Banana, types and growing in the apartment
- Description of the plant
- Indoor banana agrotechnics
- Types of bananas
Who of us has not dreamed of wandering through the jungle! In addition to beautifully flowering plants in the house, I want to have something that will absolutely unmistakably remind of a tropical forest. Some of the best plants for a jungle effect, of course bananas with their huge, soft leaves.
Banana is indispensable for those who like to achieve results quickly: it grows extremely fast, and the size will inspire respect for anyone who has doubted your botanical talents until now!
Description of the plant
Musa - the Latin name of the plant - belong to the ginger family. Anyone who has seen what banana plantations look like in Honduras should be surprised that these giant (in natural conditions) plants are actually grass, they don't even have a real stem, and what is considered to be a trunk is just a hollow tube formed by giant leaves.
Banana is a perennial herb, but you cannot keep large specimens in the house for a long time, even if you have the maximum ceiling height. Therefore, preference should be given to small-sized bananas.
Indoor banana agrotechnics
Agrotechnical methods are simple: bananas love fatty soil, for example, clay in half with manure; an annual transplant (for the summer, you can plant them in the garden, if you have a bright corner protected from wind and heavy rains); very interested in lighting.
Watering is plentiful in summer, very moderate in winter, and certainly from the pallet, since when watering an earthen coma from above, the base of the trunk often rots. The optimum air temperature in winter is 8-12 degrees. Of course this is a problem. And even if the house is 17-18 degrees, the plant will "tolerate".
If it is more, then only those who have premises specially equipped for such purposes - winter gardens, heated, but cool loggias or basements (certainly additionally illuminated!) - can grow it. This is a plant of a subtropical garden, the air humidity does not limit it.
Handle banana leaves with care as they break easily!
Most bananas can be propagated by offspring, cutting them off with a knife when transplanting.
Types of bananas
There are a great many bananas, but you should choose those that are well kept in rooms, for example, a pointed banana (Musa acominata) or a Japanese banana (M. basjoo).
The formerly very common ornamental banana, now called the Abyssinian (Musa ensete), is now singled out into its own genus, which has seven species.
The shortest banana is pink with rather long, brittle petioles. In addition, there are bananas Chinese, paradise, zebra-striped, scarlet and even sacred (M. religiosa).
A certain "medium" banana reaches a height of about 2 m, and its stem is 35-40 cm in diameter. In the fifth year of life, it can bloom. The cluster of inflorescences is about a meter long. Banana is self-pollinating. The fruits are usually small, 10-15 cm long, very aromatic, tender, tasty.
As you can see, starting your own banana plantation at home is not difficult at all!
N. Ivanova, biologist
Growing vegetables on the balcony and loggia
There is more space on the balcony or loggia and the light conditions are better than on the window, so here you can grow all light-loving and cold-resistant plants, as well as tall and climbing plants: cucumber, lagenaria, ornamental pumpkin, tomato, multiflorous beans, vegetable peas and others. As noted, in the summer, plants grown in the room are often taken to balconies or loggias.
Of course, vegetables can be cultivated on the balcony and loggia only at a certain time: from late spring to early autumn, that is, when there is no threat of frost. In addition, on open loggias and balconies, plants often suffer from sudden temperature fluctuations throughout the day. These and some other features must be taken into account when creating a garden on the balcony and loggia.
Planting roses in open ground
The right time for planting roses is considered from the first decade of September to the middle of the next month. It is also better to buy seedlings of bush roses in autumn, as in the spring they sell seedlings that were dug out last fall, but not sold out. Such seedlings are weaker, as they have undergone great stress during the winter period, they take root worse and do not bush well. During the purchase, you must carefully examine the seedlings and choose healthy and stronger ones.
You need to plant a bush rose in a well-lit area, where there is partial shade at noon. Groundwater should not be too close, it is better to choose a planting site on a small hill and definitely not where roses have already grown for a long time. The soil for planting roses should be fertile, drained and acidic. If you take into account all the preferences of a bush rose, then it will bloom profusely and for a long time.
