How to create a Scandinavian style garden
It is not for nothing that Norway, Denmark and Sweden are united into a single territorial unit - Scandinavia. Hence - the "Scandinavian style", which is best known to designers, and the similarity of techniques in urban planning, including - in landscape design and gardening. However, for all the generality, it is not so difficult to find differences in landscape solutions in a particular Scandinavian country.
Differences in landscaping techniques are largely due to the difference in climatic and geographical conditions. For example, in Norway, the most beautiful and mountainous of all three countries, vertical zoning is clearly expressed: the vegetation on the coast differs sharply from the floristic list of high mountain regions. Gardening and landscaping techniques also have significant differences between the warm coast, where apples, pears, grapes are grown in the open field, and in the number of rose bushes it can compete with the floricultural state farms of the Crimea, and central Norway, with frighteningly frosty winters, when they are used for landscaping, mainly annuals and the ubiquitous lilac.
And in Denmark, on the contrary, there are no mountains at all, the country seems to be lying on a flat saucer, washed from all sides by the straits and warm waters of the Gulf Stream. Widely used in more northern Norway and Sweden, the method of covering the roofs of a house with a grass lawn, which for centuries has the function of keeping heat, has never been relevant in Denmark and therefore is completely uncommon. And the Norwegians still use such gardening, but already as a purely decorative technique and a tribute to traditions.
Greening from the mind
The list of climatically determined features could be continued, but the differences caused by the peculiarities of the national mentality are much larger and they are much more interesting.
Denmark has long been the dominant state in Scandinavia. The Vikings, who were constantly on campaigns, obviously had no time for flowers. Roses alone conquered the harsh hearts of the Danes. Perhaps that is why there are so many roses in the landscaping of the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen. This is especially notable for the famous metropolitan park Tivoli. However, not only roses grow here, but also magnificent bamboos, a luxurious collection of ornamental shrubs has been collected. Even in autumn, in September, in the park you can see whole beds of magnificent varietal tulips - this is already the influence of Holland, located literally across the Strait. As a capital city with more than six centuries of history, Copenhagen has paid full tribute to regular parks, and intricate sheared boxwood patterns can be seen near ancient palaces such as Rosenborg Castle. The Danes, living in such a "flat" in the geographical sense of the state, are very fond of vertical gardening and strive to twine the supports for the lanterns and the walls of houses with climbing vines.
Sweden was quite militant and ambitious and since the 17th century was considered one of the largest European powers. Like any self-respecting kingdom, Sweden laid out huge parks on its territory, and every residence of the royal family is invariably decorated with elements of regularity: strict pyramidal shapes, symmetrical lawns and avenues of well-trimmed lindens. Perhaps, Sweden has the maximum number of castles for all of Scandinavia and, accordingly, parade parks. It is all the more joyful to meet landscape-type parks, in which there was a place for irregularly shaped ponds, huge lawns and magnificent flower gardens. One of the best such places is the Deer Island Park, located east of the center of Stockholm. There is also a botanical garden. In general, the Swedish capital has excellent outdoor landscaping; the plants in containers change depending on the season, but in general, the number of flowerpots and boxes remains invariably large, and the planting style is quite orderly.
Norway gained independence a little over a century ago. Before that, it was considered either a province of Denmark or a part of Sweden. Throughout the entire time after the end of the Viking Age, it was an agrarian country. The peasant roots of the inhabitants of the Norwegian capital - the city of Oslo - are visible today, and in landscaping as well. The Norwegians are not at all shy about this and, on the contrary, emphasize in every possible way. Most of the parks in the capital have a pronounced landscape character, the flower beds do not at all pretend to be regular, the appearance is completely simple, the "rural style" dominates here. And even in containers you can more likely find plants that have recently been "tamed" by man. In a cottage village in the center of Oslo, the sunflower is one of the most common flowers, while, for example, in Russia it can be found, most likely, in the context of the country style. Norwegians are very fond of nature and have great respect for landscape architects and park creators. Oslo is a very green city, and in each of its parks there is a sign on which it is indicated to whom the townspeople owe this beauty. The residents of the capital treat the Vigeland Park with special trepidation, where magnificent sculptures are successfully combined with the landscape and fountains.
