Spirea ulmaria is a perennial herbaceous plant about one and a half meters high, widespread in Europe, except the coasts of the Mediterranean, western and northern Asia and North America. It grows in humid places up to heights of 1500 meters. The flowers develop in the summer and are creamy white. The leaves have a dark green color. It belongs to the Rosaceae family and can have several names, such as Filipendula ulmaria Maxim, Spiraea ulmaria L, Spirea meadowsweet and marsh meadowsweet. The latter name refers to the presence of the plant in swampy areas. The most common name is spirea derives from “speira” which means spiral referring to the shape of the flowers. There spirea ulmaria is widely used in herbal medicine. The parts to which medicinal properties are attributed are precisely the flowers and the flowering tops of the plant which are harvested during the summer season by cutting them off under the inflorescence.
There spirea ulmaria it has anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving and antipyretic properties. The active ingredients of the plant, which allow it to be used to relieve rheumatic pains and fever, are salicylates, substances derived from salicylic acid, and flavonoids. Salicylic acid is the main component of Aspirin, which got its name referring to the plant. The active ingredients of the plant are effective for pain-related pathologies, such as toothaches, headaches and other neuralgia. It is also frequently used for rheumatic pains. The mechanism of action of the spirea ulmaria it is similar to that of common painkillers, ie it inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins, responsible for painful symptoms. The flavonoids of the plant also have a protective action on the blood capillaries, favoring the anti-inflammatory action. Unlike traditional medicine anti-inflammatories which have an erosive action against the gastric part, causing gastritis and ulcers, the substances of spirea ulmaria do not cause damage to the gastrointestinal system. Particular attention must be paid to those who are allergic to aspirin, because the same reaction could occur with the salicylates of the plant. This is why the intake of spirea ulmaria extracts is not recommended. The intake of spirea ulmaria is also not recommended for those taking anticoagulant drugs. To enhance the pain-relieving effect, the photocompound of spirea can be mixed with other plants with the same power, such as feverfew or devil's claw, the extracts of the latter, mixed with other plant species, are particularly effective for headaches. . The extracts of spirea ulmaria are also recognized as having diuretic and anti-cellulite properties, because they favor the elimination of chlorides and nitrogenous waste. They are particularly effective in combating water retention and cellulite which in medical terms corresponds exactly to inflammation of the adipose tissue.
How to use
To carry out its beneficial functions, spirea ulmaria can be used systemically (internal use) or for external applications. For this use in particular, compresses can be made based on plant extracts to be applied to areas affected by rheumatism and pain. Another external use is related to the shampoo based on spirea extracts which are useful for the well-being of the scalp. In case of fever it is advisable to take a spoonful of Spirea Ulmaria flowers, left to infuse for 10 minutes, in a teacup with hot water. The daily dose of fresh plant necessary to obtain tangible benefits is 2000 mg per day. The recommended dosages are indicated in the average values of the DL 169/2004. To have beneficial systemic effects, the active principle of spirea ulmaria-based preparations must be at least 43.5% of the flowering tops of the plant. The most common herbal form is drops. The recommended dosage is 30 drops diluted in water three times a day which allows to obtain the average daily dosage of fresh plant, as just indicated. To obtain beneficial effects against cellulite and water retention there are also capsules based on spirea ulmaria extracts. The recommended dose is four to six capsules a day, to be taken in the morning and in the evening, with plenty of water.
Spirea Ulmaria: Where to find it
Products based on spirea ulmaria extracts can be found in pharmacies and herbalists, but they can also be found or ordered in parapharmacies. These are food supplements that also include other components, such as vitamins, minerals and other plant extracts, combined together in order to obtain specific effects. The most common herbal forms of spirea ulmaria-based extracts are, as already mentioned, the drops, obtained from the maceration of the fresh plant. The drops are sold in 50ml bottles and cost between 10 and 11 euros. The liquid extract of the plant is also sold in 15 ml ampoules in packs of 20. The cost is about 14 euros. Packs of 50 tablets or capsules cost around 9 euros. The costs may vary depending on the manufacturer and on the basis of online sales offers, from which it is always advisable to be wary unless it is a question of pharmacies and herbalists already known and known.
