7 varieties of climbing roses that will become a luxurious decoration of a veranda or fence
Luxurious climbing roses will be a great decoration for any garden area. They are insanely popular in landscape design and are commonly used to create various compositions in the garden.
The Wartburg was bred by German florist Hermann Kiese in 1910.
During flowering, which lasts from June to July, it is covered with flowers, leaving no gaps for matte leaves. It emits a delicate pleasant aroma.
This is a vigorous, profusely blooming rose with bright double flowers with twisted petals, the color of which depends on the lighting: the darker the place, the richer the shade. It reaches a height of 5 m.
Unpretentious. Has no thorns. Needs nitrogen fertilization and mineral fertilizers. Loves loose and fertile soil. It tolerates heat and frost. Rain resistant. Not afraid of pests and diseases.
Before planting, the seedlings must be soaked in water for a day and cut to 25 cm.
The cost of a seedling is about 350 rubles.
Rosarium Uthersen was bred in 1957 by German breeder Reimer Kordes.
The variety is characterized by covering with lush clusters of roses, located next to each other and creating the effect of one huge flower. These are smoky pink double flowers with a silvery sheen. They have a nostalgic form and a characteristic fruity aroma.
The variety is re-flowering. Has excellent immunity, perfectly tolerates rain and frost. Loves regular, moderate watering. Prefers well-ventilated sunny places and fertile, drained soil saturated with humus. During the season, you need to feed it several times with mineral and nitrogen complexes.
The shrub is strong, but graceful, has many thorns. It reaches a height of 3.5 m. It requires regular pruning. Will bloom with a healthy root system.
Planting is recommended before autumn frosts.
The cost of a seedling is about 400 rubles.
The black queen was presented to the flower growers of the world by French breeders.
The rose has a unique shade that is characteristic only of this variety. You can achieve a dark color by planting a bush in a sunny area. Blooms profusely throughout the season with maroon double flowers. It reaches a height of 3 m.
Capricious. Dislikes drafts and wind. Resistant to powdery mildew and black spot. Demanding on the quality of the soil and the place of growth.
Needs constant care and regular fertilization. During the period of growth and formation of buds, weekly watering is required: 10 liters of water for each bush. You need to feed the plant through watering. By winter, mineral and nitrogen fertilizers must be replaced with potassium fertilizers.
It is recommended to plant in April or in the second half of September, avoiding areas with a high groundwater table.
Black Queen petals are widely used in traditional medicine and cooking.
The cost of a seedling is about 800 rubles.
Pierre de Ronsard
Pierre de Ronsard (Eden Rose) was bred in France in 1985 and named after the French poet. It has the official status of the most beloved rose in the world.
It has a large bud with long large petals; its shape can change depending on the climate. The color of the flower is cream, lavender, pale pink. The edging is always darker than the core. The aroma is weak.
The variety is frost-resistant, remontant. Planted in spring, when there is no threat of frost, in bright areas, without drafts. Loves loose sandy loam or loamy soil. Resistant to diseases and pests. Not afraid of rains and winds. Grows up to 3 m in height.
Due to the weak branches, the plant needs a strong support and a garter. When arranged horizontally, the growth of flowers will be more intense.
The cost of a seedling is about 900 rubles.
In 1955 in Germany, Wilhelm Kordes, a rose grower, introduced a new variety of climbing roses - Flammentants. Among the people, for its strength, vitality and resistance to adverse natural conditions, it was nicknamed the unkillable rose.
Has a delicate, persistent aroma. It blooms from May to June with bright scarlet huge flowers of stunning beauty. Prefers open, sunny areas and fertile soil.
Extremely disease resistant. It has a powerful root system that does not freeze under the influence of frost and does not rot during the rainy season. Grows up to 5 m in height.
The pre-soaked seedling is planted in the ground in late spring. During the growing season, no special care is needed; weekly watering is sufficient. If the rose grows well, no fertilizing is needed.
In March and after the end of flowering, the plant needs pruning.
The cost of a seedling is about 400 rubles.
The nostalgic variety was created by the breeder of the German company Rosen Tantau Hans Jürgen Ewers in 2000.
It blooms profusely with large white-light green flowers throughout the season. The shape of the bud resembles a romantic old rose.
Loves warm areas with good air circulation, low groundwater and loose, slightly acidic fertile soil. Needs regular moderate watering and feeding: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - phosphorus-potassium.
Possesses high resistance to diseases and pests. It tolerates frost perfectly. Afraid of rain and excessive heat. Direct sun exposure to the petals can cause burns.
It does not need a garter, thanks to strong shoots. It reaches a height of 3 m.
Planted in mid-spring. Autumn planting is not recommended.
The cost of a seedling is about 700 rubles.
Fragezeichen was bred in 1910 by the German florist Johannes Bettner.
The variety is surprisingly powerful and excellent growing. It blooms once, within a month, with double lavender-pink flowers. The aroma is subtle and delicate.
Well tolerates winter. Resistant to disease, wind and rain. Loves sunny areas, fertile soil and moderate watering. Undemanding in leaving.
It is planted in mid-April or late September.
The cost of a seedling is about 900 rubles.
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Climbing roses occupy one of the leading places in vertical gardening, they are distinguished by long shoots that need support. They go well with small architectural forms, suitable for the design of arches, decorative columns, pyramids, obelisks, pergolas and other complex structures.
With the help of climbing climbing roses, it is easy to hide garden structures that do not fit into the composition, tree trunks, to create a hedge. All this is beautifully hidden under dense foliage and is decorated with unsurpassed climbing rose flowers. It should be borne in mind that, in the first year after planting, climbing roses do not bloom.
