Gorbachevka, Jacket-skirt, Festivalny - the folk variety of potatoes Ivan-da-Marya has many names
The literature for gardeners is full of descriptions and photos of various varieties of potatoes. They differ in terms of ripening, shape, taste and purpose. One variety makes an excellent puree, the other makes fries. There are white, purple, pink. Or, like Ivan da Marya, multi-colored.
Where did the multi-colored potato come from: description of the variety and photo of tubers
Ivan da Marya is a variety of folk selection. Distributed in the south of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. It is called differently in each area: Gorbachevka - because it appeared in Russia in 1995, during perestroika, Little Red Riding Hood, Jacket-skirt, Festivalny. But he leads the pedigree from the Dutch potato Picasso. Some breeders believe that this is the same variety, but there are differences in the color of the pulp and rind, in taste.... Ancestor - Scottish potatoes King Edward. And a distant relative with a beet-colored peel and white flesh, never sick, grows in the wild nature of Peru. The variegated peel of Ivan da Marya, resistance to many viral pathogens originates from it.
First, the potato tubers Ivan da Marya attract attention with their unusual color, and then they win sympathy with their excellent taste.
Ivan da Marya is a medium early variety, ripens in 85–95 days from the moment of planting. The bush of this variety is low, spreading, with light lilac flowers that quickly fall off and do not tie berries. The tubers are oval, their average weight is 80–120 g. The upper half of this potato is red, the lower half is beige. The eyes are pink, recessed. The pulp is white. The taste of the boiled tubers containing 14–18% starch is excellent. Productivity is 240 centners per hectare. When stored, up to 10% of tubers are affected by dry rot, but the variety is resistant to potato cancer, most viruses, late blight of tubers. There is no resistance to scab, late blight of tops, leaf-rolling virus.
Table: positive and negative characteristics of multi-colored potatoes
|Early ripening.||Strongly affected by scab.|
|Delicious and tasty.||The foliage suffers from phytophthora.|
|Attractive presentation.||During storage, tubers can become diseased with dry rot.|
|Versatility of use.||Deep eyes, giving a lot of waste when cleaning.|
|Demanding on moisture, when the soil dries out, even for a short time, the yield decreases.|
|Does not suffer from potato cancer.||Susceptible to leaf roll virus.|
|The potato nematode does not colonize the plant.|
|Resistant to many potato viruses.|
|Phytophthora from tops does not apply to tubers.|
Ivan da Marya blooms with a few lilac flowers
Planting potatoes begins with preliminary marking and preparation of ridges, dressing of seed material, germination of tubers.
This plant loves to be cool, but damp areas where water accumulates should be avoided. Its excess contributes to the rotting of tubers and the spread of all kinds of diseases.
For planting, it is advisable to choose medium-sized potatoes, about the size of a chicken egg.
It is noticed that when sowing with small seeds, several large potatoes are formed in the hole. A powerful bush with an abundance of small tubers develops from a large potato.
One month before planting, seed potatoes are removed from storage. To awaken the eyes, it is useful to warm up the tubers in a hot (40–45 aboutC) a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate. After cooling, drain the liquid, rinse and dry the seed tubers. After such processing, put the potatoes in a bright, cool room for twenty days. Ten days before planting, transfer the tubers to a dark, warm place for germination, shifting the layers of potatoes with damp newspapers or sawdust. With this preparation, the ripening of the crop will accelerate by two weeks.
Before planting in the ground, potatoes need to be warmed up, germinated
Preparing a nutrient bed and planting potatoes
Potatoes are grown in a variety of ways. One of the most common, guaranteeing the maximum yield, is planting in pre-prepared nutrient beds:
- The place for planting is chosen sunny, without shading. Prepare the soil in the fall.
- They break through grooves 15–20 cm deep and 50–60 cm wide. The further south the region, the deeper the trench should be. The rows are arranged in the direction from south to north with a distance of 75–80 cm between them.
- Prepared ditches are filled with manure, humus, weeds, cut grass, rotted sawdust. Top up with previously removed earth and leave until spring.
The trench is filled with various organics
- When planting, add wood ash (1 glass per meter of the bed) and, if the soil is dry, water the ridges with water.
- At the beginning of the sowing season, when the soil warms up to 12-15 aboutC, proceed to planting. This usually happens around May 15th. Landmark - budding on a birch.
