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Blueberry cultivation

Blueberry cultivation


Features

When we talk about the blueberry plant we are referring to a rather small shrub, which is characterized by having particularly deciduous leaves and which comes from the territories of the northern part of the Old Continent.

We are talking about a plant that includes a large number of species that are able to develop very well with the low temperatures of the countries of the northern part of Europe.

The height of these small blueberry shrubs, in most cases, does not reach more than half a meter.

Furthermore, the shape of the blueberry leaves is characterized by being lanceolate and oval, without forgetting how they have a color that tends to bright green, even if they change color during the autumn season and has the peculiarity of remaining on the shrub even in the moment. which have already withered.

The spring season is the perfect time to notice the growth of flowers, with a typically bell-shaped shape, characterized by a traditional white color.


Exposure

Blueberry shrubs have different needs regarding the climate and the conditions in which they must develop.

For example, they must be kept indoors only in extremely sunny places, even if there is the possibility of placing the blueberry even in semi-shaded areas, especially when there are summer seasons characterized by decidedly temperatures. high.

In reality, it is quite easy to find blueberry shrubs that are able to tolerate the humid and sultry climate very well, but there are also several species that belong to the same group which, on the contrary, have a rather high tolerance towards the low temperatures.

In most cases, however, the advice is to place the blueberry shrubs in a space that is not too ventilated, since all blueberry species suffer from excessive wind, since especially the leaves can be affected. in addition to the fact that there is a very fast evaporation of the water found in the ground.

In order to keep the soil moist, it is also advisable to insert bark (in some cases even pine needles and dry leaves are fine), in such a way as to guarantee greater protection even against weeds.


Watering and soil

Blueberry plants have a specific preference for development in humid and cool environments and need to receive constant watering, at least in the period that coincides with the beginning of the spring season and with the beginning of the autumn one.

One of the main dangers for the blueberry shrub comes from drought, although it is always recommended to avoid watering too much, for fear of water stagnation forming, which can then lead to the formation of parasites and diseases.

Furthermore, when the spring season arrives, it is advisable to insert a little organic fertilizer into the earth (always at a good level of ripeness), always paying the utmost attention not to touch the roots of the blueberry plant.

In any case, the blueberry needs moist, acidic and drained soil to develop in the best way.

If the soil we have available is of a calcareous nature, then it can be remedied simply by constantly inserting a reduced amount of peat into the soil (soil made with decomposed leaves is also fine), but there is also the possibility of cultivating blueberries in pots.

It is important to remember, in any case, how blueberries represent plants with particularly delicate roots.


Blueberry cultivation: Multiplication and parasites

The propagation of this particular plant occurs, in most cases, through the woody cutting.

The first thing to do is to allow the rooting of the twigs, waiting at least until the end of the summer season: they must be inserted inside a compound made with peat and sand (to be used in the same measure), while the new seedlings birth will have to undergo the same treatment, but during the following spring season.

Blueberry plants are characterized by having a particularly slow development and, in many cases, even the cuttings have enormous difficulties in taking root quickly.

The advice, in this case, is to wait at least 24 months before reaping the fruits of the new plants.

In most cases, blueberry shrubs are not affected by pests or diseases. In any case, this is a general aspect: the advice is to pay the utmost attention when you decide to grow the blueberry plant in a calcareous, heavy soil or with an excessively high pH, ​​given that that under these conditions it is much easier for root rot to form as well as iron chlorosis.



Blueberry cultivation - garden

Do you like Russia? Then you can't not cultivate the siberian blueberry. Seriously: p This blueberry variety is very hardy and easy to grow. Lonicera Kamtschatica, this is its name, has fruits that you will hardly find in supermarkets but not for this reason they are of series B, in fact they are rich in vitamins and antioxidants.

GROWING THE SIBERIAN BLUEBERRY IN YOUR GARDEN

As already mentioned, it is a very resistant plant to low temperatures, and is well suited to the climates of northern Italy. Once purchased, you can plant it in a sunny position if you live in the mountains, and semi-sunny if you live in the plains.

It's a very long-lived shrub small in size that does not like acid soils, unlike the usual blueberries.

The Siberian blueberry is self-fertile and very productive, to increase the yield, I recommend placing at least two plants close together for cross-pollination. You can use the early ripening “Morena” variety and the late ripening “Fialka” variety.

you can fertilize with a good organic fertilizer, both as soon as the planting has taken place and after having harvested the fruits in summer. We advise you Compo for undergrowth plants

THE BLOOMING OF THE SIBERIAN BLUEBERRY

Lonicera Kamtschatica blooms between March, April and May and flowering can last a few weeks. The flowers are bell-shaped and yellow in color.

