Russian Meteor - the first potato on your site
No matter how well the potatoes lay, by the end of spring they begin to wilt, sprout, and taste deteriorates. And the fresh harvest is still far away. Modern breeding has come to grips with the development of new ultra-early varieties. One of these is Meteor.
Description of potatoes Meteor
The ultra-early potato Meteor was bred by breeders of the A.G. Lorkha, which is located in Korenevo near Moscow. The Meteor was included in the State Register in 2013 and is grown in the Central, Volgo-Vyatka, North-West and Central Black Earth regions.
During the growing season, the Meteor variety is a semi-spreading bush of medium height with bright green, medium-sized leaves and white flowers.
Meteora tubers are oval-rounded, yellow, the flesh is cream-colored inside, the eyes are shallow, in small quantities. The average weight of the root crop is 140 grams. The maximum yield is 40 centners per hectare. Meteor has excellent keeping quality and retains its presentation for a long time.
This potato variety has a very fast ripening period. Already 45 days after germination, you can taste the first potatoes, and after 60–70 days it is time to harvest.
Meteor potatoes give their first harvest in a month and a half
Characteristics of the Meteor variety
Meteor is a variety for table use, suitable for preparing a variety of dishes: salads, soups, mashed potatoes. Excellent when fried. Many people note the good taste of this potato. This variety keeps well under vacuum.
Meteor's peel is thin, the potatoes are easy to peel and leave a minimum of waste during processing. The pulp is not watery, dense, does not darken. The starch content ranges from 11 to 14.5%, which makes it possible to recommend Meteor for dietary nutrition.
This variety is highly resistant to common potato diseases: cancer, leaf mosaic virus, late blight, rhizoctonia, scab. Even the nematode, the nematode of the potato, is not afraid of Meteor.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the Meteor potato variety
|Good taste||Medium resistant to Alternaria|
|Very early ripening|
|High resistance to diseases and nematodes|
|Excellent keeping quality|
|Suitable for diet food|
Growing and care
Meteor easily adapts to unstable weather conditions, tolerates drought and yields crops on any soil.
Choosing a seat for landing
Potatoes are a light-loving plant, therefore, places shaded by trees, houses, too high fences are not suitable for it. It is better to choose a site on a hill where water does not stagnate and the soil warms up well. Meteor prefers loams, but easily adapts to light peaty and heavy clay soils. When growing it on heavy and dense soils, you need to control the moisture level.
It should be remembered that it is undesirable to plant potatoes in the same place for the second year in a row, as well as after other nightshades: peppers, tomatoes, eggplants. But the land on which legumes or cucumbers grew would be ideal.
It is best to cultivate the land for potatoes starting in autumn. The site should be plowed or dug up on a shovel bayonet, picking out pest larvae and grass roots. If the preparation was not carried out in the fall, then this should be done in the spring after the snow melts and the soil dries out. You should also add fertilizers for the subsequent full growth of the root crop:
- 1 m heaped tablespoon of urea2 scatter over the site.
- 1 m bucket of rotted manure2 distribute evenly over the ridges.
A plot for potatoes is prepared in the fall.
Seed tubers can be purchased at a specialist store. This is the most reliable way, as it supplies them to the nursery pre-treated and disinfected. The mother material is also selected independently at harvest, immediately sorting the tubers.
Seeds begin to cook a month before planting. They are distributed in boxes in one layer and placed for heating and germination in a bright place with a temperature of about + 10 ° C. The tubers begin to turn green and sprout. By the time of planting, the sprouts must reach a length of at least 1–2 cm.
Sprouted potato seeds guarantee fast germination
Potatoes are planted in the ground heated to + 10 ° C. Dig holes according to the scheme 30 * 50 cm and at least 20 cm deep, put the sprouted tubers in them with sprouts up, then cover them with earth and harrow with a rake. If necessary, fertilizers are applied to the holes.
Potatoes are planted in well-heated soil
The growing season of potatoes lasts from the moment the green shoots appear to the wilting of the bushes. At this time, he needs watering, fertilization and hilling.
Hilling is carried out twice a season: the first time when the shoots reach about 15 cm in height, and the second time after three weeks. An earthen mound is made around the potato bush in order to form new lateral roots and prevent diseases.
