Yarrow - Asteraceae - How to care for and grow your Yarrow
HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS
There Yarrow it is a herbaceous plant, which grows spontaneously but can also be used to decorate gardens and borders thanks to its flowers with particular colors and its bushy habit.
Species: see the paragraph on "Main species"
The genre Yarrow of the family Asteraceae, includes about 85 very different species. In any case, these are deciduous perennials, that is to say that they lose their leaves during the winter, located mainly in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. In Italy there are numerous spontaneous species distributed throughout the peninsula, both on humid and heavy soils and in marginal soils reaching up to 3000 m s.l.m. and even beyond.
Some species are native to the prairies or dry areas and in this case the plants develop in height and maintain a herbaceous posture while the species native to the mountainous areas grow little and form low cushions.
Leaves they are gray or green in color, often aromatic with a slight camphor aroma. They can be similar to ferns or whole with the basal leaves larger than the apical ones.
In summer and autumn many achilles produce delicious flowers peeking out like many small daisies collected in acorimbo inflorescence of very different colors.
THE fruits they are pappus-free degliachenes and their shape is compressed and a little flattened.
They lend themselves well to adorn gardens and as a border.
In Italy there are about twenty spontaneous species located throughout the peninsula from the plain up to 3000 m s.l.m. and even beyond.
There are about 85 species in the genus Yarrow among which we reorder:
There Achillea millefolium(photo below) is a perennial herbaceous plant with a creeping rhizome, an erect and hairy stem at the top of which are the flowers gathered in corymb inflorescences variously colored and perfumed according to the variety. The leaves are very jagged enough to give the plant a bushy appearance typical of the species. The fruit is an indehiscent achene without pappus (set of hairs found at the apex of the fruit).
These are quite common species on a spontaneous level, especially in northern Italy. We return it to flower in uncultivated areas and along the edges of the paths and up to 2200 meters above sea level It does not suffer from drought or cold, but it does not like too humid environments.It is a plant that can become a weed.There are numerous varieties grown for ornamental purposes that produce very decorative and colorful flower heads, among these we mention:Achillea millefolium 'Cerise Queen' very vigorous plant that forms a cushion of dark green leaves with bright magenta pink flowers with a white inner part; there Achillea millefolium 'Paprika' which produces orange-red flower heads that gradually become lighter with time; there Achillea millefolium 'Sammetriese' with dark green leaves with flowers gathered in dark red inflorences that turn to magenta over time.
Achillea millefolium Cerise Queen
Achillea millefolium Paprika
Achillea millefolium sammetriese
There Achillea Umbellata (photo below) is a semi-deciduous perennial that forms beautiful, very decorative bushes. The leaves are ovate pinnate, silvery gray and slightly hairy. The flowers are gathered in umbrella-shaped inflorescences up to 3 cm wide which appear between April-May.
There Achillea ptarmica (photo below) is a rhizomatous perennial plant that has simple linear-lanceolate thickly serrated dark green leaves. It blooms from the end of summer forming corymb inflorescences no more than 10 cm wide of a dull white color.
The Yarrow they are very rustic plants and therefore easy to cultivate that grow well even in poor soils as long as they are well drained.
It is a plant that needs to be exposed in full sun or in any case in a place where it receives sunlight for a good part of the day.
It tolerates heat well but also resists intense cold and lives well even near the sea.
It can be grown both in pots and in the ground. In the case of pot cultivation, the latter must be large enough to allow for good root development.
Throughout the growth period of the plant theYarrowit should be watered in moderation and taking care not to leave water stagnations that are not welcome. During the other periods, just enough to keep the soil from drying out.
TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT
It is not particularly existent in terms of soils as it adapts to any type of soil even if it has a more luxuriant development in soils rich in organic substance, light and well drained. However, it also grows in stony or sandy soils and for this reason it is suitable for forming carpets in rock gardens.
If the plant is grown in pots, repotting is done at the end of winter and only when the roots have occupied all the available space and come out from the drainage holes of the pot. A larger pot than the previous one and a new, fertile and well-draining soil should be used, as described above.
