Adromischus (Adromischus) is one of the representatives of the bastard family, and also a representative of the succulent group of plants. The homeland of origin of adromiscus is considered to be South and South-West Africa. The plant derives its name from a combination of two Greek words, which are literally translated as "thick" and "trunk".
Adromiscus in the wild is represented as a dwarf one, but it can also be found in the form of a herbaceous plant, the shoots of which are recumbent and supplied with aerial roots with a reddish or brown tint. Leaves are round or triangular in shape, smooth to the touch or slightly pubescent, fleshy, juicy. Adromiscus blooms in the form of an inflorescence that rises above the plant on a long peduncle. Flowers are collected in a spikelet, five-leafed, pink or white.
Home care for adromiscus
Location and lighting
Adromiscus needs bright daylight. The plant easily tolerates direct rays without the appearance of burns on the leaves.
In summer, the optimal temperature for a plant will be about 25-30 degrees, in winter 10-15 degrees, but not less than 7 degrees. If the room temperature is too high, the adromiscus should be near an open window.
Adromiscus is insensitive to air humidity. It can be kept in a room with dry air, while the succulent does not need spraying.
In the spring-summer period, watering of adromiscus should be moderate, as the substrate in the pot dries completely. In autumn, watering is gradually reduced, and in winter they do without it. If the air temperature in the room is high in winter, then you can occasionally moisten the earthy lump with warm, settled water.
Top dressing and fertilizers
To fertilize adromiscus, special feeding for cacti is used. The diluted fertilizer concentrate is applied to the soil once a month from March to September inclusive. In winter, adromiscus is at rest: it does not need feeding and watering.
As needed, adromiscus is transplanted into a larger pot. This must be done in the spring. You can use a pre-made cactus substrate available from your specialist store. It is important to place a generous layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot.
Reproduction of adromiscus
Adromiscus can be propagated by leaf cuttings. The cutting should dry out a little at room temperature. Then it is planted for rooting in coarse river sand or vermiculite. After the first roots appear (after about 30 days), the young plant is transplanted into a substrate for cactus plants.
Diseases and pests
Adromiscus can be affected by aphids, spider mites, mealybugs. If the lower leaves turn yellow and begin to fall off, then this does not always indicate the presence of pests. Thus, the plant grows old.
When watering, it is important to prevent water from entering the leaf outlet. This can lead to stem rot. In low light, the stem of the adromiscus will be light green, thin and elongated.
Popular types of adromiscus
Adromiscus comb - is a representative of succulent plants with a compact size, a height of about 15 cm. The young plant is represented by an upright stem, from the time the stems begin to age and hang down, and the plant has many overgrown aerial roots. The leaves are dark green, convex, the thickness is about 1 cm, the width is up to 5 cm. The flowering is peculiar: the color of the flowers is white with a greenish tint, the edging of the flowers is pink.
Adromiscus Cooper's - is a compact succulent plant with a short branching stem. The leaves have a large supply of moisture, are shiny, green, painted with a brown pattern of spots. The shape of the leaves is oval, about 5 cm long. It blooms with tubular red-green flowers.
Adromiscus Pelnitz - a compact succulent plant only about 10 cm in height. Branching stems, light green. The flowers are inconspicuous, collected in an inflorescence of about 40 cm in length.
Adromiscus spotted - weakly branching small plant, succulent. Height - about 10 cm. The leaves are round, 3 cm wide, 5 cm long, dark green with red spots. It blooms with red-brown flowers. The variety is valuable for the decorative effect of the leaves.
Adromiscus three-pistil - succulent, small (about 10 cm tall) with weakly branching shoots. The leaves are rounded, dark green with brown spots. The length of the leaf is 4-5 cm, the width is 3-4 cm. The color is red-brown nondescript flowers.
The most unpretentious plants - succulents - Flower shop
Plant Adromiscus 10.2 cm assorted
Adromiscus is a large genus of succulent plants that are very popular lately and fit well into the interior. Adromiscus attracts with its unusual leaf shape. The puff-like pads have a wavy or smooth edge. Plants that are easy to care for will delight owners with graceful beauty for a long time.
|Group:||Cacti and succulents|
|Plant height:||10.2 cm|
|Lighting:||For sunny places (light-loving)|
|Temperature:||30 deg. Celsius|
|Types of feeding:||Root liquid top dressing|
|Irrigation type:||From above|
|Pot diameter:||6.5 cm|
Adromiscus is an unpretentious succulent from South Africa
Adromiscus is an unpretentious succulent plant, the cultivation of which is available even to novice growers. These plants are appreciated for their interesting foliage color, which is often mottled with reddish-brown spots. Adromiscus is highly variable and varied, although rarely collectible. Commonly used in succulent compositions.
