Rosehip: planting and care in the open field, useful properties, contraindications, photo
Fruit and berry plants
Rosehip (lat.Rosea) - a genus of plants of the Pink family, which has many cultural forms called Rose. According to various sources, there are from 400 to 500 species of rose hips and up to 50,000 of its cultivars and hybrids. Herodotus, Theophrastus and Pliny wrote about the species diversity of the plant. In the Renaissance, the classification of rose hips was reduced to the division into wild and cultivated species according to the number of petals in flowers, however, Karl Linnaeus drew attention to the difficulties of classification due to hybridization of roses.
Today, no one can say for sure how many species of rose hips exist in nature. Rose hips are widespread in the subtropical and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere, but sometimes its representatives are found in areas with a tropical climate. Rose hips grows singly or in groups in coniferous undergrowth and on the edges of deciduous and mixed forests, in woodlands, along springs and rivers, on wet meadows, clay and rocky shores, on plains and at an altitude of up to 2200 m above sea level.
Planting and caring for rose hips
- Bloom: in May-June from one to three weeks.
- Landing: best in October-November, but also in spring.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fertile, well-drained, in areas with deep groundwater.
- Watering: the first year - frequent and plentiful, later - 3-4 times per season with a water consumption of 2-3 buckets for each bush.
- Top dressing: from the second year of life, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the trunk circle: in early spring, in June-July and in September. In spring or autumn, 3-4 kg of humus or compost should be applied under each bush.
- Cropping: from the age of three in early spring, until the buds have blossomed, they carry out sanitary and formative pruning.
- Reproduction: seeds, root suckers.
- Pests: sawflies, aphids, leafhoppers (slobbering pennies), spider mites, leaf rollers, bronze beetles and deer.
- Diseases: powdery mildew, black spot, rust, chlorosis and peronosporosis.
- Properties: is a medicinal plant, the fruits of which are used as a tonic, tonic, increasing the body's resistance to infectious diseases and weakening the development of atherosclerosis.
Read more about growing rose hips below.
Rosehip is a deciduous, and sometimes evergreen shrub with climbing, creeping or erect stems from 15 cm to 10 m in height (or length). Usually rose hips are multi-stemmed shrubs up to 2-3 m tall, surviving up to 30-50 years. The oldest rose grows in Germany: according to various estimates, its age is from 400 to 1000 years, its trunk girth is about 50 cm, and this plant is 13 m high.
The root system of rose hips is pivotal. The main root of the dog rose penetrates into the ground to a depth of 5 m, but the bulk of the roots lies at least 40 cm within a radius of 60-80 cm from the bush. The branches of rose hips are erect and arcuate. They form numerous branched shoots: dark brown, dark red, violet-brown, brown-red, black-brown or gray with tomentose pubescence. Thorns on shoots and branches are scattered or in pairs. The younger the shoots, the softer and thinner the thorns on them. There are also studless species, for example, drooping rose. Thorns serve as a protection for the plant from being eaten by animals, as well as to keep branches among other plants.
Long-petiolate, pinnate leaves of rose hips, reddish, glaucous or green, are arranged spirally on the shoots. In cultivated species of rose hips, there are usually five leaves, in wild ones - seven or nine. The shape of the hard, leathery, smooth or wrinkled leaves can be round or elliptical, their base is rounded, cordate or wedge-shaped. The edges of the leaves are serrate, serrate-crenate or double-serrate.
Rosehip flowers, bisexual, from 1.5 to 10 cm in diameter, single or collected in scutes and panicles, have a pleasant aroma, although there are species with an unpleasant odor, for example, fetid wild rose. The corolla of the flower is five-petalled, sometimes four-lobed or semi-double, yellow, white, cream, pink or red. Flowering begins in May-June and lasts one to three weeks.
