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EASY SHRUB ROSES YOU CAN GROW

EASY SHRUB ROSES YOU CAN GROW


Oso Easy Double Red™. Photo by: Proven Winners.

Roses have a reputation for being temperamental and difficult to care for. However, not all roses are created equal. Shrub roses are some of the easiest to grow and have the same beautiful attributes of classic roses—but without all the fuss.

Shrub roses come in a wide array of colors, from snowy white to deep purple. Though the flowers aren’t as showy as more traditional hybrid teas, shrub roses require far less maintenance and are more resilient. Newer cultivars have been bred for exceptional disease resistance, hardiness, and a greater number of blooms.

On this page: Basics | Planting | Pruning |Care | How to Choose the Right Shrub Rose | Shrub Rose Varieties | Landscaping Tips

  • SHRUB ROSE BASICS
  • PLANTING
  • PRUNING
  • CARE & MAINTENANCE
  • HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT SHRUB ROSE
  • SHRUB ROSE VARIETIES
  • SHRUB ROSE LANDSCAPING TIPS

BASICS

Zones:

3-11

Height/Spread:

Mounding bushy habit, 1 to 20 feet tall and 1 to 15 feet wide depending on variety.

Exposure:

Full sun to light shade; bloom is best in full sun.

Bloom time:

Some bloom once in late spring to early summer, but many modern varieties have two or more flushes during the growing season. Some flower continuously from late spring until frost.

Flowers:

Attractive single or double-petaled flowers, sometimes fragrant, and come in nearly every color except green or blue.

Foliage:

Shiny or dull, green or blue-green in color, with elongated leaves that are pointed with a serrated edge. Branches can be thorned or thornless. Some varieties have attractive fall foliage in shades of red, orange, yellow or purple.

Rose hips:

When the blooms are finished, many varieties develop berry-like fruit called hips, which can be red, orange, pink, or yellow.

Toxicity:

All parts of rose plants are non-toxic to dogs and cats, though some pets can experience mild discomfort when ingesting any plants. Sharp rose thorns can cause internal injury.

Deer resistance:

The blooms and new growth on roses are appetizing to deer. Some rose varieties such as rugosas are less appealing because of the thorns or taste. All rose plants will benefit from protection from deer.

PLANTING

When to plant:

Plant during milder months of spring or fall to avoid heat or cold stress.

Where to plant:

Choose a sunny to lightly shaded site with fertile, well-draining soil that stays evenly moist.

How to plant:

  1. Loosen soil in the planting area 1-1/2 to 2 feet wide and deep. Work a generous amount of compost or cow manure into the soil.
  2. Dig a hole big enough to accommodate the root ball. Mix in a handful of bone meal to support root development.
  3. Place the plant in the hole and spread the roots out. The top of the root ball should be level with the surrounding soil surface.
  4. Fill in the hole, tamp down soil to remove air pockets, and water well.
  5. Note: If you live in a cold region and the plant is grafted, bury the graft a couple of inches below the soil to protect it from winter freeze.

Spacing:

Place plants 2 to 5 feet apart depending on the variety, and allow for adequate air circulation to help prevent moisture-borne diseases.

For bare root plants:

Soak roots in water for at least an hour to hydrate before planting.

Planting in containers:

  1. Choose a pot at least 15 to 20 inches in diameter and 18 to 24 inches deep, with adequate drainage.
  2. Fill the container with a good quality potting soil. Work in a cup of perlite for drainage and a cup of bone meal to support root development.
  3. Dig a hole big enough to accommodate the root ball and place so the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface.
  4. Fill in the hole and water well.

PRUNING SHRUB ROSES

Most shrub roses, especially modern varieties, bloom on new wood. These are best pruned in early spring before plants break dormancy or when new growth is just emerging. Wait until all danger of severe cold is past.