Before planting, it is necessary to cut off the roots of the seedling, remove the dry ones and shorten the stems to 25 cm. Then lower the seedling into water for several hours. The pit for planting a seedling should be slightly larger than the root system of the plant, along with an earthen clod. The soil at the bottom of the pit must be loosened, and the soil dug out of it must be mixed with compost and wood ash, this will significantly increase the level of its fertility. Then it is necessary to put the seedling in the prepared hole and gradually cover it with fertile soil, periodically crushing it. Then the rose should be well spud and grooves should be made around the bush so that water does not leak out when watering. Watering will need to be done a couple of days after planting. The distance between rows and bushes should be at least 1.5 meters.
Banana, types and growing in the apartment - garden and vegetable garden
Banana is a tropical plant, which means it prefers an appropriate humid and warm climate. At home, it is quite possible to recreate a microclimate suitable for a banana plant. Remember, banana is a herbaceous plant and therefore more demanding to care for.
In reality, indoor banana can be grown in two ways. A banana at home can be planted with a seed, or you can purchase a ready-made grown specimen. It must be borne in mind that these will be different plants. By purchasing banana seeds, you will be planting a wild, uncultivated subspecies, stronger and more viable, but such bananas have inedible fruits filled with seeds. Garden shops often sell selected varieties of bananas that propagate vegetatively and, after flowering, can delight you with real homemade edible bananas.
There are specially bred dwarf banana varieties designed for growing at home, less demanding on conditions and resistant to diseases, for example, Kiev dwarf, Super dwarf. These varieties reach a small height of up to 1.5 and are quite suitable for growing in apartment conditions.
Growing a banana from seeds
By purchasing the seeds of a banana plant and carefully examining it, you will notice that it has a fairly strong shell that needs scarification. First you need to slightly damage the durable shell using, for example, a nail file or a needle. It is not necessary to pierce the seed, a few scratches will be enough so that the future sprout can break the shell.
For planting seeds, choose small pots, about 10 cm in diameter for each banana seed, or you can use long flower boxes for several seeds, keeping a distance of about 15 cm between them. A 4: 1 mixture of river sand and peat is suitable for the germination substrate, no additional fertilizing is needed, make good drainage. Spread the seeds on the surface of the moistened substrate and press them down a lot, without falling asleep from above, leaving access for light.
Cover the seed pots with foil and place in a bright place, but out of direct sunlight. Ventilate the pots every few days, spray the substrate with a spray bottle when dry. Avoid waterlogging and rotting of the soil. When mold appears, the affected area of the substrate must be removed, and the entire surface must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
When growing a banana at home from seed, the emergence of seedlings will have to wait quite a long time for 2-3 months. However, after the sprouts appear, the plant will begin to grow rapidly; after about a week, young bananas must be transplanted into the ground.
If you set out to grow your own edible bananas or just want to avoid possible failures when planting seeds, it is possible to purchase an already grown banana of indoor fruit subspecies. Subject to certain growing conditions and with proper care, it is possible to achieve flowering and fruiting of bananas in an ordinary apartment.
Growing conditions and caring for a banana indoors
After buying a banana tree, overexpose it for several days at home alone, in the place where it will grow in the future. Then the purchased plant must be transplanted. In a pot with a volume of 5-7 liters, drain using expanded clay, cover the expanded clay with a small layer of sand. As a soil for a banana, simple soil from a deciduous forest, with the addition of 1:10 humus, is suitable, or you can buy a flower mixture at a garden store.
Banana, like growing an avocado at home, requires frequent spraying of the leaves with water and abundant watering. At the same time, rotting of the soil must not be allowed, then make sure that water flows freely through the drainage holes. To improve growth, especially during the flowering period, the banana can be fed with organic fertilizers about once a week. A suitable temperature for a banana is 25-30 degrees C. Good lighting is required without direct sunlight. In summer, a banana can be taken out on the balcony in a bright but shaded place. Like any house plant, a banana does not tolerate drafts.
