Correct planting of potatoes with a walk-behind tractor
A walk-behind tractor is a small-sized tractor that can facilitate small-scale mechanization of the work of a farmer on a backyard, summer cottage or farm yard. The devices for it determine the functionality of the application, are used for loosening the soil, planting potatoes and vegetables, transporting goods, hilling. An important factor in the advisability of purchasing a walk-behind tractor is the size of the area for processing.
How to plant potatoes under a walk-behind tractor
There are agronomic methods of cultivating our beloved potato, and they are very difficult. This culture has a weak root system, and therefore the condition of the soil must meet certain requirements:
- water permeability
- enough warmth
Field plowing equipment
First you need to level the area, plow, loosen.
For these purposes, motorized devices are used in the form of a walk-behind tractor, a cultivator on a motor or a mini-tractor. People have invented a walk-behind tractor - the most suitable, low-cost equipment for planting potatoes.
Dignity motor cultivator is that using cultivation cutter the soil is prepared, the beds are cut for sowing and inter-row cultivation is carried out up to the harvesting of root crops.
Mini tractors used in small farms for plowing, transporting goods, cleaning areas. All small-sized equipment solves the same questions: how to help agricultural workers.
Trailed attachments have been developed for the walk-behind tractor: hillers, plows, potato planter. Gardeners prefer to have a device with a hiller on the farm, which lends itself to adjusting the working width for themselves.
Wherein the size of the plot and the variety of potatoes are taken into account.
Landing under the plow
It is convenient for two people to plant potatoes under the plow. One person operates the machinery, and the second lays the tubers into the furrow.
The passage in the opposite direction is accompanied by the closure of the furrows with soil. This method is used often, and here no need to mark the area for sowing in advance.
Working with a disc hiller
Planting is carried out with a disk hiller. This device is an attachment for a motoblock device in the form of a special frame, on which metal discs are suspended at an angle to the ground surface.
Hiller not only cuts the ridges for planting, but also loosens the soil.
Planting with a potato planter differs from the previously mentioned methods in that marking, manual unfolding of tubers is not required. This process is fully mechanized.
The use of a potato planter is advisable in large areas... But the specific design of the equipment requires additional careful selection of seed material in size.
Application of a two-row hiller
Other devices are also used, for example, a two-row hiller. It would seem that the work should be halved in time. But there are features of planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor with a two-row hiller.
With this technology, two combs at the same time... It is difficult to control both ridges at once, so people try to simplify the planting process.
They began to produce small equipment for farmsteads in the Russian Federation and the countries of the former USSR long ago. The leader in this direction is the Krasny Oktyabr - Neva enterprise.
For more than a decade, designers have been working, new models are being mastered, hinged mechanisms are being improved. As a result of active design activities, a unit appeared for performing a wide range of tillage operations.
The second most popular motoblock "Salyut" 6.5 HP... To plant potatoes, you need to have, in addition to the unit, an additional plow, a hiller, and above all, a device for adhesion to the ground.
Planting potatoes with the "Salyut" walk-behind tractor basically looks like this: the mechanism moves in one direction and cuts a groove for planting seed, the same unit goes back and closes the furrow with soil.
The peculiarity of the walk-behind tractor is expressed in the selection of the appropriate attachments.
Motoblocks MTZ came to us from the Soviet Minsk Tractor Plant, they are popular even now, they are in demand among the population of Russia.
An agricultural machine of minimum dimensions turns out to be multifunctional and versatile... Decently fulfills its mission.
The model has disadvantages:
- there are problems with gear shifting;
- requires a load of physical forces when switching the differential.
Each business executive acquires equipment for himself based on considerations of cost and expediency. Requirements for agrotechnical practices do not change.
How to plow with a walk-behind tractor for potatoes? To get a decent harvest of potatoes, you need to follow the rules for cultivating the soil, caring for plants, including inter-row cultivation, and timely harvesting.
Soil preparation for potatoes
The first step to victory in the struggle for the harvest of root crops is to prepare the soil for planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. To start spring work in the garden, you need determine the area for potatoes.
To this end, you need to find dry place with sandy loam... Loosening of the soil is recommended in dry weather. The soil layer should not be turned over during spring loosening.