  1. Cut back the entire plant to about 3 feet high to make it easier to work on.
  2. Remove dead and diseased canes back to the base of the plant, as well as branches that cross.
  3. Take out branches that are smaller than the diameter of a pencil.
  4. Cut remaining canes back to 1 to 2 feet high, just above an outward-facing bud. This will encourage new branches to grow outward for a graceful, arching habit.

Pruning modern hybrids:

Some, such as Oso Easy®, need little or no pruning. Lightly shape as needed in early spring. To rejuvenate, remove one-third of older canes every 2 to 3 years.

Pruning heirlooms:

Some, such as Gallica, musk, and rugosa, bloom on old wood and should only be pruned lightly in spring to avoid sacrificing flowers. Cut out dead and diseased canes as needed.

Deadheading:

After the first blooms in late spring or early summer, cut branches just below the spent flowers to encourage rebloom. This can be repeated as necessary throughout the summer. Some modern varieties are self-cleaning, so deadheading is optional, though plants will generally bloom more and have a neater appearance if spent flowers are removed. For varieties with hips, cease deadheading in late summer to allow fruit to develop.

For more, see Pruning Roses: 8 Steps for Healthy Rose Bushes

SHRUB ROSE CARE

Oso Easy® Petit Pink. Photo by: Proven Winners.

Soil:

Roses prefer fast-draining soil that is well-amended with rich organic matter. They do best with a pH level that is neutral to slight acidic, between 5.5 to 7.0, with 6.5 being ideal.

Amendments & fertilizer:

Roses are heavy feeders, though many shrub roses can get by with less fertilizer.

  • For new plants: Wait several weeks after planting to begin fertilizing, and avoid harsher granular fertilizers during the first year.
  • For established plants: There are many different fertilizers especially formulated for roses, so pick a type and fertilizing schedule that is right for you. Plants benefit from fertilizing in early spring to stimulate new growth. Continue fertilizing every 2 to 6 weeks depending on the type of fertilizer. Stop fertilizing 6 to 8 weeks before your average first frost date to avoid damage to new growth. Mulch in spring with 1 to 2 inches of compost or other organic matter to suppress weeds, retain moisture, and add slow-release nutrients.

For more, see How to Fertilize Roses.

Watering:

Roses need a moderate amount of water to perform their best. Less frequent, deeper watering results in healthier roots. Plants should receive 1 to 2 inches of water per week, depending on conditions. Avoid overhead watering, which can contribute to fungal disease, such as powdery mildew. Irrigate new plants more frequently, 2 to 3 times a week, until established.

Diseases and pests:

Shrub roses, especially modern hybrids, tend to be more resistant to pests and diseases. Possible pests include aphids, mites, thrips, caterpillars, Japanese beetles, scale, nematodes and rose chafer. Diseases include black spot, powdery mildew, rust, verticillium wilt, rose mosaic, crown gall rot, and rose rosette disease.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT SHRUB ROSE

For borders and landscapes:

Choose varieties that fit the scale of your landscape. Use as hedging, screening, in a mixed border, or as foundation plantings.

For slopes and hillsides:

Groundcover and smaller shrub roses are suitable for massing along a slope or hillside for erosion control.

For containers:

Choose small-to-medium varieties and plant in containers that are big enough to accommodate the roots.

SHRUB ROSE VARIETIES

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Oso Easy Italian Ice®
Photo by: Proven Winners

Oso Easy® — Buy now from Proven Winners

Zones:

3-9

Height/Spread:

Mounding spreading habit, 1 to 4 feet tall and 1 to 5 feet wide

Bloom Time:

Late spring through fall

Color:

Pink, red, orange, yellow, coral, or bi-colored.

Single to semi-double flowers are produced nonstop on sturdy plants that are virtually carefree. Tolerant of different soils and exceptionally resistant to black spot and powdery mildew.

2021 National Rose of the Year:

Oso Easy Italian Ice®.

