Continuous flowering garden: perennials blooming in July
Read also: Perennials blooming in June | Perennials blooming in August
Perennials of July
The July Garden in our northern latitudes is a real carnival of flowers of all kinds, colors and aromas! Every gardener is proud and happy with the beauty that has blossomed in his garden, thanks to tireless work and the eternal search for something extraordinary.
In summer, Krasnodne (daylily, hemerocalis) can be deservedly called the king of the garden.
An ancient and always fashionable, completely unpretentious plant of the lily family adorns the garden with its lush bushes with narrow linear leaves from early spring to late autumn. Countless varieties and forms of hemerocalis bloom from May to October, you just have to choose your favorite ones. The flowers of the daylily are large, funnel-shaped, six-partite with a small tube and very similar to the flowers of a tubular lily.
Lychnis (adonis) and the lemongrass butterfly
In some varieties, flowers exude the most delicate aroma. The color of the flowers is the most diverse, in yellow, orange, brownish, bronze, crimson, purple, lilac and almost white. Plant height varies from 30 to 100 cm.
Krasnoday grows reliably in sunny and semi-shady places on clayey, nutritious, moderately moist soil. This is a traditional plant for casing ponds. Faded flowers must be removed - this will preserve decorativeness and prolong flowering. The daylily propagates by dividing the bush, and it easily transfers the transplant at any time (except for flowering). Winter-hardy and durable.
Lychnis chalcedony or adonis is one of the brightest garden plants. Its orange-red corymbose large inflorescences resemble Turkish carnation in structure and oriental poppy in color.
Lichnis bush up to 1 m high burns like fire in June - July, giving energy and vigor to those who admire it. ...
There are varieties and garden forms with white simple and double flowers. If the fading heads are removed in a timely manner, axillary peduncles bloom all summer until late autumn, burning in the sun with a bright scarlet fire.
One of the main characters of the July garden is undoubtedly Arends' astilba (hybrid) 60-80 cm high. Most of its varieties bloom in July, although the flowering of this species can be admired from June to September.
Compact bushes with characteristic pinnate leaves, matte or glossy, light or dark green, in some varieties - anthocyanin-colored, themselves decorate the garden from spring to late autumn. The flowering of astilba in all the richness of its delicate paniculate inflorescences with the smallest flowers of bright and delicate shades of white, pink, lilac, red, purple, ruby, red-violet, cream is a fascinating sight!
It is especially effective if you arrange astilba varieties in rather large groups. Gives an excellent cut, goes especially well with roses and perennial gypsophila. Dried inflorescences are a valuable material for winter compositions.
Other types of astilbe are also grown. Astilba Thunberg 80 cm high with dark green shiny leaves and drooping inflorescences has many varieties. Low-growing varieties are obtained from astilba simple-leaved (height 30 cm) and Chinese astilba (height 15-20 cm). The smallest is astilbe naked 10-15 cm high with pink or cream flowers, it is used on alpine slides
Astilba prefers light and semi-shady places in the garden with moist air, clay nutrient soil of sufficient moisture. Its rhizome grows upwards, therefore, regular addition of fresh fertile soil is required in autumn and spring. Propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn. Hibernates without shelter.
Various sedums (stonecrops), saxifrage are indispensable in the creation of rocky gardens, carpet compositions. They have a rich palette of colors for stems, leaves and flowers. Ground cover species easily reproduce by cuttings or daughter rosettes (rejuvenated), offspring, dividing bushes throughout the season.
Achilles (yarrow) is very simple in culture and very diverse in species, varieties and colors. Achilles meadowsweet, or golden yarrow, grows up to 100-120 cm, blooms with bright yellow inflorescences (shields) in July.
The feathery gray-green leaves have a spicy scent. Achilles ordinary 50-70 cm in height in recent years has become the ancestor of many hybrid forms with green pinnate leaves, with pink, carmine, red, cream and white flowers in corymbose inflorescences. There are many varieties of both types. Achilles ptarmik, or sneeze grass, is markedly different in appearance from those described above.
Plant height 30-70 cm, leaves are lanceolate, whole, inflorescences - a loose brush, consisting of snow-white simple or double flowers. The most famous variety is Pearl with double flowers. Blooms from July to September. Grows easily due to creeping rhizomes. In a rainy summer and in the shade, it stretches up to 1 m and lays down, so it needs a garter.
All types of Achilles are good at cutting, which is also harvested for winter compositions. In this case, the shoots cut in full dissolution are tied into small bunches and suspended in a shaded and ventilated place.
