Proper cultivation of butternut pumpkin
Recently, new varieties of pumpkins for cultivation have begun to appear in Russia. And the vegetable itself has become noticeably more popular, of course, due to its composition, taste and even appearance. One of the new pumpkin varieties on the Russian seed market is butternut.
Description and characteristics of butternut pumpkin
This variety was bred in America back in 1960 by crossing cultivars of nutmeg cultivated pumpkin and wild African ones. In its homeland, this variety is very popular and is one of the best in terms of taste and shelf life.
Butternut is an early ripening variety with an unusual nutty flavor and a rather sweet firm flesh. The shape is pear-shaped and the seeds are concentrated in the lower part of it, which, of course, is a great advantage. Pumpkins of this variety are small, from 1 to 2 kg, but with proper care and favorable climatic conditions, up to 20 fruits can grow on one bush.
It is better to grow butternut squash by seedlings, especially in regions of Russia such as Siberia, with fairly cool summers and unpredictable spring weather.
In the central part of the country, especially in the southern regions, butternut can be grown by planting seeds in open ground, but in the northern regions of the country it is unlikely to grow - after all, this variety, bred in warm climatic conditions, does not adapt to northern conditions.
Useful properties and contraindications
Pumpkin butternut, due to its composition, improves bowel function and eliminates toxins. Adding this product to your daily diet helps to regulate stool and relieve constipation. For people prone to overweight, as well as hypertensive people, it is especially recommended, because it is an excellent dietary product, and the amino acids that make up it have a good effect on heart and brain activity. An element contained in a vegetable such as potassium, normalizes the water-salt balance of the body and relieves puffiness, removing excess fluid from the body.
Vitamin A contained in the fruit improves vision, skin and hair condition, omega-3 acids lower cholesterol, and phosphorus helps the formation of bone tissue, and therefore the use of pumpkin is extremely useful for fractures.
It must be said that, despite the abundance of useful qualities of this product, there are some contraindications for its use.
So pumpkin in no case should be consumed by people suffering from diabetes mellitus, as well as people with high acidity. The product may be an allergen, so people with a tendency to this disease should not eat it.
Seeds for seedlings, after preliminary heating, careful selection and soaking in early May, can be planted in small containers, given that there should be one pot per seed. In order for the planting material not to die, future seedlings must be kept warm, preferably in a greenhouse. As soon as the soil is completely warmed up, the seedlings can be planted in the ground, avoiding frost.
Butternut is a vegetable crop that requires particularly frequent watering, so if the plant is left without water for a long time, it will most likely die, or it will grow very slowly. It is worth stopping watering only when the future pumpkins reach a size of 15-20 cm in diameter. As for fertilizing, before the fruit setting process, agronomists advise using more natural fertilizers such as compost, manure or mineral fertilizers. Also, before the plant begins to bloom, you can sprinkle the bushes with ash.
With proper care, the crop can be harvested after 80-90 days from the date of sowing the seeds. If the fruits are not ripe, then it is better not to leave them on the bush, since the unripe fully ripened fruit will perfectly ripen and acquire the correct orange tint in any dry, moderately cool storage place.
Regarding the shelf life, we can say that butternut pumpkin is a winter variety and therefore it can be stored for as long as possible, retaining its taste and medicinal properties.
Diseases and pests
Like any other plant, butternut, with improper care, is susceptible to diseases, among which the most popular are:
- bacterial, affecting leaves and changing the shape of the fruit, which also affects the taste and benefits of the product;
- fungal, which form a white coating on the plant and cause rot.
For the prevention of diseases, the plant needs to be watered on time, rid of weeds and loosened. In addition, agrochemists advise even to process the seeds before planting with a special compound that is resistant to bacteria.
Among the pests extremely dangerous for pumpkin are spider mites and aphids. The prevention of the appearance of these pests is the timely disposal of the plant from the "sick" leaves and proper watering. But pollinating the plant with chemicals is not recommended.