At Last® rosa
Photo by: Proven Winners

At Last® — Buy now from Proven Winners

Zones:

5-9

Height/Spread:

Mounding spreading habit, 30 to 36 inches tall and wide

Bloom Time:

Late spring through frost

Color:

Orange flowers

Fully double blooms are exceptionally fragrant, adding romance and charm to any landscape. Lush foliage and nonstop bloom throughout the growing season.

Photo by: Traci Zientara / Shutterstock

Knock Out®

Zones:

4-11

Height/Spread:

Mounding bushy habit, 3 to 4 1/2 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide

Bloom Time:

Flushes of bloom occur from late spring to frost

Color:

Shades of red, pink, coral, yellow and white.

Bred for improved disease-resistance, ease of care and long bloom time. These tough roses perform well in most climates and their small-to-medium stature makes them a versatile addition to any landscape.

Easy Elegance® ‘Grandma’s Blessing’
Photo by: Millette Rejean D/Millette Photomedia

Easy Elegance®

Zones:

4-9

Height/Spread:

Mounding bushy habit, 2 to 6 feet tall and 2 to 7 feet wide

Bloom Time:

Repeat bloom from late spring to fall

Color:

Apricot, white, red, orange, pink, yellow, lavender, or multi-colored.

This newer series combines the beauty of hybrid teas with tough reliability. Oversized single to fully double blooms occur in waves throughout the growing season, with plants displaying superb disease resistance as well as heat and cold tolerance.

Photo by: Gustavo Tillman/Pixabay

Flower Carpet®

Zones:

4-11

Height/Spread:

Mounding spreading habit, 2 to 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide

Bloom Time:

Late spring to fall

Color:

Shades of pink, coral, orange, yellow, red or white.

This groundcover rose is low and spreading, making it a good choice for massing in the landscape or along banks for erosion control. These prolific bloomers produce clusters of up to 2,000 flowers on a single plant once established.

Home Run® rosa
Photo by: Proven Winners

Home Run®

Zones:

4-9

Height/Spread:

Rounded bushy habit, 3 1/2 to 4 feet tall and wide

Bloom Time:

Late spring to fall

Color:

Red, pink, or a blend of pink and yellow.

This descendent of Knock Out® was bred for improved resistance to black spot and powdery mildew, truer flower color and continuous bloom from late spring until frost. Single-petaled flowers, which are self-cleaning, have a faint apple fragrance.

Carefree Wonder™ rosa
Photo by: master-J/Shutterstock

Carefree Wonder™ (syn. ‘Meipitac’)

Zones:

4-9

Height/Spread:

Upright arching habit, 3 to 4 feet tall and 2 to 4 feet wide

Bloom Time:

June until frost

Color:

Pink and white.

Bred for reliability, hardiness, and disease resistance. Showy fragrant flowers, which are exceptionally large for a shrub rose, bloom profusely from late spring until fall. Attractive orange rose hips persist well into winter.

Coral Drift®
Photo by: Bonnie Taylor Barry/Shutterstock

Drift®

Zones:

4-11

Height/Spread:

Mounding spreading habit, 1-1/2 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide

Bloom Time:

Late spring to fall

Color:

Apricot, coral, white, yellow, coral, pink or red.

This smaller class of shrub roses combines the attributes of miniatures and full-size groundcover roses. Single or double flowers are self-cleaning, but can be deadheaded for a neater look.

Rosa rugosa ‘Hansa’
Photo by: photowide/Shutterstock

‘Hansa’

Zones:

3-9

Height/Spread:

Upright bushy habit, 6 to 8 feet tall and 5 to 7 feet wide

Bloom Time:

June, with sporadic re-bloom into early fall

Color:

Pinkish-purple flowers.

Rugosa roses are known for their toughness, reliability, and cold hardiness. ‘Hansa’ has oversized blooms with intense fragrance, along with glossy disease-free foliage and large attractive rose hips. Also known as beach roses for their tolerance of salt, wind, sand, and neglect.