Rosehip begins to bear fruit at the age of two to three years. Rose hips - a special form of polynuts (cinarodia) 1-1.5 cm in diameter, orange, red, purple, and sometimes black, naked or covered with bristles, coarse-haired inside, filled with numerous single-seeded nuts - ripen in August or September.
Planting rose hips in open ground
When to plant
Rosehip seedlings take root better during autumn planting, therefore they are planted in October or November, but if necessary, you can plant a plant in spring. Rosehip prefers high sun-lit places. Since the roots of rose hips penetrate into the ground to a great depth, in lowland, saline or swampy areas, as well as where groundwater is close to the surface, it will quickly wither. Acidic soils should be limed one year before planting the rose hips.
Rosehip is attractive both in solo and in group plantings. A rose hip bush can mask a compost heap or an unsightly farm building. A prickly plant is planted along the border of the personal plot. Since the rose hip is a cross-pollinated plant, its bushes should be located close to each other.
How to plant
The best planting material is two-year-old rosehip seedlings, in which, before planting, the main roots are shortened to 25 cm, and the shoots are cut at a height of 10 cm.
A planting hole for a rosehip in a previously fertilized soil should be about 30 cm in diameter and depth, but if the site for planting was not prepared, then the holes are made wider (50-80 cm) and deeper (40-50 cm) in order to fill them with planting mixed with humus (10 kg per plant) soil with the addition of 150-200 g of superphosphate, 30-50 g of potassium salt and 60-70 g of ammonium nitrate. If you are planting a rosehip for a hedge, then the distance between the bushes should be 50 cm. In other cases, it is better to maintain a distance of about 1 m.For normal cross-pollination, it is advisable to plant at least three different varieties of bushes on the site.
The root system of the seedling is immersed in a clay mash, then lowered into the hole so that the root collar is 5-8 cm below the surface, and the hole is covered with fertile fertilized soil. After planting, the surface is slightly tamped, 8-10 liters of water are poured under the seedling, and after the water is absorbed, the area around the seedling is mulched with humus, sawdust or peat crumb.
Rosehip care in the garden
The first year after planting, the plant needs frequent and abundant watering. In general, the dog rose is a drought-resistant culture and does not require constant moisture, it is enough to pour 2-3 buckets of water under a young bush under a young bush in hot dry weather, and about 5 buckets under a fruiting one. During the season, the dog rose is watered only 3-4 times.
For normal growth and development from the second year of life, nitrogen fertilizers must be applied under the rosehip. The first feeding is carried out in early spring, the second - in June-July, during the rapid growth of shoots, and the third - in September. In the future, every three years, at least 3 kg of humus or compost should be applied under each bush. After each top dressing, the soil under the bush should be watered and loosened, and then mulched.
From the age of three, the rose hips begin to cut off, removing diseased, weak or shriveled shoots, and shortening annual growths to 170-180 cm. At the age of five, the bush should consist of 15-20 uneven-aged, evenly spaced branches. Branches that have reached the age of seven must be replaced. Pruning is carried out in early spring, before the start of sap flow, since the dog rose does not tolerate autumn pruning. Do not get too carried away with shortening the shoots, otherwise next year you will get a lot of young growth, which, alas, will not bear fruit.
Collecting rose hips because of its thorny thorns must be in strong clothing and tight gloves. The fruits begin to ripen in August, and this process continues until mid-October, so it will not be possible to harvest at one time. The last fruits must be removed from the bush before the frost begins, otherwise they may lose their properties.
Sometimes it becomes necessary to transplant the rosehip to another place. The reason may be depleted soil or initially the wrong choice of place for the plant. It is better to replant the rose hips in the spring or in October-November. Prepare a hole and fertile soil for the plant in advance. Having chosen a cloudy day, carefully dig in the bush, loosen the ground, pull out the plant along with the earthy clod, being careful not to damage the roots, and immediately move it to a new hole: the roots of the rose hips do not tolerate heat well, so the longer they are on the surface, the less likely it is. that the bush will successfully take root.
