How to grow cucumbers for the first harvest in May

 How to grow cucumbers for the first harvest in May

The possibility of picking fresh cucumbers from your garden at the end of spring seems unrealistic. But this can be done if you adhere to the agrotechnical recommendations of experienced gardeners.

Early ripening varieties

To harvest early, you first need to pay attention to the crop variety. For this purpose, varieties that give early and very early fruits are suitable. They ripen quickly, at the same time they have a pleasant cucumber aroma, juicy and tasty. For example, Othello, Muromsky 36, Vyaznikovsky, Kustovoy, Krokha, Serpantin. Hybrids ripen very quickly. You can recognize them by the combination F1 in the name. They are distinguished by early maturity, endurance, predominantly female type of flowering, even small fruits. These are Zozulya F1, Masha F1, Balagan F1, Anzor F1, German F1. All these species can grow outdoors, but self-pollinated plants should be chosen for the greenhouse.


Cucumber is a very delicate plant. If young seedlings are transplanted, the root system is easily damaged and the seedlings die. Therefore, plastic containers are not very suitable for this purpose. It is advisable to choose peat cups, from which you will not need to transplant plants. In addition, they decompose in the soil and serve as fertilizer.


In 25-30 days after sowing the seeds, young sprouts can be planted in warm soil. If you did not plant them in peat pots, transplant the seedlings using the transfer method. Carefully, without damaging the roots, together with an earthen clod, place the plant in the prepared hole. The distance between the holes should be at least 60 cm, the depth should be 10-12 cm.

Warm beds

The preparation of warm beds includes several stages. Even if it is already warm outside, the soil remains cold for a long time in spring. So that it warms up faster, the soil is dug up, leaving large clods. Warm air begins to circulate and warm up the soil. Two days before planting the seedlings, the soil is leveled and well spilled with hot water. The watered ridge is covered with a black film for quick warming up and concentration of heat. When planting young bushes, the film does not need to be removed. You just need to make small holes in it and plant cucumbers in them. The film will accumulate heat, protect the root system of young plants, and prevent weed growth.

How to prepare warm beds in the fall

For a faster planting process in the spring, it is advisable to prepare warm beds in the fall. Organic fertilizers and plant residues are laid in a trench 30 cm deep and up to 25 cm wide. The lower layer is coarser parts that decompose for a long time. These are stalks of corn, sunflower, tree branches, shavings. Sprinkle everything with fertile soil with humus and residues of plant tops, grass, waste from vegetables and fruits. The third layer is fertilizers, wood ash and nitroammophoska, which are also covered with a layer of earth. After abundant watering, cover the ridge with a dark film and leave it for the winter. With the arrival of the spring heat, it will only be necessary to remove the snow, loosen it and water the inside of the "layer cake" of plant residues. The mass will begin to actively generate heat and warm up. With the help of such preparation, it is quite possible to grow an early harvest of cucumbers in your garden.

25 earliest varieties of cucumbers

Cucumbers are undoubtedly not only one of the most popular but also one of the earliest crops. You can get the first harvest of fragrant cucumbers as early as 37-45 days after sowing. Soon after the emergence of seedlings, young plants enter the phase of active flowering, after which very little time passes (about 12-14 days), and instead of flowers, the first green plants begin to form. How to navigate the abundance of different cucumber varieties and really pick the earliest ones?

Early cucumbers are good

How to choose the right varieties of cucumbers, what you should pay attention to, we discussed in the article Choosing varieties of cucumbers. The 15 best varieties of cucumbers for the middle lane were not ignored, and they remembered about unusual cucumbers and their exotic relatives. To begin with, let's repeat the indestructible and very important rule: whichever varieties you prefer - early, middle or late ripening - choose only those that are suitable for growing in your area, which means that they are maximally adapted to the climatic conditions of the region. Only in this case (of course, with proper care), you will receive the maximum yield of cucumbers, which are not afraid of diseases and practically will not suffer from adverse weather conditions.

Advantages and disadvantages of using spunbond when growing cucumber

Soft and lightweight covering material does not hurt the culture, perfectly transmits light, air currents and moisture to the ground. It is resistant to ultraviolet rays, accumulates heat, protecting plants from harmful radiation. Can be used in greenhouses as a second shelter. It is easy to use and does not require large financial costs.

Watering is carried out on top of it... It should be added that the film is resistant to damage, it can be stitched, glued and even washed if necessary.

Soft material can be used to cover cucumbers without using a frame

But at the same time, the canvas is not a panacea for all negative phenomena... Much depends on how correctly the variety of cucumbers is chosen for cultivation, how the soil is warmed up.

It is influenced by the density of the film, and even the slope of the beds. In addition, cucumbers require pollination, so the fabric will have to be removed in the morning and pulled again in the evening. Provision should be made for protection from dogs and crows, the main sources of bursts.