Achilles is undemanding to soils, but grows better in fertile, well-drained, sunny places. The first two types of Achilles are quite drought tolerant. The plant is propagated by dividing the bushes in spring or autumn, as well as by sowing seeds before winter. Hibernates without shelter.
In July, fragrant double monarda and tubular monarda bloom with bright crimson, pink, purple flowers, collected in bunches. Plant height - up to 80 cm, stems are straight, pubescent; the leaves are narrow. Blooms in July - August. Large groups of plants create colorful and aromatic corners of the garden in sunny and semi-shaded areas. Dried flower shoots retain a subtle scent in winter compositions and flower potpourri.
Monarda is valued not only as an ornamental plant, but also as a food and medicinal plant. Monarda essential oil has antimicrobial properties and a bergamot scent. Fresh and dried leaves, shoots, inflorescences of monarda are added to tea, soups, jams, pickles and marinades. Young shoots are used in summer vegetable and fruit salads. In the United States, lemon monard is widespread, which is grown in many countries of the world as a gingerbread vegetable crop. The Indians traditionally season meat dishes, salads with monarda to whet the appetite and improve digestion.
The culture works well on nutritious loamy soils, is responsive to fertilization and watering in dry weather. Propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn, sowing seeds before winter.
In July, many species of perennials bloom: antemis (navel), nodule aconite (poisonous and medicinal plant), Italian aster, large-flowered concrete (initial), heart-leaved boconia, woolly hogweed, oriental cornflower, mountainous, Russian, Siberian; elecampane large-headed, willow-leaved loosestrife (litrum), barnyard (mordovnik, echinops), Gebler's wort, large-flowered coreopsis, long-leaved mullein (verbascum), liatris spikelet, Barclay's maurandia, medicinal soapwort, cornflower.
Rudbeckia is brilliant, hybrid, split-leaved, beautiful - very elegant, showy plants with bright colors of large flower baskets up to 10-12 cm in diameter.
Rudbeckia hybrid grows up to 120 cm, its inflorescences glow with a red-yellow fire until the end of the season, sometimes until October, if the fading heads are removed in time. Any garden will certainly benefit from the presence of even a few hybrid rudbeckia bushes.
Its other species with yellow ligulate flowers and dark brown, almost black (beautiful rudbeckia) or greenish yellow (glossy rudbeckia) cone-shaped center of tubular flowers are its excellent partners. Rudbeckia hairy hybrids have a two-year life cycle, so it is important not to forget to sow at least one head of ripe seeds before winter so that flowering is not interrupted.
Salvia greggii - raspberry royale
The oldest, from the village garden, rudbeckia split-leaved "Golden ball" with densely double golden-yellow inflorescences and high stems up to 2 m in height, still regularly serves beauty, ennobling with its presence even unsightly fences, outbuildings and other objects that require decorations ...
All types of rudbeckia are unpretentious, tolerate partial shade and moist soils, bloom more abundantly on fertile soils.
Blooming in the July garden salvia (sage) silvery, purple sedum, false, Kamchatka.
Eryngium (eryngium) is highly prized in natural gardens, in English gardens. Its flowers are collected in capitate inflorescences, have a blue, blue, amethyst, blue-steel color and magnificent large spiny blue bracts, reminiscent of old starchy lace collars.
In culture, there are several of its species: with a height of 50 cm (alpine, seaside erythematosus) to 100 cm (amethyst, giant) with strong stems and thorny leaves.
Erythematosus is photophilous, drought-resistant, prefers light limed soil. Propagate it by sowing seeds in open ground. In the northern regions, it is better to cover the eringium for the winter. Tall species are planted in groups on lawns, in mixborders; low - in rabatkas, rocky gardens. Cut is used in compositions with dried flowers.
Caucasian scabiosa blooms in July - August, sometimes in September, with flowers of various colors (white, lilac, dark blue, purple), small in the center, larger - along the edges of the capitate inflorescence. Its height is 50-80 cm, inflorescences are located at the ends of long peduncles. It is very light-requiring, needs humus moist soils. In one place, scabiosa grows without loss of decorative effect up to 6 years, winter-hardy. Propagated by sowing seeds and dividing the bushes in the spring. They are used in rabatkas, mixborders, in groups on lawns, rocky gardens, for cutting.
Peacock tigridia is a rare plant in the Iris family, but recently its bulbs can be bought in stores. They grow it like gladioli. Plant height 60-70 cm. It blooms in July - August with rather large, cup-shaped flowers of 6 petals (three wide and three narrow, smaller ones).
