Sophora japonica - a healer from your garden
Japanese Sophora (Styphnolobium japonicum)
I am an agronomist by profession, and, in addition, I am a gardener with almost 20 years of experience. I grow more than 60 species of different plants on my site, and only medicinal herbs there are more than 30 species.
Among them there are very valuable ones - Scutellaria Baikal, Ussuri ginseng, Japanese sophora, blue cyanosis - Greek valerian, Tibetan lofant and aniseed, ginkgo biloba other.
One friend of mine once aptly put it that now people go to the pharmacy, like to a grocery store - almost every day and leave large sums of money there. Therefore, I appeal to the readers of the magazine: do you want to create a wilderness corner in your garden - for your own health? Indeed, if desired, our land can give us not only food, but also medicines - both for the soul and for the body.
In addition to the beds for cucumbers, tomato, potatoes, peppers, parsley and carrots, other vegetables, set aside a few square meters in the garden for oregano, St. John's wort, melissa, hyssop, lofant - and you will be spared from trips to pharmacies in winter. From my own experience, I will say that there is not much work on the medicinal bed - only while the plants are small, and then they, the hardy wild plants, form a dense curtain and themselves will clog all the weeds.
Thanks to the healing beds, even our parents, who are already under 70 years old, do not suffer from hypertension and joint diseases, and we, who are already over 40, are full of optimism and energy. I want to tell you about one unique plant from my garden, which can be safely called a miracle tree. It - Japanese sophora, which is still very rare in gardens and rooms.
The climate in the vicinity of Ulyanovsk is harsh - in winter the temperature can drop below 35oС, and in summer a drying heat is possible. In short, the climate is continental. And when I brought a tiny Sophora sapling from Belarus in 1998 - it was in October, I was very worried that it would not bear our winter, so I did not plant it in a permanent place, but simply dug it in.
In the spring, the sophora started to grow, and I planted a tree in a sunny place, protected from the winds. When planting, I added half a bucket of humus and three glasses of ash to the planting hole. For a year, my beauty gave an increase of more than a meter! Sophora, or as it is also called, the Japanese acacia, is very unpretentious, it tolerates frost, drought, and any quality of soil. Its bush is very beautiful - with a dense crown like that of an acacia, its leaves are pinnate, dark green above, gray-white, pubescent below. Sophora blooms late - in August.
She has large yellow panicles of charming moth flowers that can be seen from afar. Almost all people who pass by our site at this time ask: "What is this?" In October, her fruits ripen in pods, which can sag all winter. Of the features of agricultural technology, I want to note that I formed a sophora in the form of a bush, I give top dressing for the last time only at the end of July, I also stop watering at the end of July, so that the growth has time to mature well, and so that the plant will survive the winter well. As a top dressing, I usually add fertilizers from Kemira-Lux, Universal or Kalifosku.
It is noteworthy that Japanese Sophora is healing from roots to leaves! It is part of famous Chinese medicines, such as, for example, huato boluses and others. All parts of the plant contain a biologically active substance, rutin, and in large quantities. Rutin improves the condition of blood vessels, reduces their fragility, and, therefore, prolongs our life!
According to statistics, it is cardiovascular diseases that kill 1.3 million people a year in Russia! Sophora tincture and water infusion treat hypertension, atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, thrombophlebitis, allergies, stomach and duodenal ulcers, hemorrhoids and at least 40 other diseases. This is what a multifaceted effect the Japanese acacia has on our body!
And, most importantly, Chinese doctors believe that the use of Sophora reduces the risk of stroke and pre-stroke conditions by 80 percent! And who does not want to keep a clear head, a strong memory and be an assistant, and not a burden to their children and grandchildren even in old age?
We have two sophora bushes - one is at home - on a sunny window in a six-liter pot. It grows like an evergreen houseplant, and one bush is in the country. For medicinal purposes, you can use young shoots with leaves, you can - buds, you can - fruits. But it's a pity to use the buds - the sophora is very beautiful during flowering!
Every morning we take it as tea - for a family we brew 10 small leaves of Sophora in a teapot and drink it separately from everything. Then we have breakfast. If you drink barley or chicory coffee, you can add sophora right there. Or you can use fruits for brewing - 2 pods, but you need to insist longer - about 30 minutes.
I appeal to the readers of the magazine: if you want to create a healing bed in the garden or on the windowsill, I can help you with this - for free. I will share the seeds of lofant (Tibetan ginseng), medicinal monarda, oregano, hyssop, St. John's wort. I just ask you to send a self-addressed envelope with an additional stamp. You can sow medicinal plants all summer long.
My address: 432008, Ulyanovsk, PO Box 201 - Natalya Petrovna Zakomurnaya. I wish you all health and prosperity!