Whichever Scandinavian country you find yourself in, the amount of greenery in them is amazing. Differences in approaches to landscaping make the capitals of these states completely different, give them additional individuality and charm of originality.
N. Ivanova, biologist
How to create a Scandinavian style garden - garden and vegetable garden
Hey! I am Bjorn Johansson, landscape architect. One of the benefits of my profession is that I can draw and paint at work. I think my children and friends are therefore very jealous of me :). It has always been important for me to enjoy design. I love working with creative and creative clients, with a good sense of humor.
For the past 25 years I have been creating gardens in Iceland and advising aspiring homeowners. My main priorities have always been and remain: comfort, low maintenance and effective improvement. All photos in this article and on my website are my works of authorship and collaborations with colleagues in the shop.
I believe that a well-thought-out garden brings only pleasure to its owner, and does not make him a slave. I have highlighted three key principlesthat allow you to achieve this:
- Focus on simplicity and functionality
- Materials that do not require constant maintenance
- Plants that do not require maintenance. Focus on quality over quantity.
I am not complicating anything. Material types are always kept to a minimum, which means less labor. Simple doesn't mean boring.
Speaking of a low-maintenance garden, I do not mean "roll everything into asphalt." Focusing on the quality of the space, I try to WRITE the garden into the surrounding landscape as soon as possible, including with the help of plants.
We believe that plants are one of the most durable components of any design. Therefore, when choosing what to fill the garden with, I focus on quality and plan for decades to come. Hope my thoughts inspire you.
WHAT IS SCANDINAVIAN DESIGN?
Scandinavian style is often referred to as "minimalist" and "functional". Speaking of gardens in this style, we recall the modern gardens of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Iceland.
The selection below is a collection of ideas I've gathered from my own personal experience of landscaping landscapes in Iceland (over 20 years!). Perhaps now you raise an eyebrow in surprise and ask yourself: what kind of gardens could there be on such a small and windy island? Indeed, are landscape architects really needed, given that summer is only 90 days?
Almost all my life I have been doing landscaping in this difficult climate, and I came to the conclusion that Icelanders love their gardens as much as people from warm countries. “I see this as a challenge and a space for creativity,” customers tell me. And this is really a challenge: to find sustainable materials and plants, to shelter from the wind and cold, without forgetting about aesthetics.
Here are 8 ideas that I have identified for myself and have successfully applied in my projects. Take a note too.
1. RAISED PATIO
Here I have raised the pad and surrounded it with fine rubble to emphasize the shade and texture. We used natural stone directly from the site as the material for the patio. A decking path leads to the patio. This secluded area is oriented to the east side and is sheltered from the wind by a two-meter wall.
2. OPEN TERRACE
Very often, an open terrace is perceived as a platform, pressed against the house, but isolated from the garden. In this project, I moved away from the usual pattern, connecting the terrace and the lawn with a small step. No partitions. Thus, the living area and the lawn became one. The steps are deliberately designed so that you can sit on them.
I really like this place, both children and adults can have a good time here.
3. SEMI-OPEN TERRACE
It is not necessary to surround the extension to the house with a solid wall. Likewise, here you can go the path of minimalism. By surrounding the terrace (or part of the terrace) with a low parapet, we make the entire space more functional. Now an unlimited number of people can sit here too. It turned out to be a pleasant place to get together.
On a warm autumn evening, this is exactly the place where you want to linger. The wooden benches contrast nicely with the lush vegetation. But the main thing that grabs your attention is, of course, the soft light located at the bottom of the seats.
If we take this idea further, we can use LED backlighting instead of the usual one and adjust the hue and brightness of the lighting. Thus, the atmosphere in this space will change.
5.BARE WITH MATERIALS
If you remember the importance of the first impression, then in the garden, the path from the entrance to the site to the house is exactly the place to which you should pay attention.
See what style is your home? Choose materials that contrast or complement the building. In the example below, I added a modern-style house with a wall of gabions. In contrast to the monolithic wall of the building, the stones zoning the garden are rough and textured. For those who appreciate details: take a look at the house number plaque that I placed on the wooden fence.
