The queen in the garden - garden strawberry Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth is one of the best remontant varieties of garden strawberries. Bushes with bright green leaves and red berries are a truly exquisite decoration of the site.
History and description of two related queen varieties
Variety Queen Elizabeth (Queen Elizabeth) originally from England... In our country, his research was carried out by the research and production company Donskoy Nursery. In 2001, among the plantations, plants with more impressive berries were accidentally discovered. In 2002-2003, the newly identified variety was tested, and in 2004 it was entered into the State Register under the name Elizabeth II, but sometimes it is also called a clone of Queen Elizabeth strawberry.
Often, even in popular science literature, garden strawberries by mistake continue to be called strawberries.
Garden strawberry bush Queen Elizabeth is erect, semi-spreading, leaves are medium and large, smooth. It forms a little mustache. The flowers are white, five-petalled. Peduncles are under the leaves. The berries are red, with dense pulp, large, weighing 40-50 g each, and in the southern regions this figure reaches 90 g.
Bushes of the Elizabeth II variety are powerful, low-leafed, and the berries are even more impressive (up to 100-110 g).
Photo gallery: features of the varieties Queen Elizabeth and Elizabeth II
The Queen Elizabeth variety is popular with gardeners, who, among its advantages, especially note:
- fruiting several times per season;
- early flowering and early first harvest - at the end of May, subject to shelter in winter;
- the fact that long daylight hours are not needed for fruiting - a variety of a neutral day;
- large size of berries;
- versatility - the berry is tasty fresh, suitable for processing and freezing;
- good portability;
- high yield - with good agricultural technology, you can get up to 10 kg from 1 m2.
Berries of the Queen Elizabeth variety have dense flesh, therefore they tolerate transportation well
At the moment, the Elizabeth II variety is also gaining popularity, because it took all the best from its predecessor, but its fruits are twice as large, and its resistance to diseases is higher.
The sizes of large berries of the Elizaveta variety - II 5x4 cm, weight - 60-80 g
Description of planting strawberries
Repaired varieties bear fruit all summer. But to get a high yield, you need favorable climatic conditions and proper care. You can grow the Queen Elizabeth variety with seeds or seedlings: choose the method that you can do.
Seedlings for planting from seeds
Getting strawberries from seeds is a relatively troublesome business: the seeds are tight-growing, and the seedlings appear unevenly. From the moment of sowing to germination, it can take from 30-40 to 60 days. Seedlings are sown at the end of January.
If the difficulties do not scare you and you still decided to grow strawberries from seeds, then follow the instructions:
- Prepare the soil with 3 parts sand and 5 parts humus.
The soil for planting strawberries consists of 3 parts of sand and 5 parts of humus
- Heat the potting soil in the oven for 3-4 hours at a temperature of 90-100 aboutWITH.
- Prepare containers for planting.
Suitable containers for planting seeds, for example, containers for confectionery
- Soak the seeds in a stimulant solution, for example, use Epin-extra.
Epin-extra drug stimulates seed germination
- Fill the planting container with soil, compact it a little.
- Moisten the soil with a spray bottle and spread the seeds.
For convenience, seeds can be sown on a thin, damp cloth
- Cover with glass or plastic so that the soil does not dry out.
Cover crops with a lid, glass or foil
- Keep the first 3-5 days in a cool place with a temperature from 0 to +5 aboutWITH.
- After 5 days, move to a place where the temperature is from +20 to +22 aboutWITH.
- Make sure that the soil does not dry out, spray it.
- When one or two true leaves appear, cut the seedlings into separate pots.
Strawberry picking should be done when 1-2 leaves appear on the bush
- Reduce temperature to +15 aboutWITH.
- The appearance of 6 true leaves indicates that the seedling is ready to be transplanted into the ground.
When growing strawberries from seeds, be prepared for the fact that not all new bushes will retain varietal properties.
