Zephyranthes is a plant of the Amaryllis family. It is a herbaceous bulbous perennial. Zephyranthes grow in the subtropics and tropics of central and southern America. The name of the flower (Zephyranthes) is of Greek origin: "zephyr" means "wind from the west", and "anthos" means a flower. Literally - a flower of the west wind, as well as various interpretations: a flower or a rain lily, a fairy lily. But more prosaically - Upstart. All names characterize certain characteristics of the plant.
It is named upstart because of the rapid development of the peduncle, which appears literally before our eyes. In just a day, as if "jumping out" of the ground, he carries a flower that resembles a miniature lily. "What does the west wind and rain have to do with it?" - you ask. It's simple: in the homeland of the plant, the wind from the west is a harbinger of the rainy season, at the end of which, as if delighted with the long-awaited moisture, zephyranthes peduncles rapidly appear, crowned with fresh and delicate flowers of white, all shades of yellow and pink.
Description of the flower
Root: small, up to three and a half centimeters in diameter, ovoid bulb, sometimes rounded. The neck of the bulb can be either short or elongated. Leaves in most species are linear and herbaceous, less often tubular, hollow. Flowers are solitary, crocus-shaped or star-shaped, medium-sized, more often monochromatic.
Home care for zephyranthes
Location and lighting
Plants grow well both in bright sunlight and in diffused color. In summer, it is advisable to take indoor views to the balcony or plant them in flower beds. Outdoors, by the end of summer, the plant will produce a larger bulb that will allow for abundant flowering the following year. All windows, with the exception of the northern ones, will be good for accommodating indoor species.
The optimum temperature for the growth of zephyranthes is 18-25 degrees. During the dormant period, it is advisable to relocate the plant to a cooler place.
Rain lilies prefer medium or slightly high humidity. When grown indoors with low humidity, there is a high risk of disease.
Zephyranthes needs moderate watering, which is not stopped or reduced even during dormancy. An indicator of sufficient watering is the constantly moist soil in his pot.
It happens that for a dormant period, the upstart sheds its leaves. If this happens, then reduce watering: the bulbs must be dry.
Top dressing and fertilizers
With the appearance of leaves and until the end of flowering, marshmallows are fed twice a month. Any liquid mineral fertilizer for indoor plants is used as fertilizer.
Loose, nutritious and neutral soil is ideal for zephyranthes. The earthen mixture is made up of the same parts of turf, humus and sand, adding a small amount of phosphorus-containing fertilizers.
When leaving the dormant state, the plant must be transplanted. A low and wide pot is suitable for a plant. Several bulbs are placed in it at the same time, the root collars should be on the surface of the earth.
The dormant period of zephyranthes usually begins in September-November or December-February. At the plant, the leaves begin to wilt and fall off. It is necessary to stop watering and place the pot with the plant in a dark place with an air temperature in the range of 12-14 degrees.
Most often, at home, zephyranthes are propagated by children and seeds.
Reproduction by children
Zephyranthes can be easily propagated by babies of bulbs that fill the pot very quickly. It is better to separate the babies from the mother's bulb before the plant leaves "to rest".
Children are planted in a separate pot for several (6-12) pieces. If the species you are growing has a short neck, then the bulb is buried to its full depth. The elongated neck is not deepened.
Zephyranthes seeds are also easy to propagate. However, in practice, this method of reproduction is rarely used, since flowering will come only after a few (2-5) years.
Diseases and pests
Upstarts are quite often affected by the scabbard. Their presence is diagnosed by the presence of small brown plaques on the leaf blades and stems. These are the bodies of insects that feed on the sap of the plant. Over time, the affected leaves will lose color, dry out and curl. The buds will also dry up.
To get rid of the scabbard, it is enough to rinse the leaves several times with a 15% Actellik solution or use Karbofos or Decis preparations for this purpose.
When grown in dry air, the plant can be affected by spider mites. At the first signs of the appearance of a cobweb, the leaves are treated with soapy water, leaving it to dry completely. After that, the leaves are rinsed with warm running water. In case of severe damage, it is advisable to immediately carry out the treatment with the same Actellik solution.
The worst enemy of plants of the Amaryllis family is the amaryllis bug. This three-millimeter whitish insect settles among the bulbous scales, feeding on its pulp. The worm with its secretions provokes the appearance of fungi, doubling the threat to the life of the plant. The affected plant looks depressed, grows slowly, gradually losing leaves.