Video: hilling potatoes
Meteor is responsive to fertilizers, and top dressing applied on time will have a positive effect on the future harvest. Fertilizers are applied to the moist soil at the root. Usually feeding is carried out three times:
- During active growth of stems, before flowering. A tablespoon of urea is diluted in 10 liters of water, watered with 0.5 liters per bush.
- During the budding period. In 10 liters of water, 1 glass of ash and a tablespoon of superphosphate are diluted. Watering rate - 0.5 liters per plant.
- During the active flowering period. A tablespoon of superphosphate in 10 liters of water. Water 0.5 liters per bush.
The potato variety Meteor tolerates drought well, but the formation of a dry crust on the soil should not be allowed. Watering is best done in the morning or evening at the root. Watering with very cold water is not recommended.
It is better to water potatoes at the root.
Diseases and pests
Potatoes of the Meteor variety are resistant to almost all diseases, sometimes susceptible to Alternaria. However, common garden pests can cause significant damage to bushes and tubers.
Table: diseases and pests of potatoes of the Meteor variety
|Alternaria (dry spot)||Brown spots on the leaves, sometimes resembling a target pattern, on the tubers - dark depressed spots.||Treatment with fungicides (Quadris, Infinity, Flint) in accordance with the instructions.|
|Wireworm||Thin, hard-bodied worm up to 3 cm long, yellow-brown in color. Spoils tubers.||Construction of traps: cut carrots, beets or potatoes into 2–3 cm pieces, chop them on twigs and bury them in the ground to a depth of 15–20 cm so that the sticks are visible. After a month, dig up and destroy along with the wireworms.|
|Colorado beetle||A small beetle with rigid wings painted in longitudinal stripes. The eggs are laid on the inside of the leaf. Its larvae devour the potato bush to the veins.|
|Medvedka||A large frightening insect, brown in color, up to 7 cm in length. Damages young shoots and tubers.||Treatment with Medvetox in accordance with the instructions.|
|Harvest mouse||A rodent in a reddish-brown coat, it multiplies quickly and destroys the crop at high speed.||Poison for all types of rodents.||Annual deep digging with destruction of mouse nests.|
Photo gallery: typical diseases and pests of potatoes Meteor
The short growing season, as well as the excellent resistance of Meteora to diseases and rare unpretentiousness, will allow you to get a good harvest as soon as possible. This is true in areas with short summers and cold climates. The ultra-early Meteor variety is suitable for growing in any region of the country.
Bellarosa potatoes: photo, description, characteristics, reviews:
Many countries consider potatoes to be their main vegetable. It is grown on household plots for the needs of the family and on an industrial scale with the aim of selling to the population. In our country, 400 species of this vegetable are known.
To get a good harvest, it is important not to be mistaken in choosing a variety that would taste good, resistant to bad weather, lesions and diseases.
These requirements are met by the Bellarosa potato variety, which will be discussed in this article.
The Bellarosa potato variety, reviews of which indicate that this is a high-yielding vegetable, is often used in industrial cultivation. For those who want to build their business on potatoes, this is exactly the variety that a novice farmer needs to start. But in order to obtain high yields, it is important to know as much information as possible about the cultivated crop.
Bellarosa potatoes were developed by German breeders more than 20 years ago. Many tests were carried out, as a result of which it was found that this variety has the highest yield when growing in a temperate climate.
Thanks to three indicators, such as taste, marketability and undemanding growth, potatoes have become an attractive crop for cultivation. This vegetable appeared in Russia a decade and a half ago; it has been registered in the state register of our country since 2006.
It is grown in the North-West, Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth and Ural regions. This is a table variety of the variety.
Bellarosa potatoes: variety description
The culture is distinguished by erect shoots, reaching a height of 70 cm. Large leaves at the edges have wavy outlines, they are juicy, with a dark green color. The flowers of the plant are small, have a red-purple hue, there are few of them. Flowering may be weak or absent before the harvest season.
Do not worry, this is a normal phenomenon that characterizes Bellarose potatoes. The description of the variety, reviews of which are mostly positive, will not be complete if the tubers are not characterized.