Child sockets as planting material
Rosettes with roots grown on a strawberry mustache are used as seedlings. For planting, the bushes are the first in a row from the mother plant.
Take care of the quality of the planting material. Buy bushes from trusted growers: unfortunately, unscrupulous sellers can often offer off-grade plants under popular names.
Strawberry planting material grows on shoots
Garden bed preparation and timing
Seedlings of remontant strawberries can be planted from early spring to autumn, and each time has its own characteristics.
You need to prepare the soil for strawberries about a month before planting. Form a high bed so that there is no stagnant water during snow melting and prolonged rains. If you plan to plant seedlings in the spring, you will have to take care of the garden in the fall. Berries of the Queen Elizabeth variety ripen from May to October, so the plants are very much in need of nutrients. When digging, apply fertilizer to provide the strawberries with everything they need.
Table: fertilizer for strawberries
Features of planting strawberries Queen Elizabeth by timing:
- mid-April - make a film cover on the frame, remove the first flower stalks;
- July-August - until the bushes take root, cover them with a film or non-woven material, be sure to provide ventilation, remove the peduncles and mustaches;
- September - cover with non-woven fabric for the winter, remove the buds.
Strawberry planting process
So, the bed is ready, you can start planting. It is recommended to follow the following sequence of steps:
- Choose cloudy days, and on hot days, plant seedlings in the morning or evening.
- Mark the rows. Plant in one or two lines, observing the distance between the lines - 60–80 cm, and between the bushes in a line - 15–25 (in one line) and 20–40 cm (in two lines).
Before planting, mark the rows of bushes, observing the distance between the lines
- Make holes the size of the roots.
- Place the roots in the hole, making sure that the heart of the rosette is not buried below the soil level.
When planting, make sure that the heart of the seedling is not deeply buried in the ground.
- Spread the roots along the length, cover with earth, compacting it a little so that there are no voids.
- Pour half a liter of water per bush at the rate.
One strawberry bush requires half a bucket of water
- Mulch the soil.
- Regularly, after 1-2 days, irrigate until the seedlings fully survive.
Until the seedlings fully survive, watering should be done in 1-2 days.
Strawberry Care Queen Elizabeth
Strawberries need constant care, which consists in watering, loosening, destroying weeds, feeding, timely removal of whiskers and protection from diseases and pests.
During the entire growing season, carry out the following activities:
- In the spring, remove all dry leaves and dead bushes and burn them. This will save your plants from many diseases and pests.
- Feed with ammonium nitrate (5-10 g per 1 m2).
- Spray with Bordeaux liquid (300 g of copper sulfate and 400 g of quicklime per 10 liters of water), this will be a good prevention of fungal diseases.
- To protect against strawberry mites, pour each bush with water heated to 65 aboutC, at the rate of 1 liter for two bushes.
- If there is a threat of return frosts in May, cover the strawberries with a covering material or film.
- Water the plants, especially during flowering and ovary times.
- Reduce watering during the ripening period to prevent rotting.
- In the summer, pick berries, weed the weeds, apply 10–12 fertilizers with a complex mineral fertilizer (Solution, Kristalin, Kemira).
- In the fall, continue leaving: at the end of September-November, add dry leaves, sawdust or peat under the bushes. In case of snowless frosts, cover the plants completely.
Video: experience of growing strawberries Queen Elizabeth
Protection against diseases and pests
Strawberries Queen Elizabeth are immune to disease and are slightly affected by pests.
The key to healthy plants will be adherence to agricultural technology, strong seedlings without signs of disease, adherence to crop rotation, removal and burning of diseased plants. Return the strawberry plantings to their original place no earlier than five years later.
If the preventive measures were not effective enough, and signs of damage appeared on the strawberries, do the processing of the plants without delay.
Table: control of common pests and diseases
Photo gallery: signs of damage to strawberries by pests and diseases
Queen Elizabeth is a demanding strawberry. Provide her with all the conditions for growth, and she will thank you with a good harvest before other berries, which can be harvested throughout the season.