The color of the flowers is varied: yellow, orange, red, purple, with spots and dots of more intense color in the center. Each flower blooms for only one day (like a daylily, or krasodnev), but there are several of them on the peduncle. They are planted in a sunny place in fertile, sufficiently moist and drained soil when warm weather sets in. Planting depth 5-7 cm, distance between plants 20 cm. A large crystal of AVA fertilizer and a handful of sand are placed under the bulb. In the fall, the bulbs are dug up and dried very thoroughly, stored in a cool dry place.
Physostegia virginsky is an original and rare plant of the Labiate family 80-120 cm high. Rhizome perennial, in which all parts of the plant, including the roots, are annually renewed. Two-lipped flowers of white, less often pink or red, are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences up to 30 cm long. It blooms in July-August in bright places with fertile soil and sufficient moisture. The bushes are planted in 2-3 years. Used in group plantings and for cutting.
Phlox paniculata, funkia (hosta), common hops are well-known plants for gardeners.
The number of varieties of phlox paniculata with its picturesque, fragrant flowers can make up a large collection in any part of the garden - sunny and partial shade. Phlox reproduces well with stem cuttings from early spring, dividing the bush after 3-4 years, root suckers and layering.
The function (host) of the shady garden. Its lush, but low bushes of rosette leaves majestically frame the paths, create elegant groups on the lawns, in the extreme row of the mixborder, fix and accentuate the individual points of the flower garden.
Rich texture of leaves with wavy edges, curliness, white and yellow stripes along the edge and in the center of the leaf blades; the bluish and yellowish tinge of the leaves makes the hosta an integral part of the modern ornamental garden. There are many types and varieties of hosts that can be purchased at shops and garden centers.
It should be remembered that the variegated forms of the leaves require good illumination, otherwise the variegation will change to just green. Fertile soil with sufficient moisture allows the host to show its best decorative qualities to the maximum. Hosta leaves are often used as an arrangement material in bouquets. Lilac flowers on long peduncles are often cut off immediately, although they give a decorative, deciduous hosta for its main purpose a special charm.
Tsimitsifuga (black cohosh, black cohosh) also belongs to decorative leafy species, possessing spectacular, large carved leaves up to 100 cm tall. Garden forms with anthocyanin-colored leaves are especially appreciated. Cimicifuga racemose has candle-shaped inflorescences of very small white flowers, the height of the plant in bloom reaches 200 cm. Flowering occurs in July-August. Cimicifuga, American, Japanese, are also grown.
Plants are light-requiring, but tolerate partial shade; prefer sufficiently moist fertile soils. Winter hardiness. Propagated by dividing the bushes and sowing seeds. They are used on the back and side planes of mixborders, singly on lawns, for cutting. Periodic mulching with humus is useful. The plant is poisonous. Some types of black cohosh (black cohosh, daurian black cohosh, stinking black cohosh) are used in folk and scientific medicine.
Tsimitsifuga (black cohosh)
Chemeritsa (veratrum) black, white (medicinal), Lobela, Californian refers to tall and even giant (Californian hellebore) garden perennials. In spring, their thick buds are especially decorative, from which shoots appear. By the middle of summer, they stretch up to 100-250 cm, while being crowned with large paniculate inflorescences of small white, greenish-white, black-purple flowers. (The inflorescences are similar to astilbe panicles). Bloom in July - August. Chemerits are photophilous, but tolerate partial shade; drought-resistant, although moisture-loving and frost-resistant. Soils are preferred fertile loamy. They grow for a long time in one place without transplantation and rejuvenation. The plant is poisonous and medicinal, it is used to combat insects - parasites, in folk and scientific medicine.
In July, bloom chisel (stakhis, bear's ear), alpine edelweiss, Siberian (both species are distinguished by silvery-gray felt pubescence, which is very valuable when creating mixed plantings); evening primrose (primrose, night candle) gray, shrub with large yellow flowers exuding a delicate aroma; echinacea purpurea and other perennials.
Caring for flower perennials in July consists in maintaining the soil in a loose and weed-free state, feeding with complex fertilizer (Kemira-flower, sprinkle 80-100 g per m2 superficially), in watering if necessary.
To extend the flowering period, do not forget to remove the faded inflorescences.If at the beginning of the flowering of lychnis, phlox paniculata and others, you cut off part of the shoots into bouquets, then flowering shoots will very soon grow from the lateral dormant buds, which will bloom until late autumn.