Svetlana (housewife, Stavropol Territory). This year, for the first time, my husband and I tried to grow butternut pumpkin on our site, and we were quite pleased with the result. Of course, on the one hand, this variety is very capricious, but on the other hand, its preservation and the small volume of the fruit, which makes it possible to cook a dish from the whole vegetable at once, are good advantages for us.
Nikolay (pensioner, Novosibirsk region). I spend every summer at the dacha, so growing such a demanding variety did not become a problem for me. My wife and I have been growing pumpkins for a long time, but we have recently met with this variety. I recommend it for growing rather to experienced gardeners, since when caring for a plant, experience and knowledge are required.
Marina (teacher, Perm). I work at school as a biology teacher and therefore this variety interested me at first, rather, from the outside - it was attracted by an unusual shape. We tried to grow it with the children on the school site, not everything succeeded, but the harvest was harvested, although much less than planned.
Galina (pensioner, Tomsk) I saw the seeds of an unusual pumpkin butternut at the seed fair in the spring and decided to try to grow it. I suffered for a very long time with caring for her, but hoped that I would get delicious fruits. Alas, the taste of this variety upset me. It turned out to be too hard and not juicy at all. I realized that it is better to trust the time-tested varieties.
Sergey (yoga master, Kemerovo). I am a vegetarian and am always attracted to different new varieties of plants. I grew a pretty decent harvest of butternut in the country. I liked the unusual taste very much. I eat it, both raw and cooked, and I plan to plant a little more of it next year, because it keeps well.
So, even if you are not a fan of pumpkin dishes, butternut will change the way you think about this product. In addition, without having your own summer cottage and growing opportunities, you can buy a beautiful pumpkin of this variety in any hypermarket, since some countries that are champions in its cultivation supply nutmeg pumpkin for export in Russia at a fairly low price.
Butternut pumpkin: description, care and cultivation
Butternut pumpkin is a hybrid variety that was developed in the United States after crossing the butternut and African pumpkin in the middle of the 20th century. The variety is very popular in Mexico, where it is grown on an industrial scale, and is also common in Europe. The name literally translates as "butter nut" or "nut butter".
How to grow
Pumpkin Butternut is a heat-loving plant... Recall that it is possible to plant it in the ground with seeds only in the southern regions, where there are no frosts in the middle of autumn. In the middle lane and northern regions, the seedling method is used.
First of all, pumpkin seeds are heated... This is done for 1-2 months near a heating device or stove. Warming up increases the chances of getting more female flowers, which means a good harvest. Then the planting material is prepared.
Preparation consists of a number of activities:
- Seed selection... Empty seeds are discarded at this stage. To determine if the seeds are empty or not, they are placed in a salt solution. Those that do not drown are empty and are not suitable for landing.
- Hardening... The seed, wrapped in a damp cloth, is kept in the refrigerator for three days. This helps the seedlings to quickly adapt to weather changes.
- Disinfection... Before planting, the seeds are soaked for 10 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or water with aloe juice.
To plant seeds early, warm beds of compost or manure are prepared in the fall.... They immediately make holes and fill them with fertile soil. When the beds are ready, they are covered with transparent plastic. This allows biofuel to start heating the soil in March.
In mid-May, pre-germinated seeds can already be planted in holes to a depth of 2-3 cm... In this case, the film is not removed, but holes are made in it above the hole.
Important! If frosts are still expected, the beds must be covered with foil.
Seeds are planted on seedlings in early May.... Most gardeners use special pots with nutritious soil. Seedlings require regular moisture, but excessive moisture should be avoided. The seed pots are covered with a film, creating a greenhouse effect, but periodically they must arrange ventilation.
It is better to plant seedlings in loamy soil in the sunny part of the garden... The recommended distance between the beds is 0.6-0.7 m. The optimal period for planting seedlings in the ground is early June, when frosts are no longer expected.
Butternut is not as capricious as it is described.... It does not require a lot of time and effort. However, there are some nuances in caring for this vegetable.
