How to store pine nuts: proven methods
Pine nuts are a forest delicacy, which contains a large percentage of oil, as well as sugars, healthy proteins, fiber and vitamin C. In various forms, this nut has a healing effect on the body and significantly increases immunity. It can also be used to make vegetable cream, and it comes to the aid of nursing mothers to improve lactation. How to store pine nuts at home so that they bring benefits and delight with their taste and positive qualities as long as possible?
How to prepare nuts for storage
It is very important to have information on how to properly store pine nuts, otherwise they will soon deteriorate and have to be disposed of. Before sending them for storage, they should be thoroughly dried.
To do this, you can spread a tarp and sprinkle the fruits in one layer evenly. Alternatively, use a baking sheet and leave in a dry place for a few days.
If you skip this point before storing pine nuts, then slightly damp, they will quickly become moldy, acquire an unpleasant smell and taste, and simply deteriorate.
There are also special dryers in which you can prepare the fruits of the cedar tree for storage. But it should be remembered that you cannot overdry them, this will not improve further preservation and will not increase. As a rule, using special devices, it is imperative to mix the nuts so that they do not burn.
In any case, regardless of the method chosen, proper drying will increase the shelf life.
How to Dry Video
From the video you will learn how to properly dry pine nuts.
How to store pine cones
Sometimes they want to preserve the nut cones. They take up a lot of space and are best placed in a cool, dark place. It must be well ventilated. In order to protect them from rodents, it is necessary to place the cones in bags and hang them from the ceiling.
To prevent mold from forming on the pine nut, the room should not be too humid.
Many people like to get the fruit out of the cone and peel it on their own, and then enjoy the taste.
How to store nuts in shell
Pine nuts, like hazelnuts, can be stored in their shell and in a bag. The main thing is to observe the temperature, and it should be cool, indoors. But also no humidity and excellent ventilation.
Avoid exposure to sunlight and it is best to choose shaded areas in order to protect from the decomposition of vegetable oils. If this happens, the fruit of the cedar tree will taste bitter.
If the nuts have not been peeled, they can be stored in a plastic bag. The main thing is that it is equipped with a gas-permeable membrane. This will create favorable storage conditions. But the quality of the fruit still needs to be checked periodically.
With this storage, pine nuts can be stored for no more than three months. To increase the storage time, they must be placed in a jar, covered with a tight lid, as if creating a "vacuum" and placed in the refrigerator.
How to store shelled nuts
Store peeled pine nuts only in the refrigerator. Nuts are placed in a glass jar and a lid should be chosen so that it tightly closes the container, protecting it from extraneous odors, but also preventing the product from suffocating.
In such conditions, peeled pine nuts are stored for about three months, and then, taking into account all conditions. If the nuts had to be peeled, then a freezer is used to increase their safety. In this case, they can stay there for about six months. They should be placed in a special plastic bag designed to freeze food. It is hermetically closed and placed in a freezer.
Can you store roasted nuts?
Roasted pine nuts are very aromatic and delicious. But they should be consumed immediately. After a while, they acquire bitterness. The thing is that during heat treatment, the fruits emit a certain amount of oil, which then tastes bitter.
You should not buy too many of them, because the preservation process is complex and requires adherence to some subtleties.
It is very important to know how to store pine nuts, so they can be beneficial and delight with good taste for a long time. After all, even being in the package, you should follow the recommendations for their proper storage.
Video "How to peel pine nuts"
In this video, you will learn an easy way to peel pine nuts.
Pine nuts are the culinary name, and in nature they are the seeds of pine pine. The kernels are located in a sturdy shell and are hidden in the bump. Being under such protection, nuts do not lose their aroma and useful properties for several months. The duration of storage of peeled pine seeds, subject to the temperature and humidity conditions, is no more than 2-3 months.
When purchasing taiga nuts, you need to understand how to choose a product and prepare it for long-term storage.
When buying kernels in shell, you need to check them by touch. They should be firm, slightly moisturized with a pleasant fresh scent.
Dry the unpeeled nuts before storing them. To do this, they need to be scattered on a baking sheet covered with paper in a thin layer and removed to a dry place for several days. During the drying process, the nuts are periodically mixed.