Spirea ulmaria | Properties, Benefits | Side effects
In this article we analyze the Properties and Benefits of Spirea Ulmaria, evaluating its effectiveness in the treatment of flu syndromes and minor joint pain. With Studies, Side Effects, Contraindications and Directions for Use
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Spirea - Property
Spirea is a natural anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic, mainly thanks to its content of salicylic acid, the active ingredient used to produce aspirin (which derives its name from this plant). In 1845, Dr. Kolbe was the first to isolate the salicylic acid present in the plant, paving the way for the development of aspirin, patented by Bayer in 1866.
However, this plant also contains flavonoids, mineral salts, vitamin C and essential oils.
Thanks to the precious substances it contains, spirea inhibits the production of prostaglandins, responsible for pain and the inflammatory process of the tissues, therefore it is used against fever and to relieve painful states caused by arthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain, headache , toothache, back and neck pain. It also has an advantage over anti-inflammatory drugs: it does not irritate the gastric mucosa, thanks to the protective action of its mucilage, so it does not risk causing ulcers or gastritis.
Thanks to flavonoids, spirea has a vasoprotective action on the walls of blood vessels and promotes blood circulation, so it is also useful against cellulite, water retention and edema. It also has diuretic and purifying properties, promoting the elimination of metabolic waste (nitrogenous waste, uric acids, sugars, triglycerides) that retain fluids, and is therefore effective as a support in the treatment of diabetes, obesity and hypertension.
The parts of the plant used in herbal medicine are the flowers and the flowering tops.
Spirea can be taken in the form of an infusion, remembering not to use boiling water, but only hot, because salicylic acid is destroyed with heat, or in the form of tablets, tincture or ointment (for external use, from combine with a body cream).
Its use should be avoided by subjects with ascertained hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid and to those who are being treated with cardioaspirin or blood anticoagulants, to avoid an enhancement of the effect of these drugs.
Letnetsvetuschaya group of spiraea
The plants of this group are distinguished by the fact that their coryphous and pyramidal inflorescences are formed on young shoots, which dry up the following year. Flowering begins in June, the flowers have red-pink shades.
Japanese spiraea (Spiraea japonica)
Japanese spiraea bush reaches a height of 1.5 meters, it is growing slowly and straight. In autumn, its leaves are painted with rich shades of orange blossom. The leaves are oblong and with teeth on the edge, small pink flowers are collected in wide flaps. The abundant flowering period is from late June to mid-August.
This species is not particularly demanding of conditions of detention, but feels best in sunny places and in moist soil. The system is frost resistant and can do without a special cover.
We derive a lot of varieties of Japanese spirea: Little Princess (Little Princess), Shirobana, Makrofilla (Macrophylla), Candlelight, Goldflame, Golden Princess, Gold Mound.
Low bushes variety Japanese spiraea Goldfleym (height - 0.6-0.8 m, diameter of 1 m), first has a red-orange or bronze-gold color of young leaves, later -bright yellow. During the flowering period, the leaves take on a yellow-green color, in the fall - copper-orange with a golden tint.
Spirea Douglas (Spiraea douglasii)
birth place Douglas Spirea - North America. The bush has a maximum height of 1.5 meters. Its shoots are straight, pubescent, reddish-brown. Leaves up to 10 cm long, narrow and oblong, with prongs in the upper part, green and silver on the other side.
Narrow pyramidal inflorescences are collected from bright pink flowers.
It grows well both in the sun and in the penumbra. It blooms from July to September. Beautiful Bush Douglas spirea will look spectacular in group plants along park roads, it has the ability to consolidate slopes and areas destroyed by water and wind.