The plant affected by the worm is treated with insecticides. After processing, the flower is watered moderately, trying to avoid waterlogging. Severely affected bulbs are immediately destroyed.
Popular types of zephyranthes
The division into species is based on the color of the petals.
Types of zephyranthes with white flowers
Zephyranthes Atamas - differs in an ovoid small bulb with a shortened neck. In contrast with the snow-white, lanceolate-shaped flower petals, graceful, narrow, linear-shaped leaves look spectacular. The plant blooms in March-April and develops well at temperatures just below room temperature.
Zephyranthes snow-white - externally and in terms of growth characteristics significantly differs from its closest relative - Atamas Zephyranthes.
- A bulb with an elongated (up to 5 cm) neck.
- Tubular and long (up to 30 cm) leaves, appearing simultaneously with the peduncle.
- Peduncles, rising to a height of 20 cm in height, bear funnel-shaped, up to 6 cm in diameter, buds.
- The pointed petals of the snow-white marshmallow are elongated. Their length is about 6 cm, and the outer side is pinkish. The plant blooms in July. Flowering lasts until October.
Types of zephyranthes with yellow flowers
Zephyranthes golden - has a rounded or ovoid bulb and long, up to 30 cm, leaves. The calyx of the flower is funnel-shaped and narrowed at the bottom and top. Blooms in winter: December and January. In regions with warm mild climates, the species is grown outdoors.
Types of zephyranthes with red flowers
Zephyranthes grandiflorum differs in:
- ovoid bulb with a shortened neck.
- Long (minimum 15, maximum 30 cm), linear, grooved, leaves.
- Quite large (7–8 cm) flowers of pink shades with bright orange stamens.
- Flowering begins in April and lasts for several months.
Two-color species of zephyranthes species
Zephyranthes multicolored - has an oblong bulb, covered with a dark film on the outside. The inner part of the petals is white, the outer part is reddish-greenish in color. Flowering begins in January.
Zephyranthes planting cultivation care reproduction. Upstart Zephyranthes Flower
Zephyranthes is a wonderful houseplant. At the time of flowering, it pleases with an abundance of flowers, which, like arrows, jump out of the ground, quickly grow up and open. In general, Zephyranthes do not like stagnant water, moderate watering is required, otherwise the bulbs may rot, but during flowering, the plant needs timely watering, otherwise the buds will wither without blooming. The rest of the time, Zephyranthes looks decorative thanks to the many green arrow leaves.
Do not cover the necks of the bulbs with earth (or deepen the bulbs too much when planting), this will oppress the plant. For abundant flowering, Zephyranthes would be well fed with fertilizer for flowering indoor plants (I use Agricola granules). Or water it with banana peel infusion, which is a rich potassium fertilizer for indoor plants.
Sometimes Zephyranthes begin to dry out the tips, and then some leaves turn yellow and dry out completely. Before flowering, this is the norm. The rest of the time, this is a signal of trouble (excessive watering, deepening of the bulb neck, damage by soil pests, lack of lighting). Zephyranthes loves good lighting, is depressed and grows few leaves in partial shade. A good location option would be a solar window with blinds that can be covered in the summer afternoon heat.
During flowering, I artificially pollinated several flowers on Zephyranthes (therefore, I did not cut off dry faded ones). In some places, fruitlets with seeds have formed (Zephyranthes seeds must be planted immediately after they ripen, because they quickly lose their germination). In general, it is advisable to cut off all the fading arrows, thereby you can prolong flowering. Zephyranthes propagates by bulbs, which grows rather quickly (namely white Zephyranthes).
Update... The seeds ripened until the autumn rains, and then it became so damp on the balcony that the dry boxes became damp and the seeds hatched right into them, I pulled them out and planted them. They grow very slowly, after six months they have only 3 thin leaves 8 cm high, perhaps the lack of sunlight affects.
Zephyranthes is a genus of perennial bulbous plants that belongs to the amaryllidaceae family and has about 90 species. This amazing flower grows in humid places, swamps and peatlands of tropical regions of Central and South America, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and the West Indies. Locals are happy to cultivate it on plots near their homes.