When buying peeled nuts, you should give preference to light kernels without foreign smell. A bright yellow color indicates improper and long storage. Such pine nuts will taste bitter and will not benefit the body. If pine nuts are covered with a greenish coating, then this is the first sign of infection with pathogenic bacteria.
Nuts without shells can be stored in an airtight, light-tight container or in a sterilized glass jar.
Features of storing walnuts at home
Walnuts can be stored in shell or peeled. To prevent the kernels from becoming moldy inside, certain storage conditions must be observed.
It is advisable to place the nuts in a cardboard box, cloth bag, or wooden box. The container with the product should be left in a dark and dry room, out of direct and sunlight. The room temperature should not be higher than +10 and not lower than -5 degrees. Air humidity should also be low - up to 40%.
If the nuts are planned to be consumed in the near future or it is necessary that they do not take up much space during storage, then they can be peeled from the shell. To prevent the kernels from becoming bitter, they can be placed in a glass, enamel or metal container with a lid and placed in a dark and cool place.
Thus, the nuts can be stored for up to one month. You can increase the shelf life of peeled walnuts to 1 year by decomposing them in small bags and sending them for storage in the freezer. But it is undesirable to re-freeze the product, as it will lose its beneficial properties.
Pine nuts - health benefits
Pine nuts contain monounsaturated fats (such as oleic acid (18: 1)), which increase the level of good cholesterol and lower the level of bad cholesterol in the body.
They contribute to the formation of a healthy blood lipid profile, protect arteries from damage, thereby preventing heart attacks, which is the prevention of coronary artery disease and strokes.
- Improves vision and brain function
Pine nuts contain beta-carotene and antioxidants that are very beneficial for eye health.
The lutein in the nuts helps the eyes filter ultraviolet light, preventing damage to the macula. It also prevents age-related visual impairment.
Healthy fats and minerals help support brain function, concentration, and response.
- Increase the energy and tone of the body
Pine nuts are prized for their unique composition and proportion between their protein, fat and carbohydrate content.
They contain quality protein that the body needs to repair and build tissue.
The high magnesium content helps the body use oxygen better to replenish energy reserves.
- Improves skin tone and condition
Vitamin E perfectly protects the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays, and the emollient and moisturizing properties of cedar nut oil help to keep the skin well hydrated.
- Slow down the aging process of the body
Pine nuts have been proven to help slow down ALL the aging processes in our body.
The high antioxidant content of these seeds protects cells from free radical damage.
- Stabilize hormonal balance
Pine nuts are good for preventing thyroid disease and maintaining endocrine health.
- Increase potency, mood and enhance growth
They have a beneficial effect on potency due to their high content of zinc, vitamin E and arginine.
Due to the high content of the amino acid arginine, B vitamins, vitamins A and E, tin, pine products are especially useful for children, adolescents and pregnant women.
Help to cope with stress, irritability, depression, insomnia.
The benefits of pine nuts - video
Calorie content of pine nuts
Pine nuts are one of the nutritious edible nuts. There are 673 calories in 100 g of dry grains.
How do pine nuts help you lose weight?
Pine or pine nuts contain pinolenic acid, which signals the brain that the stomach is full and inhibits the release of enzymes that cause hunger.
It curbs your appetite and keeps you full for a longer time.
Pine nuts can reduce food intake by 37%.
Thus, they help to reduce excess weight and restrict appetite.
Of course, you should not eat nuts fanatically in kilograms, one handful (50.0) will be enough for you to feel full for a long period of time.
Cedar nut oil is widely used in food preparation, and as a "carrier or base oil" in traditional medicines in the aromatherapy, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
It has a delicate taste with a pleasant aroma.
The main chemical constituents of pine oil are borneol, borneol acetate, and ß-pellandrene, a-pinene and beta-pinene.
Cedar nut oil is high in monounsaturated oleic acid (omega 9), which is essential for normal cholesterol metabolism.
In terms of energy and biological value, cedar nut oil surpasses all known vegetable oils and is one of the most useful!
This oil is the champion among vegetable oils in terms of vitamin E content: it contains 3 times more of it than coconut oil and 5 times more than olive oil!