Watering and mulching
Watering plays a special role in the cultivation of Butternut pumpkin... Experienced vegetable growers combine it with weeding the beds and loosening the soil. The soil is regularly loosened to avoid the formation of a crust, which interferes with the penetration of air and moisture to the roots of the plant. During the second loosening, about a month after the emergence of mass shoots, it is important to remove all weeds and carefully spread the growing lashes of the plant.
After female flowers have appeared on the plant and ovaries have formed, it is watered at least three times a month.... In August, watering is reduced, which allows already formed fruits to accumulate sugar content and form the most durable crust.
Attention! Watering must be stopped after the fruits reach the size of a small apple, otherwise the pumpkin will be watery.
The soil under the bushes is additionally mulched with straw, hay or construction sand... This is done to retain moisture and avoid weed overgrowth. It is good to use vermiculite or coconut briquettes to regulate soil moisture.
During flowering and the formation of a large number of ovaries, it is important to feed the plant... It is correct to do this simultaneously with irrigation measures. Apply mineral fertilizers for feeding pumpkin carefully. And they must be alternated with organic fertilizers (chicken droppings or cow dung diluted in water).
A good result is obtained by enriching the soil with wood ash.... Herbal infusions, including nettle, will also be beneficial.
Important! Pumpkin does not like acidified soil. Therefore, after applying organic fertilizers that increase acidity, wood ash is added. It is introduced during watering (2 glasses of ash are taken on a bucket of water) or sprinkled on top.
Pumpkin Butternut: variety description
The culture develops well in warm climates. However, with some care, vegetables can grow in the northern regions of the country. In the second case, it will be possible to grow several ripe fruits. Unripe vegetables are well suited for preservation.
As practice shows, during the summer season, you can grow up to fifteen vegetables. This figure mainly depends on the weather conditions in your area.
Depending on how you shape the Butternut pumpkin and its lashes, you can get a few large fruits and many small ones. This feature of the culture allows you to predict in advance the yield and size of future vegetables.
Butternut pumpkins need a lot of moisture. If the culture lacks water, then the growth of the plant slows down. And this has a detrimental effect on the future harvest.
The culture needs timely fertilizing.
Since the Butternut pumpkin variety grows well only under warm temperatures, the method of growing with the help of seedlings is suitable for it. It is worth remembering that temperatures below ten degrees will have a detrimental effect on the culture.
The design of the "warm bed" will help create favorable conditions. Thanks to this, it is possible to normalize the temperature regime in a rainy and cool summer.
Resistant to harmful insects and diseases
If you do not follow the recommendations and rules for growing Butternut pumpkin varieties, the plant can be affected by harmful insects and diseases.
- Diseases caused by bacteria. They are characterized by changes in the foliage of the plant. The shape of vegetables and, in general, all characteristics of the fruit change.
- Diseases caused by fungi. During them, mold and plaque appear on the surface of the plants.
Often the culture is affected by bacteriosis. It appears as brown spots on the foliage of the plant. Over time, the lesion dries out and a hole forms. In addition, the bacteria that provoke the disease remains in the seeds of the plant for a long time.
The cause of the appearance of the pathogen is excess moisture and sharp fluctuations in temperature. To overcome the disease, it is necessary to carry out a sanitary pruning of the plant and spray the culture with a special solution.
Another disease that summer residents may encounter in the process of growing pumpkins may be white rot. It is characterized by the appearance of a white bloom on the foliage of the plant. Vegetables turn white, then darken.
The disease is actively exacerbated by excess moisture and cold weather. To fight the fungus, you need to use charcoal and fluff. Areas of the plant through which the disease has spread are covered with mucus and mycelium.
If the defeat reaches the base of the Butternut crop, it will die. For the prevention of the disease, timely loosening of the soil can be carried out. Also apply fertilizing and carry out sanitary pruning of foliage.
But not always white plaque signals a disease with white rot. Smaller spots are typical for powdery mildew. The disease affects the plant from the inside, knocking down the process of photosynthesis. For this reason, the foliage becomes yellowish and dries up.