Adromiscus are small succulent shrubs or perennials. Their leaves are so fragile that if touched carelessly, they can fall off. The leaves live for several years, after which they begin to dry out from the top. Such leaves must be carefully removed without waiting for them to dry completely.
In summer, with sufficient light, the plants bloom in spike-shaped inflorescences with small flowers of pale colors. But flowering is not very decorative, the beauty of the leaves overshadows it.
In the spring and summer period, adromiscus grow well in warm, dry rooms. In winter, they require a period of rest and low temperatures. Different species may differ in their requirements, so carefully observe the plants to find the optimal conditions for them.
Description of species - on the page Andromiscus.
Priming... In their native habitat, adromiscus grow on all types of soil, from shale to granite, quartz and sandstone, mainly on rock ledges or cracks under shrubs. The soil mixture for andromiscus consists of the following components: peat: sand: fine expanded clay (1: 1: 1), a substrate for cacti with the addition of brick chips and charcoal is also suitable. The acidity of the soil should be neutral.
Transfer produced in spring, usually every 2 years, although some specimens can grow without transplanting for several years, acquiring a knobby appearance like a bonsai. Aerial roots are not added dropwise during transplantation. They take a small pot, drainage is arranged at the bottom. At first, water is sparsely so as not to cause rotting of the plant.
In case of urgent need, the plant can be transplanted in the fall, but not in the winter. Root damage in winter can cause rot after replanting.
Lighting... Adromiscus is a light-loving plant that tolerates even direct sunlight. The more light the plant receives, the more intense the color. It is good to place it on the east and west windows, on the south - with shading at noon. On the northern windows, the plant does not tolerate a lack of light, the bushes acquire an even green color, loosen and do not bloom.
Temperature... The plant loves warmth combined with good air ventilation. The optimum temperature of the content is in the range of + 25 ... + 29 ° C. In the autumn-winter period, the temperature should not be higher than + 15 ° C, but not lower than + 7 ° C.
Watering during the active growing season, it should be moderate, with drying of the upper soil layer. Irrigation water should be kept at room temperature. From autumn, watering is gradually reduced so that the lower leaves wrinkle slightly, and in winter they are watered very rarely or not watered at all (the lower the temperature, the less need for watering). In nature, adromiscus grow in areas with summer rains and dry winters. The most abundant watering is required for the plant in the spring, when new buds appear. But with waterlogging, root decay is possible, the plant becomes watery, soft. With a strong lack of moisture, the leaves begin to wrinkle and then fall off. Moderate watering allows the color of the leaves to appear brighter than more abundant.
Air humidity... Adromiscus tolerates dry air well and does not need to increase humidity. If the room is humid, good ventilation will be required so that the plant does not rot.
Top dressing applied from spring to autumn every month, using a specialized fertilizer for succulents or cacti, which is characterized by a low content of nutrients. For small and slow-growing species, one spring feeding per year is sufficient.
Dormant period in adromiscus it begins in winter. He is selected a bright place with a temperature of + 7 ... + 15 ° C, watered occasionally or not watered at all. Top dressing is canceled.
Bloom in adromiscus it occurs in the summer.
Pests... The plant is less susceptible to pests, although aphids and mealybugs are possible. You can fight them by simply collecting and then spraying diatomite twice, with an interval of 10-14 days. Chemical insecticides leave stains on the leaves that are impossible to get rid of.
Genus Adromiscus (Adromischus) has 30 plant species, belongs to the Tolstyankovye family (Crassulaceae). All members of the genus are endemic to southern Africa.
Genus name derived from ancient Greek words adros (thick) and mischos (stem).
