Abutilon, in the garden or in a pot, grow it with Our website
Abutilon, superb flowering for this somewhat rustic flowering shrub!
Abutilon is a beautiful flowering plant. Particularly thanks to its flowers, "evolving" bells with lanterns that will reveal beautiful flowers with yellow petals. There are many species in the genus "velvetleaf". Many of the varieties are frosty, or semi-hardy. In fact in the ground it will be reserved for soft regions. But abutilons are ideal plants to grow in pots, for the veranda that can be taken out once spring is well established and in summer! 2 species allow cultivation in open ground in mild regions because they resist down to -5 ° C Abutilon Magapotamicum and -10 ° C Abutilon Vitifolium.
• Abutilon spp
• Plant: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent (semi-persistent)
• Type of plant: Not hardy to semi-hardy (-5 and -10 ° C))
• Family: Malvaceae – malvaceae
• Harbor : Shrub, varieties for training
• Exhibition: Sunny
• Plantation: All year round in pots in spring for planting in the ground
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: reserved for soft zones (Zones 9a, 9b, and zone 10) (see hardiness card)
• Origin: South America, China, India
• Abutilon is a fairly easy shrub to grow, but which can suffer from cold, especially when it is still a young plant.
• Rapid development.
What advantages in the garden
• Long and beautiful flowering with shimmering colors.
What soil for Abutilon?
• A soil that is always fresh and drained.
When to plant it?
• For cultivating in open ground the (a little) rustic varieties, privilege the spring to allow the plant to develop roots before the first cold.
• For container culture, you can plant it whenever you want.
What exposure for Ablution?
• He appreciates exhibitions sunny.
How to plant it?
Usually delivered in containers, abutilons are easy to grow in areas with mild climates.
In the ground:
> Dig a hole wider and deeper than the shrub's root ball, usually near a wall so that it can be trained.
> The soil must be well loosened and amended so as to ensure its draining power.
> Mix the soil with potting soil (1/3) plus a few shovelfuls of mature compost and sand.
> Place the abuliton.
> Fill the hole with soil from the garden.
> Firmly press down without risking damaging the "roots" of the shrub.
• Fresh soil, regular watering.
• In autumn, scrape the soil from the base of the plant and place a few shovels of well-decomposed compost.
• Prune it in the fall after flowering to keep it in a nice shape with branches that will get stronger over time.
Diseases and Parasites:
• No illnesses
Flowering of Ablution:
• The plant flowers from spring, in May, and until October.
• Abutilon pictum: is a shrub with oval leaves, medium green, with 3 to 5 lobes. Its flowers look like dangling bells, yellow to red, ribbed in red, with prominent stamen (photo).
• Abutilon vitifolium: shorter flowering, June and July. Its flowers are light mauve, exist with white flowers. The stamens are short yellow in color.
Which plant is suitable for ablution?
• Oleander, Hibiscus ...
Plant them in the garden, or in a pot:
• ATa garden: for varieties that are resistant to cold
• Pot : For all varieties more sensitive to the cold, that you can bring them under the veranda during the winter.
Soil and Watering
Foot size (WxH)
all types of soil
fresh and drained
1.5 m in all directions
Collet not buried
Spring in the ground
All season in pot.
May to October
Celery in a pot
Very often used in Mediterranean and Italian cuisine, celery is an edible plant that is easy to grow in pots. The genus Apium graveolens includes 2 main varieties: branch celery or ribbed celery and celeriac. For a container culture, we prefer celery stick because its roots require less space and depth to develop. You can harvest the leaves of your potted celery as and when you need it in the kitchen.
Description of thyme in a pot
- Latin name : Thymus
- Synonyms : Garden thyme, Farigoule
- Family : Lamiaceae
- Origin : Mediterranean
- Flowering period : from March to September
- Flower color : white, pink, purple
- Type of plant : aromatic plant
- Type of vegetation : perennial
- Foliage type : persistent
Characteristics of Thyme in a pot
Like many other aromatic plants, thyme belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Native to the Mediterranean, it is a plant that loves the sun, rocky, hot and dry soils. Thyme has gray-green and persistent foliage, used in cooking because it is very fragrant. From May to September, it produces white, pink or purple flowers that attract bees. Thyme does not fear drought but moderately resistant to cold. In regions with severe winters, it is best to choose thyme varieties suitable for container cultivation.