6. STYLISH KITCHEN
If in the house we make ourselves a beautiful and pleasant kitchen - why limit ourselves behind the house only to barbecue? We throw templates out of the head. A street kitchen can be cozy too. Here I have closed the kitchen from the wind on both sides. Surprisingly, you no longer have to wait for “good weather” for a barbecue.
7. ENOUGH TO PAINT THE WOOD
In countries with not the most pleasant weather, people are accustomed to constantly tint and update wooden elements. How do you like the idea of skipping the annual ritual?
In this purely Scandinavian project, I used larch. Yes, it fades in the sun. But after 2-3 years, natural wood will become a noble silver-gray shade. This shade pairs nicely with white, gray or black.
8. Drowned PATIO
This is a good trick for areas with a lot of wind. By "drowning" the site, you not only hide from the draft, but also create a very special space, cozy and safe.
At the same time, the use of various wall decorations is characteristic. It can be accents in the form of several stripes of bright wallpaper, colorful paintings, prints on the walls themselves, stickers, huge decorative elements, or a whole composition (often chaotic) of a large number of paintings and photos with and without frames, souvenirs, etc.
The Scandinavians adore the tree. It is welcome everywhere - on the floor, on the walls, even on the ceiling. Furniture is made of wood, countertops are made of birch, beech, oak. Wood processing - either minimal or painting. In any case, the pursuit of naturalness and simplicity is maintained.
How to create a garden of fragrances
The flower of kings is the lily. Its flowers, especially Asian hybrids, have a strong scent. Lilies are planted in late summer to get early bloom in June. Buy a lily in a pot and install it in your flower garden, terrace or by the pond. After flowering, plant the bulb from the pot into the flower garden.
Acidantera (Gladiolus callianthus). She is very similar to gladiolus, but more elegant, gentle and graceful. Has a strong musky aroma. Must be planted in spring.
Tuberose (night violet). The plant is mystical, but easy to grow in a sunny place. The flowers have a heavy, thick aroma. Plant it in late spring through June.
Buddleya is a "butterfly bush". This wonderful shrub attracts many insects with its colorful tassels and powerful sweet scent.
Blizzard (Spanish gorse Spartium). Its yellow flowers give off a spicy scent throughout the summer. Choose a warm, sunny location in light, well-drained soil.
Lavender. The flowers and leaves of this southern plant are fragrant. Plant in a sunny, dry place.
Geranium is fragrant. This geranium is especially appreciated for the variety of smells in its leaves. The scent of citrus, rose, resin. Place the geranium on the balcony as it repels insects
Fragrant tobacco. Its evening aroma is delightful, reminiscent of amber, warm, sweetish, erotic
Mignonette. This annual plant is easy to self-propagate. The greenish flowers exude a sweet evening scent.
Heliotrope. It is impossible to pass by these large blue umbrellas with a mixed aroma of gingerbread, vanilla and honey. The foliage is thick and velvety. The plant loves a sunny location.
Jasmine. Has a strong intoxicating aroma, especially at night. Plant away from home.
Honeysuckle. This famous vine enjoys the freshness of partial shade, but will grow in full sun in well-drained soils. The aroma is fresh, delicate.
Chocolate kosmeya with chocolate-vanilla aroma. Plant in warm ground in May and store the tubers in the winter like dahlias.
Phlox. These classic flowers create a beautiful backdrop in a flower garden and give us a bouquet of fragrant flowers.
Echinacea This lovely American woman rewards us with new varieties of flower shape, brightly colored and fragrant.
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Scandinavian style garden - 11 tips for creating a Swedish fairytale
It's not difficult to fall under the charm of Scandinavian classics. Laconicism, functionality and naturalness have made Scandinavian-style gardens very popular among both landscape designers and ordinary people.
Scandinavia is the geysers of Iceland, the islands and fjords of Norway, the coniferous forests of Sweden and the hilly plains of Denmark. The nature of this region is as beautiful as it is harsh. It is not surprising that over time, all the charm of the Scandinavian region was able to find its reflection in landscape design.
