a long time, they should be dried by spreading them out on sheets and placing them in a dry room with good ventilation. Further storage is carried out in jars or cloth bags.
Beans - composition, benefits and harms
Beans are the seeds of the legume family that grow in pods. Bean seeds come in a variety of colors: white, cream, black, red, purple, and spotted. The most common are white and red.
Beans are sold in canned and dried form. It is added to salads, soups, stews, pasta, side dishes and sauces. Beans are mashed and used as a fat substitute in baked goods.
Beans need to be cooked over low heat - so they absorb the aromas of the seasonings and other foods with which they are cooked, and retain their shape well.
What are the benefits of beans?
There are about 200 types of beans in the world, for example, there are green beans, red beans, asparagus beans, purple and yellow beans, and white and black beans. However, in terms of their chemical composition and nutritional value, these legumes do not differ much.
The benefits of beans for human health are obvious, because they contain an impressive set of vitamins and minerals. The beans contain the whole set of B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, and also: iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iodine, chromium, phosphorus and other minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the body.
Composition and calorie content
Phytosterols - 127 mg (230.9% of the RDI)
Purines - 75 mg (61% of the RDI)
Oxalic acid - 78 mg (19.5% of the RDI)
Among the useful properties of the product are the following:
Beans contain a large amount of protein, which is the main building material for the cells of the body. Beans are recommended to be included in the menu of people involved in sports or hard physical work. Thanks to the protein, it helps to gain strength and make it possible to properly shape muscles.
Beans are high in fiber, which helps the body flush out toxins.
Eating beans in food does not contribute to a sharp increase in blood sugar, which means that the risk of developing diabetes is reduced. Beans contain arginine, so it is recommended to include it in the menu of people already suffering from diabetes.
Due to the plant fibers, polyphenols, phytosterols and saponins included in the bean, its regular consumption can reduce cholesterol levels, and therefore reduce the risk of developing vascular atherosclerosis.
There is evidence that kidney beans inhibit the development of colon cancer.
Beans contain choline, which helps to normalize the functioning of the liver, kidneys and brain, and also takes part in metabolic processes.
Regular consumption of beans allows you to increase the secretion of gastric juice, which helps to remove stones from the gallbladder.
Sulfur, which is part of the beans, helps to eliminate pain in rheumatism, helps the body to quickly cope with intestinal infections, with diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
Beans contain ascorbic acid, which increases the body's resistance to various infections. In terms of vitamin C content, beans are superior to peaches, plums and apricots.
Beans are rich in antioxidants that prevent premature aging of the body. The darker the seeds, the more antioxidants in the beans.
Beans contain amino acids such as tyrosine and methionine, which are essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system and help to get rid of depression.
Beans are good for teeth, they prevent the formation of tartar.
It is good to use beans for women during menopause, since it contains quercetin and anthocyanins, which contribute to the normalization of hormonal levels.
Beans in moderation should be present in the diet of pregnant women. It allows you to cover the body's need for iron, which prevents the development of anemia. Beans also help to reduce edema due to their diuretic effect, since they contain a lot of potassium.
The diuretic effect of beans also helps prevent kidney stones.
Beans are a dietary product. It can be used for fasting days for overweight people. Beans contribute to quick satiety and allow you not to feel hungry for a long time. Vegetarians eat beans as a meat substitute.
Beans are included in the menu of people with arrhythmias.
Beans contain sulfur and zinc, which are essential for maintaining the beauty of nails, skin and hair.
Useful properties of beans
There are many studies that make it possible to state with confidence that this type of legume is very important to eat in the following cases.
Beans lower blood cholesterol levels
The high level of fiber in the product, both soluble and insoluble (there is a daily requirement in one 200-gram serving), makes beans dishes a must for inclusion in the diet for people suffering from constipation and other disorders of the digestive tract. So in the digestive tract, soluble fibers form gel-like substances that contribute to the removal of bound bile from the body, and with it cholesterol.
Beans for diabetes
The same fiber does not allow the blood sugar level to rise rapidly after a meal, which is extremely important for diabetics.
Doctors conducted a study, it involved 2 groups of patients who suffered from type 2 diabetes. One group had a standard diabetic diet with a daily fiber intake (24 g per day). For people from group 2, foods with a high fiber content (50 g of fiber per day) were introduced into the diet. This experiment showed that people from the second group over time had lower blood sugar and insulin levels than representatives of the first group. At the same time, their cholesterol decreased by 7% and the level of triglycerides by 10.2%.