When the summer period ends, prune your plant 6 to 8 inches from the ground or the pot. This way, she will keep her beautiful, bushy shape and produce new buds before winter. In any case, compared to other aromatic plants, sage requires little care and maintenance when properly installed in its corner.
Although this plant tolerates the sun perfectly, you should water it from time to time, especially in hot weather. For container crops, don't wait until the soil is completely dry before watering. On a garden blog you will distinguish all the basic rules concerning the maintenance of aromatic plants.
|Earth||Draining well, alkaline.|
The plant is used to heat and easily tolerates full sun. In addition, its water requirements are low when the plant is well established in the ground.
The plant remains stocky and relatively low and small, making it compatible with container cultivation. If you plant a row of them, you can plant them relatively tight (30 to 40 cm).
I do not prune my Ashwagandha plants, I instead place stakes to prevent the strong wind from breaking the brittle stems.
The plants produce tiny, orange-colored “tomatoes” in late summer.
The root is harvested in the fall and remains relatively small. On the other hand, a small amount is enough to prepare a decoction. We are dealing with concentrate!
Summer outside, winter inside
The Great River Abutilon, which can be thought of as a shrub perennial or a climbing perennial (it can form a plant of 2 mx 2 m), produces long, very flexible branches, produces superb flowers in the shape of a bright red heart , prolonged by yellow petals from which emerge purple stamens. The shrub flowers a lot and regularly throughout the summer provided it is watered sufficiently (the soil should not be soggy either). Find a place for it in the sun, but it shouldn't roast either. Do not hesitate to offer it a trellis to install in the pot, otherwise it will be difficult for your plant to overwinter.
In a cool climate, you must cultivate the abutilon of the great river in a well-drained pot to be able to bring it in at the first cold. If you ever forget it, it will “sneeze” (its leaves will turn yellow), but will recover quickly from its emotions if you overwinter it. Do not install it in your home, but in a veranda or greenhouse (not less than -5 ° C) or a winter garden. In early spring, cut back a third of the stems and wait to take them out until it is warm enough.
Carnivorous plants for beginners
Drosera, dew of the sun
The Drosera, also known as sundews have a wide variety of shapes, with round or thread-like leaves. They grow all over the world, including in France. All are provided with sort of tentacles scattered on the surface of the foliage and stems which are endowed with movement. The hairs secrete a drop of viscous liquid that glows in the sun like the morning dew. These drops of mucilage are very attractive to insects who are trapped. The other tentacles move into motion to enclose the animal in their lethal embrace as the digestive process takes place.
Grow Drosera in a cool greenhouse or veranda, with a maximum of sun and without fear of the ambient temperature. Keep the substrate very moist from spring to fall. Easy for the beginner, the Drosera capensis does not need a winter rest.
Dionaea, Venus flycatcher
Spectacular despite its small size, Dionaea muscipula has developed jaw-shaped traps. A bunch of leaves develops on the superficial part of the rhizome. The leaves ending in sharp teeth are formidable traps for insects. The trap is closed by touching the tactile hairs. The jaws close very quickly, in a few tenths of a second, and trap the prey.
The Dionaea lives in the peatlands of North and South Carolina, USA, in a temperate to subtropical climate. Keep the substrate very moist from spring to fall. The plant needs maximum light in summer and winter rest in a cool greenhouse with reduced watering.
Nepenthes, urn plant
The Nepenthes carries beautiful hanging urns that serve as insect traps. Attracted by a nectar produced on the opening of the trap, they engulf and slide to the bottom of the urn lined with a sticky liquid. The ballot boxes are closed by a cover which acts as an umbrella.
Terrestrial or epiphytic, the Nepenthes is a climbing vine that lives in the humid forests of Southeast Asia. Some are endemic to the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. It is installed in a greenhouse, a bright bathroom or a veranda. We choose a hanging pot so that he can develop his urns without any problem. Since the production of ballot boxes is directly linked to ambient humidity, spray the foliage regularly and avoid direct sunlight.
Sarracenia, trumpet plant
Sarracenia produces a bouquet of leaves arranged in rosettes that have evolved into an upright trumpet which acts as an insect trap. Attracted by the nectar at the top of the urn, the insects end up falling inside with no possibility of getting out. slippery walls and inward curving hairs.