Sometimes readers ask if a flowering rosehip can be transplanted. Experienced gardeners do not recommend doing this: the rosehip is transplanted either before the start of sap flow, or after its completion.
For seed propagation of rose hips, seeds are harvested from unripe brown fruits in August, while the seed coat has not yet hardened. Seeds are sown in the fall, in October, directly into the ground, the grooves are sprinkled with humus and sawdust. In early spring, a frame is installed over the crops and a plastic wrap is pulled over it so that the seeds germinate faster. When a pair of real leaves appear at the seedlings, they can be planted.
For spring sowing, it is advisable to stratify the seeds, that is, mix them with peat or river sand and place them in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2-3 ºC, taking them out and stirring from time to time.
If you want to be sure to preserve the characteristics of the mother plant, use the method of propagation of rose hips by root suckers. For this purpose, in spring or autumn, you need to choose an offspring with a height of 25-40 cm, separate it from the bush with a shovel and plant it. You can, without separating the offspring, huddle it high, water it and periodically pour soil under it: the offspring will form adventitious roots, and next year, in the fall, it can be separated from the mother bush, and next spring it can be carefully dug up and transplanted to a new place.
Pests and diseases
Unfortunately, both pests and diseases infect rose hips. Of the insects, sawflies, aphids, leafhoppers, slobbering pennies, spider mites, leaf rollers, bronze beetles and deer are most often parasitized on a rose.
Sawfly larvae descending and white-belted bite into young shoots of rose hips and make holes up to 4 cm long inside them, which makes the shoots darken and dry. The larvae are destroyed with pesticides and insecticides. In autumn, the soil around the bushes is dug up so that the sawfly caterpillars are on the surface and freeze, and the affected shoots are cut off and burned before the larvae emerge from them.
Caterpillars of fruit and three types of rose leafworm damage young leaves and shoots of rose hips. With a small number of them, it is better to collect the caterpillars by hand. In the spring, before bud break, the rosehip is treated with a pesticide solution.
Spider mites - sucking insects, feeding on the cell sap of leaves and shoots of rose hips. In addition, they, like aphids, carry incurable viral diseases. Mites start on plants in a prolonged drought, especially if you are in no hurry to water the rose hips. You can try to expel ticks by spraying the underside of the leaves 3-4 times a day with cold water, and they can only be destroyed with acaricidal preparations.
Slobbering penny is located on the underside of the leaves and in their axils, sucking the juices from the plant and secreting the foamy substance. When touched by a pest, it quickly jumps out of the foam and hides. The fight against the penny is carried out with a solution of an insecticidal preparation.
Rose leafhopper, giving 2-3 generations per season, causes great harm to the rosehip: the leaves of the plant are covered with white dots, become like marble, lose their decorative effect, then turn yellow and fall off prematurely. You can destroy pests with two or three treatments of rose hips and the surrounding area with an insecticidal preparation with an interval of 10-12 days.
Rose aphid settles on the plant in large colonies located on the underside of leaves, peduncles and buds. Aphids, like spider mites, suck the juices from the plant and infect them with viral diseases. In one year, aphids can give more than 10 generations. In order to prevent the appearance and spread of a dangerous pest, in early spring the dog rose is treated with a contact insecticide. Subsequently, for the treatment of bushes, drugs such as Karbofos, Actellik, Rogor, Antio and the like are used.
Deer beetles and bronzovka eat out stamens and pistils in rosehip flowers, gnaw on petals. Plants with light flowers suffer most from them. Collect the beetles in the early morning while they sit motionless on the flowers. After collecting the pests, they are destroyed.
Of the diseases, rosehip is most often affected by powdery mildew, black spot, rust, chlorosis and peronosporosis.
What is powdery mildew, you can read in a detailed article posted on our website. In the fight against powdery mildew, a 1% suspension of colloidal sulfur and other fungicidal preparations are used. The resistance of rose hips to powdery mildew and other diseases is increased by potash fertilizers.
