Kaiser: how to grow the most beautiful terry variety of clematis
In Germany, a monarch is called the Kaiser. Clematis with the same name Kaiser is named so for a reason. Magnificent large flowers of a noble lilac shade can even decorate the royal garden.
The history of the creation of the Kaiser variety of clematis (Kaiser)
Clematis was bred in Japan in 1997. The originator is F. Miyata & K Miyakazi. In Russia, the Kaiser began to be sold after 2010, and gardeners immediately appreciated the beautiful double flowers and the frost resistance of the low liana. It is grown both in warm climates and in European Russia. This is a hybrid variety of clematis. The beauty of Kaiser's flowers was recognized by the world's leading growers - in 2013 he received a gold medal at the prestigious Shelsea Flower Show in the UK.
Terry hybrid description and use in site design
This compact vine can grow along the walls of buildings, arbors, fences. In addition, due to its low growth, the Kaiser can be grown as a container plant. It clings to the support with leaf stalks.
The bush grows up to one and a half meters. Luxurious flowers with a diameter of 8 to 12 cm have several rows of petals: from the bottom are oval, rather wide, with a pointed tip, from above they become narrow, like needles... There is a white stripe in the middle of each petal in color from pink to lilac. The middle of the flower is yellow or greenish. The stems of the bush are thin, brown in color, the leaves are large, oval, traditional for clematis, bright green.
Clematis Kaiser flowers reach 12 cm in diameter
Clematis Kaiser blooms twice a season (provided a sufficiently long summer):
- the first time - in May and June;
- the second time - from mid-July to late September and even in October.
For the first wave of flowering, the pink color of clematis flowers is characteristic, and for the second - lilac, closer to purple.
Optimal conditions for growth and flowering
The hybrid is quite unpretentious to the vagaries of the weather, but for the manifestation of the beauty of flowering, it fully requires certain growing conditions.
Suitable soil and planting site
Like all clematis, Kaiser loves well-lit places, although he will not die in partial shade. According to gardeners, under the sun, its flowers seem brighter and more pink, in the shade their color is closer to purple. It is necessary to provide for the obligatory support and protection from the wind so that the fragile stems do not break. Clematis will grow best on the southern or southeastern slope of the site. When planting several varieties, leave 1.5 m between the plants.
For clematis of the Kaiser variety, a mandatory support is required
The soil for the Kaiser is suitable for fertile, loamy, loose, with neutral acidity. The vine cannot grow on saline soil.
Resistant to adverse weather conditions
The variety is resistant to drought, subject to abundant watering. The soil should not be dry at a depth of 4–5 cm, and drying of the uppermost soil layer is allowed. Clematis Kaiser tolerates frosts in central Russia well, since it belongs to the 4th zone of frost resistance (almost the entire European part of Russia, except for the southernmost and most northern regions). Liana can withstand temperatures up to 34 ° C.
The clematis pruning technique is generally simple, but it is important to know at what height to cut the vines, since there are three groups of these plants according to the type of flowering, and the type of pruning depends on the group:
- flowering occurs on the shoots of the current year;
- the first wave of flowering - on last year's shoots, the second - on under-year ones;
- flowering only once on young, spring-grown shoots.
Kaiser belongs to the 2nd group; in the fall, shoots are cut to a height of 1 m. This is considered a weak pruning procedure.
Kaiser belongs to the second group of pruning
Pros and cons of Kaiser hybrid clematis
The advantages include:
- frost resistance;
- beautiful flowers;
- double flowering per season;
- unpretentious cultivation.
Among the disadvantages are:
- damping off during too warm winter, as a result of which some of the shoots die;
- weak flowering in late summer;
- not very pretty color when grown in the shade.
When grown in the shade, Kaiser flowers are paler in color
After planting and rooting, the vine is watered 2-3 times a week in hot weather and once in dry weather. Young plants of the first year do not need to be fertilized provided that the planting pit is well filled; in the following years, feeding is standard:
- in the spring - nitrogen;
- in summer - complex mineral fertilizer for climbing plants;
- in the fall - phosphorus and potassium.
In the first year, the vine is tied to a support, all the buds are cut off to allow the bush to take root, and the top is pinched for good tillering. Pruning in the fall of the first year is carried out according to the following rules: leave one strongest shoot, shortening it to 20-25 cm. In subsequent years, the shoots are cut at a height of 1 m, leaving 10 to 15 knots (places where leaves grow). No more than 12 shoots are left for wintering, cutting out thin, weak, dry or diseased ones. Lianas are folded into a ring and laid on a bed of spruce branches.
When preparing for shelter, clematis is folded into a ring.
It is not worth covering clematis Kaiser early, as it can vomit. We must wait for temperatures close to zero.
The unpretentious cultivar of clematis Kaiser will delight you with beautiful pink or lilac flowers. If you choose the right place for the plant, it will bloom twice in the summer and will not freeze in winter.
Post-flowering care: dormancy is important
The dormant period of gloxinia begins in the fall, after the second flowering, which usually ends in early summer. Then the flower is cut, leaving only the lower leaves. New buds will appear soon. But it also happens that gloxinia blooms all summer without interruption. By the beginning of autumn, watering is reduced, the amount of dressings is reduced to once every two, or even three weeks, or fertilization is stopped.