After opening, the flower falls and the fruit of this plant appears, gradually increasing its size, at first it will be green and covered with a little fluff and then take on its final dark blue color.

WHAT SHOULD I PAY ATTENTION TO WHEN GROWING THE SIBERIAN BLUEBERRY?

WATER
Water it abundantly in the first years of life, decreasing the amount of water over the years until it is completely left to the care of mother nature.

PRUNING The Siberian blueberry bears fruit on the youngest branches. Thin out the plant by cutting off the old branches and some of the young ones to allow adequate development.

THE FRUITS OF THE SIBERIAN BLUEBERRY: PROPERTIES AND METHOD OF USE

The fruits of this plant ripen very quickly and will be the first fruit that you can pick in your garden with the arrival of summer ... a great satisfaction isn't it?

I'm rich in vitamins C and D, potassium and antioxidants. They have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, also helping the blood circulation.

You can enjoy them fresh or prepare excellent jams. The seeds inside the fruit are very small and you will hardly notice their presence.

The taste of the Siberian blueberry is a mix of currant, American blueberry and raspberry.

If you are looking for plants of Siberian blueberry in Treviso you can find them in our garden center in Villorba in Via Po 1.

For advice or information you can come to the store in Villorba, send us an email, or find us on our LineaVerde facebook page.
Diego

Siberian blueberry plant

Easy to grow and without pests, it adapts well to all types of soil

Come and visit us in the store, or buy them directly online Shop Online


Breeding and planting blueberries

After choosing the right place it is a matter of procuring the blueberry plants and planting them. The simplest way to have a seedling is to buy it in the nursery, but it is not difficult to propagate the blueberry by cuttings, obtaining plants at no cost.

Getting blueberry plants from seed

The berries contain very small seeds that are not easy to germinate. For this reason blueberry sowing is not very common and it is generally preferred to buy the seedling in the nursery.

Anyone wishing to try their hand can still put the seeds in a jar in early spring. Precisely because they are delicate and not easy to germinate, it is advisable to put more than one seed in each jar, thinning out later.

A simple trick: the seed chamomile bath can help with germination.

Propagation by cuttings

If you already have a blueberry plant to start with, you don't necessarily need to buy more, it is possible to propagate new seedlings with cutting method.

The blueberry cutting is done by detaching a branch from the mother plant and inserting it in a jar of sufficiently acidic soil. During the rooting phase of the branch it is important that the soil never dries up completely, so it is necessary to water often. It is recommended to do the operation in early spring, transplanting before the heat or after the summer.

With a view to productive cultivation, it is not particularly convenient to make cuttings from wild blueberries. The blueberry varieties selected and supplied by the nurseries are much better performing in producing fruits. For home consumption and for passion, on the other hand, you can easily choose to take a sprig of wild blueberry and plant it in its own land.

Transplant the seedlings

The blueberry seedlings they are transplanted between September and May directly in the garden, obviously avoiding the months when the earth is frozen and very hard.

For the size of the bush it is necessary to leave more than one meter between each plant and at least two and a half meters between the rows, but this figure is indicative because it all depends on the variety of blueberry planted.

To transplant dig a little hole, which can be filled with a handful of peat and a handful of earthworm humus. After transplanting, it is important to water the young seedlings and continue watering frequently over the next three weeks.

Pollination

Like all fruit plants, the blueberry produces its berries following pollination between the flowers, the plant is self-fertile, but having more than one variety has a positive effect on fruiting.


Irrigation

The plant of blueberry has a superficial and expanded root system.
It must never be lacking in water, especially in the vegetative and fruit ripening stages.
Furthermore, the blueberry loves to keep the roots always cool and, for this reason, a classic mulch natural, with bark, peat and leaves, is a good trick to keep the soil moist and also avoid the spread of weeds.


Cultivation of the Siberian blueberry

Reblooming medium red raspberry 0/5

jar lt. 1,5 - 1 seedling (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 7.50

Medium giant blueberry (large pot) 0/5

jar lt. 5 - 1 plant (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 15.50

Late giant blueberry 0/5

jar lt. 1,5 - 1 seedling (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 7.50

Siberian blueberry 0/5

jar lt. 1,5 - 1 seedling (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 7.50

Early blackberry 0/5

jar lt. 1,5 - 1 seedling (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 7.50

Late blackberry 0/5

jar lt. 1,5 - 1 seedling (s)

seedling (s)

Transplant from 01/10 to 30/05

€ 7.50

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Video: 5 Biggest Mistakes When Growing Blueberries!