Black spot manifests itself as black-brown spots on the leaves and petioles of the rose hips in the second half of summer. With severe damage, the leaves darken, dry and fall off. To stop the development of the disease, cut off diseased shoots, tear off and burn the affected leaves, and dig up the soil around the bushes with a turnover of the layer. In the fall and spring, treat the rose hips with insecticides.
Rust looks like a dusty mass of spores and small orange-yellow pads on the underside of the leaves. With the development of the disease, the leaves of the plant dry out, and the flowers, shoots and stems are deformed. The diseased parts of the rosehip must be removed and burned, the soil under the bush must be dug up, and before sheltering for the winter, the bush is sprayed with copper sulfate or any other copper-containing preparation. During the growing season, the rosehip is treated with a copper-soap solution.
Due to chlorosis white or yellow spots appear on the leaves of the rose hips. The reason for this phenomenon lies in the deficiency of magnesium, boron, zinc, manganese, iron or other elements necessary for the plant. For example, from a lack of iron, chlorotic color appears throughout the leaf, except for large veins, and the lesion begins with young apical leaves. If there is a lack of zinc in the soil, chlorosis spreads along the edge of the leaves, while the leaf remains green along the central and lateral veins. Due to the lack of magnesium, the leaves turn yellow and die off, but the veins remain green. Boron deficiency causes thickening of the tissue of young leaves, moreover, they become pale and brittle. Determine the cause of chlorosis and add the required element to the soil. You can treat the rosehip with a solution of trace elements over the leaves.
Peronosporosis, or downy mildew, is one of the most dangerous diseases. We have dedicated a separate article to it, which you can read on the site. The disease develops in hot rainy weather. It is necessary to deal with it with fungicidal preparations and agrotechnical methods.
Types and varieties of rose hips
Currently, the dog rose classification is used, dividing the genus into four subgenera: three of them are very small, consisting of 1-2 species that are knocked out of the general system, and the fourth is the subgenus Rose, containing 10 sections and 135 species. We offer you an acquaintance with the most common species and varieties of rose hips in garden culture.
Alpine rosehip (Rosa alpina)
Or wild rose (Rosa pendulina) grows in the mountains of central Europe and is a shrub no more than 1 m high, devoid of thorns. It has bright and large flowers on long stalks that droop immediately after the petals fall off, and long dark red fusiform fruits hanging from the bush like catkins. Both pedicels and fruits are covered with long glandular bristles, giving the plant a unique look.
Rosehip May (Rosa cinnamomea)
Or cinnamon rosehip (Rosa majalis) - the most common type of dog rose for Ukraine and the European part of Russia, covered in May-June with large pale and bright pink flowers. This dog rose is very variable: it can reach a height of 2.5-3 m, and it can grow up to only 1 m, forming sparse thickets occupying large areas. A characteristic feature of the species are thin paired thorns on flowering shoots and the base of the trunks densely covered with small needle thorns. In group plantings, the terry frost-resistant form of the species with purple-pink flowers looks spectacular.
Rose hip (Rosa acicularis)
Grows singly or in groups in the northern regions of Europe, Asia and America and is a shrub 1-2 m high with densely covered with a large number of thin numerous thorns, arched bristles and shoots. The flowers of this species are large, pink or dark pink in color, single or collected in 2-3 pieces. The fruits are red, oblong. The species is frost-resistant, adapts well to urban conditions, is relatively shade-tolerant, suitable for hedges and as a rootstock for cultivated varieties.