Distinctive features of the Scandinavian style
Simplicity and expressiveness, combined with respect for nature, make Scandinavian gardens real works of art. Unlike many other styles, for example, Mediterranean, Scandinavian is much easier to implement in the middle lane. If, when creating a Japanese garden, in order to find a replacement for authentic plants, you have to rack your brains and use ingenuity, then such problems do not arise with Scandinavian garden compositions. Almost all traditional Scandinavian garden crops can be grown in our climatic conditions. Another indisputable advantage of this style is its undemandingness to the scale of the territory.
The harsh climatic conditions of the Scandinavian region are characterized by cold, snowy winters and very short summers. However, Scandinavians are not used to complaining about nature's disfavor. Unfavorable weather conditions are not a reason to despair, but an incentive to enjoy every sunny day. That is why landscapes in the Scandinavian style tune not to sadness and despondency, but to peace and poise.
1. Pick up the plants
Plants for a Scandinavian garden are easy to pick up. It is based on a restrained color scheme with a predominance of light colors and natural shades. Bright colors are used exclusively for accents.
The trees are mainly coniferous (thuja, pine, spruce, etc.) or with a weeping crown (willow, birch, beech). As for the arrangement of flower beds, most often they use calendula, marigolds, dahlias, cleoma, delphiniums, clematis, field poppies, chamomiles and bulbs. No less important elements of a Scandinavian-style garden are heathers, cereals and ground cover crops.
2. Create a rockery
In a Scandinavian garden, rockery is not just a decorative element, but a real symbol of rocky fjords. The relief of the Scandinavian Peninsula was largely determined by the last ice age. By the way, the melting of the ice sheet that covered these lands in the prehistoric era began several thousand years ago and continues to this day. The glacier that passed through the territory of the region left in memory of itself a huge number of giant boulders and cobblestones. Scandinavian rockery compositions should look as natural as possible. As if they were not brought from outside, but remained on the site since the time of the melting of the glacier.
3. Use gravel, stone or wood for paths
Use natural materials wherever possible. Most often, gravel or flat chopped stone is used for arranging garden paths. A path lined with wooden saw cuts or concrete slabs of irregular shape will look no less original and thematically. Note that Scandinavian gardens tend to be straight lines, so winding paths are rare for them.
4. Equip the water body
No Scandinavian landscape will look complete without water bodies in the garden. If not a full-fledged pond, then a bowl or a small fountain carefully selected for the entourage. Ponds with irregularly shaped banks look the most advantageous. In the decor of such objects, stones and driftwood are appropriate, the main thing is that the whole composition matches the style.
5. Create a decorative vegetable garden
For the Scandinavian garden, decorativeness and accuracy are characteristic. If an arrangement of a vegetable garden is planned on the site, then it must fully meet these criteria. Even the garden beds in the Scandinavian style should look like flower beds, where neighbors for mixed plantings of vegetable crops are selected not only for agrotechnical characteristics, but also for decorative qualities. The desire for clarity is also expressed in the approach to the arrangement of the beds. Tall beds of wood will fit into the design of such a site best.
6. Follow the rule of minimalism
The Scandinavian style does not tolerate pretentiousness, therefore it does not look at all on sites with pompous estates. The simpler the form, the more harmonious the combination of the building and the site. Even ultra-modern Scandinavian houses have become famous all over the world for their simplicity and brevity.
In Sweden, tiny garden houses, which are usually painted red, are called stugs.
7. Set up a fire pit
Patios and furnished seating areas are indispensable attributes of Scandinavian-style gardens. Modern buildings are characterized by wooden terraces that look like a natural continuation of the house. In simpler and smaller houses, such sites are usually equipped separately.
8. Choose the right furniture
The main criteria in the selection of Scandinavian-style garden furniture are minimalism and natural materials. Therefore, it is better to bypass plastic chairs or armchairs in the Empire style. It is surprising that the limited choice of materials for furniture does not prejudice the manifestation of your imagination. Lovers of simplicity and authenticity will love the rough tables and chairs made of logs and rough wood, while lovers of elegant solutions will love the vine and rattan furniture.