Consumers say the following about the root vegetable: pleasant taste, easy to clean and store, does not boil over, does not darken during cooking and acquires a delicate, crumbly consistency.
Description of fruits
Root crops - leveled, oval-rounded with a reddish, light pink tint. There are large and medium sizes. Their weight is 200 g, the maximum weight can reach one kilogram. There are 8-10 tubers in the nest. For review, photos of the Bellarosa potato variety are presented in the article.
Culture has few eyes, they are small. The depth of their occurrence is slightly more than one millimeter. The skin looks thin and smooth, but upon contact with it, a barely perceptible roughness is felt. The pulp is dryish, it can be creamy or yellow.
Bellarosa potato variety: characteristics
Reviews of gardeners about this culture are good. The most remarkable thing is that they carry useful information. For example, to get large potatoes, you need to plant the planting tubers at a great distance from each other - about 30 cm. Potatoes grow small if planted densely.
The characteristic of Bellarosa potatoes attracts experienced summer residents and professional farmers with the following indicators:
- Early maturity. This variety has an early ripening period - two months are enough. But young potatoes are dug even earlier - after 40-45 days from the moment the seeds are planted in the ground. When digging in tubers, no damage is done to the plants. In southern Russia, the potato crop is harvested twice. This period falls in July and the end of September.
- Yield stability. Potatoes always bear fruit well. 40 tons of vegetables can be harvested from one hectare.
- Drought resistance, characterized by a high rate. Thanks to this, Bellarose can be grown in huge areas that are not equipped with a drip irrigation system.
- Any soil is suitable for the growth of the variety, with the exception of heavy loams.
- Resistant to mechanical damage.
Rejected tubers make up only 1-2% of the total weight of the harvested crop.
Bellarosa potato variety has good immunity against various diseases and diseases, such as late blight, black leg, scab, potato cancer, etc.
Thanks to this indicator, the plantations of this vegetable look healthy for a very long time. The green part of the plants begins to wilt when the tubers are fully ripe. The vegetable is stored without loss of quality, while maintaining its presentation.
Why doesn't it bloom?
If the plant is affected by some kind of disease, it becomes weak and stops blooming. But this does not apply to Bellarose, since the variety is ultra-early. The crop ripens when Colorado beetles and other pests have not yet appeared. The plant simply did not have time to bloom. The quality and quantity of tubers practically does not suffer from this.
Bellarosa potato sheds flowers if the environment is at an elevated temperature, that is, more than 22 ° C. The reason for the absence of buds on the plant may be an invasion of ground beetles or ladybirds that have eaten them.
Tubers selected for planting in the fall are germinated. This procedure starts in mid-March.
To do this, the potatoes are laid out in one layer in a warm room (at least 15 ° C), periodically shifted to the other side, or left in boxes for a period of two to three weeks.
Sprouted tubers are planted early. If they are not germinated, they are planted when the soil warms up to eight degrees Celsius.
If there is little planting material, chopped tubers can be used. One or two eyes are left on each half. Places of cuts are sprinkled with ash. For each tuber, the knife is disinfected with a potassium permanganate solution. Before planting, the potatoes must be well dried, otherwise they may begin to rot. In this case, you can not expect a good harvest.
This vegetable crop grows on any soil, but prefers well-loosened soils, which is achieved by plowing them. This must be done twice: in the fall and in the spring. Before the onset of winter, a deep digging of the beds is done. At the same time, organic fertilizers are applied: compost, humus.
For a garden with an area of one square meter, you need five kilograms of organic matter. With the onset of the planting season, fertilizers are again applied, after which they are embedded in the soil during its loosening.
The Bellarosa potato variety, photo and description of which are presented in the article, is planted in prepared soil from the end of April. You can determine whether the tubers are ready for planting by looking at the eyes. If sprouts peep out of them, then such tubers are considered sprouted.
When landing, it is advisable to take into account the following recommendations:
- It is better to plant potatoes in rows. To do this, first, the beds are marked, and the holes are filled at a distance of 40 cm from one another. The row spacing is usually 90 cm. The depth of the holes is 8-10 cm.
- The type of soil and the climate in the region affect how the planting will be carried out: smooth on flat beds or on ridges.