Useful properties of cedar nut oil:
- accelerates tissue fusion in the postoperative period
- heals burns
- softens and regenerates the skin with increased dryness, psoriasis, dermatitis and other skin diseases
- helps restore skin elasticity
- is able to soothe irritated gastrointestinal tract, which is very useful in the treatment of diseases of the stomach and duodenum.
How can pine nuts be used in cooking for cooking?
Before, I, like many, did not even think about adding pine nuts to dishes. And now I sprinkle their peeled nucleoli wherever I want ☺
Pine nuts are gluten-free and therefore a popular ingredient in gluten-free food preparation.
Due to the fact that pine nuts have a sweet and oily taste, they can be added to baked goods, various fruit and vegetable salads, ice cream-based desserts, yogurt, and muesli.
Very often, pine nuts are served with meat or fish, and pine nut oil is used for salad dressing.
Of course, it is best to eat nuts raw, and in order for them to be even healthier and tastier, they must first be soaked by pouring a portion of unpeeled nuts with hot water overnight.
Pine nuts and herbs can be used to make the famous pesto sauce for pasta and casseroles.
Just whisk a handful of Parmesan and fresh basil nuts in a food processor, then add olive oil until the mixture is the desired consistency.
You can also make pine nut milk from them.
To do this, you just need to beat a handful of peeled nuts with 0.5 glasses of water in a blender.
The water acquires the color of milk and a slight nutty flavor, as well as a certain fat content and protein composition.
Such milk can be added to porridge, cocktails and even tea and coffee.
And also wipe their face☺
Are pine nut shells good for you?
Traditional medicine offers a huge number of medicinal recipes based on cedar shells. Official medicine does not confirm these methods of treatment.
Most often, an alcoholic tincture is made from the shells, which is used internally and externally for metabolic disorders, to strengthen immunity, for rheumatic pains, diseases of the urinary system and oral cavity.
Recipe for Vodka Pine Nut Tincture:
- Pour vodka over the empty pine nut shells so that it is 1 cm above their level.
- Insist 2 weeks in a dark and warm place.
- Take 1 tsp, diluting in 1 tablespoon of water, 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month. It is recommended to take 3 courses a year.
How to choose pine nuts?
The tastiest and freshest nuts are sold in September and October, during the harvest season.
When buying unpeeled nuts, pay attention to the fact that the nuts are bright brown, uniform and uniform in size.
Good nuts, when you hold a handful of them in the palm of your hand, create a feeling of heaviness, while pouring them from a height, they produce a nice metallic sound.
They should be free of cracks, mold, stains and rancid odor.
Sometimes you can see already peeled and processed kernels on sale in sealed plastic bags in stores.
I don't buy such nuts, because all their nutritional value is lost due to the fact that the nuts are stored in the light, and it decomposes all the nutrients contained in them.
And also these nuts tend to go rancid and spoil very quickly.
Shelf life of pine nuts
Unpeeled pine nuts have a long shelf life and can be stored for a year in a cool and dark place without losing their taste and nutritional properties.
Peeled nuts are stored for no more than 3 months in a glass jar with a lid in the refrigerator.
How to store cedar nuts in a pine cone?
It is worth noting here that it is not worth keeping the kernels directly in the cone, as they lose their properties and acquire an unpleasant taste. For the most part, the buds themselves act as decorative toys.
You can pull the kernels out of the cone simply by shaking it. Nuts fall out of their nests easily. The nucleoli themselves should be stored in this way:
- The ideal place for cedar cones would be a wooden box with a lid. Precisely with a lid, since it will protect the deposition of dust on the cones and exclude contact with rodents and insects.
- You can use a canvas bag to preserve the product. Tie it tightly and tie it to the ceiling in your basement or subfloor. The main conditions of the place for preserving a useful product will also be dryness, coolness and darkness.
Thus, home storage can be up to 8 months.
How to remove bitterness
The ideal option is to refuse to use the spoiled product. It is allowed to eat only not quite ripe fruits, getting rid of the bitterness, using one of the processing methods. If, after eating, bitterness remains in the mouth, it can be neutralized with the help of folk remedies.