The urns can contain a very large number of preys, mainly flying insects, flies and wasps. The ballot boxes have a limited lifespan, no more than one year. They are cut in February March before the resumption of growth.
The flowers of the Sarracenia are among the most beautiful in the world of carnivorous plants. They are carried by a long shaft, the end of which curls under the weight of the floral pieces. Their bright colors and their scent attracts pollinating insects. Flowering occurs on plants that are several years old.
Sarracenia is the easiest carnivorous plant to grow. In its native habitat, the southern and eastern United States and Canada, the plant can form impressive clumps up to one meter high. Cultivated in peatlands, it can withstand minus 20 ° C and in pots up to minus 10 ° C. The Sarracenia needs a lot of sun and a winter rest.
To discover the Sarracenia ‘Juthatip Soper’. It is one of the most beautiful cultivars of Sarracenia. In summer, the plant presents several sheets each with a different color: white when young, pink when ripe and crimson red as they age. The plant is particularly decorative when it gathers leaves at all vegetative stages.
Tips for growing carnivorous plants
- Purchase. Preferably buy your plants in the spring, when growth resumes. Carnivorous plants hate being moved and repotting is a real trauma. Buy an adult plant in a pot, garden center, florist or specialist grower.
- Temperature . During the winter, place the plant near a window or in a greenhouse or veranda. Tropical species need 15 ° C. Species native to temperate regions tolerate minus 4 ° C to minus 10 ° C. The temperature should not exceed 15 ° C in winter. A warmer temperature will shorten its lifespan. In spring, when frost is no longer to be feared, the plant can be installed on the balcony or in the garden where it will withstand a temperature of 20 ° C or more.
- Brightness. Light is essential for carnivorous plants. They appreciate a lot of light in summer but preferably no direct sun on the foliage. Indoors, use artificial lighting close to natural light for about 15 hours a day in summer. In winter, reduce the light. Vegetative rest is mandatory because it allows you to extend the life of your pots.
- Container. Use a large plastic pot with drainage holes. The pot should be placed on a saucer or tray filled with expanded clay balls and water to maintain constant humidity.
- Ambient humidity. The soil should be moist, but without standing water. The air should be nearly saturated with humidity. The ideal is therefore a well-air-conditioned greenhouse. In the house, place air humidifiers, especially for tropical species.
- Culture in the garden. Most carnivorous plants live in nutrient-poor environments in the soil, such as bogs or acid bogs with high humidity. Use a mixture of equal parts blond peat and coarse sand. Add moss, perlite or vermiculite and a few pieces of washed charcoal.
- Culture in pots. The substrate must have a strong acidic tendency, with a pH close to 5. Make a mixture of 70% natural blond sphagnum peat moss (especially not brown peat), without any addition of fertilizer or potting soil, plus 30% river or aquarium sand. Mix the two elements well and then fill your substrate with water.
- Repotting. Upon purchase, repot your plant in a large pot or in a water tank with gauge. You need a minimum depth of 20cm and as many sides whether for a single plant or for four. Repotting is then done every three or four years, renewing only the substrate.
- Watering. Use rainwater or deionized water. During the growing season, place the base of the pot in 2 to 3cm of water from mid-April to the end of October. For pots with a water reserve, set the level to a quarter of the height of the dipstick. In winter, from November to the end of April, water the top of the substrate, keeping it just damp.
- Good to know. The roots of carnivorous plants allow them to draw water and the small amounts of mineral salts contained in peat. The complement is made by the prey they capture. You should never add fertilizer or small animals or food because the plants are frugal. The jaw leaves are fragile and care should be taken to avoid touching them.
- French-speaking association of carnivorous plant enthusiasts , http://www.dionee.org and http://www.rossolis.org and www.infoscarnivores.com
- Nantes plant garden , you will discover a vast bog of carnivorous plants of local and American origin at the top of the park. www.nantes.fr/jardin-des-plantes and www.jardins.nantes.fr
- Cedric Carnivore’s, Producer of carnivorous plants, Cédric Azaïs has set up his greenhouses in Marcellus, along the Canal du Midi. They can be visited a few weekends during the summer. Sale via the website www.cedric-carnivores.fr
To discover the culture of cactus and others houseplants, go to the Plants, houseplants section or click on the link.