LANDSCAPING TIPS

There are many ways to incorporate shrub roses into your landscape. Here’s how:

  • Mass a groundcover type along a slope or hillside as an attractive alternative for erosion control.
  • Use a low-growing form as a lawn substitute or where difficult to grow grass.
  • Plant a larger specimen in the middle or back of a mixed border to lend a neutral backdrop to surrounding plants.
  • Plant a smaller variety along a pathway for a blooming hege.
  • Site different colored varieties along your home’s foundation in combination with other flowering shrubs such as azalea, abelia and bluebeard that bloom in early spring or fall for continuous season-long color.
  • Plant a larger variety such as rugosa rose as hedging along a property line for privacy.
  • Medium-sized shrub roses can be planted in a row as a colorful divider between garden rooms.
  • Plant a small-medium variety in a container and place as a focal point at your home’s entrance, on a patio or deck. Underplant with colorful annuals for an extra pop of color.

RELATED:
Rose Care: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Roses
Ideas for Designing a Rose Garden
Tips for Choosing the Best Garden Roses


15 Best Shrub Roses to Enhance The Beauty of Your Garden

These best shrub roses transform your garden magically and beautifully like never before. See how your garden can draw neighbourhood envy in no time!

Roses are associated with a variety of emotions, including love, admiration, respect, or simply beauty. However, there will hardly be a person around you who might have a dislike for these beautiful gifts of nature. Naturally, most garden owners or greenery lovers prefer to have a rose plant in their possession.

With that said, here we are with a brief list of the best shrub rose plant varieties you can get to add more beauty to your garden. And just so you know, these varieties generally display single or double blooms and cover the ground or the landscape pretty quickly. While some bloom repeatedly, others bloom only once a year.

If choosing the right shrub rose is causing you a headache, go over our list of the best shrub roses. These should help you amp up your garden’s beauty in no time.


What are Easy Elegance Roses?

Bailey Nurseries, based in St. Paul, Minnesota, developed the series of roses known as Easy Elegance. They developed the plants to be easy to care for while still producing beautiful flowers. They are disease-resistant, cold-hardy, and durable, and are the offspring of shrub roses that were crossed with a range of varieties to produce different colors, fragrances, and sizes of blooms. There are several to choose from, including:

  • ‘All the Rage’ is ever-blooming and has an apricot blended color that turns to pink as it matures.
  • ‘Coral Cove’ grows ever-blooming, small flowers with dark pink outer petals. The inner petals are orange and the interior is yellow.
  • ‘Grandma’s Blessing’ produces a recurrent, medium to pale pink flower in the classic tea form and with a very strong fragrance.
  • ‘Kashmir’ is an ever-blooming, striking, dark red bloom that is fragrant and grows in a classic hybrid tea form.
  • ‘Tahitian Moon’ is recurrent, highly fragrant, light yellow rose with a full double form.
  • ‘Yellow Submarine’ produces bright yellow, double flowers that are fragrant and that mature to light yellow and finally white.


10 Best Low-Maintenance Bushes and Shrubs to Plant in Your Garden

Give your green thumb a break while still giving your garden a facelift.

Whether you're a budding gardener or veteran floriculturist, there's no shame in wanting to take the easy way out with your backyard foliage. That's where these low-maintenance shrubs and bushes come in. (We know, not everyone has the time or talents to maintain a flourishing flower bed year-round.) From evergreens to winter garden ideas and everything in between, these plants give your landscape a facelift, minus any tedious watering and pruning on your end. (Just note that some may grow differently based on your USDA Plant Hardiness Zone.) For more lazy gardening inspiration, check out the best low-maintenance flowers that'll look lovely next to your low-maintenance shrubs.

According to to horticultural expert Marianne Binetti of Planter's Place, this evergreen shrub grows slowly into a cone shape, even without any pruning. "It’s a great shrub for front yards," she adds of its formal look.

This evergreen perennial totes white or purple coloring, and earns points in the low-maintenance shrub department for its adaptability in acidic soil. Plus, as one of the first early spring bloomers, the plant welcomes pollinators.