In comfortable conditions and with careful care, the banana grows very quickly. When 15-18 leaves are formed at home, the banana plant usually begins to bloom and bear fruit.
By following simple guidelines for caring for a banana tree and taking proper care, you can easily grow your own bananas at home. Here you will learn how bananas grow in nature in the open field, their botanical essence and description.
In the past, growing mini bananas was the exclusive privilege of large greenhouses and botanical gardens. But not so long ago, breeders received varieties that produce small-sized plants that feel great at home.
These include the Ukrainian Kiev dwarf (up to 2 m in height) and Superdwarf (up to 1 m). In an ordinary apartment, you can get from 150 to 300 fruits from them. In addition, bananas are quite unpretentious.
The place for mini-bananas should be in medium light, but no further than 50 cm from a window facing south, southeast or east.
It is undesirable to place plants on the northern side - additional lighting and additional feeding will be required to obtain a crop.
The air temperature in the room should not fall below 16 degrees. You need to water the plant when the earthen lump dries up, but spray the leaves with water every day. Bananas are fed once a month in winter and daily in summer.
The flowering of mini-bananas begins with the emergence of a single flowering stem from the trunk, ending in a beautiful red-purple flower-bud. Gradually, the petals fall off, exposing groups of dense yellowish inflorescences, from which fruits collected in bunches are formed. Flowering continues throughout the year. During this time, the garland of mini-banana fruits gradually descends. After fruiting, the aboveground part of the banana dies off, but the rhizome lives up to 40 years and constantly gives new shoots. So the mini-banana plant will be able to delight you with delicious fruits for several decades, growing in the same flowerpot with a capacity of 35-50 liters.
If you buy a 30-centimeter plant, then the first harvest of mini-bananas from it can be obtained only after 2-3 years. A banana 50-70 cm high will bear fruit in a year and a half, and an adult specimen in favorable home conditions will bear fruit in 3-5 months.
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How to grow a banana at home
When choosing a place for this plant, one must be guided by the fact that a banana is still a herb and grows very quickly. Within two or three years, it will reach the same maximum size. But at the same time, this will be possible only with good lighting. Consequently, a spacious, well-lit area of the room must be allocated for it. If necessary, then provide artificial lighting. A banana reacts very painfully to a lack of light. The plant looks depressed, growth stops.
You should not think that if a banana is a tropical plant, then it needs constant heat. In winter, it can easily endure a drop in temperature and up to +16 degrees. But such a decrease should not be allowed. The usual room temperature is quite acceptable for him. In summer, it can be hotter, up to +30 degrees. Beware of cold drafts!
Watering, air humidity and feeding
Watering the banana should be very careful! He loves moisture, but an excess of it can destroy even an adult banana, not to mention a young plant. Water it abundantly, but only after the top layer of the earth dries out a centimeter or two, not earlier. A banana will tolerate a slight overdrying calmly, and a strong systematic waterlogging is unlikely. For watering young plants, you can also use the "immersion" method, as for orchids. The second important aspect of banana watering is water temperature and quality. Watering with cold water is not allowed! Its temperature should be within +25 - 30 degrees. In this case, the water must be necessarily settled and, if possible, softened.
Air humidity is of no less importance for a banana. Regular, frequent (several times a day) spraying is required. But in addition to spraying, you should take care of additional measures to increase air humidity. You can read about them here - Air humidity for indoor plants.
You can and should use organic fertilizers to feed a banana. You can pick up the necessary fertilizers in the store, but you can prepare it yourself. Infusions of bird droppings and mullein are well suited. When feeding plants with infusions of mullein and bird droppings, be very careful! The concentrated solution must be diluted several times.
It is also sometimes recommended to feed the banana with water obtained after defrosting the fish.
Advice. When making homemade banana dressing solutions, let them well, completely ferment and steep well. Filter the "fish water" and also let it stand for several days. Otherwise, fermentation and decay can continue in the ground, which can provoke the appearance of various diseases and pests, in particular, flower midges.