To produce beautiful blooms theYarrow in the first year of cultivation it needs a good basic fertilization before sowing or transplanting with organic substance.
From spring to autumn, use a liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water, administered every 15 days, halving the doses compared to that indicated in the fertilizer package. In fact, if you do a good basic fertilization at the time of transplanting, large quantities of fertilizer are not needed. In the other seasons the fertilizations must be suspended.
Use complete fertilizers that is to say that they have both macro elements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) and micro elements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn ), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced growth of the plant.
They are plants that cannot be pruned. Only the leaves that dry up or get damaged are eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for disease.
L'Yarrow it has a very long flowering period from early spring to late autumn and pollination occurs by insects (entomogama). To speed up subsequent blooms it is good to remove the flowers as they wither.
In Achillea millefolium as the flowers change color as the flowering progresses, with the passing of the days there are spots of different color that are very nice to see.
Plants can be multiplied by seed or by division of the tufts.
In choosing the multiplication mode ofYarrow it must be borne in mind that multiplication by seed does not allow plants to be perfectly identical to the mother plant as genetic variability takes over, therefore, if you want to obtain a precise specimen or are not sure of the quality of the seed, multiply by division of the tufts .
MULTIPLICATION BY SEED
The multiplication by seed of the A.chillea it is carried out in spring. Since the seeds are very small, it is preferable to mix them with sand and then distribute them by broadcasting them in the ground and then cover them with soil.It is important, before sowing, to clean the soil from brushwood, stones and anything else present. of the previous vegetation. Subsequently it is advisable to make a basic fertilization with organic fertilizer before sowing.
MULTIPLICATION BY PLANT PORTIONS (TALEA)If multiplication by plant parts is adopted, proceed as follows: take the twigs containing 2/3 large and robust plant buds and when they are put to root in the ground itself, keeping it moist until the new plant has took root. After which the cutting treats like an adult plant.
PARASITES AND DISEASES
The Yarrow are plants subject to attacks by aphids and powdery mildew, especially the A. ptarmica which is more sensitive than other species.
Deformed leaf tips and presence of small mobile insects
If you notice small white-yellowish-greenish mobile insects you are almost certainly in the presence of aphids or as they are commonly called lice. You observe them with a magnifying glass and compare them with the photo on the side, they are unmistakable, you can't go wrong.
Remedies: treat the plant with specific pesticides that you can find from a good nurseryman. These are generally systemic products, that is to say that they enter the lymphatic circulation of the plant and therefore are absorbed by insects during feeding (To learn more about their knowledge and the fight against these parasites go to the page dedicated to them).
Presence of a whitish patina on the green parts of the plant
This symptom is to be associated with a fungal attack and in particular a white sore attack caused by fungus. The disease first manifests as a whitish mold and then the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
Remedies: if caught in time, this disease is not fatal and it is sufficient to eliminate the affected parts. However, if the attack is particularly serious, sulfur-based pesticides can be used (To learn more about their knowledge and the fight against these parasites go to the page dedicated to them).
The name Yarrow it was given by Linnaeus associating it with the name of the great hero Achilles (note 1). In fact, legend has it that Achilles had used a particular plant, at the suggestion of Venus, to pierce the wounds of Télefo (caused by Achilles himself), theYarrow precisely.
Contact with the leaves can cause allergies.
The flowers lend themselves very well to being kept dry.
There Yarrow it is also known by the name of herba militaris, soldier's herb, yarrow, grass of cuts or dogwood, names that recall its haemostatic properties. Achillées as the British call them yarrow or milfoil.
Some species of Yarrow they are used for food purposes. For example the Yarrow muscat it is used in Switzerland to make a stomachic liqueur while in Sweden they are often used to flavor beer. The plant also has medicinal properties, in fact its dried flowers are used for its antispasmodic (relaxing baths), anti-inflammatory, astringent and healing properties.
The species Achillea ptarmica it is often eaten raw as a salad.
In England it is also used dry and powdered to make snuff called "sneezing weed".
It is also a nectar plant, appreciated by bees for making honey even if, since there are no large plots, it is very rare to find honey from Yarrow.