They start planting potatoes Ivan da Marya when the earth warms up to 12-15 degrees
- Tubers are laid on the prepared ridges on top of the soil at a distance of 23–35 cm, without deepening them.
- With the help of a hoe or a flat cutter, they rake the earth on the potatoes from the rows from both sides to form ridges. The smaller the tubers, the smaller the distance between them should be, and vice versa.
Landing close to finish
Potato care Ivan da Marya
Planting care consists in hilling, watering, weeding, and pest control. Potatoes do not need fertilizing with a properly tucked trench.
On a well-groomed plantation and the harvest will be outstanding
It is recommended to sprinkle potatoes twice, and in regions with frost until the beginning of June three times. When shoots appear, they are huddled to protect them from frost. You can also cover plants from the cold with mulch: rotten hay or stale sawdust. The second hilling will be required when the sprouts reach 15 cm, the third - two weeks after the second.
Hilled potatoes form additional stolons - underground parts of the stems on which tubers are formed, due to which the yield increases by 25–30%.
When raking the soil against the bush, avoid pushing the stems of the plant together. Potatoes Ivan da Marya have sprawling shoots, laid down, they need to be pushed even further and covered with earth in the middle of the bush. Then the stolons with tubers will be tied up both outside and inside the bush, giving an additional 2-3 more potatoes on each shoot.
Hilling potatoes is guaranteed to increase the yield
Water for potatoes Ivan da Marya is especially required during budding and tying tubers. Their number directly depends on the amount of moisture. And after flowering, the moisture will determine the size of the potatoes. Even a short drying out of the soil affects the yield. Usually, the rains are enough for potatoes.
Mulching the row spacings with mowed grass and weeds will help to maintain constant moisture in the garden. It is useful to sow green manure between the rows of potatoes. Plants that are cut and left on the ground will keep the soil from drying out.
In dry years, potatoes need additional moisture. Watering is combined with hilling: the aisles are abundantly moistened and the plants are flooded with wet soil. You cannot pour water directly under the bushes.
The best way to water plants, including potatoes, is drip
Disease and pest control
The Ivan da Marya variety has a fairly good ailment resistance. But still, this potato also has diseases and enemies, which, as they say, you need to know by sight and be ready to protect the garden from this scourge.
Table: diseases that the variety is susceptible to
|Name of the disease||Symptoms and causes||Prevention and treatment|
|Scab||Convex rough spots on tubers. They do not affect the taste and preservation of potatoes. Reasons:|
|Phytophthora||Dark spots appear on the lower leaves that spread throughout the tops. Late blight appears in mid-August everywhere.|
|PLRV Leaf Roll Virus||Leaves become hard and curled, tubers unusable. The virus is transmitted with diseased planting material or sucking insects - aphids.||At the first sign of the disease, dig up the affected bushes and destroy.|
|Dry rot of potato tubers||Dark dry spots on tubers that appear during storage of damaged tubers.|
Photo gallery: diseases of a multicolored variety
Table: pests of potato beds
|Colorado beetle||The beetle and its larvae feed on young potato tops, eating the leaves to the bottom. They can destroy the entire plantation in a week.|
|Wireworm||Tough as a wire, the larva of the click beetle, similar to a light brown worm, gnaws holes in the potato, making the tuber unusable. It reproduces in the roots of wheatgrass.|
|Medvedka||An insect resembling a cancer lives in the soil, breaks through passages in search of food, gnaws all plants that come across on the way. In potatoes, it damages stems, roots and tubers.|
|Mouse||They can nibble on most of the potato crop.|
Photo gallery: enemies of Ivan da Marya
Video: protecting potatoes from pests
Harvesting and storage
Potatoes ripen about thirty days after flowering. With proper care, Ivan da Marya gives up to 240 centners per hectare. Harvesting begins as soon as the lower leaves on the bushes turn yellow. During harvesting, you need to immediately sort the tubers, choosing potatoes for seeds from the productive bushes. Since Ivan da Marya is prone to degeneration, planting material must be carefully selected only from healthy and fertile bushes.
Subject to agricultural technology, the Ivan-da-Marya variety cannot be called a poor crop
It is impossible to wash potatoes after harvesting: a thin layer of soil on the tubers protects the crop from damage.
The harvested marketable potatoes must be dried in a dry, dark place for at least 10 days and only then sent for storage. The temperature in the storage should not be higher than 4-5 aboutWITH.