It is a genus of low shrubs or perennial herbaceous plants. Fibrous roots. Stems are short, recumbent, thick, densely covered with rusty-red aerial roots, capable of absorbing moisture from the air. The leaves are juicy, in many species variegated with spots, sometimes pubescent. The flowers are collected in a spike-shaped raceme on a rather long peduncle. Corolla petals partially grow together, forming a narrow tube. The fruit is a dry polyspermous pod. Blossom in summer.
Among succulent lovers, species with spotty leaves covered with red or dark green zones are most in demand.
BUTdromiscus comb (Adromischus cristatus) – originally from the eastern part of the Cape Province of South Africa. It grows in thickets of succulent plants on sheltered and shaded outcrops of rocks and rocky slopes.
An exquisite dwarf plant 2-8 cm tall, with several rosettes formed by thick inverted triangular leaves, with a felt texture and characteristic comb-like wavy leaf edges. It is also easily recognizable by its short stem covered with a thick layer of reddish, matted, wiry, hair-like aerial roots. A very changeable species. Leaves 1.5-5 cm long and 5-20 mm wide, swollen, from triangular to oblong-elliptical, from green to gray-green, tips from truncated or rounded to more or less widened and crunchy. The leaves are petiolar, wedge-shaped at the base. The edge in the upper half of the leaf is horny, wavy, often darker. Sometimes the leaves are covered with glandular hairs, ranging from green to gray-green, often with darker markings. The inflorescence is spicate, 10-20 cm high, gray-green. Flowers 1-1.2 cm, white-pink.
- Adromischus cristatuscristatus - leaves are inversely triangular, 1-1.5 times longer than width, with a crest at the apex.
- Adromischuscristatusvar.clavifolius, synonym for Adromiscus Pelnitz (Adromischuspoellnitzianus) - leaves 2-5 times longer than the width of the apical crest, from obverse-triangular to clavate, almost glabrous.
Adromiscus Cooper's (Adromischus cooperi) - grows in the mountains of the eastern part of the Cape Province of South Africa. Typical component of succulent thickets.
A dwarf freely branching perennial succulent 2-7 cm high and 15 cm wide. It has larger leaves than the crested andromiscus, plump, narrowed towards the base, pale silver-gray with a green tint, elegantly colored in a rich dark purple color. Stems are short, spreading, sometimes grayish-brown with aerial roots. Crossed leaves, from tubular to obverse-lanceolate, the terminal part is ovoid-triangular, wider than the leaf, with white, slightly wavy horny edges, 2.5-5 cm long, glossy, from gray-green to blue, glabrous, with distinct spots on the edges. Upper surface with large purple markings. Inflorescences 35 cm or more long. Flowers: tubular, green-red, densely bloom with white edges, pink or purple lobes and clavate hairs in the pharynx and corolla lobes.
Adromiscus mariane (Adromischus marianae) - originally from the province of Namaqualand (South Africa).
Very variable species, 10-15 cm tall. This perennial succulent and slow-growing shrub usually has thin and short branches and forms a small group of coarse, warty and almost spherical leaves, resembling dried raisins, of quite different colors - green, red-brown or purple, up to 3.5 cm long.The flowers are green with pinkish, about 12 mm long.
Adromiscus spotted (Adromischus maculatus) - grows on rocky outcrops at fairly high altitudes in the Cape province of South Africa.
A beautiful succulent with fairly flat, thick, wedge-shaped leaves that are beautifully chocolate-colored, giving them a marbled appearance. In common use - Chocolate drop.
A low-growing perennial that forms small clusters or rugs. The stem is very short, somewhat woody, lodging down to drooping, up to 15 cm long, slightly branched. Leaves obovate, spatulate or oblong, flattened, with a blunt tip and often with notches, 3-7 mm long and 2-3.5 mm wide, rounded, usually sharply wedge-shaped at the base, with a horny edge all over the leaf, green, from gray -green to grayish brown, shiny, sometimes almost scarlet from sunlight, with dark purple spots. Young plants are often spotless. Inflorescence - 1-2-flowered raceme, gray-green, erect, 20-35 cm tall. Flowers: tubular, pale yellowish green.
Adromiscus three-pistil (Adromischus trigynus) - originally from South and South-West Africa.
A sparsely branched shrub up to 10 cm tall. Leaves are round or slightly elongated, 4-5 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, dark green with reddish-brown spots on both sides. The flowers are red-brown. One of the most beautiful views.