The tillage process depends entirely on the type of soil.
The composition of the soil is determined simply:
- a small amount of earth is taken and soaked in water;
- a ball rolls down from this soil, a ball will not work out of sandy soil;
- a strip is pulled from the ball, if it did not work out, the soil is sandy loam;
- the result is a strip - loamy or clayey soil.
Most suitable for potatoes sandy, sandy loam type... The owner decides for himself how deep he will plant potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
Light sandy and sandy loam soils sufficiently permeate the air, so you can not cut the ridges, but plant them in grooves. The cultivation depth depends on the properties of the soil and the optimal value is 12 cm.
How readiness is checked
Preparing the walk-behind tractor for work is as follows:
- check fuel and oil level in the system, if necessary, add to the required value;
- make sure the wheel drive levers are unlocked;
- open the fuel supply valve;
- move the ignition switch to the "On" position;
- pull out the starter rope and pull it firmly until the engine starts.
The planting process involves the whole range of actions from the preparation of equipment and seeds to the completion of the planting pore. Technological techniques develop in different ways, even depending on weather conditions.
Under all circumstances, farmers practice the moment pre-sowing selection, vernalization and germination of tubers... For planting choose tubers in mass 35-50 g... The sprouts are buried in the ground when they are thick and green.
After germination, potatoes are treated in order to stimulate germination, increase yields, preventive disinfection against late blight, diseases and agricultural pests.
The seed was prepared, the equipment for cultivating the land was ready, the timely question arises of how to cut the furrows under the potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. Mid-season and late potato varieties are planted in a row at a distance of up to 35 cm, and the row spacing is kept 60 cm.The cutting distance between rows of early varieties is kept within 50 cm.
Cutting the beds
People apply technology according to their specific conditions. With the help of a walk-behind tractor, furrows or beds are cut. There is an answer to the request on how to cut the beds for potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
The first bed needs to be done exactly on the ruler... In the next row the wheel is lowered following the trail of the previous row... Everything turns out smoothly if you put extension cords on rubber wheels, attach a double-row hiller, set the knives correctly in the center.
The role of the plow
What is a plow for planting potatoes for a walk-behind tractor is speed. Cut the furrows, lay the potatoes, go back, and the walk-behind tractor closes the groove. The next furrow is made at a distance about 70 cm.
Experienced farmers easily make a homemade plow for planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. They understand the price preference for a product with their own hands.
In addition, intelligently calculated parameters facilitate work, the plow does not break out of the furrow. The plow is controlled during work and gives its advantages.
A homemade plow is combined with other attachments.
Planting potatoes with a motor-cultivator is also carried out. It is equipped with a gearbox and cultivating cutters, in contrast to the walk-behind tractor, which has wheels.
At a cost, this unit costs cheaper... The cultivation of potatoes involves the use of a plow.
Correct seeding pattern
After planting and germination, plant care continues. Inter-row processing of potatoes provides for a neat loosening the soil around the row crop. The work is done manually, but it is a tedious long process.
Processing with a mini tractor speeds up the process, saves human strength. Attachments do the job well and quickly. Hillers are used here.
This is how the scheme of planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor looks like - 35 cm between tubers, 60 cm between rows.
Advantages of the hiller
The advantages of the hiller are in its versatility:
- forms furrows when planting;
- loosens the soil qualitatively;
- spud plants.
Weeds in the garden grow next to potatoes. For clearing the area from weeds use special equipment.
Weeding with the harrow is easy. The harrow tines are attached to the net and face the ground, and the net is suspended from the frame. The technical means pulls this drag along the field, while moving it pulls out the weeds.
Use a harrow when weeds appear after plowing before germination.
So, the cultivated potato crop, which the entire population loves, requires a special approach to itself. Cultivation is associated with many agrotechnical methods. Designers and manufacturers of small-scale mechanization make good gifts for rural workers.
How to properly plant potatoes under a walk-behind tractor?
Planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor is a technical way of cultivating and caring for a vegetable crop using a small-sized tractor. Thanks to the trailed equipment for the walk-behind tractor, you can mechanize agricultural work. The technique is designed to speed up the labor process and improve quality both in small gardens and large plantations.