E. Kuzmina, florist
Photo: O. Filippova
The best perennial bush flowers for the garden: features and selection rules
Working on your own garden is a lot of work that requires both physical effort and imagination. It is very important to choose beautiful plantings that harmoniously complement the landscape design and do not cause hassle to care for. An interesting solution is perennial bush flowers that can fill a large enough area and decorate the site with unrealistic colors. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the list of the most interesting plants, their features, rules of care.
- 1 Garden perennial bush flowers: where is it better to plant
- 2 What perennial bush flowers to choose for the garden
- 2.1 Spring lilac
- 2.2 Delicate garden peonies
- 2.3 Incredible Hydrangeas
- 2.4 Autumn Chrysanthemums
- 3 Low-growing perennial bush flowers
- 3.1 Magic Host or Function
- 3.2 Refined Violets
- 3.3 Bright Astilbe
- 4 Perennial bush flowers blooming all summer
- 4.1 Eremurus - bush candle flowers
- 4.2 Shrub perennial beauties - Roses
- 4.3 Amazing Dahlias
- 4.4 Magic Asters
- 5 Shade-loving bush flowers for the garden perennials
- 5.1 Buddleya or autumn lilac
- 5.2 Garden Azalea
- 6 General recommendations for the care of bush flowers
How to do it right: Create a continuous flowering flower bed
Where to do
Continuous flowering can be realized both on a limited scale of one flower bed, and within the entire garden. In the first case, the assortment of plants will consist of herbaceous perennials, annuals, and may also include medium-sized shrubs. When creating a whole garden of continuous flowering, trees are taken as a basis (most of them bloom in spring), shrubs of different sizes and a herbaceous range of flower beds.
The flowerbed, due to its smaller scale, will be easier for a beginner. However, if we are talking about an empty area that needs to be mastered, it is better to immediately think over an integral strategy by planning the planting of trees and shrubs, placing flower beds, rabatki, borders, taking into account the sequence of flowering.
In the photo: a fragment of the table of species by time and shade of flowering, suitable for well-lit areas - download the whole pdf file
In the photo: an example of a scheme of a flower garden of perennials and annuals, which shows the shades of plants flowering in a certain month
Now on each diagram, mark the plants blooming at this moment with color spots. The background will be the greenery of the surrounding species. Please note that it can also vary in shade. Keep in mind that flowering does not start and end overnight. First comes the budding stage. And after a flurry of flowering, single flowers continue to appear. This should also be noted on the chart every month.
Advice: If you have little experience, start with a small perennial flower garden. It's perfectly okay to have one or two plants blooming at a time. But in this case, you do not need to plant them in a crowded large group. Place them in a few spots, and the flower bed will look three-dimensional.
Once you've laid out the continuous flowering plan for each month, make a master plan of what you will plant and where. Also note the planting dates for each species - they may differ. This information can be found in the reference book.
How to extend the decorativeness of a flower garden
To extend the decorativeness of the flower garden, place small shrubs or conifers in it. Colored fruits and green needles will attract attention even in winter. Use cereals and dried flowers - they also retain their decorative effect even under snow.
What to consider when creating a flower bed of continuous flowering
Take as a basis species with a long flowering period. They will provide decorative effect for three to four months. Short flowering plants will act as an addition, they will slightly change the look of the flower garden every day.
Complement the flower garden with annual flowering species... They have a stable decorative effect and bloom actively throughout the warm season. They can be planted in a flower garden with grown or even already flowering seedlings (purchased or grown independently).
Consider the activity of the development of green parts of the plant, and not just flowering... Some species slowly gain volume after winter. Place in front of them those that just bloom at this time - they will distract attention to themselves.
By the same principle, select complementary partners for those plants that, after a violent flowering, lose a significant part of their decorative effect or even die off altogether. For example, the dicenter is magnificent (Lamprocapnos spectabilis) or delphinium (Delphinium) ... Plant ephemeroids that bloom in early spring in the roots of large, slowly opening perennials. When tulips (Tulipa), daffodils (Narcissus) , muscari ( Muscari) will disappear after flowering, their place will be taken by the already developed leaves of the "slow" companions. Or plant annuals - the seedlings will gain strength by this time. And they will bloom until autumn.
Use decorative leafy plants. Species with colored leaves will support or replace flowering. Often you won't even be able to tell what is in front of you - foliage or flower petals until you get closer.
Plant groups that bloom at the same time in different parts of the flower garden. It can be one species or different species blooming at the same time. The volume and composition of the flower garden must remain intact at every moment.
Watch the compatibility of shades. The colors presented at the same time in the flower garden should be in harmony.
Consider the layering and stocking density. Lush greenery should not obscure a blooming neighbor.