Reducing the risk of heart disease and improving vascular function
For 20 years, doctors in many countries have studied the relationship between diet and the number of deaths caused by coronary heart disease. The experiment involved representatives from countries such as Greece, Italy, USA, Netherlands, Japan and the former Yugoslavia. The total number of participants in the experiment was 16 tons. people (middle-aged men). The features of food rations in different countries were taken into account. After analyzing all the data obtained, the scientists published conclusions indicating that the consumption of legumes reduces the risk of death from heart disease by 82%.
The benefits of beans in this case are provided due to the content in the product of a significant amount of magnesium and folic acid and iron. The mechanisms of action are as follows:
- folic acid reduces the level of homocystene, which, at high concentrations, causes a stroke or abnormalities in the work of peripheral vessels. One serving contains 57.3% of the RDI of folate
- magnesium promotes better blood circulation, which means it improves the flow of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, which reduces the risk of a heart attack. One serving contains about 20% of the RDA for magnesium
- iron (part of hemoglobin). This element is involved in the transport of oxygen throughout the body, and is also involved in metabolic processes. One serving of beans contains 28.9% of the body's RDA for iron. I would like to note that the need for iron increases sharply in women during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and also during lactation.
If a person does not eat meat, then the introduction of beans into the diet can significantly balance the diet. One serving contains 30.7% (15.3 g) of the RDA.
Application in cosmetology
Puree made from beans is an excellent base for a nourishing and rejuvenating face and neck mask. To prepare such a mask, you should grind well-cooked beans through a sieve and mix the resulting puree with a few drops of lemon juice and olive oil. The finished mask is applied to the face with a thick layer, and after 10-15 minutes it is washed off with plenty of warm water. This procedure helps to effectively fight wrinkles.
Why beans are useful for women and pregnant women
This unique plant is not only tasty and healthy, but also helps to always have a fresh appearance and attractiveness. In Ancient Egypt, it was believed that God gave this product to women, and it allows you to preserve youth and beauty.
As mentioned earlier, beans have a very beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and hair. Hence, this product is recommended for women who dream of shiny and beautiful hair and healthy skin.
In addition, beans are an excellent source of folate, a folic acid derivative. Just one bowl of beans provides the daily recommended amount of folate (200 mcg). The need for folates during pregnancy doubles, since folates are necessary for the normal development of the nervous tissue in the fetus. Especially at the beginning of pregnancy, when the baby's nervous system is laid.
So, we see that beans are an indispensable product for pregnant women or women planning a pregnancy.
Folic acid, which is a source of beans, is involved in the formation of a good mood, as it promotes the release of serotonin, the hormone of joy.
Types of beans and their features
Before you start planting beans, you need to familiarize yourself with the main varieties of this legume. There are five main types, the features of which should be familiarized.
The peculiarities of this plant include the red color of the pods with beans. When growing bean seedlings under optimal conditions, the length of each pod reaches 15 cm. Ripe red beans can be eaten raw or cooked.
It is the white varieties that are recommended to be used to get rid of extra pounds. Their fruits are low in protein, which contributes to weight loss. Also, white peas are good for old people who have heart problems.
Many gardeners plant black beans on their plots, which are very useful. They contain a lot of protein, and therefore dishes made from such peas can replace meat. Also, regular consumption of such beans normalizes the chemical balance in the stomach.
Leguminous varieties are used in medicine to eliminate the symptoms of diabetes. They contain arginine, which helps diabetics reduce sugar levels. Leguminous plants contain tyrosine, which aids in protein absorption.
Asparagus varieties are distinguished by their beneficial properties and their nutritional value. Nutritionists advise eating asparagus bean dishes to prevent obesity and lose some weight. Also, beans help improve the functioning of the digestive system.
Storing black beans at home
To prepare the vegetable for storage with maximum conservation of its properties, it is necessary to dry well and remove damaged and dried beans. Pour them into jars or cloth bags and place them in a cool, dark place where the air temperature does not rise above +10 degrees, and the humidity is kept at around 50%. You can store legumes in this way for two years. If they are heated in an oven at 90 ° C and placed in hermetically sealed jars, the shelf life can last up to five years.