Methods for processing nuts
The shell is removed first. It is split with pliers or garlic press. There is another technique: nuts are kept for 10-15 minutes in hot water, taken out on a cutting board, then rolled with a rolling pin or smashed with a hammer. There are different ways to remove bitterness:
The cores are poured into a deep container, poured with cold water (20 ° C), washed thoroughly, the liquid is drained. The actions are repeated in the same order several times, until the bitter film is eliminated.
Soaking in cold water
The fruits are immersed in water cooled to 0 ° C, kept for at least 10 hours. It is more convenient to do this in the evening, and in the morning to drain the resulting infusion (it acquires a yellowish tint). At the end, there is a rinsing under the tap. The processed product becomes lighter, more tender and tastier.
The fruits are placed in a saucepan, poured with water at the rate of 2: 1, put on fire. After boiling, stir, remove from the stove and drain the water. To give a dessert taste, the kernels are boiled in sugar syrup.
The seeds are placed in a saucepan, poured over with boiling water. After 20 minutes, the water is drained, the bitter shell is removed and the scalded kernels are dried. If desired, they are then calcined in a pan for 10 minutes or kept in the oven for 10-15 minutes at maximum temperature.
How to get rid of bitterness in your mouth
In mild cases, it is enough to drink a large amount of water: it dilutes the bile, cleans the esophagus from it, and eliminates the bitter taste in the mouth. With slight nausea and aching abdominal pains, fatty, heavy meals are excluded from the diet and activated charcoal is taken - so in 7-10 days you can completely get rid of the problem. If the symptoms of poisoning persist, accompanied by colic in the liver, you should consult a doctor.
To prevent bitterness in your mouth, you should not eat a high-calorie treat on an empty stomach. It is advisable to have a snack one hour after the main meal.
How to prepare for storage
The kernels are removed from the cones and scattered on a spread cloth (baking sheet, tray). So they will have to dry for some time (4 - 5 days). In this case, you can dry them on a heated stove or in another warm place. This will significantly speed up the drying process.
Note! Drying nuts in direct sunlight is absolutely impossible. This will lead to the destruction of fatty acids, which are present in large quantities in the composition of the product. This, in turn, will negatively affect its quality and shelf life.
Overdrying kernels also has a bad effect on their consumer quality. Therefore, they need to be constantly mixed, removing the spoiled ones.
Bitter walnuts what to do
Since there is a direct relationship between the quality of kernels and the timing of harvesting. To keep peeled walnuts as long as possible, you need to harvest them on time.
This procedure depends on two factors:
- crop varieties
- growing region (southern - earlier, northern - later).
Depending on the type of culture, the fruits ripen:
- in August - early ripening
- in September - mid-season
- late in October.
To find out that the time to harvest has come, you should pay attention to the amniotic part of the nuts. If the green skin has burst, then the time has come, and you can start cleaning. It is advisable to pick fruits from the tree with your hands; it is not recommended to knock them down with a stick.
If you miss the moment of the peel cracking and are late, then the fruits will fall to the ground and become moldy or black. Before time, it is also undesirable to rip them off. Unripe nuts after drying decrease in weight, are worse stored, become less tasty.
Comment! If ripening occurs unevenly, then harvesting is carried out selectively, in several stages.
Timely harvesting is the key to long-term storage
The secrets to properly storing walnuts lie in sizing and preparation. Only ripe fruits that do not have spots and damage, as well as well-dried specimens, lie for a long time.
Before you start preparing nuts for storage, you should carefully consider them.
In-shell fruits are selected according to the following criteria:
- Brown color
- loud sound when shaking
- absence of cracks, mold and oily film on the surface of the shell.
Copies that have minor deviations from the norm are stored in separate containers. They are allowed to be used in the near future. Fruits of very low quality are discarded.
To preserve walnut kernels for the longest possible period, it is important to properly prepare them. This stage includes several points:
- Sorting. It is necessary to inspect all fruits and set aside those with defects.
- Washing. Rinse the nuts thoroughly under a strong pressure of water.
- Drying. Be sure to dry the product in an oven, electric dryer or outdoors.
Attention! Drying is considered an essential preparation stage that can extend the shelf life of a fragrant treat.
Large amounts of nuts are more convenient to dry in the sun
How many walnuts are stored
Harvested or purchased nuts are stored in several ways:
- In a peel.