1. Achilles is a hero of Greek mythology protagonist of the Iliad written by the great Homer. He is the hero of the Trojan War, son of the mortal Peleus, king of the Myrmidons and the Nereid Thetis.
Yarrow care - The yarrow that grows in your garden
The yarrow ( Achillea millefolium ) is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant. Whether you decide to grow yarrow in your flower beds or in your herb garden, yarrow remains a beautiful addition to your garden. Yarrow is so easy to grow that the plant requires virtually no care. Let's take a look at how to plant yarrow and give some tips on how to grow it.
Yarrow Achillea millefolium (Fam. Asteraceae)
Yarrow, Achilles' Grass, Soldier's Grass, Stagnasangue, these are some of the many vulgar names with which it is customary to call this plant with amazing medicinal properties. Today scientifically proven, the healing properties of yarrow have been known since ancient times. Discorides recommended it as a remedy against skin sores and ulcers, while Hippocrates extolled its virtues in case of hemorrhoids. In the 16th century, the physician and botanist Castore Durante described the Achillea as follows: "... I gave the juice of millefolium with great utility to drink in the spit and vomit of the blood and in all the intrinsic ruptures of the veins as well as to the ancient flows of menstruation . Put in the nose the flow of blood stagnates ... putting it with no little benefit in the enemas that are done for dysentery. Its water, drunk with goat's milk, stagnates the seminal flow in men. " For internal use, yarrow is very useful for treating digestive disorders and for calming menstrual and stomach pains. Finally, it is miraculous to limit menstrual flows that are too abundant.
PARTICULAR SIGNS: Delicate white or pink flowers gathered in flower heads.
The flowers can be white or pink, the flowering period is from May to September. The leaves are delicate in appearance, finely pinnate and jagged in many acute linear segments.
WHERE TO FIND IT: Meadows, pastures, paths and uncultivated fields.
If you are looking for this plant and you are a beginner, go to a meadow. From May, you will see that delicate white or pink flowers sprout among the blades of grass, giving a certain sweetness to the environment. The continuous cutting of the meadows by farmers hungry for hay for their livestock does not discourage this plant which is able to grow rapidly and, just as quickly, flourish again a true warrior.
USES: Salads, soups, herbal teas and digestive liqueurs.
In the kitchen, its rather decisive and slightly bitter aroma does not allow the use of this plant in large quantities, but it is still pleasant on the palate and is able to activate the enzymes involved in digestive processes. The use of yarrow as a medicine, on the other hand, finds many preparations such as vinous tinctures or digestive liqueurs, oleolites and healing creams. The flowering tops are very pleasant in herbal tea, to aid digestion, calm menstrual and stomach pains, or to curb over-abundant menstruation.
PROPERTY': Antihemorrhoidal, antispasmodic, astringent, antihaemorrhagic, digestive, healing.
Infallible for external use as an anti-haemorrhagic, healing or as a treatment against hemorrhoids. For internal use it is very useful for promoting digestion, calming menstrual and stomach pains and curbing internal bleeding.
The name 'Achillea' is linked to a legend according to which Achilles, advised by the centaur Chiron, used this plant to heal his own wounds and those of his soldiers. Yarrow is one of the herbs used to prepare Vermouth.
Yarrow - Asteraceae - How to care for and grow your Yarrow
Yarrow is a commonly known plant that grows 70 to 90cm in nature and develops delicate feather mesh leaves that resemble ostrich feathers. An erect, stiff stem, branched at the top, emerges from a dense rosette. This soft-haired plant pleases the eye. The most popular variety produces white blooms. They are tiny and flimsy, yet they manage to amaze with their simplicity when gathered in large umbrellas. The yarrow cultivars of the garden strike us with an explosion of colors, from white, to pale pink, to scarlet red, purple, brick red, yellow and orange. You will be able to grow this abundance of colors thanks to seeds from the yarrow variety selection that is available in our shop. From June to September this gorgeous perennial blooms dazzling all onlookers with rich color and simple cultivation. It is an interesting proposition for perennial flower beds set up with plants characterized by similar, strong and expansive growth. It can be planted both in clusters and singly. It will add charm to all natural and rural style gardens and serve as an element in a rock garden. These plants grow between 40 and 60cm tall in home gardens. The selection of colors will harmonize with the ornamental grasses. It will also fill the spaces in the farthest corners of the garden, where it will create colorful frames. Thanks to the fast growing stolons through which this species propagates, it can also serve as a turfing plant. Cut the inflorescences in all colors of the rainbow to create great bouquets for interior decoration and after drying they can be used in dried flower arrangements. With the right storage method, they will please our eyes in the long winter months and remind us of the summer with their colors.