Zephyranthes have several "popular" names: upstart, flower of the west wind, rain lily. The thing is that, as soon as the rainy season begins, the zephyranthes who had been dozing before suddenly suddenly shoots arrows, crowned with flowers that look like lilies, which bloom literally before our eyes. The upstart bloom begins unexpectedly and lasts a very short time - on average, 2 days. The plant got its official name, which literally translates as Zephyr flower, due to the fact that its vegetation and flowering period falls on the appearance of the westerly winds (Zephyr is the god of the warm westerly breeze).
My acquaintance with zephyranthes took place recently. I had never even heard of this before. I got this plant from a friend who brought it home from work. There, when moving to another office, it turned out to be superfluous.
My first impression of him: not so hot. The stunted narrow leaves did not make an impression at all. But I read about it, and I wanted to try. Moreover, in the reviews it was positioned as unpretentious, which you need
only water and sometimes replant.
And at work, there was no special care for him. Undemanding to light. Not afraid of drafts or sunburn. It grows both in heat and in shade.
This is how I got the most popular variety - Zephyranthes rosea.
You don't have to mess with it. Not capricious. I noticed that this plant likes moist soil. And if the ground becomes dry, the leaves fall, their tips dry. But as soon as you pour it, the leaves begin to rise. I simply pinch off the dried ends (or cut off). I remove the yellowed leaves.
It so happened that in July I had to go on vacation for 14 days.
I lowered the flower along with other plants down from the windowsill (away from the sun, but not from the light). I poured some water into the baby bath, using it as a tray, and placed the plants there. Nearby I put water in a bucket for humidity.
Worried about how the plants will survive the drought.
But came and. I was waiting for a surprise. Zephyranthes bloomed. Such lovely bells of delicate color.
It was unexpected and beautiful. And only later, after searching for information about the flower, I found out that
it has been noticed more than once that if a flower is not watered for a long time, and then renewed, then it begins to bloom, and the time of year is not important.
It is a pity that they only bloom for a maximum of 4 days. But you can always keep this beauty in the photo.
By the way, other plants also survived.
I gradually came out of the drought, watering little by little, so as not to ruin the plants. Change of conditions: drought - abundant watering for plants, stress. They get used to the conditions gradually.
During flowering, Zephyranthes watered abundantly. But, most importantly, do not allow stagnation of water, otherwise the roots will rot.
I have not transplanted yet. I have zephyranthes in a relatively deep pot. His bulbs are small and, since the roots are small, I think that you can transplant it into a not very deep pot, wider. And plant in groups, several bulbs in one bowl, so that there is a beautiful effect when flowering, because each will have its own flower in due time.
And some plant zephyranthes in the summer in open ground and keep it there until the ground begins to cool. And the plant feels great there.
In general, I think this: if you love flowers, but have no experience in growing them, this unpretentious plant is what you need.
Requires only minimal maintenance in order to amaze others. Between flowering periods, the plant looks unremarkable: narrow long leaves and nothing else, but as soon as it begins to bloom - do not take your eyes off.
You just need to take into account that
All parts of Zephyranthes are poisonous! Position the flower pot out of reach of children and pets.
And a little more information in the end.
Why Zephyranthes Doesn't Blossom and How to Make It Bloom
It happens that the upstart slumbers and is not going to release flower stalks. What are the reasons for this?
1. Spacious pot: when there is a lot of space, the bulb "fattens", so it is necessary to transplant it into a tighter pot and do not rush to free the plant from daughter bulbs. Many growers do not transplant Zephyranthes for five years.
2. Incorrect location of the zephyranthes. If the flower is under the rays of the scorching sun all day or is always submerged in the shade, it will not bloom.
3. High humidity during the dormant period: the plant "in hibernation" does not need it at all.
4. The flower is "fed" with fertilizers: the more, the better - this opinion is erroneous, everything should be in moderation.
5. The bulb is too deep.
Good luck! Be successful and prosperous!
If you liked my review, then I recommend my other reviews.
If you love indoor flowers, then this review will definitely interest you! Because it is about a beautiful and amazing flower called: Zephyranthes candida.
Description of the plant:
Zephyranthes snow-white is a flowering bulbous plant, the genus of which belongs to the Amaryllis family. It is home to the wetlands, swamps and peatlands of the tropical regions of Central and South America, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and the West Indies.