- Peeled from the pericarp, in the shell.
- Without shell, kernels.
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When storing at home, it is better to use the second and third methods. The first is rarely used due to the inconvenience and short shelf life, the fourth is suitable for a small number of cores.
Important! The fruits should be reviewed several times a month and those that have deteriorated should be removed.
To store the fruits of the walnut in the shell, you should choose the right container. Dishes made from natural materials are best suited for this purpose: barrels, cloth bags, clay pots, wooden boxes or cardboard boxes. Containers must be dry, clean, strong, free from damage and mold.
- humidity does not exceed 60%
- temperature regime from -3 to 5 ° С
- lack of light and temperature changes.
Creating the right conditions increases the keeping quality of the product
Housewives usually store nuts in kernels. The method significantly saves space and facilitates the cooking procedure. Cleaning takes a lot of time and it is easier to immediately devote several hours to it, and then, if necessary, get the specimens without the shell and use them immediately.
The most important rule for storing the product is to ensure that it does not come into contact with oxygen and light. Because these factors lead to decay, rapid spoilage and the development of bacteria.
At home, shelled walnuts are stored in dry, tightly closed glass or tin cans, paper or plastic zip bags. To improve the safety of the kernels, you can fire them a little in the oven.
Advice! It is advisable to keep peeled nuts separately from "fragrant" products, because of their high ability to absorb extraneous odors.
A good place for storing walnuts in an apartment is a mezzanine or a storage room, a loggia closed from the weather, and even an ordinary wardrobe. The main thing is that the room meets all the necessary conditions. Also, a place for storing crops can be an attic, shed or dry basement.
Small amounts of nuts are convenient to keep in the refrigerator. There they will not take up much space, but their shelf life will increase significantly. For an even longer storage period, they should be stored in the freezer. There the product will be able to retain all the benefits for a year and a half.
The shelf life of walnuts depends on many factors. The shelf life of the product is strongly influenced by the place, container, conditions, its type (with shell, without it, crushed kernels). Unpeeled fruits have the longest shelf life.
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The shelf life of inshell walnuts depends on the conditions created. If the humidity in the room does not rise above 70%, and the temperature range is from -15 to 20 degrees (without sudden changes), then the fruits will retain their taste for a year. Well-dried specimens, lying in a warm dry cellar, are stored for up to 3 years.
At home, peeled walnuts are stored:
- 14 days in a closet, in a tightly closed container
- 4-6 months in a refrigerator, in a glass container
- up to 12 months in the freezer.
Important! Frozen kernels cannot be stored after thawing.
Not fully ripe fruits are not suitable for long-term storage. They must be recycled within 24 hours of collection. As a rule, such specimens have a very bitter taste and are only suitable for making jam, decoction or tincture.
Why walnuts are bitter
It often happens that after storage the nuts begin to taste bitter. The rancid taste prevents the product from being enjoyed and spoils the dishes that contain it.
There can be several reasons for the spoiled taste:
- Collection of unripe fruits. In the green state, they are bitter and tasteless; they are rarely used in cooking, after prolonged soaking.
- Late harvest. If the fruit is left on the ground for a long time, the taste becomes rancid.
- Improper storage. If you violate the technology of preparation and drying of raw materials, keep them in an unventilated, humid room or when exposed to sunlight, then there is a high probability that the taste will be spoiled.
- Violation of transportation rules. The transportation of peeled kernels leads to their gas contamination and the appearance of bitterness.
If walnuts are bitter even after washing, then violations in the process of collecting and storing raw materials were significant. But this may not always be a reason to get rid of the product. In some cases, bitterness can be eliminated.
After identifying the cause of the bitter taste of the nuts, you can try to remove it with water.
To prevent the bitterness of green fruits, you should pierce the pericarp and soak the crop for 7 days (change the water daily).
To remove the bitterness from shelled walnuts, you can try one of the following methods:
- Pour the kernels with cold water for 24 hours, then rinse.
- Place the product in boiling water for 30 minutes, remove the brown shell.
- Bring raw materials to a boil with added sugar.
If the kernels continue to taste bitter even after soaking, then they are no longer edible and should be thrown away.