Planting hazel grouses: soil and process, reproduction and storage of bulbs
Planting of hazel grouses (Fritillaria) is carried out only in the fall, usually in August. Many flower growers advise against replanting fritillaria from a permanent place for 2-3 years in a row. At the same time, other professionals are of the opinion that the imperial hazel grouse needs an annual transplant. Therefore, everyone must decide this issue for himself, but if you see that in the second year after planting the flowers of the hazel grouse became smaller, and their number decreased, this is a serious reason for transplanting the bulb. Before planting hazel grouses, you need to choose the right place, it is also important to correctly perform the ritual itself. But first of all, you need to prepare for planting the bulbs.
Reproduction and storage of hazel grouses
Fritillaria, like other bulbous, reproduce by children and seeds. The vegetative way is much easier and more effective. When breeding by children, you can achieve flowering in the first year after planting the baby bulb. What can not be said about the method "from seed" - flowers will have to wait 5-7 years.
If your flowers of hazel grouse grow in one place for 2-3 years, then they probably already have full-fledged children. They need to be carefully dug up in June, so that they can then be planted in August.
The dug out bulbs should be stored in a dark place, in sawdust at temperatures up to 20 ° C.
The bulbs must be inspected before storage, cleaned of dry films, rinsed and disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate. Throw away rotten bulbs.
The area where fritillaria is best planted should be warm, sunny and dry. And the soil is well drained.
It is advisable that the planting site is not surrounded by too tall trees that block the flowers from sunlight.
Soil for hazel grouse
The fact that good drainage is important for all bulbous plants and that the soil must be nutritious has already been said more than once. But you need to clarify: the soil for hazel grouse should be loose and light, and it is best if it is sandy loam soil. You can fertilize it with rotted humus. In addition, autumn mulching of the soil with rotted compost, humus or well-decomposed peat is useful for successful growth and flowering.
How to plant hazel grouses
You will get full-fledged, beautifully blooming fritillaria if you do not plant them too close to each other. It is best to plant hazel grouse bulbs according to the following scheme: the depth is 2-3 times the size of the bulb, that is, from 6 to 30 cm - depending on the size of the planting material. The distance between the bulbs also depends on their size: 10-15cm for small bulbs and 25-30cm for imperial hazel grouse or Edward's hazel grouse.
The process of planting hazel grouse itself is simple. If you bought fritillaria bulbs in the summer, they should be stored in sawdust or peat until the end of August and early September. But you can plant them in July, because the hazel grouse bulbs are not very well stored.
If you are going to plant the bulbs of the hazel grouse growing in you, then dig them up after the ground part dries out, sort the planting material and send it for storage (again, in peat or sawdust).
Bulbs are planted in early September. Fritillaria bulbs have already grown roots by this time.
They dig up spacious holes in which you can easily put the bulb and spread its roots: the fact is that during storage, the fritillaria bulb often grows overgrown with impressive roots. To create a pillow necessary for the roots of the bulb, soft river sand or completely rotted humus can be poured into the hole.
It is best to first moisten the soil by watering, and then place the bulb: it is very undesirable for moisture to enter the growth points and the peduncle, therefore, the bulb is placed in the hole, slightly turned on its side.
After laying the bulbs, sprinkle them with earth and mulch the area.
Frost protection for hazel grouses
How to keep hazel grouses in winter? Although the hazel grouse is considered a frost-resistant plant, it is better to cover the planting site with hay or spruce branches for the winter. In the current frosty, and most importantly, snowless winters, the bulb can freeze or even rot.
The thickness of the cover layer should be 20-30cm.
In the very first sunny days of spring, the shelter must be removed, trying not to damage the sprouts of hazel grouse that have appeared. And already at the beginning of May you can see the wonderful flowering of fritillaria.
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- List of all species on The Plant List
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Grouse are perennial bulbous plants with leafy stems, from 10 cm to 1 m in height.
The stem bears whorled or alternate leaves, from the axils of which bell-shaped flowers (white, orange, yellow, reddish, purple) hang, which are collected in racemose or umbellate inflorescences.
Fritillaria leaves perform an additional function - they collect water that has got into them and direct it to the roots. This feature is explained by the fact that the plants come from regions with low rainfall.
The growing season of fritillaria is short. The plant blooms only one month a year - in May, and spends most of its time, like a tulip, in the form of a bulb underground.
The leaves of the plant very quickly lose their decorative effect, therefore fritillaria is planted in flower beds and mixborders among peonies, lilies, phlox and other late-flowering perennials, which mask it with their leaves during this period. Not recommended cut off the stem of fritillaria, otherwise its bulb will stop growing and remain small.
Grouse - description and features
Fritillaria is a perennial plant that hibernates and reproduces with bulbs (Latin bulbus), which are made up of many wide scales. Bulbs should be handled carefully - they have no integumentary part, so the scales are easily damaged.