Spirea Bumalda (Spiraea x bumalda)
this a hybrid of Japanese spiraea and white-flowered spiraea often found in culture. The spirea bush – compact and low (0.75-1.0 m), the crown is spherical, the branches are straight.
Young shoots are green, hairless and slightly ribbed, later turning reddish brown with scaly bark. The leaves are ovate-lanceolate. The flowers are painted in different shades of pink - from light to dark. Flat and corombrose inflorescences.
Shown several varieties (Anthony Waterer, gold flame, red darts) and decorative forms ("dark-pink", "curly", "elegant" and others.) Spirea bumalda. This type of winter-hardy and picky to the soil, but in the arid weather of the need good watering
Billira's Spirea (Spiraea x billardii)
Billard’s Spirea created by hybridization of Douglas spirea and spiraea species. The shrub reaches a height of over two meters.
The leaves are long (up to 10 cm) and pointed, lancet-shaped, like in a spruce crown. Long fluffy inflorescences - pink-flowered gorse - a reminder of the second degree, the Douglas spire.
It blooms in July-August and the flowers bloom after the first frosts. It is a very frost-resistant spirao and feels good in the cold northern regions. Looks great in a hedge.
Spiraea birch leaves (Spiraea betulifolia)
It naturally grows in the Far East, Japan and Korea, in eastern Siberia. The shape of the leaves of this species is similar to the shape of birch leaves - oval with a wedge-shaped base, for which it received its name.
In autumn, the green leaves take on a bright yellow color. Low-bush ash of birch leaves (60 cm high) has a dense spherical crown and sometimes twisted zigzag stems. The inflorescences have the shape of a thick panicle of numerous white or pink flowers. Flowering begins in June.
In nature, shrubs grow in coniferous and mixed forests, on the slopes of the mountains. The plant is shade tolerant, but it blooms better in illuminated places and in humid soils. Shelter in winter is not required.
Spiraea white (Spiraea alba)
The natural area is North America. White spiraea county it has reddish-brown ribbed shoots and pointed leaves. White flowers of summer species are an unusual phenomenon for this group of spirits. The flowers are connected in small pyramidal-broom inflorescences at the ends of the shoots.
Flowering lasts from early July to early August. The plant is a lover of moisture and light, of medium winter hardiness. Used for single and group sowing, in hedges.
Spirea isophilia (Spiraea salicifolia)
It grows in western North America, in Europe, Siberia, the Far East, China, Korea, Japan. In nature Spiraea salcerella grows near reservoirs and swamps. Its vertically growing shrub has a maximum height of two meters.
The leaves are shaped like willow leaves: narrow, elongated and pointed, up to 10 cm long, dark green on top and light green from below. Its straight and elastic shoots have the coloring of different shades: brown, yellow, brown, reddish. The sweet-inflorescences of white or delicate pink flowers are long and fluffy, reaching a length of 20-25 cm.
The plant is frost-resistant, the optimal soil is cool, slightly moist. Used in group plantings.
All types and varieties of spirea have excellent decorative properties and different flowering periods. Knowing these characteristics, you can expertly combine plants of different types and create a beautiful garden that will delight the eye with a variety of colors and shapes from spring to autumn.
The multiplication of the spirea is obtained by dividing the tufts or by cutting. The division can be done for the species that produce basal suckers: it must be carried out at the end of winter, taking the suckers that already have a sufficient root system and transplanting them. The cutting, on the other hand, should be done in summer, taking portions of lateral semi-woody branches for a length of about 10 cm and placing them to root in a container with a mixture of sand and peat to keep cool. Once rooting has taken place, in spring the new seedlings can be transplanted into pots: final planting can take place after the first year of life.
Spirea is very resistant to pest attacks and diseases. It fears only aphids, which nest on the underside of the leaves and can be eradicated with natural or chemical pesticides.