Yarrow is a fascinating perennial plant. It belongs to the Asteraceae family and, due to its diffusion, it is often not welcomed in gardens. The scientific name of this plant, Achillea millefolium, most likely derives from the mythical Achilles, who was supposed to heal his wounds with this plant. It still has strong links with herbal medicine. You can buy it in any pharmacy in the form of herbal infusion that helps fight flatulence, duodenal and stomach ulcers, indigestion and stimulates appetite. It is recognized among women, as it regulates menstruation and mitigates the symptoms of climacteric. Yarrow also exhibits antiseptic, diastolic, cholagogic, carminative and anti-inflammatory effects. Used externally it accelerates wound healing and disinfects them. It is recommended for people suffering from skin inflammation and eczema. Yarrow can be added to baths that freeze frostbite and show analgetic powers at the same time.
The package contains 0.2 g of yarrow seeds, cultivation instructions and sowing date.
- Weight: 0.2 g
- Height: 40 - 60 cm
- USA: ornamental - larger groups, rock gardens, herb plants, such as cut flowers - fresh and dried medicinal
- Flowering period: June September
- Flower color: white, pale pink, scarlet, purple, purple, brick red, yellow, orange
- Plant form: perennial
- Foliage: rosette
- Flower type: umbrellas
GardenSeedsMarket [Mondo dei Fiori] is a company active on the market for over a decade. From the very beginning, we pay enormous attention to the quality of our products. Over the years we have obtained tens of thousands of satisfied customers all over the world. The seeds we sell are subjected to a quality control organized on several levels before being carefully packaged and sent to the recipient. Our products have been awarded with numerous certificates and meet the most stringent standards of the European Union. Our employees are experienced gardeners, always ready to answer your questions!
Where do our seeds come from?
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Quality control process
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FIRST PHASE: careful selection of producers, controls of their crops (including foreign subjects). The plants are checked not only at the beginning of the growth phase, but also during flowering and fruiting In this phase it is very important to ensure the isolation of the surfaces, so as to be able to count on the desired morphological characteristics for the various species ( e.g. color, height, bearing).
There SECOND PHASE consists in carrying out very accurate tests under laboratory conditions. Thanks to the use of top quality equipment and highly qualified employees, our suppliers perform over 30,000 qualitative analyzes every year. Seeds that do not meet the requirements are subjected to technological processes such as drying, cleaning, improvement and re-checking.
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Achilles contain achilleine (glucoside), achilleic acid, tannins, asparagine, itosterol, mucilages, resins and essential oil (o.e.). Both the content of o.e. that its qualities are highly variable. The content of o.e. in the iorite aerial parts it varies from 0.2 to 0.3%, but some selected populations may contain even more than 1%, while in the stems and leaves the percentage of o.e. ranges from 0.02 to 0.07%. Regarding the composition, the o.e. it can be free of azulenes or contain up to 20-30% in the most valuable chemotypes. Other substances present in the o.e. are: α- and β-pinene, carioyl- lene, borneol, cineol, sabinene, etc. Falconers and collaborators (2011) analyzed the o.e. of A. millefolium finding components such as α-asarone (33.3%), β-bisabolene (16.6%) and α-pinene (17.0%). The same authors in experiments carried out on animal guinea pigs have shown that the o.e. it is characterized by a strong antifungal capacity. Beretta (2011) has shown, however, how the hydroalcoholic extract of A. millefolium is characterized by anxiolytic-like effects, which do not give tolerance to GABA receptors.
In folk medicine, yarrow is used as a tonic, carminative, febrifuge, antispasmodic, astringent, healing and against menstrual bleeding.