Seed potatoes, on the other hand, need to be exposed to the sun for at least 7 days until they turn green. Store seeds separately from other potatoes. Green tubers cannot be eaten because of the poisonous solanine, which was formed under the influence of sunlight. Due to the tendency of the Ivan da Marya variety to dry rot, potatoes must be sorted out several times during storage.
If you powder the potatoes with ash before storing, the tubers will not get sick with rot.
Ivan da Marya is a universal variety. This means that you can cook any dish from this potato. Puree from it is obtained without lumps, fried does not fall apart during cooking, rich soups, and baked has no equal in taste.
What could be tastier than potatoes!
Reviews of vegetable growers about the taste and characteristics of the variety
The multicolored potato Ivan da Marya is known to gardeners in many countries. In order for it to show itself in all its glory, it is important to take into account the characteristics of the variety, to help with proper care. Those who competently handle this type of potato do not get sick and give high yields. Therefore, in seed markets in any region, you can find variegated tubers of Ivan da Marya on the shelves. And there is no need to persuade buyers. The variety is updated and maintained, and the lovers of truly tasty potatoes are told about it.
In common people, the variety is called Matryoshka, Ryabinka, Little Red Riding Hood. And all because of the bizarre color of the tubers.
Origin and development
The Ivan da Marya variety is the result of the renaming of the Dutch Picasso potato variety by domestic breeders. Picasso was created at the end of the 20th century by AGRICO U.A. in the homeland of potatoes - in Holland.
In 1995, the Picasso variety was entered in the State Register of Russia and received the popular name Ivan da Marya.
Distinctive features, appearance
Potatoes Ivan da Marya is difficult to confuse with another variety: the surface of the tubers seems to be painted with an intricate artist's brush.
The main external differences characteristic of the variety:
- Unusual color of the skin of tubers - bright crimson eyes and spots on a yellow background.
- Vegetation period - 110-130 days
- The average starch content is from 7.9 to 13.5%.
- Good keeping quality of tubers - more than 90%.
- Large size of tubers: the average weight of one potato is 100-180 g.
- High content of vitamin C, which reaches its maximum during the harvest season.
- The ability to grow in any region due to the good survival rate of the variety.
Description and characteristics of the plant and crop
The Ivan da Marya bush is formed straight with spreading stems and large dark green leaves. The plant is characterized by large white, lilac-cream inflorescences that quickly fall off. The variety is characterized by large tubers. The peel on the tuber is two-colored - yellow or creamy raspberry color. The eyes are crimson, small, in small numbers and unevenly spaced. The pulp is creamy.
The variety is considered high-yielding - from one plot measuring 10 × 10 m, from 190 to 320 kg of potatoes are harvested. This is approximately 200-320 kg / ha. Each bush usually produces up to 20 medium to large potatoes.
Delicious potato variety Ivan da Marya: detailed description
Potatoes are a welcome guest on every table. It was brought from Europe only under Peter the Great, and in just two centuries the culture became popular. There are at least a couple of beds on each personal suburban area. The markets offer a wide variety, including the Dutch variety Ivan da Marya. Description and features of cultivation - below.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Potatoes Ivan da Marya is a late-ripening variety. Among the characteristics of its cultivation, it fully matures in up to 120 days. It belongs to the Dutch selection, bred on the basis of the famous Picasso variety. It was entered into the register of breeding achievements of our state in 1995.From this date, it is officially grown in the fields and plots of farmers and summer residents, used for planting by agro-industrial complexes and enterprises.
Domestic summer residents and gardeners fell in love with the tall bush of the Dutch guest, thanks to which the processes of hilling and weeding are simplified. Although long stems have a minus: young shoots lean towards the soil. Flowering is profuse, without the formation of inflorescences.
After 115–120 days after planting the tubers, you can harvest. Medium-sized dug potatoes have a pleasant-looking milky flesh color. The color of the peel of ripe tubers is distinguished by a combination of the main yellow background and pink spots. On average, the starch content ranges from 8 to 14 percent.
With proper care, high yields are inherent: from one hundred square meters you can get up to 320 kg. Each bush ripens up to 12 tubers with an average weight of 120 g. The size of some fruits is quite large and reaches 180 grams in weight.
Advantages and disadvantages
The popular potato Ivan da Marya has its own advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of this variety:
- unpretentious care
- has a high yield in almost all climatic zones of Russia
- has excellent taste
- well tolerates high temperature drops, periods of drought
- perfectly stored in the basement or basement of a private house.
