Best Vines For Greenhouse Shade – Using Annual Vines To Shade A Greenhouse
By: Mary Ellen Ellis
Using annual vines to shade a greenhouse is a pretty way todo something practical. Many vines grow quickly and will cover the side of yourgreenhouse in no time. Choose the best plants for your local climate and toprovide the right amount of shade and coolingin your greenhouse.
Using Vines for Greenhouse Shade
A greenhouseis designed to be warm and sunny. It’s where you can grow plants even in thedepths of winter. This means that in summer it can turn into an oven. You couldbuy shadecloth to put up in the warmer months, but isn’t very attractive, andit may not be adequate either, especially in very warm and sunny climates.
Instead, try using vines and tall plants to provide anatural screen. Cooling a greenhouse with vines will take the temperature downa notch, but it will also add an element of ornamental beauty. Your manmadestructure will look more natural with an organic screen.
Best Vines that Shade Greenhouses in Summer
Shading a greenhouse with vines is easy if you choose theright varieties. Avoid invasive species, though, many of which are vines. Checkwith your localcounty extension to find out which vines not to use. Then considerwhether you need a vine that does best in sun or shade, if your structure cantolerate a heavy vine, how fast you want it to grow, and whether you want flowering,fruiting, or mostly green vines.
Here are some examples to consider:
- Grapevines – Grapes can work in a lot of different zones, and they produce fruit that will attract birds, or you can harvest and use them to eat or for wine.
- Hops – These vines grow quickly and they grow tall in partial shade or full sun. You’ll need to train hops up the side of a sturdier greenhouse, but you will enjoy shade and the delightful aroma of hop flowers. If you home brew, harvest and use them in the beer you make.
- Morning glory – For a vine that grows rapidly and produces pretty flowers in full sun to part shade, you can’t go wrong with a morning glory.
- Sweet peas – These won’t grow thick and heavy, so sweet peas can be a good choice for filling in spaces. If you’re looking for a pea harvest, though, these flowering plants aren’t a good choice, but you can opt for growing traditional garden peas instead. Both prefer a cooler temps.
- Clematis – Nothing adds charm to the garden space quite like clematis and if you choose carefully, you can have great looking vine coverage for shading your greenhouse on those hot, humid summer days.
Note: Annualvines that can be replaced or even changed out each year are the best way togo.
Other Plants for Shading a Greenhouse
While vines are a great way to provide some shade, theyaren’t the only plants that work for this. In addition to shading a greenhousewith vines, you can opt for taller growing annuals or perennials that can beplanted along the side.
These plant alternatives might include:
- Sunflowers – Sunflower plants are tall and sturdy and can provide a good screen for the side of a greenhouse. These beauties need full sun.
- Hollyhock – Hollyhocks are old-fashioned favorites in many gardens. While their beautiful blooms add ornamental appeal, it’s the tall flower stalks, some reaching as much as 9 feet (2.8 m.) tall, which can make excellent screens for the greenhouse.
- Amaranth – Some varieties of amaranth like, love-lies-bleeding or Joseph’s coat, can grow up to 4 or 5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 m.) tall, making great plants for shading the side of a greenhouse structure.
- Cleome – Producing lovely spidery blooms, many types of cleome can reach heights of around 4-5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 m.).
- Flowering tobacco – Not only tall and stately at about 6 feet (1.8 m.) tall, but flowering tobacco, also known as nicotiana, produces a fragrant white flowers with a jasmine-like scent at night.
Trees can also be good shade for greenhouses, but theyobviously take longer to grow. If you are planting trees, use annual andquick-growing vines to provide cooling shade in the meantime.
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Tasha has been an active herb gardener, foodie, and from-scratch cook since the year 2000. In 2014, she started homesteading for greater self-sufficiency in rural Surry County, North Carolina. She currently keeps dairy goats, chickens, ducks, a pet turkey, worms, and (occasionally) pigs. She gardens on about two acres and grows a large variety of annual and perennial edible, medicinal, and ecosystem support plants. She is an Extension Master Gardener Volunteer and teaches classes in her community related to Edible Landscaping, Organic Gardening, and Introduction to Permaculture. She has also co-authored several books about backyard chickens, livestock watering systems, and vinegar production.
Greenhouses are costly and timeconsuming to build. They require care and money to keep heated and cooled in most climates. Plus, they need regular maintenance to clean the windows or panels so they continue to allow in lots of light.
