Various

Sites of Community Importance or Special Areas of Conservation

Sites of Community Importance or Special Areas of Conservation


SPECIAL STORAGE AREAS
or
SITES OF COMMUNITY IMPORTANCE (SIC)

The special areas of conservation are designated according to Directive 92/43 / Cee, they consist of natural areas, geographically defined and with a delimited surface, which:

  • contain terrestrial or aquatic areas which are distinguished by their geographical, abiotic and biotic, natural or semi-natural (natural habitats) characteristics and which contribute significantly to the conservation, or restoration, of a natural habitat type or a species of flora and fauna wild animals referred to in Annex I and II of Directive 92/43 / EEC, relating to the conservation of natural and semi-natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna in a satisfactory state to protect biological diversity in the Palearctic region through the protection of alpine environments , Apennine and Mediterranean;
  • are designated by the State through a regulatory, administrative and / or contractual act and in which the conservation measures necessary for the maintenance or restoration, in a satisfactory state of conservation, of the natural habitats and / or populations of the species for which the natural area is designated.

These areas are referred to as SITES OF COMMUNITY IMPORTANCE (Sic).


Next Friday in Caltagirone the conference "Evolution of the Natura 2000 Network: from Sites of Community Importance (SCI) to Special Conservation Areas (SACs)"

The United Nations Conference on the Environment, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, ended with the signing, by a hundred states, of three conventions, including that relating to the conservation of biodiversity.

This convention aims to:

  • ensure the conservation of biological diversity by providing interventions for the identification of biological resources, their conservation in situ and ex situ, preferably in the country of origin, environmental impact assessment, research, training and public information
  • ensure the sustainable use of biodiversity, the distribution of the resulting benefits, access to biological resources.

The EEC, therefore (the European Union was not yet born), having to elaborate strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, issued measures, the most important of which is Directive 92/43 / EEC "Habitat", which aims to safeguard the habitats and species listed in the directive itself by identifying sites of community importance (SCI) which, after official recognition, will become SACs (Special Conservation Areas).

The Habitats Directive also contains provisions for the implementation of Directive 79/409 / EEC "Birds", issued in 1979 but poorly implemented until 1992, which aims to safeguard wild birds through the establishment of Special Protection Areas (SPA).

The SACs and SPAs will form the Natura 2000 Network, currently made up of SCI and SPA.

The creation of the Natura 2000 network is now at an advanced stage.

For this reason, attention is now focusing on the effective management and restoration of the network sites. The request relating to the application of the necessary conservation measures is formally activated by the designation of the site as a Special Conservation Area (SAC).

Member States are required to designate SACs within 6 years from when the site was adopted by the Commission as a Site of Community Importance (SIC).

But what does the designation of SACs mean in practice and what impact should it have on the protection and management of sites?

And it is precisely to this question that the Conference "Evolution of the Natura 2000 Network: from Sites of Community Importance (SCI) to Special Conservation Areas (SACs)" wants to answer.

Tourism Councilor of the Municipality of Caltagirone

Member of the European Parliament

President Il Ramarro Onlus

President of the Regional Order of Geologists of Sicily

President of the Federation of the Order of Agronomists and Foresters of Sicily

President of CEA Niscemi Onlus

Commissioner of the Sicilian Graniculture Experimental Consortium Station

Eng. Francesco Cancellieri

PROF. VINCENZO PICCIONE - UNIVERSITY OF CATANIA
FROM SIC TO ZSC THROUGH PREVENTION AND ACTIVE CONSERVATION MEASURES

PROF. GIUSEPPE LO PARO - UNIVERSITY OF MESSINA
BIOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS IN THE CHOICES FOR THE PROTECTION OF HABITATS

DR. MARIO CASTORINA (VIDEO CONFERENCE) - Aeneas
THE NEW NATURA 2000 CARD: THE OPPORTUNITY OF FILLING INADMISSIBLE GAPS FOR AN INCONTESTIBLE COMPULSORY EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MANAGEMENT MEASURES.

PROF. ING. BERNARDINO ROMANO (VIDEO CONFERENCE) - University of L'Aquila
ZSC NATURA 2000: STILL A "NETWORK" PROBLEM

DR. BASILIO SARDO GALATI - COMPONENT OF THE CRU
THE EVOLUTION OF THE NATURA 2000 NETWORK REGULATION AND THE INFLUENCE OF MANAGEMENT PLANS ON URBAN PLANNING

InBar Communication Manager

Responsible for Aigae Sicilia

Entrepreneur on a Site of Community Importance

Councilor for the Environment of the Municipality of Caltagirone

President of the Messina Order of Agronomists and Foresters


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The Natura 2000 Network

The United Nations Conference on the Environment, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, ended with the signing, by a hundred states, of three conventions, including that relating to the conservation of biodiversity.

This convention aims to:

  • ensure the conservation of biological diversity by providing interventions for the identification of biological resources, their conservation in situ and ex situ, preferably in the country of origin, environmental impact assessment, research, training and public information
  • ensure the sustainable use of biodiversity, the distribution of the resulting benefits, and access to biological resources.

The EEC, therefore (the European Union was not yet born), having to elaborate strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, issued measures, the most important of which is Directive 92/43 / EEC "Habitat", which aims to safeguard the habitats and species listed in the directive by identifying sites of community importance (SCI) which, following official recognition, will become SACs (Special Conservation Areas).

The Habitats Directive also contains provisions for the implementation of Directive 79/409 / EEC "Birds", issued in 1979 but poorly implemented until 1992, which aims to safeguard wild birds through the establishment of Special Protection Areas. (SPA).