Features of early cucumbers

Early cucumbers are breeding varieties and hybrids that scientists have worked on. The seeds of these cucumbers, like the plants themselves, have a number of features:

  • seeds are severely hardened by low temperatures
  • they are more resistant to disease
  • early varieties are less demanding on the sun and heat - for normal growth, partial shade and no frost are enough for them
  • most of the early varieties are parthenocarpic and self-pollinated species, but there are also bee-pollinated cucumbers for planting in open ground
  • it is more efficient to plant early cucumbers in greenhouses (they do this in late February or early March)
  • such cucumbers are planted in the ground depending on the climate - more often, in the third decade of May
  • early varieties are never bitter (breeders removed bitterness from cucumbers simultaneously with hardening)
  • almost all early ripe cucumbers are best consumed fresh (they are juicy, with a thin skin and tender pulp).

Variety selection

To begin with, all varieties of cucumbers can be divided into four groups according to the degree of ripening:

  • ultra early (earliest)
  • early
  • mid-season
  • late.

The selection of early varieties is made primarily according to taste. Everyone likes certain varieties of cucumbers, thin or thick skin, with or without tubercles. Please note that seeds can be divided into two groups:

  • varietal
  • hybrid.

It is believed that hybrids bred by breeders are more resistant to diseases, pests and fungi. And also experienced gardeners note that hybrids are less whimsical in cultivation and the most persistent under changing climatic conditions. The way the plants are pollinated is also of great importance. It can be a bee-pollinated variety or a self-pollinated variety. When planting cucumbers in early spring, give preference to self-pollinated plants. The word "parthenocarpic" may be indicated on the packaging. This is very convenient, because the weather is not predictable.

Parthenocarpic cucumbers are self-pollinated. It doesn't matter to them if it rains or if there are bees in your area. Moreover, the varieties will have to be planted in a greenhouse, where insects are reluctant to fly.

The only negative is the capriciousness of early parthenocarpic hybrids to a sharp drop in air temperature. Consider this if you live in cold climates. This is important for an unheated greenhouse.

Popular varieties table

Here are some of the most popular early cucumber varieties ideal for growing in greenhouses. These include the following varieties:

  • rather large hybrid "Makar"
  • hybrid "Arina"
  • medium-sized Bukhara hybrid
  • grade "Zyatek"
  • extremely popular hybrid "Courage"
  • hybrid "Swallowtail"
  • self-pollinated hybrid "Mother-in-law".

All these varieties are self-pollinated. The ovary is formed without the participation of insects.

Below is a table with a description of the listed varieties.

Hybrid name Zelents length Planting recommendations
Makar 14-19 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters
Arina 15-17 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters
Bukhara 11-14 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters
Son-in-law 10-12 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 25-30 degrees Celsius, planting depth 2-3 centimeters
Courage 13-16 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters
Swallowtail 7-11 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters
Mother-in-law 11-13 centimeters When planting, the soil should warm up to 25-30 degrees Celsius, planting depth 2-3 centimeters

Early varieties, due to their popularity, are very common today. The ones listed above are just a few of what you can choose from. For beginners, it is best to choose common varieties.

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Early cucumbers

At first glance, cucumbers are one of the easiest crops to grow and a rare gardener is left without a crop.

It's another matter when this crop begins to bear its first fruits. In our village, there is always an unspoken competition between the inhabitants for the first pick of a cucumber. And we must see what pride the winner feels when he so casually informs his fellow villagers that, they say, she made a salad today from her cucumbers.

Of course, the owners of heated greenhouses are not taken into account, and there are no such in our village.

All tricks begin with growing seedlings and sowing seeds in early April. Of course, it is grown at home in front of a sunny window. Everyone uses their own secrets, and one is described in detail in the next article.

Before planting in a permanent place, the seedlings can reach a meter in length with five or six true leaves and the first ovaries. Only early varieties are used, balcony or window varieties, such as "Domovoenok" or "Mashenka", are better suited. They are better adapted to low light and home conditions, which are so necessary in the first stage of growth.

They begin to transplant seedlings from the beginning of May, but not in simple beds, but in warm ones. Some use barrels or hammered boxes. Such improvised beds are filled in such a way that the process of decay occurs below with the release of heat and carbon dioxide. And the top is filled with good garden soil.

At the first stage, when cold nights are still terrible, a shelter made of film or other covering material is arranged over the cucumbers.

For a quick return of the harvest, cucumbers are formed by removing excess shoots and whiskers.

With this technology, there are often winners who announced their victory in the second half of May.

Usually, cucumbers are grown in this way in small quantities, which is called the table for salads and snacks. Although today cucumbers are on the shelves in stores all year round, this does not make the efforts of gardeners less significant. After all, not one purchased vegetable is comparable in quality to the one in which the hospitable owner of the site put his soul and skill.

It seems to me that vegetables feel relevant to themselves. Try to do everything according to the instructions, but without desire, and I am sure that the result will be disastrous.

It is necessary to grow not only for consumption, but also for the soul. Try to grow early cucumbers, engage in garden experiments, and you will never be overtaken by depression, which is so exacerbated in the spring.

By the way, I will say that my record for the first cucumbers in the open field is May 25.

Watch the video: When u0026 How To: Grow Cucumber Plants From Seeds To Harvest