Choosing trailed equipment
Preparing for planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor
Determine the embedment depth
We check the readiness of the walk-behind tractor
Ways of planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor
With the help of a hiller with regulation of the gap between the wings
Using a mounted potato planter
Using the harrow for weeding
We take care of crops without bothering our hands
What is a walk-behind tractor?
A walk-behind tractor is a self-propelled mechanical device with which you can automate the entire process of growing potatoes.
It is an assembly consisting of the following main components:
- internal combustion engine
- undercarriage consisting of an axle and two wheels
- handle with which control is carried out.
In order for the walk-behind tractor to be able to perform this or that work, additional equipment is hung on it.
Soil preparation for planting
Planting potatoes using a walk-behind tractor is carried out only by special tillage. The land must be carefully plowed. The looser the soil, the more oxygen it contains, and the better the vegetable will grow. To cultivate the land, you can use a special plow or cutter.
Additionally, you can break the breasts with a rake or the same walk-behind tractor. A good rototiller plows the ground perfectly, and usually it does not need additional processing. Its cutters can penetrate the ground to a depth of 20 centimeters. Often the Neva walk-behind tractor is used for planting potatoes; it is one of the most reliable devices for cultivating the land. You need to start plowing the area from the edge. For evenness, it is necessary to capture a small part of the already plowed land each time.
The next step is to mark the rows. All gardeners know that potatoes need free aisles, this is the only way they can get enough strength for the growth and formation of tubers. A row spacing of about 65–70 cm is considered normal. But there are varieties that require more space, or, conversely, less.
Now that the holes are marked, the most important stage remains - planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor.
Technological features of planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor
These recommendations can be used for such models as: Viking, Profi, Cayman, Krosser, Patriot. By following these tips, you will effortlessly land:
- Maintain a distance of 55 to 65 cm between rows.
- The cutting of the furrows must be uniform and even. This will make it much easier to handle and care for the planted crop.
- It will not hurt to fertilize the potatoes just before planting.
- The optimal distance between tubers is considered to be from 25 to 30 cm.
- When planting potatoes with a walk-behind tractor, you should place them at a depth of 10 - 12 cm.
- The gaps between the rows must be made the same.
- The track gauge must be maintained and uniform throughout the area.
- If it is difficult to navigate and make the rows even, then pull on the rope or fishing line. This will make it easier to keep distances and straight lines.
All this will help you plant potatoes correctly and get friendly shoots. And then let's talk about how potatoes are planted with a walk-behind tractor. Moreover, it often comes complete with a double-row hiller and other mounted attachments. And even more information can be seen in the video.
Planting potatoes under a plow with a walk-behind tractor
It is possible to plant potatoes under a plow with a walk-behind tractor, with which the garden is plowed before winter with turning the earth. We will describe this method using the example of the Favorit walk-behind tractor. Before planting, we put steel lug wheels on the walk-behind tractor and attach the plow.
You do not need to mark the garden with lines. We cut the first furrow with a plow. This method is distinguished by the need to immediately throw tubers into the garden. After throwing in the tubers, turn the walk-behind tractor so that the right wheel is in the garden bed, and fill it up with earth from the next furrow.
The fact that the lug goes over the potato does not damage it. So, at the first speed of the walk-behind tractor, we land in the garden bed behind the garden bed. Saving time with such a planting of potatoes with a walk-behind tractor arises due to the fact that we cut one bed and at the same time fill up another, and the ridges are cut straight, since one wheel goes along a ready-made furrow.
As already mentioned at the beginning of the article, it is possible to weed potatoes with a walk-behind tractor. For this, a plane-weeding cutter is provided - a rather popular device.This attachment allows you to prepare the site for planting or to process the row spacing of potatoes. Known flat cutters, which are provided with special drums for discarding weeds, as well as simple flat cutters with knives.
When weeding potatoes, the wheels must be positioned in the furrows. When the walk-behind tractor is moving, the knives cut the weeds, and the drum (if any) throws them back relative to the movement. When weeding, it is important to take into account that the younger the weeds, the easier it is to remove them, and the more mature and strong plants may not be treated with this device.