The ground stem of some species of fritillaria resembles a miniature palm tree. For this plant, they called it the tree of paradise. Lanceolate leaves are arranged in groups or scattered along the trunk. The flowers of the hazel grouse are drooping (shown in the photo), appear one at a time or are collected by an umbrella at the top. They attract everyone's attention with their bright and unusual colors.
Fritillaria seeds are in a multifaceted capsule, sometimes winged, but wingless in a bowl.
It is interesting. Grouse is a classic ephemeroid. It has a very short growing season lasting just over three weeks.
Gardeners love fritillaria not only for its exquisite beauty, but also for the benefits it brings to the garden. It is believed that the flower has a characteristic odor that scares off the bear and mole. Growing a plant in a flower bed with spring plants or along the perimeter of the site, you can try to protect the garden from rodents in this way.
When to plant "imperial flowers": terms by region
The specific dates for the autumn planting of hazel grouses vary somewhat depending on the climate of the region and real weather. Unfortunately, these terms are very short and are based on the fact that 3-4 weeks of a relatively warm time are required for full-fledged rooting of the bulbs. If you plant them later, before the onset of frost, good roots will not have time to form, if earlier, the flowers can grow, which is unacceptable in autumn. Therefore, flower growers in each region are guided by long-term observations of the weather, counting the required dates from the day of the usual onset of severe frosts.
If the temperature at night is stable at a level of several degrees above zero, you should not postpone the planting of hazel grouses.
The approximate dates for planting the bulbs are as follows:
- the middle zone of Russia, including the Moscow region - from August 25 to September 10
- Leningrad region - in the south of the region at the same time as in the Moscow region, in the north - a week earlier
- Urals, Siberia - in most regions from 5 to 20 August, in the south - until early September
- South of Russia (Stavropol Territory, Astrakhan Region, Lower Volga Region, etc.) - from 5 to 30 September.
Of course, you need to pay attention to the weather and its forecast. If at the recommended time there are warm days and weather forecasters do not promise a sharp cold snap, you can wait a week, but seriously postponing landing is risky.
Conditions for hazel grouses
Despite the love for an individual approach, all hazel grouses have minimum requirements for the characteristics of growing conditions. So, all plants from this genus do not like strong shading. Only some species of hazel grouse prefer partial shade, most - sun-loving crops. When choosing a location for a hazel grouse, consider the preferences of a particular species, but stay in warm, sunny or slightly shaded locations.
The same basic characteristics can be distinguished for soils. The hazel grouses cannot stand water stagnation and waterlogging, and the soil for them should always be loose, water and air permeable. Even rare species of hazel grouse can bloom beautifully only on fertile soil. Therefore, for representatives of fritillaria, choose high-quality garden soil. In terms of structure, it is better to prefer a sandy-clay substrate, fresh and moist, but not soggy.
Grouse narrow anthered (Fritillaria stenanthera). © J Biochemist
Grouse: the nuances of growing
Despite the extraordinary beauty of hazel grouses, caring for them and planting them is not difficult. They do not differ in a capricious disposition, but still there are nuances, the observance of which will respond with wonderful flowering.
- The best time to plant bulbs is September or October. But you need to be in time before the onset of frost.
- It is better to mulch the soil from above after planting so that the planting material is not damaged by severe frosts.
- In order to prevent the bulbs from rotting, it is worth treating them with either a weak solution of potassium permanganate or biofungicides. But if planting occurs when the night temperature is below + 5 - 6 ° C, then after wet processing it is necessary to dry the bulbs prepared for planting at room temperature. At the same time, you can sprinkle the planting material with crushed charcoal - this method will help to further protect future plants.
- For low-growing hazel grouses, the planting hole must be deepened by 11 cm, for taller varieties by 18 cm.
- For landing, it is better to choose the sunny side, but partial shade is also quite suitable.
Species of hazel grouse
Below are descriptions and photos of different species of hazel grouse. The color of these wonderful flowers is quite varied.
- Grouse imperial (F. imperialis) with lemon or orange inflorescences. The leaves are sharp and shiny. Reaches a height of 1 m. Flowering begins in May.
- Chess hazel grouse, or large hazel grouse (F. meleagris) with reddish-brown flowers in the form of bells. There are staggered specks inside the flowers.
- Russian hazel grouse (F. ruthenica) with upper leaves twisted in the form of tendrils. Has a high stem. Grouse blooms in March-April. Listed in the Red Book.
- Grouse Mikhailovsky (F. michailovskyi) has burgundy flowers with a yellow edge. The height of the hazel grouse is about 20 cm.
Grouse Mikhailovsky About the hazel grouse Mikhailovsky and its planting was excellently written by the inhabitant of our website Samdolis in the article "A new plant in my garden: Grouse Mikhailovsky."
- Hazel grouse (F. persica) strewn with many purple flowers.
The cultivar Ivory Bell has a yellow-green color. Plant height is about 1 m. It is very thermophilic and may not bloom at all in the middle lane.
- Hazel grouse (F. camtschatcensis) has purple or bronze flowers, grows up to 60 cm.