In order to get rid of the disease, a seventy percent sulfuric solution is used.
In addition, Butternut pumpkins are susceptible to attacks by harmful insects. For example, spider mites, melon aphids and wireworms.
In order to prevent damage to the fruit by harmful insects, it is necessary to destroy the entire damaged crop, and apply a specialized agent.
Advantages and disadvantages
Thanks to the crossing of two varieties of pumpkin, Butternut combined best properties:
- Early ripening of fruits.
- Suitable for long-term fresh storage. Even after a while, pumpkins have their own distinctive taste and aroma.
- Due to their low calorie content, Butternut pumpkins are suitable for a dietary diet.
- Spicy aroma of Butternut pumpkins with characteristic nutty notes.
- Amazing taste.
- Suitable for fresh consumption.
- Convenient vegetable size.
- A small amount of seeds in one part of the vegetable.
- Thin skin of the fruit.
- Exquisite pumpkin appearance.
- Suitable for growing on supporting structures.
It should be noted a number cons inherent in this variety:
- Butternut pumpkins are quite picky about the level of fertility of the soil in which they grow.
- The crop needs regular watering, a tie on a supporting structure and abundant fertilization.
- The plant is seriously affected by the temperature regime of the region.
How to grow this pumpkin variety
Butternut can be grown on site using the same farming techniques required for a regular pumpkin. This melon plant loves water, nitrogen and heat. If you provide the butternut with these ingredients, then it will develop and produce well.
To get a harvest, you need to select a variety that is suitable for the local climate. In areas with short summers, it is recommended to grow early varieties and regionalized hybrids with small pear-shaped fruits, and in the southern regions, medium-late butternates, which yield pumpkins up to 8 kg.
In areas equated to the Far North, seeds are sown into the soil no later than June 6. Lack of sun greatly affects fruiting. Therefore, the butternut is planted so that the whips can easily reach a sunny place before the fruit is formed.
To prevent the young plant from dying from the night frost, seeds are sown 3-4 pieces in specially created holes, where 1 bucket of black soil is poured onto 2 buckets of manure and plentifully spilled with hot water, which starts the combustion process. The roots of this melon culture love warmth; they easily tolerate elevated temperatures provided they are regularly watered.
Before germination, the holes are covered with foil. After the sprouts appear, the film is used only at night. In mid-June, the shelter is removed. When the sprouts give 2 true leaves, 1-2 plants are left in the hole, the remaining sprouts are removed, and the soil is loosened. This increases the access of oxygen to the roots, and accelerates the growth of young lashes.
Until the plants are draped over the melons, they are plentifully watered with warm water. When it rains heavily, the water is collected and poured into the butternut holes. The more the hole is saturated with water during the rainy season, the larger the fruits will be. The accumulated moisture allows the plant to easily survive the July drought.
During the period of active growth of the lashes, the pumpkin must be intensively fed, watering once every 10 days with mullein infusion. This prevents the ovary from rotting due to lack of nutrients.
Abundant feeding and watering is stopped when the lashes begin to grow fruits. Butternut ovary rots and falls off if the root system suffers from excess moisture. A pumpkin that has begun to bear fruit is watered only when its wide leaves fall down, which clearly indicates a lack of moisture.
After the ovary has begun to fill, the melon can be left alone. Butternut has enough strength to complete the growing season on its own. The pumpkin is harvested after the stalk dries up.
When the threat of early autumn frosts comes, the slightly immature fruits are carefully removed, leaving on each pumpkin a stalk with a long piece of lash, from which the fruit will get the missing nutrition and ripen.
Only fruits with a dry stalk are left for winter storage. The rest of the fruits of varying degrees of maturity are fed to animals. They are quickly attacked by bacterial rot and deteriorate.
Pumpkin "Butternut" - a short description
Where did the Butternut pumpkin come from? Her "parents" were Israeli nutmeg and wild African. The result of a successful cross is an amazing hybrid in the shape of a guitar and a nutty flesh. Fruit weight - 1-3 kg, which turned out to be very convenient to use. The small fruit can be processed whole at once, and the rest is not stored.