Zephyranthes snow-white belongs to the white-flowered group. Its bulb can reach three centimeters, the leaves appear simultaneously with the peduncle. Usually the flowering period is in July, August, September and October.Zephyranthes snow-white loves cool or moderately warm places (22-25 ° C).
Zephyranthes snow-white is a very beautiful flower, even at a time when there is no flowering, it looks decorative, thanks to its leaves that look like arrows.
Various plant names:
Zephyranthes snow-white among the people has a lot of names - a flower of the west wind, a rain lily, a home daffodil.
Also very often he is funny called "upstart". Maybe because during the flowering period, it really differs from all other flowers in its beauty and uniqueness. Or maybe that's why his arrows, as if jumping out of the ground, grow up very quickly and suddenly, literally before our eyes, blossom.
Also Zephyranthes snow-white is called the flower of Zephyr, since its flowering period falls on the appearance of the westerly winds, and, as we know, Zephyr is the god of the warm westerly breeze.
The flowering of Zephyranthes snow-white, almost always begins unexpectedly, but, unfortunately, does not last long - 1-3 days. Absolutely always, one peduncle has one flower. By the way, snow-white Zephyranthes most often blooms at night. I am always moved by emotion when, waking up in the morning, I see new blossoming flowers - a good mood is guaranteed for the whole day!
The blossoming bud resembles a crocus in shape. It has six petals, which are pointed at the edges. The core is decorated with short anthers, which have a bright yellow color. After the flowering is over, the peduncle must be cut off, leaving only 5-7 cm. When it dries up, it can be carefully unscrewed.
Caring for Zephyranthes snow-white does not require much effort, since the flower is not very whimsical. It is advisable to place it on southwestern, sufficiently illuminated windowsills. He prefers cool places more, therefore, at hot temperatures, the room in which the flower is located must be ventilated. The foliage, at least occasionally, must be sprayed with a spray bottle. In order for the flower to retain the bright colors of the leaves and delight with its flowering, it must be fed.
Watering the plant:
It is necessary to water Zephyranthes snow-white carefully, as he does not like stagnant water. He usually needs moderate watering. An exception is the flowering period, at which time you need to water it more often.
Zephyranthes snow-white can be propagated in two ways: by sowing seeds or by separating small bulbs.
I transplant Zephyranthes snow-white every spring, but according to the rules, it is recommended to transplant it once every 2 years.
I recommend that you buy yourself a snow-white Zephyranthes home, because it is impossible not to love him! This delicate snowdrop-like flower has a subtle, subtle scent that will charm you!
This flower with me once in my childhood, shared a friend. Many years have passed since then and the white zeferantes has become a favorite of our family. This is absolutely not whimsical, hardy, graceful plant will adorn any sunny windowsill.
Zeferantes will be a godsend for beginners in indoor floriculture, since it is very easy to care for him.
Watering: plentiful in summer, rare in winter.
Air humidity: spraying is recommended, but I have never sprayed my zeferantes, so I can say with confidence that you can do without it.
Content: in summer, if possible, take out to fresh air. Every spring, in mid-May, I transplant it into open ground, into the sun, and so on until the beginning of September, and then back into the pot and onto the windowsill.
Flowering time: all summer.
Rest period: winter, during this period it is necessary to significantly reduce watering.
It can be transplanted in spring or early fall.
Propagated by daughter bulbs.
Does not require pruning.
And, of course, during the growth period, do not forget to feed in 2 - 3 weeks.
This summer I bought a pink zeferantes, the rules for caring for it are the same as for white. Now I still dream of yellow.
Follow these simple rules of care and zeferantes will surely thank you in summer with fast growth and abundant flowering.
Zephyranthes, upstart flower
Zephyranthes, upstart flower
The name of this plant does not come from sweet marshmallows, but from the name of the ancient Greek god of the west wind - the harbinger of spring. The westerly winds bring with them torrential rains that awaken the Zephyranthes after hibernation. Hence another popular name for this plant is rain lily. In our country, zephyrantheses are often called "upstarts", most likely because only a few days pass from the moment the tip of the arrow is shown from the bulb to the opening of the bud! And among the abundant foliage, you will not immediately notice the arrow.