Note - When they are Italianized, the names of the plants (rose, geranium, spirea etc.) go in lowercase and remain capitalized when using the correct botanical term that wants the genus in uppercase and the species in lowercase: Rosa alba.
ATTENTION - The information contained and described on this site is for informational purposes only and cannot be used to formulate a diagnosis or to prescribe or choose a treatment, nor should it replace the personal doctor-patient relationship or any specialist visit. The visitor to the site is strongly advised to consult their doctor to evaluate any information reported on the site.
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Multiplication of the Spirea
The reproduction of the coils can take place:
- by division of the tufts,
- by cuttings,
- by layering,
- by offshoot,
- through the suckers.
The cuttings are made in two periods of the year: in summer or in Autumn.
In July August are carried out cuttings of semi-mature wood. The 8-12 cm long cuttings taken with well-sharpened and disinfected shears are put to root in a mixture of peat and sand.
In October can be done cuttings of mature wood, 25-30 cm long.
After rooting, the new plants obtained from the two types of cuttings must be transferred to pots and raised here for 1 or 2 years before being planted.
Meadowsweet instructions for use
In order to benefit from its therapeutic properties, it can be taken in various ways: in the form of an infusion for internal use, as a decoction for external use or in the form of mother tincture.
For outdoor applications it is possible to prepare compresses made with plant extracts.
L'compress it will then be applied directly to the area affected by rheumatism or joint pain.
For the treatment of feverish statesInstead, you can prepare a drink by infusing a spoonful of flowers in a tea cup filled with hot water. After about 10 minutes, you can take the beneficial drink after filtering it.
This plant can also be taken in the form of drops. The usually recommended dosage is 30 drops to be diluted in water three times a day.
Spirea ulmaria capsules
The therapeutic effects of these plant extracts can also be obtained by taking the capsules. The latter are particularly indicated for the treatment of imperfections such as cellulite and water retention.
In rare cases, irritation of the gastroduodenal mucosa may occur following intake. It is therefore preferable not to use it if you suffer from ailments such as gastritis. It is not recommended to avoid the use of the plant in case of ascertained hypersensitivity to one or more of its components. In addition, its use is also contraindicated for those allergic to salicylates, compounds present in aspirin.
In this case, the hiring could lead to side effects of a certain severity. These effects can be enhanced in the case of simultaneous intake of other substances (alcohol, sedatives, oral antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory or anticoagulant drugs).
In any case, it is always preferable to start administering the herbal product after consulting your trusted doctor in advance.
Spirea ulmaria prices
Spirea-based products are easy to find in herbalist's shops, drugstores, specialized stores or by purchasing online.
These products are often found marketed as supplements food products including other components, such as vitamins, minerals and extracts of other plants. In addition to plant extracts based on spirea ulmaria, drops are also among the most common herbal forms.
The latter are obtained following a maceration process of the fresh plant. The cost of the drops in packs of 50 ml is around 10-11 euros. The cost of 50 tablets or capsules with the extracts is approximately 9 euros.
Discover other diuretic and purifying plants to be taken in the form of herbal teas and decoctions:
- Yarrow, heals wounds and tightens the skin, but also calms menstrual pains
- Birch for urinary stones
- Cherry tree, it is purifying and detoxifying, but also diuretic and anti-inflammatory, it acts against water retention and cellulite
- Horsetail for arthrosis, it is draining and diuretic
- Fennelfor gastritis and colitis
- Blackberry, powerful antioxidant, great for the heart, protect against tumors
- Nettle, heals the hair but is also useful in case of anemia, arthritis, cystitis and diarrhea because it is rich in folic acid and iron
- Parsley, widely used in the kitchen as an aromatic herb, it also has diuretic, laxative and hypotensive properties
- Willow, anti-inflammatory, anti-neuralgic and antifebrile plant, it is useful against rheumatism, headache and fever
- Dandelion for gallstones and kidney stones
- Green tea, the most famous detoxifying and antioxidant drink