Of course, greenhouses also make it possible to grow exotic plants not suitable to your climate. They help you get a jump start on the outdoor planting season. Most importantly for homesteaders, they give you control over your growing environment so that you can garden even when outdoor weather extremes threaten your self-sufficiency.
On the whole, the benefits of having a greenhouse can far outweigh the costs and complications of construction and care. As long as you take full advantage of every bit of growing space year-round, then you can recover your investment and even make a profit or improve your lifestyle as well.
Here are some ideas to help you maximize your greenhouse.
How to Grow Clematis
Many gardeners look into their yards and yearn for vertical interest. Clematis is the answer and it's a vigorous climbing vine that can do well in Calgary. Clematis not only climbs but blooms in colourful bursts and hues that can compliment any garden, big or small. With the differing bloom times, in many varieties, it's easy to have climbing blooms spring to fall, planted in groups, bunches or singles.
You will discover that Clematis can grow in varying locations within your garden: even north sides. This adds greatly to their versatility. As a flowering plant, just remember they prefer four hours of direct sun each day. In Calgary, we are zone 4a, but you will find that with mulching and the right location, even zone 4b Clematis can thrive here. In our hot dry conditions, location is key. Hardy zone two plants will also need a little consideration, as they like to have cool roots. So, in places like south or west walls, it's a good idea to shade or mulch around the roots to ensure a healthy roots system.
Now that much of our spring planting has been accomplished, this is a good time to consider adding more Clematis to your garden. They can be planted at any time, but late spring and summer planting requires that you periodically pinch out some of the growing tips to ensure root growth. Fall is the ideal time to plant clematis, but because of their popularity, your choices often become limited later in the season. You may have to wait all winter for their availability in the spring.
When it comes to fully pruning your Clematis, wait for the first spring after it's been transplanted. Swelling buds are the sign to prune you accomplish this by cutting back to two sets of strong buds on each stem. You will need to know the category of your clematis to know what and where to prune after this initial prune.
Flowers on growth produced the previous year. Pruning weak or dead stems as soon as they are finished blooming in May or June. Pruning later than June could result in fewer blooms the following spring.
Similar to group A with little pruning needed. In late February or March, pruning variations in the length of the stems to produce a well-balanced plant. Remove any weak or dead wood as well. A severe pruning will reduce the number of blooms at the plants next flowering.
Considered the easiest, these Clematis bloom on the currents year's growth. Prune in February or March to two strong buds on each stem. C varieties will get leggy with all their blooms at the top if they are not pruned in early spring.
Desert Cooling Package
This add-on package is a critical addition for customers who live in the desert Southwest. It comes with a solar-powered cooling fan and misting system that increases the cooling and ventilation inside your greenhouse. When connected to a garden hose, the full-surround misting system cools your greenhouse with evaporative cooling principles.
Windy Weather Package
This package, now included standard on all solar greenhouse kits, adds sturdy greenhouse vent openers to all of the vents to prevent the openers and vents from being thrashed by strong winds. The automatic greenhouse vent openers are heat activated and require no electricity to operate. Solar Attic Fans are also available upon request.
Solar-Powered Cooling Fan Upgrade
On our 33-foot and 42-foot greenhouse domes, the 115v electrical cooling fan is a standard feature. The solar-powered cooling fan upgrade is an ideal option for customers who want to run their greenhouses without dependence on the grid, or for customers for whom access to electricity is impractical or inconvenient.
The upgrade consists of 12-volt cooling fans that are wired to a thermostat that gets power from the solar panels on top of the greenhouse. We encourage our customers in the desert Southwest to add the solar-powered cooling fan upgrade to greenhouse kit purchases – along with the desert cooling package.
If you’re interested in learning more about our Growing Spaces Growing Dome desert greenhouse kits and how you can enjoy year-round gardening with a 4-season greenhouse, contact us for a free quote, or for answers to any questions you might have. Our hours are 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Pacific Time) from Monday – Friday. You can call us at 800-753-9333. You can also use the online form to request more information.
Now that you know more about the ideal greenhouse temperature and other things you must know before planting your plants and vegetables. Remember always to check if your greenhouse has proper ventilation. The ideal greenhouse temperature is about 80 to85 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, you must consider the gardening season for the plants that grow in a specific season. Apply the tips to maintain or decrease the heat or cold level of the temperature in your greenhouse. Know more about greenhouses.