- For each region, the planting time is determined individually, taking into account the characteristics of the variety and weather conditions.
- When planting is complete, the soil is leveled from above with a rake.
Crop care includes procedures such as watering. The potato is a plant that has enough natural moisture, its vegetable receives from the precipitation. But when the tubers grow intensively, they need to be watered regularly, preventing the soil from drying out. Excessive watering is not allowed, otherwise the roots will begin to rot.
Bellarose potatoes (description of the variety, photos, reviews, read and see the article) needs loosening, which is the most important agronomic measure for such a crop. Through this procedure, the roots receive oxygen and water.
In addition, loosening is a good way to control weeds. If this is not done, plants that are harmful to the potato will not leave any nutrients to the tubers. Loosening is performed when the plant height is less than 15 cm.
In the future, with the active growth of weeds, they are simply pulled out until they form seeds.
Instead of loosening, the plants spud when they grow in height to the 15-centimeter mark. This procedure is performed in order to increase the throughput of the soil, that is, air and water in greater quantities enter the roots. Hilling is carried out easily: the earth is raked to the bush, forming an embankment. This must be done on both sides of the bush, otherwise it will tilt to its side.
How to fertilize correctly?
All early potatoes need feeding. Bellarosa is no exception. You need to use fertilizers containing magnesium. This is of great importance for sandy soils. Dolomite flour for such soil is exactly what you need.
Plants need feeding during important periods of their growth:
- When the first shoots appear. A solution is prepared from poultry droppings or manure with water. Plants are watered with it at the very root.
- Before the flowering period. Urea or potassium sulfate is added to the soil.
- During flowering. Top dressing is carried out with a mixture of mullein with superphosphate.
Experts and experienced growers believe that yields can be increased if the following factors are taken into account:
- Humus, ash, nitrophoska are introduced into the landing hole in appropriate quantities: 700 g, five spoons, 15 g.
- The furrows should be placed in a north-south direction. So the beds will be illuminated evenly throughout the daylight hours.
- It is better to mulch the aisles and beds, for which hay or sawdust is used. The mulch layer should be five to ten centimeters. Heat and moisture will be well retained in the soil, and weeds will not spread.
Reviews of consumers and vegetable growers
Bellarose potatoes, bred by German breeders, are characterized by all, without exception, positively. It is spoken of as a variety that gives stable yields, is resistant to prolonged periods of drought, and is almost not susceptible to various diseases.
Root crops are resistant to mechanical damage, therefore, during harvesting, tubers are 99% preserved in good appearance and presentation.
Bellarosa potatoes are characterized as a vegetable crop with positive qualities that are increasingly interesting for gardeners and consumers.
Potatoes Lyubava: variety description, photos, reviews, cultivation features and care
The goal of the gardeners' work throughout the summer is to obtain a bountiful and rich harvest that can feed the whole family in winter. But the result largely depends not only on the efforts made, but also on the crops planted. That is why modern gardeners choose for Lyubava. A description of the variety, photos and reviews will be given below.
"Lyubava" is a domestic product developed by specialists from the Siberian Center for Agrobiotechnology and the Lorkh Institute.
The history of this potato begins in 2003, when it was included in the State Register.
The variety is one of the early ripening varieties, the first harvest can be expected already on the 45th day after planting the previously germinated tubers. Otherwise, you will have to dig the potatoes in two months.
The features of the appearance of the plant are as follows:
- The height of an erect bush is average.
- Leaves are small, fresh green. Slightly wavy at the edges.
- Medium-sized purple-red flowers.
- The tubers are distinguished by a regular oval shape, the eyes are sparse and shallow. The peel is reddish, the flesh is white.
- On average, the mass of a tuber is from 100 to 210 grams.
The plant looks very compact and neat, it will become a real decoration of the garden. In the reviews, gardeners who have already tried to grow this variety note that during flowering, the bushes transform, even acquiring some kind of decorative effect.
Where to grow?
Residents of Western Siberia for growing in their gardens and plots can safely stop the choice on the potatoes Lyubava. The description of the variety, photos and reviews also indicate that this plant will feel comfortable in the Far East, the Urals and in the east of Siberia.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the crops that are very fond of modern gardeners, Lyubava potatoes can be considered with full confidence. Description of the variety and reviews of farmers made it possible to highlight the following positive features:
- It belongs to the early maturing, so the harvest of tasty and healthy potatoes can be expected in the middle of summer.