Based on the international classification, climbing climbing roses are divided into six groups: Multiflora, Vishuriana, Lambert, Cordes, Banks and large-flowered, or Climings.
By the nature of growth, climbing roses can be divided into three groups: climbing - from 5 to 15 m in height, climbing - from 3 to 5 m and semi-climbing - from 1.5 to 3 m.The division of climbing roses into subgroups is based on the fact that ramblers bloom on the shoots of past years, and klimings - on the shoots of the current year. It is this difference that determines the approach to cultivation, on which the decorativeness of plants depends.
The formation of shoots in climbing roses is continuous, due to which the phases of flowering and budding are very extended. The total flowering time is from 30 to 170 days. Among the multi-flowering roses, a group of large-flowered, or Climings, stands out for decorativeness.
Features of the
There are two varieties of climbing roses:
- Rambler (small-colored)
- Climbers (large-flowered).
Rambler rose bushes have stems up to 6 meters in length, they are very flexible and thin. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, the duration of flowering is a month. They bloom profusely, the color of the flowers is varied.
Variety "Climber" is distinguished by thick erect stems, bloom all summer, flowers are large, fragrant. Bred by the selection method from large-flowered bush roses. These varieties are suitable for hedges, arches and pergolas, as well as for balconies and terraces.
Many gardeners ask how a climbing rose differs from a climbing one. Most likely, these are the household names of Climber (climbing) and Rambler (curly). You can understand this by watching the video:
There are many types and subspecies of climbing and climbing roses. Floribunda varieties are considered the longest flowering, which means: profusely flowering. Park, wrinkled, hybrid tea varieties of climbing roses also have long flowering. The following will list the most unpretentious and frost-resistant climbing roses with photos and variety names.
This variety has excellent survival rate in various climatic conditions. Very decorative, snow-white flowers with a delicate aroma.
The variety is resistant to fungal diseases, blooms in two waves, grows up to three meters in height, the diameter of the flowers is about seven centimeters and has 3-6 flowers per inflorescence.
This variety belongs to the hybrid tea variety. Its flowers have various shades and colors, tight-fitting petals, up to 12 centimeters in diameter.
The shrub grows up to 0.9 meters and is resistant to powdery mildew.
Curly rose Indigoletta
If a gardener strives for uniqueness, then he needs this magnificent variety. The color of its flowers is not only rare, but also capable of changing depending on the weather.
On a sunny day, they are lilac, and in cloudy weather they can turn blue. Such a feature, of course, cannot but draw attention to this wonderful variety. The height of the bush reaches three meters, so it can be successfully used to decorate arches and arbors. The variety is resistant to diseases and easily tolerates frosty winters.
Bright yellow roses cannot fail to attract attention even on the gloomiest cloudy day.
This variety is suitable for hedges, where its abundance of thorns will not be a disadvantage, but a huge advantage.
This variety of climbing rose can be recommended for those who love small flowers that abundantly cover the bush. The flowers have a rare greenish color and a delicate fruity aroma.
These roses are afraid of showers, but they easily tolerate frosts and are resistant to diseases. In the interior of the site, they look elegant and amazing.
Beautiful climbing roses that bloom all summer are floribunda varieties.
The bush is relatively small, only one meter tall, picky about sunlight and fertilizers.
Polka 91 (Polka 91)
These roses are distinguished by their unusual scalloped petals. Their color is also far from standard - soft peach.
In inflorescences there are from one to three flowers, flowering is abundant, in southern latitudes it can bloom three times per season, and in moderate latitudes at least twice. Not afraid of rain, winter-hardy and disease resistant.
Bonica 82 (Bonica 82)
A versatile variety suitable for trellis, ground cover and container growing.
It can also be used for cutting, because the flowers retain their shape for a long time. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 meters, resistant to disease and cold, blooms until late autumn.
This is a very popular variety among summer residents. The height of the bushes is up to two and a half meters, the flowers are small, but there are many of them in the inflorescences.
These are curly roses that bloom all summer, just like King Arthur.
Climbing rose pruning
With timely pruning, the plant becomes powerful. In addition, due to this procedure, you can embody any design ideas and give the bushes a unique image.
With proper care, good growth of young shoots can be achieved in the first year after planting.
Almost all varieties of climbing roses need shelter for the winter. As soon as the threat of spring frosts has passed, you should open the bushes, cut off the dead or frozen part of the plant.
The longest part of the shoots should be spread out on the surface of the ground, which will make it possible to consider the replacement shoots. Tying the bush to the supports is possible only after the length of the shoots reaches 70-75 cm.
Old shoots are replaced by several fresh ones. As a rule, a small part (2-3 pcs.) Of annual branches and about 4-5 biennial branches are removed.
In cases where the rose pleases with its flowering several times in one season, the flowering shoots should be left for several years. They begin to weaken only at the 5th year of life.
Important! It is recommended to inspect vegetative shoots during pruning because flowering tends to focus on last year's stems. Young shoots are harvested to avoid thickening of the bush
Pruning different groups of climbing roses
Shrubs that bloom on last year's shoots are called "ramblers". Again, such shoots do not bloom, and their presence only reduces the number of buds. This group of climbing roses needs to be cut to the very base of last year's shoots. They will be replaced by new ones that will bloom next year.
Re-blooming climbing roses (grandiflora, claiming, floribunda) form shoots up to 5 m long, on which lateral shoots with buds appear. They will bloom for 3-4 years. By the 5th year of their life, the number of flowers is greatly reduced.
The main whips of such climbing roses are cut out only after 4 years of flowering. The varieties of these roses should have 3-6 main shoots and 2-3 annuals. Pruning climbing roses in the fall can be replaced by pruning stems in spring.