By the way, in addition to marshmallows, gabranthus, which are very similar to them, are also called rain lilies, but in Russia they are less common. It is still possible to distinguish between these two representatives of amaryllis: the flowers of the zephyranthes are directed strictly upward, while in the gabrantus they are at an angle. Also, the flowers of zephyranthes, in comparison with gabrantus, have a more regular star shape and the same stamens.
Despite the relative unpretentiousness of zephyranthes, recommendations for caring for him are contradictory. This is due, first of all, to the fact that different marshmallows belong to different groups of flowering (spring or summer-autumn periods), respectively, their annual cycle may differ. Therefore, if it was not immediately possible to determine exactly what kind of zephyranthes you got, you can try to follow the general principles and "listen" to the plant.
What matters to all Zephyranthes
All zephyranthes are photophilous, so they will feel great on the south window, and in the summer they will be happy to sit on the balcony or in the country garden. At the same time, the obvious heat may not be in their spirit. In the summer, during the period of active growth, marshmallows are watered abundantly, but do not overmoisten. It is better to drain the excess water from the pan, especially if it is cool. Before the next watering, it is desirable that the earth dries out a little, but not too much, otherwise the zephyranthes will go into hibernation.
When planting in a pot, the bulbs do not need to be buried, let the neck stick out above the ground, this will help prevent the bulbs from rotting. They are quite unpretentious to the soil: any light loose earthy mixture, preferably rich in organic matter and with good drainage, is suitable (for example, you can add a little sand). During the growth period, the plants are fed with a diluted solution of a balanced fertilizer.
The most popular and one of the largest representatives of the genus is Zephyranthes grandiflorum (Zephyranthes grandiflora). It has long (up to 40 cm) belt-like leaves, and large, reaching 8 cm, flowers-stars with six petals. The opening flower is deep pink, but the very next day the petals lose all color saturation and become pale lilac.
Despite the fact that only one flower blooms on each arrow and it lasts only 1-2 days, planting marshmallows in a group of 5-10 bulbs, it is easy to achieve long flowering. In such a planting, zephyranthes will "shoot" one after another, adult bulbs can release several arrows in turn,
and the first wave of flowering is often followed by another. Moreover, like many other representatives of medium-sized amaryllis, marshmallows thrive in a close group planting, which may also be associated with better drying of the earthy coma before the next watering.
Large-flowered belongs to the zephyranthes of the early flowering period, so the first flowers can appear as early as May, and then "pop out" throughout the summer. This zephyranthes prefers a dry and leafless dormant period in late autumn and winter, when the plant is not watered at all or very rarely. It is also advisable to keep it cool at this time (10-15 ° C). You don't need to cut off the green leaves of the marshmallow to force it to retire: as watering and day length decreases, this will happen naturally. To wake up zephyranthes after a winter sleep, just put it on a light windowsill and pour plenty of warm (but not hot) water.
Other species of marshmallow (they are less known in our country, and do not even have common Russian names) pink is Z. lindleyana, with the largest flowers, Z. macrosiphon, with smaller flowers and withstanding even full shade, and even more graceful. rosea and Z. nelsonii.
The second most popular zephyranthes is, perhaps, Zephyranthes snow-white (Z. candida). It is also called the Brazilian crocus, since it is the crocus that most of all resembles this zephyranthes in its appearance: its miniature (up to 5 cm in diameter) white flowers stick up straight up, and the dark green leaves are thin and sharp, like needles, and are densely packed together. to friend.
It, unlike the large-flowered one, belongs to the zephyranthes of the late flowering period, therefore the first flowering occurs at the end of summer, and then it can continue in waves several more times, especially after good watering. Despite the fact that the snow-white marshmallow also has a dormant period, it does not shed its foliage for the winter, therefore, watering at this time is reduced, but does not completely stop.
Other species of white marshmallows are, first of all, the Atamasco zephyranthes (Z. atamasco), which blooms in early spring and has one of the largest flowers among all Zephyranthes, as well as the Drummond marshmallow (Z. drummondii), also of the spring flowering period, with a bluish foliage and large fragrant flowers that open in the evening.
The yellow ones are the rarest. Mainly Zephyranthes lemon (Z. citrina, aka Z. sulphurea) - with small flowers of a rich yellow color, which do not lose their hue as they wilt, and zephyranthes royal (Z. reginae) - with pale yellow flowers and thin petals. Both of these species are reluctant to reproduce with daughter bulbs, but you can quickly increase your "plantation" by sowing seeds. Zephyranthes primrose (Z. primulina) has an interesting color: light yellow inside, on the outside of the petals it has peach-pink stripes.