Rosehip rugose (Rosa rugosa)
Or rosehip rugosa grows in Korea, North China and the Far East in thickets on the sea coasts and coastal meadows and is a shrub up to 2.5 m high with highly wrinkled, sometimes glossy leaves, consisting of 5-9 leaves with gray-green pubescence on the underside ... Single or collected in inflorescences of 3-8 pieces of fragrant flowers from 6 to 12 cm in diameter, depending on the variety, can be simple or double with the number of white or pink petals from 5 to 150. This rose hips blooms all summer, so on one bush you can to see buds, flowers, and fruits at the same time. The most famous varieties of this species are:
- Pink Grootendorst - a shrub 1.5 m high with a pyramidal spreading crown, shiny wrinkled light green leaves and pale pink dense double flowers 3-4 cm in diameter with petals carved along the edges. The inflorescences of this variety are similar to bunches of carnations;
- Grootendorst Suprem - variety with dark crimson double flowers;
- Konrad Ferdinand Meyer - a variety that blooms twice a season with thick double, bright, silvery pink fragrant flowers;
- Hanza - a bush with fragrant reddish-purple double flowers with a diameter of 8-10 cm;
- Agnes - rose hips with fragrant creamy yellow double flowers 7-8 cm in diameter with a darker middle;
- Georges Ken - a bush with very fragrant, large cup-shaped semi-double flowers of dark red color.
Rosehip prickly (Rosa spinosissima)
Or wild rose (Rosa pimpinellifolia) grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Europe, Eastern and Western Siberia, Central Asia and the European part of Russia on forest edges and clearings, in hollows, on lime deposits and in forests. It is a small, but very thorny shrub with thin thorns not only on the shoots, but also on the leaf petioles, with small graceful foliage, green in summer and purple in autumn, with single white or yellowish flowers up to 5 cm in diameter and spherical black fruits up to 1.5 cm. The species has many cultural variations and forms, it is frost-hardy, not very picky about the soil, it adapts well to the conditions of the city. The best varieties of the species are:
- Golden Wings - bush 1.5-1.8 m high with simple or semi-double pale yellow flowers 5-6 cm in diameter;
- Frühlingsdaft - a plant up to 2 m high with fragrant peach flowers, single or in inflorescences, and red-brown thorny shoots;
- Frülingsmorgen - a variety with pale yellow simple but fragrant flowers with pink edging petals;
- Karl Foerster - a variety with large white double flowers with a high center and a subtle aroma;
- Prairie Yurs - variety with pale pink large semi-double flowers;
- Schlos Seutlitz - a plant with yellowish-cream semi-double flowers 7-8 cm in diameter with a weak aroma.
Dog rose (Rosa canina)
Or wild rose native to southern and central Europe, western Asia and North Africa, where it grows in small groups or singly in bushes, along gullies, river banks and forest edges. This shrub reaches a height of 3 m.It has spreading arcuate branches with powerful, curved thorns, small leaves, consisting of 5-7 greenish or bluish, serrated at the edges of the leaves, pale pink flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences, and smooth elongated oval or rounded fruits of bright red color up to 2 cm in diameter. Winter hardiness of this species is average, but it is the best stock for varietal roses.
Rosehip rust (Rosa rubiginosa)
Or rosehip rusty red originally from Western Europe, where it grows in ravines, on forest edges, on rocky slopes in thickets of bushes. It is a densely branched, multi-stemmed shrub up to half a meter high with a compact crown and spiny hook-shaped thorns. Its leaves, like all rose hips, are imparipinnate, consisting of 5-7 small leaves, slightly pubescent on the upper side and glandular, rusty on the bottom. Flowers in plants of this species with a diameter of up to 3 cm, red or pink, simple or semi-double, single or collected in dense shields. The fruits are red, hemispherical.
French rosehip (Rosa gallica)
Upright shrub up to half a meter high with leaves up to 12.5 cm long, consisting of 3-5 large leathery dark green leaves, lighter on the underside and covered with glandular pubescence. The flowers of this species are large, simple or double, single or collected in inflorescences of 2-3 flowers, painted in tones from dark pink to bright red. Fruits are spherical, up to 1.5 cm in diameter. The species is generally winter-hardy, but sometimes it suffers from frost in the middle lane. The following garden forms of the species are known in culture:
- medicinal - a plant similar to the main species, but with double flowers;
- thornless - a form with double flowers, devoid of thorns;
- changeable - the color of the petals on one flower changes from dark red-pink on the outer petals to dark purple in the middle;
- dwarf - a miniature plant with simple red flowers;
- shiny - a form with semi-double or simple carmine flowers;
- pubescent - a plant with purple-red flowers, rounded leaves, pedicels, shoots and sepals of which are densely covered with bristles;
- Agate is a form not with such large double purple flowers as in the main species.