Natalya Zakomurnaya, gardener,
Sophora japonica - a healer from your garden - garden and vegetable garden
It is difficult to imagine a modern garden without such elements of landscaping as ornamental shrubs, which bring bright touches to the variegated palette of shades of plant compositions. Ornamental shrubs for the garden act as spectacular tapeworms that decorate open areas, hedges along paths, or serve as a backdrop for colorful flower arrangements. Their presence transforms the appearance of any garden and makes it more elegant and festive It is difficult to imagine a modern garden without such elements of landscaping as ornamental shrubs, which bring bright touches to the variegated palette of shades of plant compositions. Ornamental shrubs for the garden act as spectacular tapeworms that decorate open areas, hedges along paths, or serve as a backdrop for colorful flower arrangements. Their presence transforms the appearance of any garden and makes it more elegant and festive.
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Trendy "almost exotic"
There are also plants whose exotic status can be considered controversial today. The fact is that these crops, as a result of a sharp jump in popularity and the establishment of a garden fashion for planting in decorative compositions, have recently been found in garden centers at almost every corner. And they can no longer be considered as unusual as exotic plants with much less popularity. In origin and catchiness, they are really exotic, but fashion is gradually changing their status.
Among these plants is undoubtedly the lover of acidic soils, false camellia. Stuarty pseudo-camellia (Stewartia pseudocamellia). A little more than a dozen years ago, almost no one heard of it, but today it is invariably found in the range of flowering European shrubs. White cupped flowers and a very bright autumn color of the crown and good winter hardiness in conditions similar to Western Europe, made the stewart almost as popular in the West as rhododendrons. And her bark is very original, unevenly colored and flaking. And whether it is still exotic, there is an active debate among designers. In terms of winter hardiness, it is similar to the tulip tree, and with age it is more and more hardy.
Stewart pseudocamellia (Stewartia pseudocamellia). © TommyHAGA
Almost the same rise in popularity has recently been characteristic of other shrubs and woody ones. The exotics, which are becoming more and more familiar, include:
- Yellow-flowered Weigel Middendorf (Weigela middendorffiana). It is so outwardly different from ordinary weigel with white and pink flowers that it seems like a completely different shrub. It grows up to 1.5 m and blooms in May-June, yellow weigela is capable of repeated late summer flowering slightly freezes, with timely formative pruning after flowering, it blooms magnificently even in the middle lane.
- Eastern spruce (Picea orientalis) golden shape "Aureospica" with shortened needles and filigree structure of branches, emphasized literally by dazzlingly sunny young twigs.
- Sakura, or Cherry finely sawed (Prunus serrulata), which is increasingly decided to be planted not only in gardens, but also used in urban landscaping due to the breeding of varieties that recover well when freezing.
- Sakura's main competitor Three-lobed almond, or Luiseania three-bladed (Prunus triloba), growing into bushes up to 2 m in height with spectacular pink double flowers that bloom in April-May before the leaves appear and turn this almond into one of the most picturesque spectacles. In a plant, the tenderness of flowering only emphasizes the dark color of the branches.
- Catalpa is beautiful (Catalpa speciosa), a beautifully blooming species of the best of trees for cutting, which, despite the seemingly low winter hardiness, is already grown here. During flowering, lasting in June-July for about a month, catalps release striking bells of asymmetric flowers in inflorescences of up to 50 pieces, after flowering of which, long fruits similar to green icicles are formed up to 40 cm in length, remaining on the tree almost all winter.
- Puffy Wisteria, or wisteria (Wisteria) - a legendary liana with hanging lilac clusters of inflorescences. Wisteria does not bloom here every year, but it grows quickly and requires careful shelter with the removal of the support and air-dry wrapping.
- Magnolia Siebold (Magnolia sieboldii) with its touching snow-white flowers and yellow-flowered varieties of magnolias "Butterfly" and "Yellow Bird" with an unusual color.
- Ginkgo biloba, or Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo biloba) Is a legendary healing plant and a gigantic tree that is beautifully formed into a shrub. Its two-lobed leaves are as beautiful as flowering.
- Giant and amazing scenic Sophora Japanese (Sophora japonica, which today was reclassified into the form Stifnobium Japanese (Styphnolobium japonicum)) Is a strikingly beautiful tree or shrub with unique silhouettes of branches and very beautiful shiny dark green leaves of the complex-pinnate type, producing clusters of white-light green flowers in the middle of summer.
- Chinese maple - Maple gray (Acer griseum) with its unique bark and orange-red autumn leaves. The reddish bark on the trunks flakes off like rolls of paper and the originality of the tree is visible even from a distance. And a spectacle of such beauty is difficult to find in any other woody giant.