The disadvantages of this plant include a high degree of damage by pests and some diseases. Potato scab and Colorado potato beetle are especially dangerous.
A necessary condition for obtaining a high yield is the obligatory renewal of the planting material. The correct acidity of the soil in the beds is also important.
The Ivan da Marya potatoes offered for sale are quite easy to cultivate. To get a good harvest, you need to follow the rules for planting potato beds when planting. They should be separated by a distance of 50-60 cm. The gap between the holes is 40-50 cm. This is necessary for the convenience of processing, designed to protect plants from damage by diseases and pests.
It is important to remember that this variety cannot be additionally cleaned of eyes before planting, as they will accelerate the appearance of the first shoots.
To provide full care for potatoes, you will need to adhere to the following recommendations:
- Before planting, you need to carefully loosen and dry the soil.
- It can be planted in any type of soil. But still, the best option is loamy. To get a crop in sandy or clayey areas, you will need to pre-fertilize them. Clay soil can be "lightened" by adding sand. Add a layer of compost with a thickness of at least 2 centimeters to the sandy one.
- In a small area, it is better to place two or three bushes at a distance of 40-50 centimeters from each other. This will help the development of the root system, large tubers, and provide a large harvest.
- In particular, cultivation includes weeding 6-7 times per season.
- Hilling is performed 2 to 4 times as the tops of the bushes grow. During this period, it is advisable not to let it completely lie on the ground. Under the green mass, conditions can be formed that contribute to the defeat of plantings by pests and diseases. Fallen tops will complicate further processing.
With proper care, the gardener will receive a large crop of potatoes with tasty and satisfying pulp at the end of the season. The variety is distinguished by good keeping quality and will be a welcome guest on the table for the whole next year.
What does a potato look like in the photo?
Here you can see a photo of a vegetable of this variety.
History of origin potato variety "Ivan da Shura"
Potatoes of the "Ivan da Shura" variety are the result of the author's selection. The variety was bred in the only experimental nursery in Russia (Kaluga region), whose specialization is new promising hybrids.
At the moment there is no official registration in the State Register of Russia, but the seed is available for sale.
The table below presents data on the yield of other potato varieties:
And what do those who have already tried to plant Ivan and Marya think? What are their impressions of this potato variety?
Valery, Vologda: “Two years ago I tried to plant the variety Ivan da Marya for the first time after I saw it in the photo. It tolerates drought well, so I water it only once or twice for the whole season. After each harvest, I must fertilize the plot and dig it up. Maybe that's why this potato produces 19 tubers from one bush. "
Nadezhda, Tambov: "The variety Ivan da Marya took for planting from neighbors. Before that, I did not even imagine that there is such a potato. Now I plant only him. The taste is good, and the harvest is good. One thing is upsetting: the Colorado potato beetle has already gotten into the habit of the tops. We have to carry out 2-3 treatments with drugs every year. "
The most unpretentious varieties
In our country, there are many areas with poor soil.
The varieties described below are suitable for these regions:
German origin. Drought tolerant. Tasty. Productivity - up to 25 t / ha.
One of the most sustainable. Drought tolerant. Productivity - up to 25 t / ha. Not resistant to some diseases.
Early. Undemanding. High-yielding - up to 40 t / ha. The peel is white.
The better the care of these varieties, the more abundant the harvest will be.
Bred by Ukrainian breeders. Late. One potato can weigh up to 180 g. Color - pink-purple. Elongated shape. One plant forms up to 15 pcs.
Contains up to 13% starch. Productivity - up to 40 t / ha.
Yellow potatoes weighing up to 200 g. Early. The flowers are white. Contains up to 17% starch. Productivity - 10 - 30 t / ha.
Varieties for the regions of Russia
There are varieties of potatoes that can only grow in certain climatic conditions.
Varieties for the South of Russia:
- Red scarlet
Best for planting in Northern Russia:
Best for growing in temperate climates:
But we must not forget that this vegetable pleases with a high yield only with appropriate care.
You need to choose varieties that are suitable for the area where they will grow. To obtain a bountiful harvest, planting material must be renewed every 3 to 5 years. It is required to make a crop rotation every few years.