In the warm season, the banana is fed weekly, and monthly in winter.
Banana transplant and adaptation
As I noted above, caring for a banana at home is not particularly difficult, it is much more difficult to get the plant itself. Experienced flower growers also grow bananas from seeds. But, as a rule, they have in their arsenal mini-plates with bottom heating, phytolamps, and a number of different stimulants. But most importantly, they have experience in such matters.For beginner growers, if they want to grow a banana at home, I advise you to buy a ready-made plant.
Advice. Buy only a young, small plant. He has much more chances to adapt to your conditions. Adult bananas are difficult to adapt.
After a mandatory two-week quarantine (away from other indoor plants), you will have a series of transplants. Moreover, the younger the banana, the more of them there will be. The first transplant is right after quarantine. If the conditions that you provide him are favorable, the rapid growth of the root system will begin. You cannot plant a young banana in a large pot right away! This will inevitably cause waterlogging, acidification of the soil and death of roots. Therefore, the size of the pot must be increased gradually. The signal for a transplant is the appearance of roots in the drainage holes. On average, you can get: transplants every two to three months.
In essence, this is not even a transplant, but a transfer of a banana into a larger pot. A complete transplant, with cleaning the roots from the ground, is not needed. Moreover, it is fraught with damage to the delicate roots.
The soil for planting a banana should combine nutritional value and lightness. It must freely pass air and water.
Its recipe is not particularly complicated, and does not require any exotic ingredients.
The basis of this earthy mixture is leafy earth.
To one liter of the base is added:
- -100 grams of humus
- -200 grams of coarse river sand
- -50 grams of wood ash or ash.
Pay special attention to creating high-quality drainage. The minimum layer of drainage material must be at least 3 centimeters. As the pot grows, so does the thickness of the drainage layer.
That's all. Follow these rules and you will succeed!
Thyme plant: growing and care in the open field
It is best to plant pre-prepared seedlings on the beds. You can buy it in specialty stores or grow it yourself. Growing thyme from seeds at home is a fairly easy process, even for novice gardeners.
Seedlings are planted in early to mid-March. Considering that the seeds are small enough to distribute them evenly over the soil, they are mixed with sand.
A soil mixture for cacti, mixed with one third of black soil, is optimal as a soil. You also need to make a good drainage layer using fine gravel or other drainage.
After evenly distributing the seeds over the surface of the soil, lightly sprinkle them with sand. The planting is not watered, but sprayed so as not to create unnecessary depressions in the soil. The planted seeds are covered with glass or a protective film, placed in a warm, well-lit place. Avoid direct sunlight, they can burn young, newly emerging foliage.
After emergence in 3-4 weeks of shoots, the protective film is removed. Watering is carried out regularly, after the top layer of the soil dries out. The room in which the seedlings are kept should be regularly ventilated, but drafts, which are detrimental to young growth, should be avoided. The grown seedlings are transplanted into separate containers.
In room conditions, the seedlings are kept for at least eight weeks; they should be transferred to the garden only when the ground warms up well, there are no risks of morning frosts.
Growing thyme outdoors begins with transplanting seedlings to the garden bed. Planted in the garden in the middle, end of May. The landing area should be well lit. In the shade, the shoots are too deformed, grow poorly.
The soil must be well drained. In heavy soils, it is better to add sand to improve its drainage properties. The optimal distance between the bushes should be about 25 cm so that the lateral branches can develop. The distance between the rows should be about half a meter.
It is better to plan the cultivation of a thyme plant in advance and prepare the garden in the fall. In the autumn period, compost or humus should be added to the accumulated soil. During the winter, the fertilizer will settle down and saturate the soil with useful substances. In the spring, the soil is loosened again and fertilized with urea (the proportion of the solution is made at the rate of 20 grams of urea per liter of water). If the soil is clayey, river sand is added to it too dense.
Watering is necessary as needed, carefully ensuring that the soil is not excessively moistened.