Pumpkin "Baternat" has a pleasant sweetish taste and light notes of nutmeg in the aroma; therefore, it is used in cooking not only for processing, but also in its raw form. The variety is early maturing, which means that the harvest takes place in about three months. Growing seedlings in advance will help to shorten the growth time of a crop in the open field.
Pumpkin "Butternut" in the open field
Everything about Butternut pumpkin (nut): variety description, cultivation, agricultural technology
The genus Pumpkin (Cucurbita) belongs to the pumpkin family. In nature, there are types of perennial and annual pumpkins. Exotic Butternut Gourd is a hybrid of butternut squash and wild bottle gourds. Grown in personal subsidiary plots and on an industrial scale (Mexico). This variety was bred in the United States in the middle of the last century.
Due to the combination of unusual taste, aroma and juicy pulp, the variety has gained popularity in many countries.
The name in English transcription is written as butternut, which literally means "butter nut". There are many versions about the origin of this name. The fruit is attributed to a nutty flavor or nutty flavor. On this basis, Butternut is called "nut pumpkin".
Pumpkin butternut cutaway
But, most likely, the variety is so named because of the sweetness comparable to the sweetest nut that grows in the United States - the butternut nut.
The shape of the pumpkin of this variety resembles a pear with an expanded bottom. It is in it that there is a small cavity with seeds. Everything else is sweet juicy pulp.
In the wild, the African pumpkin has this form, which served as the progenitor of the variety.
- bush bush butternut
- climbing Waltham Butternut.
Both varieties differ only in the shape of the fruit. All other characteristics are similar.
Characteristics and description of the variety
The size of the fetus. The Butternat variety is distinguished by the small size of the pumpkins. The largest of them can reach 2.5 kg. Average weight - 1.5 kg. The variety is considered portioned. One fruit is enough to prepare a multi-portion dish for a small family.
Plant parameters. The length of bush-shaped shoots is about 1.5 meters, for a wandering plant - 2.5 meters. Due to the small size of the fruit, the lashes can be placed on trellises, tied to supports. Powerful stems can support the weight of the fruit up to 3 kg.
The leaves are large, juicy green, typical for the pumpkin family. The largest sheets can be up to 30 cm across.
Productivity. This parameter depends on the growing conditions of the Butternut pumpkin. On average, from one plant, you can collect from 5 to 15 pumpkins.
Under favorable weather conditions, good care and sowing at the end of April, flowering begins in mid-June and lasts about two weeks. The flowers are large, bright yellow.
Ripening terms. The variety is characterized by late ripening. It takes 4 months or more from sowing to full maturity. The Leningrad climate is not very suitable for Butternat, but it all depends on the number of sunny days. Heat and light are needed to store nutrients and sugars.
Important! When grown in unfavorable conditions, an unripe crop is sometimes removed so that it is not damaged by early autumn frosts. The main thing is not to collect too early. The crust of the fruit must harden, otherwise the pumpkin will not be stored.
When sowing at the end of April and planting in open ground in the last days of May, the crop can be harvested at the end of August. If weather conditions permit, the pumpkin is left to ripen in the sun. Such fruits are more aromatic.
Ready-to-harvest Butternut pumpkin has a strong but thin rind that can be easily peeled with a regular knife.
Pollination. To set fruit, insect pollinators are needed. In unfavorable weather conditions (wind, fog), artificial pollination is possible with a brush or cotton swab.
Frost resistance. Growing pumpkins in a temperate climate is possible only by seedlings. The plant does not tolerate temperatures below + 10 ° C.
The color and consistency of the pulp. When fully ripe, the pulp of this variety should be orange, slightly lighter than that of ordinary table pumpkin. The content of the ripe fruit is homogeneous, without any fibers, juicy and aromatic. There is a nutmeg trace in the smell.