- Pink-flowered Kuril shrub tea, Shrubby quinquefoil or Shrub cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosaformerly known as Pentaphylloides fruticosa) usually flaunts with white and yellow flowers, but the "Princess" variety surprises with its May start and bright pink flowers that gradually fade. Outwardly, this variety seems more like an exotic rosehip than Kuril tea. The “Red Ace” variety also belongs to the exotic, in which carmine-red flowers bloom tirelessly until autumn, then changing color to orange.
Weeping deciduous woody for summer cottages
Recently, many summer residents have been decorating their "oases of happiness" in a romantic style: without strict lines, with free forms, a riot of flower beds, a variety of plant compositions, woody tapeworms. A kind of original highlight of such a summer residence will be deciduous weeping (pendula) forms of woody ones.
Weeping mulberry white on the lawn, photo by the author
They are sculptural, which is especially noticeable in a leafless state, one weeping tree is able to create an interesting complete landscape painting.
Weeping mulberry in a leafless state, photo of the author
Cascading branches look great both in solitary plantings and in group, alley plantings.
Hanging birch 'Youngii' in a row planting in Logo park, Kamensk, Rostov region, photo of the author
They are harmonious in mixborders, they look decent in the design of the front part of the dacha. Interesting compositions are obtained in combination with conical, spherical and beautifully flowering woody ones.
The weeping mulberry is just beginning to bloom its leaves against the background of blooming photinia, photo of the author
Blooming weeping sakura and ornamental peach, weeping form, photo of the author
Trees with cascading branches are believed to create a mood of light sadness (see the article Healing Tree Silhouettes).
Most of the weeping forms are obtained by long-term selection. They are propagated vegetatively (by grafting on the appropriate stems), but there are those who are naturally gifted with weeping beauty. In the age of the Internet, I will omit the requirements of forms for light, moisture, soil.
8 ideas for using pallets on your site
After construction, there are always many pallets (pallets) and other types of packaging and containers intended for the transportation of bricks, gas blocks and other heavy loads and goods. Until recently, most of us burned or threw away this wooden container. But today, pallets are increasingly used in households. Various furniture, shelves, beds, boxes and other utensils are made from pallets. In this article, we will show you how to apply pallets in your garden. Creative ideas will help you to use this wooden container to the advantage in your garden or garden.
Types and varieties
In the genus bloomers there are about 20 species, many of which are actively used in decorative floriculture, in landscape design.
Plant height 20 - 25 cm, leaves are dark green, elongated, tightly collected in a basal rosette. Peduncle fleshy, glabrous, smooth, thick brownish-green. The balls of the inflorescences are single, slightly flattened, the color coloring varies from light lilac to rich lilac, sometimes representatives with white flowers are found.
Plant height 20 - 25 cm, blue flowers reach 2 cm in diameter, varieties with light, white flowers have been bred in the selection. The herbaceous plant of open ground globularia point is winter-hardy, however, the plant should be covered for the winter. The flowering period is from May to June.
In its natural environment, it is very often found in the mountainous areas of the European continent.
Plant height is no more than 10 cm, flowers are violet-blue, slightly compressed spherical shape. Flowering period May - June. Maintains vibrant foliage even after the flowering season. Globularia cordifolia prefers open sunny areas, in the shade the plant blooms less often. Easily tolerates dry weather, frost-resistant appearance. The selection includes varieties with pink and white flowers.
The species is endangered, listed in the Red Book.
Plant height 25 - 30 cm, narrow leaves have a characteristic feature - at the ends of the leaves three processes are visible, in the form of cloves.
The flowers are lilac with a blue tint, up to 2 cm in diameter, more like a yellow dandelion in shape. Blooms in June.
Plant height no more than 6 cm, blooms in the second half of May for 30 days with pale lilac inflorescences.Frost-resistant species, easily tolerates the dry season.
In folk medicine, it is used as a laxative.
The plant is in the form of an evergreen shrub, up to 60 cm high, small pointed leaves grow on a peduncle. The flowers are flat, rounded, blue-blue.
A plant no more than 10 cm high, used to decorate alpine slides. For the cold period of the year, it sheds foliage. The flowers are rounded, pale lilac in color.
The most unpretentious, evergreen compact species, grows in bunches, is widely used to create alpine slides. After flowering, it continues to retain bright foliage, which makes creeping globularia decorative in autumn and winter.
It does not require special conditions of detention, to obtain a rich, dense flowering, it is enough to periodically loosen the ground, remove weeds, water the soil as it dries. With excessive watering, globularia grows, foliage begins to grow profusely, flowers appear less often, with stagnant water, roots begin to rot. Once a month, you should feed the flower with fertilizers. Only the hairy flower needs a transplant every 4 years, since in the center the old bushes die off and dry out. For other types of bloomers, transplantation is possible after 8 to 10 years.