- Tubers tolerate transportation and storage well, do not lose their presentation for a long time.
- They do not boil over, so they can be used to prepare a large number of dishes.
- The yield indicator is not bad, from one hundred square meters you can get from 30 to 40 kg of potatoes.
- The plant is unpretentious, does not need to be observed when growing complex agricultural techniques or knowledge of any special secrets.
- Drought resistant.
- The tubers taste amazing.
Gardeners and farmers also noted several shortcomings when describing the Lyubava potato variety. Planting and care, of course, does not require much effort, but the plant needs light soil, so it is preferable to loosen the soil after each watering. Then air and moisture will reach the tubers, giving them the opportunity to fully develop.
Among the disadvantages of the variety, the following are also noted:
- With the constant use of the same planting material, degeneration occurs, while growing new tubers from seeds is a rather laborious task.
- To obtain a crop, you need fertile soil, illuminated by the rays of the sun and protected from drafts.
However, gardeners note that there are more positive features. Therefore, the variety is enjoying increasing popularity.
To obtain a rich harvest, the principles of crop rotation should be observed. So, on those beds where legumes previously grew, Lyubava potatoes should be planted.
The description of the variety, photos and reviews of gardeners indicate that after beans, beans and peas that have enriched the soil with nitrogen, the tubers will grow well and amicably. You can also plant potatoes in areas previously occupied by pumpkins, cucumbers or cabbage.
It is very important not to forget about the need to renew the seed material, which will help to avoid the degeneration of the variety.
How do you prepare for landing? In about a month, the seeds are sorted out, getting rid of spoiled, damaged and rotten ones, sorted and germinated. The selected tubers are dipped in a urea solution for about an hour.
During this time, seed material, affected by latent diseases, will emerge, and it should also be disposed of. Healthy tubers will sink to the bottom.
They must be taken out, dried and germinated within a month in the following temperature regime:
The optimum length of seedlings is from 1.5 to 2 cm.
Sprouted tubers should be planted in the ground after the frost has receded, when the soil warms up to + 6 ° C.
Lyubava is one of the unpretentious cultures. Care is quite simple, even a novice farmer can handle it. But it is very important to know a few basic points:
- During the period of crop growth, it is very important to feed, at least twice a season, using mullein, chicken droppings, and wood ash solution.
- Hilling is of particular importance, it helps to protect tubers from frost.
Do not forget about timely watering of bushes, weed control and disease prevention.
Diseases and pests
Among the crops that are resistant to many common diseases is the Lyubava potato. The description of the variety, the characteristics allow us to conclude that this plant is to a small extent susceptible to cancer, tuberous late blight.
However, the culture can be affected by the golden nematode, scab and late blight of the tops, therefore, timely preventive measures are required. To do this, before planting, the tubers should be treated with Fitosporin solution.
At the first manifestations of phytophthora, the affected tops should be destroyed, then the crop will not suffer.
It is very important to ensure that excess moisture does not accumulate on the site, this is one of the causes of late blight and can cause rotting of tubers.
The Colorado potato beetle also creates certain problems, so it is very important to monitor the condition of the bush and manually remove pests in a timely manner. In a state of neglect, you will have to use insecticides.
Reviews of the Lyubava potatoes are mostly positive. Gardeners and farmers are pleased that this variety is unpretentious both in climatic conditions and in cultivation, so even a beginner can handle it.
It is also very good that this plant can grow on its own, requiring only weekly watering, so city dwellers can also grow it, who, because of work, can visit their summer cottages only on weekends.
In addition, the tubers of the Lyubava variety are not only smooth and attractive in appearance, but also surprisingly tasty.
Among the favorites of gardeners and farmers in regions with an unfavorable climate, one can confidently attribute the Lyubava potatoes.
The description of the variety, photos and reviews made it possible to make sure that this is a crop that is unpretentious in care, but gives a high yield.
Therefore, beautiful neat bushes and rich pink tubers are increasingly spreading not only in Siberia and the Far East, but also in other regions of the country.