The wood left over from construction can be an excellent material for making garden furniture.
9. Build a greenhouse with a gable roof
Scandinavian-style gardens are characterized by small greenhouses. However, in addition to the vegetables that are familiar to us, ornamental crops are often grown in them. Greenhouses with a gable or teardrop roof look especially impressive in a Scandinavian garden.
10. Create a hedge
To create a hedge in a Scandinavian garden, choose plants that do not require much maintenance and frequent haircuts, and their appearance creates a sense of naturalness. For this purpose, you can use barberry or honeysuckle.
11. Live in harmony with the garden
If you have at your disposal a site that needs to be "improved", do not rush to get rid of old trees and shrubs. Even an incompletely uprooted stump can become a beautiful flower bed, and from the roots remaining on the site, you can equip a rutaria.
The compositional components of this style can be easily adapted to our realities. And now you know that creating a Scandinavian garden at a summer cottage with your own hands is not such an impossible task as it seems at first glance.
10 of the most stylish Scandinavian bedrooms
Home / Tips & Ideas / Design & Decor / 10 Most Stylish Scandinavian Bedrooms
Svetlana Yakimova Thu, 13 Aug 2020 15:00:00 +0300
In this article, we have selected ten of the most stylish bedrooms for you. All of them are made in the Scandinavian style, but at the same time each has its own character - thanks to the details, which, as you know, are the whole point.
Rule 1. Calm colors
Scandinavian style, in principle, is not distinguished by an exuberant color palette, and this is to our advantage. Variegated colors in the sleeping area can negatively affect your nervous system and interfere with healthy sleep. But white and warm light shades contribute to this.
You can go further and surround yourself exclusively with black and white. Straight lines, geometric shapes and contrasting combinations - such a bedroom is suitable for a person who is used to keeping everything under control.
There is an exception to any rule. Despite the loft features a decorative brick wall painted in a subdued blue, this bedroom does not look gloomy or overwhelming. An interesting geometric lamp, an inspiring poster with a bold font and a small plant on a wooden bedside table - this interior has an amazing harmony.
Rule 2. Correct lighting
The lack of natural light and the excessive enthusiasm for wall sconces will not benefit either the room or the people who will live there. But first things first.
If you are lucky enough to have large windows, try not to obstruct the movement of natural light. Heavy curtains and drapes will definitely not work. Curtains should be made of light, transparent materials. Pay attention to natural fabrics - linen or cotton.
- In our country, it is not customary to leave windows “naked”, but the Scandinavian style suggests this option as well. The most daring can get rid of the window sill in addition - the room will immediately take on a completely different look.
And if we are not talking about an apartment, but about your own house, then nothing limits you. Such a sleeping place in the attic looks like a dream.
Additional light sources
Chandeliers, floor lamps, sconces and floor lamps will not only fill the room with light in the dark, but also become successful decorative elements. The crisp silhouettes that contrast with the light-colored walls look very organic.
The main place in the bedroom is the bed. It should not be too wide or high, but no one forbids experimenting with the number of bedspreads and pillows.
Avoid bulky closets full of things you don't even remember about half of. A small bedside table or table, a clothes rail, a neat hanging cabinet - that's enough.
And if you really can't do without cabinets, then let them be built-in or low, with white doors or fabric curtains.
Sometimes it is better to leave more free space.
It all depends on the mood that you want to settle in the bedroom. However, there are several common techniques.
Features of the forest style
The main advantage of this style is the minimum requirements for garden maintenance. Gardens designed in this way can develop over decades, change their appearance without human intervention. In a forest garden, it is allowed to leave the site uncleaned after the leaves fall, and the grass is not mown. You only need to take care of fruit and berry plants.The following factors are characteristic of the forest style:
- For landscaping, the entire territory is used, leaving small areas in which gazebos or pavilions are placed.
- In such a garden you will not see mowed lawns, concrete or cobbled paths, classic-style flower beds or large architectural sculptures.
- Natural stone or wood is used as material for decorating a forest garden.
- The garden has many winding comfortable narrow paths, which are lined with loose materials. The paths are not framed by borders and do not have clear straight lines.