Do we buy or multiply? When purchasing dry zephyranthes bulbs in the store, you need to be prepared for the fact that it may take several years before they bloom. This is due to the fact that the growth cycle of such plants could not be interrupted at the most optimal time, and then the bulbs were kept dry for a long time. Therefore, it makes sense to look for bulbs that have been growing in a pot for a long time, especially since most marshmallows are quite willing to reproduce with daughter bulbs, and someone from your acquaintances will probably be happy to plant a handful (preferably before or during a dormant period).
For the same reason, in the subtropics, marshmallows are grown as a ground cover plant: it quickly divides and fills up everything that is free. For the sake of this, it makes sense to plant zephyranthes in the garden for the summer (just be sure to dig it out before frost!). You can try to grow marshmallows from seeds, covering them with a thin layer of light substrate and placing them in a warm place, however, it is important that the seeds are freshly harvested, because in amaryllis they very quickly lose their germination. Plants grown from seed can reach flowering age in as little as a year or two.
Lilies - planting, care, reproduction.
Lilies very popular perennial flowers, they can be found in the garden of almost every amateur florist. Most of all, lilies from the group of Asian hybrids are grown in Russia, they are the most unpretentious, winter-hardy and disease-resistant. Varieties of Asian lilies are most adapted to the climate of Russia, because they come from natural species of Siberian lilies - tiger lily, Daurian lily, etc., therefore, they are most adapted to the conditions of growth and work well even among novice florists, subject to the basic rules of planting and caring for plants. The rest of the groups of lilies, according to the international classification described here, require more careful care, the choice of a place for planting the bulbs and careful soil preparation.
When choosing a site for planting lilies for Asian, tubular and oriental hybrids, set aside sunny areas in the garden with protection from the wind. Curly lilies are grown only in partial shade. Plants do well when the lower part of them is in the shade, and the upper part is an inflorescence in the sun. So that the soil under the lilies is in the shade, does not overheat and does not dry out, other herbaceous plants are planted nearby - the daisy, hosts, daylilies, bells, shading the surface of the earth.
It is better to place lilies in a flower garden in small groups of 3-7 pieces among other perennial flowers, then graceful flowers will stand out against the background of other plants, at the same time perfectly harmonize with other flowers, creating a magnificent picture. After flowering, wilted inflorescences break off so that they do not spoil the appearance of the flower garden.
It is better if the place for growing lilies would be slightly elevated so that rain and melt water does not stagnate in spring, with prolonged waterlogging, plants are easily affected by diseases.
The soil for planting lilies is dug as deep as possible, up to 30-40 cm, since the roots go deep in the plants. The land must be well drained. During digging, sand is introduced into heavy clay soil at a rate of 1 meter per square meter. Sandy soil is improved with peat. To increase fertility, rotted compost or manure is introduced in 1-2 buckets per square meter. Since lilies are perennial flowers and, before transplanting, grow in one place for 3-4 years, phosphorus-potassium fertilizer is additionally applied during soil preparation (about 100 grams per square meter). When filling the soil during digging with organic and mineral fertilizers in the next 2-3 years, the plants will not need additional fertilizing in the summer. If the soil is poor, sandy and no fertilization was previously applied, then the plants are fed 2-3 times over the summer with complex mineral fertilizer.
Most lilies do not tolerate acidic soil, preferring slightly acidic or slightly alkaline, therefore, after analysis, if necessary, the soil is additionally lime. To reduce the acidity of the soil, you can add chalk (200-500 g) or wood ash (150-200 g per square meter).
The best time for planting and replanting bulbs is the end of August - September, when the lilies have already faded. If you bought lily bulbs in the spring, then they are planted in May. Late flowering lilies - Oriental, Henry, etc., are best planted in the spring, as their bulbs continue to form in the fall. Asiatic lilies can undergo transplanting even in summer during budding or flowering, if the bulb is dug out with a clod of earth.
Asiatic lilies quickly grow daughter bulbs, forming a nest so that the plants do not thicken, they are transplanted and divided after 3-4 years. Tubular and oriental lilies are transplanted after 4-5 years. Curly and American hybrids in 5-7 years.