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How to care
After planting, the plant adapts quite quickly. If the planting was carried out in the fall, the next year there will be a good full harvest. Spring seedlings will also bear the first fruits, but in a much smaller volume. The volume and quality of the crop is influenced by the growing conditions and watering. Find out about the care and cultivation of San Andreas strawberries by clicking on this link.
Strawberries do not tolerate waterlogging, but regular and abundant watering will make it possible to get a good harvest. In order for the soil to hold moisture longer, and the root system receives enough oxygen, it is necessary to mulch and loosen the soil near the roots. This article will tell you about the characteristics and description of the strawberry variety Polka.
Other important nuances of care:
- High yields and large berries are extremely depleting for the plant... In order for the bush to bear fruit well, it is necessary to provide for a regular feeding schedule. In the spring, nitrogen fertilizers are used for rapid growth, during the formation of buds and ovaries, phosphorus and potassium are used, and throughout the season you can feed the bushes with diluted cow or chicken manure.
- Strawberries in this variety are extremely susceptible to watering.... If it is possible to carry out it by the drip method, the yields will increase dramatically.
- To combat common pests, special preparations are used.... Spraying is carried out as needed, you can use them for preventive purposes. This variety is very rarely affected by diseases, and folk methods and purchased means are used from characteristic pests.
- The method of growing strawberries of this variety on a special agrofibre is quite justified. This is an excellent prevention of berry decay and is also the most effective way to avoid regular weeding. A similar effect is observed when using soil mulching at the roots.
- Berry picking is carried out as needed... Typically, plantings give a good harvest in waves of three to four times per season. Between such "waves" there is about two weeks of dormancy period, during which it is imperative to feed the plant. The first berries can be tasted at the end of May, and fruiting occurs almost until September - October. Autumn berries are not as sweet as in summer, but they will allow you to enjoy your favorite treat for longer. The maximum possible ripening of the crop occurs during the period from July to August.
- Preparation for winter consists in abundant watering shortly before the first cold snaps.... Then you need to cut off the aerial part of the bush and cover it with a layer of mulch. For regions with unpredictable climates, you can additionally use non-woven fabric or film.
- Due to the high yields of the bush, the plant is very quickly depleted.... That is why it is recommended to renew plantings every three years. This will allow you to always get excellent yields, as well as optimize the plantings. To rejuvenate the bush, the rhizome separation method is also used, in which only one part is left at the planting site.
The video shows how to care for strawberries:
Breeders also distinguish a separate variety "Queen Elizabeth II". The fruits differ from the "parent" only in larger size and quantity. Both varieties belong to remontant and high-yielding varieties, and only an expert can notice the difference. But how to care for the Kent variety, and what you should pay attention to, is described in detail in the article at the link.
In any case, the acquisition of "Elizaveta" is highly justified and profitable, no matter what variety we are talking about.
Queen Elizabeth strawberries are distinguished by their excellent taste characteristics and a high degree of vitality. It tolerates a cold snap without problems, bears fruit well until frost, and also does not need regular thinning. The advantages of this variety are also excellent flavor characteristics of berries and stability during storage and transportation. Important nuances of growing strawberries of this variety, as well as useful tips for breeding and planting, will be given by our information. You may also be interested in the description of the Mitsze Schindler variety
Strawberry breeding methods
Strawberry mustache Elizabeth lets out a little, the variety Elizabeth 2 is slightly better, but still not enough. Bushes, which it is decided to start up for reproduction, are deprived of buds and ovaries, so that the plant directs its forces to the formation of a mustache. The resulting seedlings take root well and grow quickly.
You can also grow strawberries from seeds, but this method is somewhat more complicated. Sowing is done at the end of December so that the root system has time to develop. They are planted in pots or boxes, putting polyethylene with holes on the bottom and placing them on pallets.