The most popular varieties of French rosehip are:
- Compliant - a variety with simple, not very fragrant, bright pink flowers up to 10 cm in diameter with a white center;
- Versicolor - a plant, almost odorless, with semi-double light pink flowers 8-10 cm in diameter, covered with brighter strokes and spots, and with light green matte leaves.
Gray rosehip (Rosa glauca)
Or red-leaved rosehip - a beautiful park shrub that grows wild in the mountains of Asia Minor, Central and Southeastern Europe. It reaches a height of 2-3 m, it has thin, slightly curved or straight spines. The leaves, consisting of 7-9 elliptical leaflets, shoots and stipules of gray rose hips are covered with a bluish bloom with a red-violet tinge. Flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter, single or collected in inflorescences up to 3 pieces, are painted in bright pink color. Cherry fruits, round, up to 1.5 cm in diameter. The species is winter-hardy, drought-resistant, tolerates calcareous soils and urban conditions well. The form of the flora of Pleno is distinguished by double flowers of a lighter shade, contrasting against the background of foliage.
In addition to the species described, in the culture you can find white, Bourbon, smelly, or yellow, Damascus, Daurian, Chinese, Kokand, Maksimovich, multifloral, mossy, musky, Portland, columnar, apple, or hairy, Elena and many others.
Rosehip properties - harm and benefit
The fruits of most species of rose hips contain a large amount of vitamin C: they contain 10 times more than black currant, 50 times more than lemon, and 60-70 times more than needles of juniper, fir, pine or spruce ... The highest content of ascorbic acid in Begger's rose hips. In addition to vitamin C, the fruit contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, E, K, PP, carotene, tannins and coloring agents, malic and citric acids, sugars, phytoncides, essential oils, as well as potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, copper, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum and manganese.
Rosehip flowers contain essential oil, organic acids, glycosides (bitterness and saponins), sugars, fatty oils, flavonoids, tannins, wax, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins (peonidin, cyanidin, peonin). Most of the essential oil is found in the petals of the wrinkled rosehip. Rosehip oil has an anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and astringent effect, it stimulates the regeneration of mucous membranes and damaged tissues, therefore it is often used for trophic ulcers, cracks, abrasions and dermatoses.
In addition to vitamin C, the leaves contain catechins, flavonoids, tannins, phenol carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Carotenoids and polysaccharides are found in the leaves of the May rosehip, and essential oil is found in the leaves of the blood-red.
Rosehip branches contain saponins, catechins, vitamin P, flavonoids, the bark contains sorbitol, and the roots contain tannins, catechins, flavonoids, triterpenoids.
Rosehip fruits cleanse the circulatory system, improve metabolism, they are indicated for scurvy, anemia, liver, kidney and bladder diseases. They are used as a tonic, fortifying, increasing the body's resistance to infectious diseases and weakening the development of atherosclerosis: 2 tablespoons of crushed fruits are poured with 500 ml of water, boiled for 15 minutes over low heat, then wrapped and left overnight, and filtered in the morning. It is taken with honey, like tea, during the day.
A decoction of rosehip roots and fruits is a choleretic, multivitamin, mild diuretic and blood pressure lowering agent. It helps to strengthen the vascular wall, the production of red blood cells, and improves appetite.
Rosehip juice normalizes the activity of the liver, kidneys, stomach, removes toxins from the body, increases resistance to infections, normalizes blood circulation, activates metabolic processes, improves memory, stimulates sexual activity, relieves headaches. It is a powerful antioxidant that is also great for quenching your thirst.