The aqueous extracts have stomachic, antispasmodic, hypotensive, antipyretic and hemostatic properties.
In Tuscany, fresh and bruised leaves are applied to wounds for hemostatic and healing purposes. In Siena, the infusion of the iorite tops combined with those of hawthorn, olive leaves, mistletoe, shepherd's purse and nettle, seems to have hypotensive properties. The iorite tops are often used to fight hemorrhoids, as astringents, while the fresh juice is used to treat wounds and ulcerations. Food uses
The spicy leaf is used in salads and, together with iori, to flavor liqueurs.
How to use
Its use in the past was intended for the treatment of sores, injuries, wounds and more. Even today these uses remain unchanged. Yarrow is a common product in the field of natural remedies. It can be used in the form of tincture, decoction is infusion. Our experts say that around 80 components have been found within the yarrow, not to mention its active ingredients, which can interact positively with our body. Appreciated as an ally against fever, dysmenorrhea, digestive problems, dyspepsia and so on. Let's see how yarrow can be used.
- Achillea, for outdoor use. A plant with anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. We also owe many of its uses to its antiseptic properties. It can be used as a mother tincture, or yarrow creams that can be purchased directly from a herbalist's shop.
- Achillea, for internal use. Unleashes its decongestant and antispasmodic effect. Also useful in case of pain related to the menstrual cycle. You can use yarrow to make infusions and decoctions.
In Canada, for example, it is used to make fumigations against colds. According to local tradition, it should be mixed with vinegar and water. When it reaches the right temperature, just inhale the smoke to clear the airways.
Yarrow herbal tea, against flu and heartburn
There yarrow tea it is good for the body. It is used for heartburn, but also digestive problems of various kinds, flu and more ... it is generally mixed with other compounds, partly to accentuate the taste and partly to intensify its positive effects.
Preparing yarrow tea is simple. Usually 2 small spoons of this dried plant are used, combined with 1 cup of hot water. After about 8 minutes of waiting it is possible to take the herbal tea. If you wish, you can mix yarrow with other plants, so as to obtain excellent herbal teas with even more interesting effects!
- Yarrow and fennel. An herbal tea with these 2 components is indicated to purify, eliminate gas and stimulate digestion. Just add two tablespoons of fennel to the yarrow based herbal tea.
- Yarrow with the addition of licorice. A natural remedy for period pains. Experts suggest using dried licorice. It soothes pain and symptoms typical of the menstrual cycle.
- Yarrow and chamomile. Against abdominal cramps and burning, this drink is more than indicated. In fact, it relaxes the internal body and soothes the discomfort that can affect the digestive system. Plus, it also helps you relax and sleep.
- Yarrow, peppermint and lemon balm. These three combined ingredients give an excellent herbal tea against flu! Its draining and purifying effect also helps against the toxins that cause cellulite.
- Yarrow and marigold. The last herbal tea we are talking about today is a preparation that works against coughs. With this product, the hassles will be alleviated a little. You can consume it up to 4 times in 24 hours
The contraindications they are few but still present, so caution should not be lacking when taking yarrow in its various possible forms. This plant can cause allergic reactions, which means that individuals who have already had similar episodes after using plants that fall within the family of Astaraceae, should refrain from consumption and use.
Another aspect that should not be overlooked is that relating to the hiring of drugs with anticoagulant action. That is, the effect of these pharmacological products could be influenced. Doctors also inform that children who are too young should not take theyarrow yarrow, as it is potentially harmful to their body. The same applies to women in the breastfeeding or pregnant phase.
Medicinal properties and uses of yarrow
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Yarrow is a medicinal herb which has several beneficial properties. It is rich in essential oil (which contains chamazulene, camphor, beta-pinene, cineole, cineole, borneol, caryophyllene). The other main constituents are: sesquiterpene lactones, the bitter achilleine principle, flavonoids (apigenin-7-O-glucoside, luteolin, rutin), caffeic and salicylic acid, tannins, betaines.
Also, it has the following medicinal properties: digestive, bitter-tonic, antispasmodic, anti-haemorrhagic, emmenagogic, diaphoretic, astringent, sedative.