For experienced gardeners, I advise you to solve the problem more interesting. For example, plan a flowering wave so that different parts of the garden bloom alternately. Or every month the garden was painted a new color. Blooming patterns and ornaments can appear on the plane of the lawn or flower beds of continuous flowering, changing with each season.
Is there anything blooming in your garden all the time? What species do you prefer for continuous flowering? Do you draw flower garden diagrams before planting plants?
How to plant a continuous flowering garden
Continuous flowering garden
To decorate a garden of continuous flowering, you can use any compositional techniques - flower beds, ridges, borders or free groups. But put together flowers should be in harmony by color and shape, height and volume.
The desired results can be achieved thanks to the knowledge of the biological characteristics of plants. First of all, one should take into account their requirements for light and moisture, as well as for soils.
In addition, you need to know the growth rate of flowers, their size in adulthood and the duration of flowering. Remember that plants do not flower or do not flower beautifully enough in the wrong conditions.
If there are already flowers in the garden, make a list of them and indicate the flowering period of each plant. Determine when pauses occur in flowering, and, based on this, supplement or adjust the garden assortment.
In a large and sunny area, it is not difficult to achieve flowering of the garden all year round.
In a compact garden, for this, at least half of the plants should be perennials that bloom at different times.
Since few species can bloom at the same time in a small area, give preference to catnip, volzhanka, hosts, daylilies, geychers, in which flowering lasts up to a month.
Choose small-flowered varieties as they tend to bloom longer and more abundantly than large-flowered ones. For fans peonies, irises, delphiniums and carnations it is recommended to plant varieties with different flowering periods.
You can supplement the garden with several groups of long-flowering annuals: petunia, snapdragon, marigold or scented tobacco... They will remain attractive until late autumn and will fill the gaps in perennial flowering. And unpretentious cornflower, cosme, marigold, poppies, escholzia and lavatere there is a place between the plants that have not yet grown.
Longest of all - from June and July to October, bloom: balsam Camellia, purple morning glory "Scarlet o Hara", echium, Shabo carnation, Chinese aster, snapdragon, bush nasturtium, petunia, lobelia, mignonette, ageratum, salvia.
almost all flowering plants need sufficient sun exposure. If the garden is in the shade, you will have to be more careful about the selection of flowers, since waterlogging of the soil is not good for even moisture-loving plants.
In the diffused shade of ornamental trees, it is appropriate to grow small-bulbous, for example scilla siberian or muscari... Anywhere in the shady garden will take root hosts and ferns.
Light shadow will calmly endure daffodils, pansies, astilbe and daylilies... In a garden with sandy soils and a low level of groundwater, it is best to plant plants for rocky slides and a rock garden, for example, all kinds sedums, or stonecrop... Also on such a site will bloom escholzia, lavatera, carnation, iris and cornflower.
Plant flowering plants in different parts of the garden at the same time, this technique will allow you to combine the composition into a single whole.
In a compact garden, plants are planted in the background with a height of about 1.5 m, for example, early flowering forsythia, deciduous camellias or fragrant mock orange.
For the middle tier, golden ones will be a good choice. heleniums, white volzhanki, blue delphiniums or pink small-colored asters, which reach a height of 1 to 1.5 m.
The foreground can be filled with a wide variety of low-growing plants — from 30 cm to 1 m: peonies, phloxes, irises and daylilies, as well as tulips and daffodils.
A combination of early flowering small-bulbous plants is suitable for the border, primroses, daisies, dwarf carnations, nasturtiums and petunias.
So that there are no empty and ugly places in the garden, plants that lose their attractive appearance after flowering are complemented with other flowers. For example, wilted bulbous foliage will be covered by decorative leafy perennials previously planted around.
And if next to phlox paniculata, hellenium and chalcedony lychnis will be located astilbe, gravilat or bergenia, they will obscure the bare lower parts of the stem.
And, finally, to make the garden look more harmonious, it is recommended to create compositions in which plants with luxurious large flowers, for example tulips, peonies, lilies, will alternate with small-flowered — cornflowers, scented tobacco, saxifrage.
Features of the choice of flowers for planting in the Urals
The main requirement for perennial ornamental crops in the Urals is cold resistance. They must be ready for any winter, even the most severe one. Unpretentiousness is also appreciated, it is welcomed if the plants grow well and bloom even with minimal maintenance, tolerate drought and are resistant to diseases.
Perennials are more profitable to grow because you don't need to buy annual seeds every year. Some of them bloom in spring, others in summer or autumn, you can also choose those in which bloom lasts almost the entire season.
A variety of primrose colors allows you to make luxurious compositions from them