Alcohol tincture of rose hips is not recommended for people with high blood pressure: they will help hypotonic patients much more, and water infusions of the plant are shown for hypertensive patients, which, on the contrary, are contraindicated for people with low blood pressure.
Rosehip is not useful for those who have impaired blood flow. Long-term use of rosehip medications may cause liver problems because they inhibit the secretion of bile. It is not safe for people with chronic constipation to take rosehip teas because they can make the problem worse.
Any rosehip preparations are contraindicated for those whose body is prone to thrombosis. Cores should be careful: with endocarditis and other diseases, taking rosehip preparations in large quantities can cause complications.
People with dermatological problems should consult a doctor before using rose hips and its preparations.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
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- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
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A herbaceous perennial plant, marjoram (Origanum majorana) is a member of the Oregano genus of the Lamiaceae family. In the wild, this plant is found in North Africa, Central Europe and the Middle East. This herb was grown in Ancient Egypt, the Roman Empire and Hellas as a medicinal, decorative and spicy plant. The Greeks believed that marjoram had magical powers that could return love and courage to a person, they believed that such a herb received the smell from the goddess of love Aphrodite, in this regard, the newlyweds decorated their heads with marjoram wreaths. The Romans believed that this plant is a powerful aphrodisiac. Today, the spicy herb marjoram is used in all countries as an additive to first courses, vegetables, salads and fish. This herb is used both fresh and dried. This seasoning is used in the preparation of liqueurs, desserts, liqueurs, and also as a flavoring for vinegar and tea.
Landing in open ground
Growing from seeds
Gardeners use root cuttings for propagation of burnet, as well as the seed method. If you don't want to mess with seedlings, then sow the seeds directly into the open ground. For this crop, winter sowing, which is carried out in late autumn, is ideal. When choosing a site for sowing, pay attention to the fact that the soil must be nutritious and good for air permeability. Sow the seeds into the soil shallowly. At the end of sowing, the bed is sprinkled on top with a thin layer of peat.
The first seedlings with podzimnuyu sowing will appear only in the spring. Returning spring frosts and weeds are not capable of harming the seedlings. Transplanting young bushes to a permanent place is carried out in the autumn, when they grow up and get stronger. They take bushes together with a lump of earth. When transplanting a burnet, make sure that the distance between the bushes is at least half a meter. Remember that only biennial bushes bloom in this culture.
Propagation by root layers
Adult burnet shrubs, which have been decorating your garden for more than one year, have a powerful branched rhizome. Such bushes can be used to get the cut. Remove the root of the plant from the soil. Please note that this must be done very carefully. After that, take a sharp tool and divide the bush into several parts, while leaving at least one growth point on each division. Sections should be treated with wood ash, which has a disinfecting property.
Useful properties for the body
When growing, they hardly think about the beneficial properties of sweet potatoes. First of all, they want to get acquainted with a new taste. But the natives of Peru and Colombia value agricultural crops for their healing effects on the body:
- Increases immunity, accelerates recovery from acute respiratory viral infections and bacterial infections of the respiratory tract.
- Normalizes blood pressure, stabilizes the cardiovascular system.
- Possesses antioxidant properties, isolates free radicals traveling in the intestinal lumen, and stimulates the excretion in a natural way.
- Thanks to dietary fiber, it increases the speed of peristalsis.
- Increases bile secretion and the production of enzymes that speed up the digestion of food.
- Helps to cope with emotional, physical overload, improves nerve-impulse conduction.
A useful vegetable for women entering menopause. Ripe tubers contain substances similar in structure to progesterone. The frequency and severity of hot flashes decreases, less often headaches. The sweet taste stimulates the taste buds on the tongue. The brain receives signals that indicate pleasure, which stimulates the production of the hormones of happiness - norepinephrine and serotonin. The mood rises.