Echeveria 'Black Prince'
Echeveria 'Black Prince' (Black Hens and Chicks)
Echeveria 'Black Prince' (Black Hens and Chicks) is a slow-growing succulent that produces clumps of short rosettes of dark triangular…
Leaves will first be green and darken as they mature. The center of the plant is usually green. A low grower, the Black Prince plant has a rosette that can reach 3 inches (8 cm.) across. It is attractive in mixed containers or planted together with a few of the same type.
Black Prince succulent produces offsets, what we often call babies, that can fill your container and sometimes even spill over the sides. Offsets of the growing Black Prince echeveria grow from the bottom, growing upward against the mother plant. You may remove these babies to grow in other containers if you’d like.
Plant the Black Prince plant on a mound of soil or in a container filled to the top for the best view of emerging offsets. The mature, happily growing plant blooms dark red flowers in late autumn to winter.
Care and Propagation Information
General Care for Echeveria ‘Black Prince’
Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ is a beautiful evergreen succulent that produces offsets (chicks). These chicks have more of a green color, but as they grow, their color darkens. Does well in garden beds or container gardens.
‘Black Prince’ has typical watering needs for a succulent. It’s best to use the “soak and dry” method, and allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings.
Where to Plant
‘Black Prince’ is not cold hardy, so if you live in a zone that gets colder than 20° F (-6.7° C), it’s best to plant this succulent in a container that can be brought indoors. It does well in full to partial sun.
Plant in an area of your garden that gets 6 hours of sunlight a day. If planting indoors, or bringing inside for the winter, place in a room that gets a lot of sunlight, such as near a southern-facing window (if you’re in the Northern Hemisphere).
Flowering and Pest information
Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ produces red flowers in the late Fall to early Winter. These can attract hummingbirds.
Echeveria seem to be especially susceptible to mealy bug infestations.
How to Propagate Echeveria ‘Black Prince’
Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ propagates on its own by producing offsets. You can also propagate it from leaves and cuttings.
You can propagate the leaves of ‘Black Prince’ by choosing a firm, healthy leaf. Remove it from the main plant by gently twisting the leaf from the stem. Be sure not to leave any of the leaf on the stem (if you take a bit of the stem with the leaf, that’s fine, too!).
Allow the leaf to callous over for several days, and then lay on well-draining soil. Water whenever the soil has dried completely. After roots and a rosette have appeared, and the mother leaf has withered away, plant the new growth.
Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ will produce small green offsets (chicks), sprouting up around the base of the plant. Simply pull these up and allow the offsets to dry for one to two days before replanting.
To take a cutting of a ‘Black Prince’, use a sharp, sterile knife or pair of scissors. Allow the cut to callous over for a few days before planting in well-draining soil.
How to Get an Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ to Bloom
Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ produces bright red, bell-shaped flowers with small, yellow, star-shaped flowers inside. These flowers are really pretty and contrast very nicely with the plant’s dark foliage. Keep in mind that not all plants are ready to flower, and some may not bloom at all.
A lot of it depends on environmental factors beyond our control. To encourage blooms, make sure they are receiving adequate lighting. Along with proper lighting, make sure the plant is kept happy and receiving the proper care as mentioned above.
While fertilizing is not necessary, giving your plants the nutrients they need will help ensure proper growth and encourage blooms. It takes a lot of energy for plants to produce flowers, and feeding them extra nutrients will help supplement their needs during flowering season. The best time to fertilize is during the active growing season, or during spring and summer months.
A balanced blend of fertilizer for houseplants or a fertilizer specially formulated for cacti and succulents are suitable. Fertilizers are better applied at a quarter or half strength, about every two weeks. Here are some fertilizers I recommend.
Along with the right environmental conditions, they also need to go through a wintering period to encourage blooms. This can be achieved by keeping them cool and dry in the winter months, with temperatures just above freezing between 35-44⁰F (1.5-7⁰C).
If you are looking to add drama and flair to your garden, you will not go wrong with an Echeveria ‘Black Prince’. They look great in anything because as we all know, black goes with everything and these ‘Black Prince’ will surely not disappoint.
Where can you find Echeveria ‘Black Prince’ online? Check out my resource page for recommendations on where to purchase these and other succulents online.
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Echeveria 'Black Prince' (Reinelt): Dark and mysterious, 'Black Prince' has dark, thick leaves of burgundy to near black. It is a hybrid of E. affinis x E. shaviana, but its appearance is strongly determined by its E. affinis parent. It has a fairly open rosette form, reaching about 6.0" in diameter at maturity, then produces new offsets around its base. Exposure to full, summer sun and drought can induce the plant to bleach to coppery orange. It can send up tall bloom stalks in spring and fall with bright fuchsia to red flowers.
Echeveria need bright sunlight to maintain their colors and compact rosette form. They will not survive a hard frost, but if there is a risk of freezing temperatures they can be brought indoors to grow on a sunny window sill or under a grow light.
Like most succulents, they need great drainage and infrequent water to prevent rot. Pick containers with drainage holes and use well-draining cactus and succulent soil with 50% to 70% mineral grit such as coarse sand, pumice, or perlite. Water deeply enough for water to run out the drainage hole, then wait for the soil to fully dry before watering again.
Also known as "Mexican Hens & Chicks", Echeveria can produce new offsets or "chicks" on stolons around the base of the mother plant. These chicks can be left to form a tidy cluster or removed and transplanted. Additionally, Echeveria can be propagated from stem cuttings or mature leaves. Look to our Succulent Cuttings Guide for more information.