Taste and aroma. The pulp of a fully ripe pumpkin is sweet, juicy with a peculiar smell. The pumpkin aroma is absent, which is a feature of the variety.
Growing nut pumpkin in a seedless way is possible only in areas with a hot climate.
Soil composition. Loose fertile soil is required. To grow a variety of soil mixture, it is advisable to prepare it yourself from humus, garden soil and a coconut briquette in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. If the soil on the site is clay, you can add a little sand.
Drainage. When planting in open ground, coarse sand should be poured into the planting hole at the bottom with a layer of at least 10 cm. Stagnant water at the roots leads to diseases and loss of the plant.
Soil moisture. Butternut pumpkin is considered a demanding plant. She definitely needs timely, moderate watering. The soil should be moderately moist at all times, but not wet.
Note! Vermiculite or coconut briquettes can be used to regulate soil moisture. Watering must be stopped after the fruits reach the size of a small apple, otherwise the pumpkin will be watery.
Temperature conditions. Sugar Butternut Gourd is a southern heat-loving plant. The temperature for active growth and development should be at least + 25 ° C during the day, and at least + 15 ° C at night.
Adequate lighting. It is necessary to choose the sunniest place on the site. Protection from cold northerly winds is desirable. To do this, sometimes a pumpkin is planted near the southern wall of a house or buildings, having arranged a trellis there.
Keeping the distance between the bushes at least 70 cm will help to grow a good harvest. The climbing variety requires a larger area, provided it is grown horizontally.
Pumpkin Butternut in the garden
Top dressing. The first top dressing is placed in the planting hole. Planting is carried out with the addition of humus. When watering, potassium humate must be added to the water weekly. When the ovary is formed, it is necessary to feed with a solution of mullein 1: 3 or a complete mineral fertilizer such as Fertik.
The third feeding is needed when the fruit reaches the size of an apple. It is carried out only with organic fertilization, followed by abundant watering.
Garter. Climbing Butternut can be grown horizontally. In the absence of the necessary free space on the site, summer residents use trellises. Summer residents really like the Moscow experience of growing as a hedge, as it saves space and decorates fences.
Protection from disease. Disease prevention consists in correct planting, observing the interval for fresh air access to the plant. Once every two weeks, it is necessary to spray with a preparation such as "Fundazol" or "Abiga-peak".
Protection from pests must be carried out without waiting for their appearance. For this, the plants are sprayed once every two weeks with the preparations "Aktara" or "Iskra".
Additional Information. The pumpkin cannot be used all at once. If you cut off a piece from it, the rest can be stored without compromising the taste.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The cultivation area of Butternat is expanding every year. This is facilitated by the advantages of the variety:
- Unusual aroma for pumpkin crops and very sweet taste. It is possible to eat fresh pumpkin if it is fully ripe.
- Low fetal weight. The pumpkin can be used all at once for cooking. There is a recipe for baking whole in the oven. The 1 kg fruit is cut in half lengthways, the seeds are removed, cinnamon is added and the two halves are placed on a baking sheet or in a ceramic dish, peel side down.
- Long storage period. It can be stored until March without loss of taste.
- A small number of seeds are concentrated in one place. Everything else is pulp. Each seed is quite large and in general there are not many of them in the seed chamber.
- Thin crust. This feature allows you to effortlessly peel the fruit.
The varietal characteristic is the shape of the pumpkins. The plant, thanks to its beautiful fruits, can be a decoration for the garden. Beauty and health in one plant.
There is a possibility of growing on trellises. This saves space in a small summer cottage.
- Demanding to the composition of the soil.
- Careful care is needed, which consists in maintaining moisture, feeding, tying.
- Demanding temperature conditions. In conditions of low temperatures, the plant will not develop. For example, the Ural climate for growing Butternat is suitable if it is planted early on a warm bed.
Growing a fragrant Butternut pumpkin is easy. Its characterization as a capricious plant is greatly exaggerated. Meeting a few growing requirements guarantees a good harvest.