If you're not sold on this shrub's bold color alone, consider this: The Stewartstonian Azalea can tolerate a handful of environments, from container gardens to flower beds, even in the winter months. It grows best in partial shade and well-drained soil.


Roses for Southern California Landscapes

Landscape Shrub Roses: Roses can play an essential role in creating a privacy hedge. When it comes to flower beds, rose bushes are the natural choice for adding lots of color and beauty to a landscape. Landscape shrub roses have many diverse flower forms. Of course, the variety of colors can transform any summertime view. The fragrance is another trait, and when combined with its shape and color, it is easy to see why so many people love this hardy rose species.

One type of shrub rose that people love are the modern, repeat bloomer, ‘Carefree Wonder.’ This beauty is easy to grow, hardy, resistant to disease and prized for their recurring pink blooms. Iceberg Roses are another shrub rose favorite. Homeowners revere icebergs for the profusion of bright white, free-flowering blooms that can last all summer long. Mass planting them creates a magically colorful landscape scene. Of course, the ‘Knockout’ rose is another favorite that packs a punch of vibrant colors that range from pink, yellow, and bi-color blends.

Climbing/Trailing Roses: Train these roses to climb on pillars, fences, arbors, and gazebos, and they create a charming scene that is sure to make you feel at ease this summer. They cannot support themselves, but, the strongest ones can cover the roof of a house, and we have seen some grow to the top of a large tree.

The flowers can range from single-stemmed to clustered, large to small, and single or double-petaled blooms. Spring and summertime blooms are colorful. The colors range from blue to orange, pink, red, white, and yellow. If you love the color pink, look for ‘New Dawn’ and ‘Ballerina,’ two beauties with small foliage and blossoms that make them a top choice for hedging. Can a rose be patriotic? We think so! The ‘Fourth of July’ rose is a climber with large flowers featuring a red blend and stripes. This rose will bloom throughout the season, helping to keep the festive mood going all summer long! Give these climbing roses a little bit of care and attention and watch as these roses become a gorgeous centerpiece in your landscape.

Hybrid Tea Roses: People all over the world love these roses! These are the classic looking roses, with long, stylish, pointed buds that spiral open, revealing large blossoms with a high center. This hybrid was created by cross-breeding two types of roses. We’re glad someone created these beauties because they produce a show-stopping bloom that you must see to believe!

One of the local favorites it the ‘Neil Diamond.’ You’ll be humming “Sweet Caroline” when the summer blooms appear. The bloom of bright white flowers features a unique red splatter that is hard to take your eyes off! When it comes to romance, ‘Lasting Love’ is one rose you’ll want to have in the garden. These beautiful roses are dark red with a strong fruity aroma that makes hearts flutter. One rose that takes top prize year after year is the aptly named ‘First Prize.’ These roses produce a beautiful display of large, deep pink buds that open up to layers of pink, rose, and ivory!

Groundcover Roses: The low spreading habit of groundcover roses makes them a favorite for covering slopes or rocky areas in the landscape. People love them because of their low maintenance features. Of course, if you are looking for roses that can add a carpet of color to your landscape, groundcover roses are it! Summertime blooms need little attention, and they are an excellent option for spilling over mixed containers or raised beds.

The ‘Flower Carpet Amber’ series is a favorite easy-to-care-for groundcover rose. Amber groundcover roses feature peach-amber colored blooms that fade to a beautiful seashell pink as they age. They are heat tolerant and mass planting them creates a magical landscape scene. This repeat bloomer is an excellent choice for bringing lots of beauty to any garden type.

Floribunda Roses: These roses are famous for their abundant blooms! One of the most fabulous is the aptly named ‘Fabulous’ for their huge sprays of long-lasting white flowers. Floribunda roses are also noted for producing a pleasant fragrance that fills the air with its sweet perfume scent. If you love lemony scents, be sure to look for ‘Sunsprite’ roses, which feature dark yellow flowers with a strong lemon scent. ‘Shocking Blue’ is another scented favorite with beautiful blue flowers.