The SACs and SPAs will form the Natura 2000 Network, currently made up of SCIs and SPAs. At the moment, for their protection, the procedure relating to the impact assessment has been adopted, but the Ministry of the Environment is preparing the guidelines for the conservation measures that the Regions will have to adopt.


Search on South Tyrol

PRATO ALLO STELVIO. The procedure envisaged by the European Union for the transformation of Natura 2000 sites from "sites of community importance" to "special areas of conservation" has been concluded. For.

PRATO ALLO STELVIO. The procedure envisaged by the European Union for the transformation of Natura 2000 sites from "sites of community importance" to "special areas of conservation" has been concluded. For the first 35 areas, the path ended last summer, while yesterday, with the go-ahead from the Provincial Government, the operation was completed also with regard to the last five sites that fall within the South Tyrolean part of the Stelvio National Park. Everything stems from the European directive on flora and fauna: in order to protect species and living spaces of Community importance, in fact, the Member States were called upon to designate Natura 2000 protection sites, and subsequently to transform them into special areas of storage.


The importance of the sic, zps and zsc areas

SIC area, what are they and why are they so important?

For SIC area, acronym of site of community interest, we mean all those areas that are part of the main safeguard strategy of the Habitats Directive, since 1997 also implemented in Italy. This directive aims to promote the maintenance of biodiversity in order to safeguard the natural habitats of the European territory.

What is meant by biodiversity?

By biodiversity we mean the diversity of living organisms in all their forms and their respective ecosystems, and includes the entire biological variability of genes, species or ecosystems. Man, by his very nature, is also part of biodiversity.

Natura 2000 network

Of considerable importance is also Natura 2000 network, a special ecological network spread throughout the European territory with the aim of maintaining long-term natural habitats and safeguarding their species. Established under the Habitat Directive 92/43 / EEC, the Natura 2000 network consists of the Sites of Community Interest (SIC) and the so-called SPA is SAC, respectively special protection areas and special conservation areas in which the presence of man is not excluded. Article 2, in this sense, clarifies the situation better: the Habitats Directive intends to guarantee the protection of nature also taking into account “economic, social and cultural needs, as well as regional and local particularities”.

The website of the Ministry of the Environment and the protection of the territory and the sea offers further information on the identification by the Italian Regions of 2321 Sites of Community Importance (SCI), 1179 of which have been designated as Special Conservation Areas, and 610 Special Protection Areas (SPAs).

The pond and the park of Molentargius-saline

Inserted since 1977 in the Ramsar Convention (Convention on wetlands of international importance) due to its importance as a resting place, wintering and nesting place for numerous species of water birds, the park was officially born with the Regional Law February 26, 1999 n. 5:

"The Park ensures the unitary management of the complex of ecosystems delimited pursuant to article 2 below, guaranteeing, also in consideration of their international importance, the conservation and enhancement of natural, environmental, historical and cultural resources, their social use, promotion of scientific research and environmental education, as well as the development of compatible economic activities, first of all those connected with the production of salt, traditional, agricultural, livestock, craft and tourism and the ecological requalification of the settlements "

The context overlooked by the SIC area of ​​the pond and the Molentargius park includes the areas of Cagliari, Quartu Sant’Elena, Quartucciu and Selargius.

the photos of the Molentargius park are by Riccardo Acciaro


Sites of Community Importance (SIC) (Additional information)

KEYWORD:

To date, 2310 Sites of Community Importance (SCI) have been identified by the Italian Regions, 103 of which have been designated as Special Conservation Areas, and 610 Special Protection Areas (SPAs) of these, 335 are type C sites, or SCI / SAC coinciding with SPAs.

On the basis of the national lists proposed by the Member States, the European Commission adopts, with a Decision for each biogeographical region, a list of Sites of Community Importance (SCI) that become part of the Natura 2000 network.

The Ministry of the Environment and the Protection of the Territory and the Sea subsequently publishes, with its own decrees, the lists of Italian SCIs for each biogeographical region.

SCIs are subject to the protections of the Habitats Directive from the moment of transmission by the Ministry of the Environment of the national databases (Standard Forms and perimeters) and subsequent updates to the European Commission, which means that any changes made to the perimeters or Standard Forms are to be taken into consideration, for the purposes of applying the Directive, before they are formally adopted in the subsequent Commission Decision. The last transmission of the database to the European Commission was carried out by the Ministry of the Environment in October 2013 (ftp://ftp.dpn.minambiente.it/Natura2000/TrasmissioneCE_2013/).

However, due to the precautionary principle, in the case of redetermination of the perimeters of the sites and changes to the Standard Forms, it is necessary to continue to take into account the previous transmission to the European Commission (ftp://ftp.dpn.minambiente.it/Natura2000/ TransmissionCE_2012 /).

Limitations of use: the ownership of the data belongs to the Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory and the Sea and of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces, each for data relating to its territory. The data may only be used for non-commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged. Distribution, adaptation and any other modification is prohibited.


Index

According to the Habitats Directive, the designation of the SACs had to take place "as quickly as possible" [2] and in any case within a maximum period of six years from the adoption of the SCI lists, which took place in 2009 [3]. Due to the delays in the designation of the SACs, in 2015 the European Union opened an infringement procedure against Italy. The Ministry of the Environment has repeatedly asked the regional administrations to approve the conservation objectives and measures for the SACs, but there are still 7 defaulting Regions [4]. On 23 March 2017 Il Fatto Quotidiano denounced the release by the Campania Region of authorizations for works that would conflict with the EU directive, to be carried out in special conservation areas pending formal designation [5].


Video: S4M-01532 Special Areas of Conservation Designation