The most productive varieties
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Yes, there are a lot of them here in the article. I have just read about most of them. Of course, this is all due to the fact that in our city 1-2 varieties are constantly imported from the region, so about some specials. varieties do not need to think. Unless only from gardeners you can find something unusual, who specifically buy them and go after them. The early Riviera variety is imported as standard, these potatoes are just bulk. Yes, it does not lie for long, at most until October, and then it starts to deteriorate. Most often it is young and I eat the first one. At my dacha, I constantly use Aurora soot, this is the best choice for planting, it is also stored for a long time. From the late one I have Zhuravinka, a very long wait for her, careful care, so that the king would not gobble up. They have not yet mentioned such a variety in the article - Gypsy, I once tried it with a friend, potatoes of medium size, oblong, tubers are red in color, yellow inside. It is also medium late, bears fruit well and is preserved. And, by the way, very tasty.
Wow, how many varieties are described here))) Potatoes are generally my favorite product and I can eat them in any cooked form. But of all the varieties that are listed in the article, I recognized only Sineglazka, Bella Rosa and Slavyanka. These are the three main varieties that I planted in my garden, or rather helped my parents the way they manage garden affairs in the village. By the way, I noticed that these varieties are very different from each other, and this is especially evident during the preparation of a potato dish. For example, blue-eyed in general, in my opinion, is not suitable for frying, it is very soft in structure and literally crumbles at the moment of frying, but very well suited for mashed potatoes or pancakes. But the Slav and Bella with a rose, on the contrary, are great for frying, I even made chips from them twice)))
I am a conservative at heart and rarely change my taste preferences. So it is with potatoes. About twelve years ago, my relatives started experimenting with potato varieties and I was attracted. As a result, I was very dissatisfied, as I have always been a fan of the Nevsky variety. Although this variety of potatoes was considered fodder, it gave a good harvest and was pleasant to eat in almost any form. He loved fried potatoes and cooked them almost every other day. Now I grow some kind of glass potato and I don't even know what it's called. In soup, these potatoes are not very pleasant, as well as in boiled form. Increasingly I am inclined to return to the “Nevsky” variety again. I live in a temperate climate and I think that the variety has not yet been bred better in taste and in the level of fertility in my area. At least I was completely satisfied with this variety in these parameters.
I was looking for new interesting potato varieties - I came across this selection. Helpful. Especially for those who are just starting to deal with potatoes. Alas, it is difficult for me to choose varieties of potatoes, like other root crops - the area is shaded, the soil is often wet. Therefore, for me, one of the most important qualities is resistance to rot. I found a couple of options here that I have not tried yet, let's see what happens. But it would be more convenient if, according to this indicator, the varieties were also brought together in a single list, as in terms of drought resistance. And then while you study that potato encyclopedia - the planting season will end)))
Unusual varieties were also very interested. I'll have to experiment. Of course, I will not risk it right away, but I will plant two or three bushes for testing.
I live in an arid climate, so I haven't seen rich harvests for a long time. I planted two buckets of potatoes, dug three buckets of root vegetables. This is approximately what my process of growing this vegetable looked like. I tried all kinds of fertilizers, experimented with different types of irrigation, from irrigation to drip moistening of the soil, mulched the ground, pruned bushes, tried double hilling, grown on straw, changed the planting depth, but all to no avail. Once I met a school friend (lives in my city) and he boasted to me about his potato crop. I was amazed at the result. After all, we have the same soil, and the results are radically different. As a result, he admitted that he grows only Bellarose and only this variety in our region gives good yields. Naturally, I bought several buckets of planting material from him and planted everything in the spring. In the fall, I was overwhelmed by the harvest. Almost a bucket from one bush, which is a fantastic result. The variety is simply the leader in yield. True, the planting material must be renewed otherwise the yield will fall every year.
I could not even think that there is such a variety of potato varieties. For example, we have a lot of potato varieties, but I do not know the information separately for each variety. I only know about belarose, which bears fruit very well in our country and the potatoes have excellent taste and yield a large harvest. There is also a very large amount of the Slavianka variety, I will not say anything about its yield, but this is considered a fodder variety, it is very large, but it has poor taste, so it can only be fried. I want to withdraw this variety completely and plant another one. But a lot depends on weather conditions and fertilizers, and here, of course, you can't guess what kind of harvest you will harvest at the end of summer. I learned from the article that potatoes need to be completely renewed every three years, unfortunately we did not know about this. Therefore, I think next year in the spring, we will definitely buy good varieties of potatoes and at the same time update, so the harvest will be much better. I like potato varieties very much. which are yellow inside, the mashed potatoes are excellent. I liked the Accent variety very much, I think I'll bet on it.
I want to find a variety that looks like early maturation or red nosed