The parts of the plant used in phytotherapy are the aerial ones, ie flowers and root.
Yarrow is widely used in the treatment of some female genital disorders, such as: irregular cycle, menopausal anxiety, vaginal inflammation, painful affections from the menstrual cycle (dysmenorrhea).
The antispasmodic properties on the smooth muscles of the uterine tract are due to the large content of azulene of essential oil.
For women it is an ally plant as it helps to eliminate the stagnation of liquids and counteracts the imperfections of cellulite.
The virtue of yarrow they also help in the case of blood loss due to hemorrhoids and wounds. For this reason, therefore, it also takes the vulgar name of grass of the cuttings.
For external use, however, it is used in the form of oleolite ointment. In folk medicine, it is also used for prepare herbal teas with specific antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory effects for the digestive system.
Me too'yarrow infusion gives many benefits to the body. The astringent and antibacterial properties, for example, are useful for regulating stomach ailments and eliminating toxins from the blood.
Finally, yarrow is also widely used in the herbal field. So there are different processes, ranging from herbal tea, to capsules, up to essential oil. If, unfortunately, you are unable to safely harvest the fresh plant, here you will find valid products.
L’achillea millefoglie è però sconsigliata in gravidanza e allattamento, in persone che si curano con anticoagulanti ad uso orale, eparina, antiaggreganti piastrinici e/o fibrinolitici.
Raccolta, stoccaggio e utilizzo della menta
È meglio raccogliere la menta al mattino presto, quando le foglie sono più grasse e più saporite. Le foglie più giovani sono più morbide e hanno un sapore migliore.
Utilizzare forbici affilate per tagliare le foglie o gli steli della menta in crescita. Non raccogliere più di un terzo della pianta e fare tagli profondi solo una volta al mese durante la stagione di crescita.
Si può conservare in frigorifero con le estremità tagliate in acqua o avvolgere le foglie in un tovagliolo di carta umido. Congelare le foglie mettendole in acqua in vaschette per cubetti di ghiaccio.
La menta dovrebbe essere un punto fermo in ogni cucina. Mettete qualche rametto nell’insalata per darle un tocco di dolcezza. La menta si abbina particolarmente bene a piatti di pesce alla griglia e agnello.
Spesso pensiamo al tè quando pensiamo di usare la menta nelle bevande, ma si combina bene anche con molti altri tipi di liquidi. La limonata e il punch alla frutta hanno uno scintillio in più con qualche foglia di menta. E se sei una ragazza del Kentucky come me, primavera significa succhi di menta.
Se non potete usare tutta la vostra menta, provate a fare la gelatina di menta. È un favorito dimenticato che aggiunge un sapore speciale ai piatti invernali. Se non avete ancora provato le foglie di menta candita nei vostri dolci, fatene una priorità.
Menta come medicina
La menta ha diverse note proprietà medicinali. Inibisce la crescita di batteri e virus nel corpo. Allevia anche il gas e l’indigestione. Uno dei modi più semplici e veloci per beneficiare delle proprietà curative della menta è quello di berla sotto forma di un bicchiere di tè.
Utilizzare 2 cucchiaini di foglie fresche o 1 cucchiaino di foglie secche in un colino da tè. Lasciate riposare per circa 10 minuti per godere. Perfetto in quei giorni in cui l’apparato digerente brontola e gira. La menta è anche un grande sollievo naturale per le nausee mattutine.
Penso che il tè alla menta faccia miracoli per un naso chiuso. In quei giorni mi sveglio congestionato e cerco le foglie di tè. Mi aiuta sempre a schiarirmi le idee e ad andare avanti.
La menta ha la reputazione di respingere molti parassiti, tra cui topi, scarafaggi, cervi e formiche. Contiene il pulegone, un ingrediente di molti repellenti naturali per insetti.
Non riesco a immaginare il mio giardino senza una mentina. Ho diverse varietà di menta nel mio giardino, tra cui una in un posto ombreggiato vicino a casa mia. Nelle calde giornate estive, a volte mi rannicchio su una sedia vicina con un buon libro. L’odore della menta è rinfrescante. Dove pensi di mettere il tuo?