‘Playboy’ and ‘Playgirl’ are very decorative single-petalled roses with a fast repeat cycle that makes it seem like they are continuously blooming. People often cut the flowers for bouquets and place them on tables.


"You don't want to be the slave of some plant, do you?" Allen Paterson was director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton when he asked me that years ago. I'd inquired if, for the winter, I needed to tip over and bury my new rosebushes, as some books advised. His instant response was: "Heavens, no. Do what's convenient for you. If they die, they die. Next year you plant something else."

That's good advice for gardeners who want to grow a few nice rosebushes in their yards but don't want to be slaves to them. And happily, the top rose breeders now want these gardeners' business. Canada's Explorer and Parkland roses have become international successes because they're winter-hardy and easy to grow. And Europe's biggest rose nursery, W. Kordes & Sons, in Germany, whose hybrids sell across Canada, won't put a new rose in its catalogue until it has survived several years in open fields near the North Sea, unprotected from cold, diseases and wildlife.

Still, choosing 10 roses can be tough. Here's how I made my selections.

Hardiness. All but one are cold-hardy to at least Zone 5.

Resistance to mildew, common pests and diseases.

Availability. Most are available through several mail-order suppliers and should also be readily available in large garden centres.

Variety, in both shrub form and colour. Obtaining colour variety is trickier than you'd think. Very hardy roses are almost always pink. Hardy reds are tough to find, and yellows are next to impossible (there's a weakness gene that comes with the yellowness), so the yellow 'Sunsprite' is more exceptional than its modest looks suggest.

My list includes no hybrid tea roses. Why not? Hybrid teas, the darlings of rose society competitions, look great in vases and photographs but less great in gardens – they're all legs and very finicky. As well, many hybrid teas lack fragrance. Most of the selections here come up smelling like a rose.

Page 1 of 3 – Discover the first 5 rose varieties that will thrive in your garden on page 2.

1. John Cabot (Shrub/climber, 2 m high x 2 m wide)
Introduced to the market 20 years ago, this was the first of the great Explorer roses hybridized by Felicitas Svejda for Agriculture Canada. A sprawly shrub easily trained as a climber, 'John Cabot' produces fragrant multipetalled, 7.5-centimetre-wide flowers, first and most prolifically in June, then sporadically until freeze-up. Field-tested in Ottawa since 1970, it's resistant to mildew and black spot and hardy to Zone 3. It also tolerates the Prairies' high summer temperatures well.

2. Ballerina (Hybrid Musk, 120 cm high x 120 cm wide)
As enchanting as its name suggests, 'Ballerina' begins the season dense with mop-headed clusters of small (three centimetres across) blossoms, then keeps them coming, a bit less densely, all season. It prefers full sun but will tolerate light shade as well as such other hardships as polluted city air and heavy or stony soil. As its category suggests, 'Ballerina' has a seductive musky fragrance. Close cousin 'Mozart' is more vibrantly red. 'Ballerina' is hardy to Zone 5 if planted in a sheltered spot rather than an exposed one where winter winds are bad.

3. The Fairy (Polyantha, 60 cm high x 120 cm wide)
'The Fairy' is a vigorous, low-growing landscape rose known for its dense, cushion-forming habit and impressive spread, which can be more than double its height. Not quite a ground cover, but close, it's ideal for small gardens. It's also the world's favourite polyantha (dwarf) rose thanks to its season-long production of small (2.5 centimetres across) blossoms. It rarely gets sick and is reliably hardy, unprotected, to -15ºC, or to Zone 5. Gardeners who live in areas colder than Zone 5 should mulch well and preferably plant it near a south-facing stone or brick wall for the reflected heat and shelter from north winds .