- It is actively used when decorating a garden plants already growing on the territory. Harmonious partners are selected for them, thus creating a forest oasis.
- In the general plan of the garden, dominant plants, flowering accents and decorative plantings stand out. All plants are chosen according to certain rules, combining them in such a way as to create an imitation of a wild landscape.
- In a garden of this style, accents are made natural or preciously piece. Landings should look like natural thickets, there are no beds and flower beds, there is a reservoir, decorated in the most natural way with indistinct borders, large plants that create the effect of a wild forest.
- In the presence of a relief site, cascading plantings are formed, if the site is flat, rocky rockeries and natural-looking alpine slides are created.
Plants are planted in the forest garden, classifying them into two zones:
- Lush thickets are formed from group plantings of bushes, as well as skeletal plantings and background plants that replace flower beds.
- Smooth areas are formed in such a way as to create a sense of spaciousness. It is decorated with harmonious elements that make the site bright and sunny. The Moorish lawn and glades, covered with ground cover or moss plants, look great in such places.
Plants for a forest-style garden
The main plants in the forest garden are trees. The formation of the site begins with them. It is very important to choose the right varieties and types of trees. Consideration should be given to the combination of silhouettes, crown density, bark color, texture and height of the tree. To revitalize the garden and bring some flavor to it, trees with different leaf colors are planted.
The next group of plants are shrubs, which are planted under trees in undergrowth and on forest edges. For them, they are often used: fieldfare, yew shrub, white snowberry, blackberry bush, holly, currant berry, raspberry bushes, whitewash, wolf bast. The main focus should be on cultures that convey the spirit of your area and are ubiquitous in it. Beautifully decorate the garden will also help: bird cherry, Lispedeza, Irga Lamarca, Clerodendrum bunge, Red viburnum, unusual scumpia, variegated euonymus, hazel, fluffy juniper, spirea shrub, widespread lilac, conifers, sea buckthorn berry, hornbeam, red elderberry, hawthorn shrub, useful rosehip and others. They are used:
- For planting as a hedge around the entire perimeter of the garden, as well as for delimiting territories within the garden.
- To form a thick rich background.
- To transfer the volume of the crown.
- For the artificial creation of dense thickets.
A forest garden cannot do without liana-like plants, which are used to camouflage structures and give them the appearance of antiquity. To do this, use a climbing hydrangea, round-leaved wood plier, girlish grapes, aristolochia or kirkazon, ivy. Plants like these can create nooks and crannies in the right places.
Ornamental plants are planted with ordinary ferns, which are able to emphasize and fill the garden. Along with the ferns, flowering Rogers is also planted. The main perennial, which is commonly planted in forest gardens, is garden geranium. She is able to create an effective accent by combining dark and light leaves with a beautiful pattern. Also, with the help of geraniums, they create the appearance of ruins and ancient plantings, add improvisation and sophistication.
Another plant that is often used to decorate a forest-style plot is rhubarb culture, the large leaves of which create a look of luxury and harmoniously fit into the forest landscape... Green hellebore, fragrant oregano, perennial astilba, popular lemon balm, herbaceous hosta, useful mint, heuchera or coral bells, comfrey or larkspur, beautiful daylilies, fast-growing loosestrife, hornbeam or epimedium, basilis, volzhanka and ornamental grasses are partners with it.
When choosing ground cover plants, they give preference to shade-tolerant specimens such as the European hoof, blue lungwort, epimedium, creeping tenacious, Veronica oak, violet or Saintpaulia, zelenchukovaya, common saxifrage, budra, rosewood, wild strawberries and wild strawberries.
Decorative items in a forest garden style
In the woodland garden, you will not see colorful garden figures, fountains, or artsy objects. In this style, accessories are used to highlight and enhance the wilderness atmosphere.
- These include: artificial garden ruins of various sizes, which are able to emphasize the passage of time and reflect the general appearance of the garden in a different way.
- Forgotten elements such as a patina-woven garden lantern, a broken ivy jar, moss-covered stone sculptures, vintage animal figures.
- Natural decor from saw cuts and wooden log cabins is often used. These can be logs that are used as a sofa or hemp as chairs.