4. Morden Blush
(Shrub, 90 cm high x 90 cm wide)
Of the winter-hardy roses bred at Agriculture Canada's Morden (Man.) Research Station, 'Morden Blush' is best for those places that not only have severe winters but hot summers. It is, therefore, the Morden hybrid that's most widely sold in southern Canadian garden centres but its lightly fragrant blossoms can also be found in places as cold as Zone 2. After a big early show, the flowers repeat throughout the season.

5. Iceberg (Floribunda, 120 cm high x 120 cm wide)
In 1983 the World Federation of Rose Societies voted this the world's favourite rose - for good reason. Given diligent deadheading, a bush will produce wave after wave of bloom in clusters of three to seven flowers, each one about 7.5 centimetres across. Nearly thornless, somewhat shade-tolerant and only mildly susceptible to black spot, its main drawback is a relatively weak fragrance. Cold-hardy to Zone 4, 'Iceberg' keeps flowering until frosts get serious.


Page 2 of 3 – Find five more rose varieties that thrive in Canadian gardens on page 3.

6. Lavaglut (Floribunda, 120 cm high x 120 cm wide)
Remarkably heat- and cold-tolerant for a red rose, 'Lavaglut' has been known to survive winters to -35ºC in Estonia but has also been recorded blooming at 42ºC in California and Texas. The American Rose Society gives it a very high rating for its pest and disease resistance as well as for the fact that its large, velvety flowers last well, even in high heat. 'Lavaglut' is also marketed under the names 'Lavaglow' and 'Intrigue'. It's generally hardy to Zone 4 with protection.

7. Sunsprite (Floribunda, 60 cm high x 60 cm wide)
'Sunsprite' is outstanding among modern hybrids for both its fragrance and, for a yellow rose, its hardiness and disease resistance. The Kordes family, who bred it, call it 'Friesia', a name that sometimes appears in catalogues, too. It blooms in profusion throughout the season, though its cousin 'Sun Flare' is often used in places where summers get hot since 'Sunsprite' prefers cooler climes. It's hardy to Zone 5 with protection.

8. Grusse an Aachen (Floribunda, 75 cm high x 45 cm wide)
Long unclassified, 'Grusse an Aachen', which means "Greetings to Aachen," is a precursor to David Austin's popular English roses. It's also regarded as the first floribunda (large clusters of ever-blooming flowers) and one of the world's current favourite garden roses. The blossoms, up to 10 centimetres across, open creamy white, then shift to salmon. Spring and fall produce big flushes against dark green foliage, but flowers appear throughout the season, sweetly but subtly fragrant. Fungus-resistant and hardy to -15ºC (Zone 5), it blooms with as little as four to five hours of direct sun daily.

9. Stanwell Perpetual (Old garden rose, 150 cm high x 180 cm wide)*
The oldest rose listed here, 'Stanwell Perpetual' has enchanted garden visitors for more than 160 years, especially in spring, when its blossoms all but smother the bush. A great hedging rose with lots of thorns, it has a rich scent in flower even its leaves are scented, smelling of dill when wet. Flushes of bloom repeat through October. Hardy to Zone 3, it withstands frosts to -25ºC. It may attract beetles and black spot but is generally trouble-free.

10. Zéphirine Drouhin (Bourbon, climber, up to 2 m in height)
With its almost thornless canes and climbing habit, this is the best rose for growing on pergolas and trellis gates, where skin or fabrics might brush against a plant. These structures are also ideal for showcasing its fine fragrance. ‘Zéphirine Drouhin' has major flushes of bloom in spring and fall, with smaller ones between. It's slightly susceptible to mildew and black spot. Though it's hardy in Canada to Zone 6, wrap climbing canes in burlap for winter unless they're very well sheltered.

Shopping tips: Buy Canadian Canadian growers use hardier rootstock. If possible shop in person and choose the healthiest plants. Plant so the graft to the rootstock is at least five centimetres below soil level – not above it, as English and American gardening books recommend. After hard winters, prune away deadwood.


Watch the video: Robertas 1-Piece Easy Elegance Sweet Fragrance Shrub Rose on QVC