How and where to store tubers
The leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow and dry out. At this time, the stems are cut, leaving one stump 2 cm high. It is better to cover the pot with foil or glass and put it in a dark, cool room. A warmed loggia is suitable, an option is a place under the bathroom, even better - a garage. Choose what suits you, but try to keep the room temperature no higher than 15 degrees Celsius... Do not forget to water the soil (do not wet the tuber). This should be done 1-2 times a month and little by little.
Gloxinia tubers should be stored at a moderate temperature.
More storage options for tubers:
- in a plastic bag that can be kept in the refrigerator
- in a box of sand.
In the first case, vermiculite is placed in a bag filled with soil, along with the tubers. A small bag is taken for one tuber and a quarter of the volume is filled with a mixture of soil + vermiculite in a 1: 1 ratio. It is not necessary to close the bag tightly, you still have to inspect the planting material to see if it has deteriorated.
Gloxinia remains in this state until January - February. Then it is transplanted. If she wants to bloom ahead of time, it is better to remove the emerging shoot.
How to transplant a flower in spring
Gloxinia is transplanted to a new place in early spring, when the length of daylight increases and the tubers begin to wake up. So:
- To transplant a plant, you will need a larger pot than the previous one. But try not to take the container more than 12 cm deep.
- Pour drainage at the bottom of the flowerpot.
- Then - a layer of soil, consisting of one part of sand or humus and two parts of leafy earth. You can buy ready-made substrate for violets.
- Examine the root, if necessary, remove the rotten areas with a knife.
You can soak the washed tuber in a solution of potassium permanganate before planting, then dry it for a day.
Planting and leaving
Climbing roses - varieties of constant flowering - prefer sunny areas located on the south side. Thanks to good lighting, the growth of growth is accelerated, and already the next summer after planting, you can observe abundant flowering. It is unacceptable to plant young plants in a lowland, since the rose does not tolerate stagnant moisture well
Important! In cases where flowers are planted in order to decorate an object, it is best to plant a seedling 50 cm away from it.
Experts advise planting bushes in the spring months at sunset. In the fall, seedlings do not have time to adapt and most often die.
Continuously blooming varieties of roses will decorate the site and do not require complex maintenance.
- The first step is to prepare the holes, the size of which should be within 50 × 50 cm.
- The prepared hole is filled with water.
- The seedling is planted in a hole, which is covered with soil and compacted. If you cut the aboveground part of the plant by 15 cm, you can be sure of rapid growth and rich flowering in the future.
Important! If you still need to plant a bush in the fall, it is best to do this in September, when the rose has time to take root, but will not grow.
In the following years after planting, the seedlings do not require complex care, however, it is important to carry out in a timely manner:
- pruning bushes
By pruning shrubs, you can give your plants the desired shape. It is recommended to water roses every 7-8 days, and add organic matter and minerals to the soil as a top dressing.
Note! Plants are planted at a slight slope to the support. If planting is carried out near the house, such a distance should be ensured that the water that will drain does not collect at the roots.
Gloxinia at home
Gloxinia flower has gained significant popularity due to its outstanding decorative properties. It has an interesting bell-shaped shape and a wide variety of shades. Gloxinia at home grows quite successfully if you create the appropriate conditions for it.
Gloxinia is a wonderful flower for home cultivation
This is a tuber culture, a representative of the Gesneriaceae family. It has a tropical origin, because the homeland of the flower is South America. Today there are many varieties of gloxinia obtained as a result of selection.
Among the terry varieties at home, species such as white, blue and red brocade can grow. Representatives of these varieties of gloxinia have a complex structure of inflorescences. There are also many color options - from one shade to their various combinations.
Non-double varieties include such types of gloxinia as:
- Empress wine red.
- Impress red ink.
- Empress blue picoti.
- Impress blue ink.
Gloxinia belonging to this species can be lilac, pink or white interspersed with other shades. The structure of the flower is single-layered.
The varieties of this culture are also subdivided into:
- non-hybrid groups.
The difference between them lies in the ability of the seed to reproduce the characteristics of the mother plant. When using hybrid varieties, it is not always possible to obtain a culture that has the qualities of the original flower.
Gloxinia cultivar gallery
The play of the color of Gloxinia of the White Brocada variety will make your greenhouse colorful and beautiful
The empress wine red variety is considered the most refined among flower growers.
Gloxinia blue picoti brings home comfort and aroma
Impress red ink has a long flowering
Impress blue ink - rare but well worth the wait
Gloxinia red brocade will be a wonderful decoration for your home
In order for gloxinia to please with its flowering, it must provide certain conditions
For the development of gloxinia, special conditions are not required. But some nuances must be taken into account. After the end of flowering, the plant enters a dormant stage, when the entire aerial part dies off.
During this time, you do not need to take any action, as the process should complete by itself. Gloxinia also has a sufficiently developed root system, which, due to rapid growth, constantly increases, requiring an ever-increasing capacity.
Novice growers should take into account that the plant will bloom only if all the conditions for care are met.
Home care for gloxinia
In order for this amazing flower to grow comfortably on your window, it needs to be provided with certain conditions. The absence of drafts, maintaining the desired temperature, competent transplantation and care will allow gloxinia to bloom profusely to the delight of the owner.
How to plant
The seeds of this flower are microscopic in size. For this reason, they go on sale only in protective casings, which are at the same time the first top dressing. For sowing, you will need a special container and peat soil.
And the process itself is performed in the following sequence of actions:
- The soil is first moistened, then the seeds are placed in it. The distance between them should be 3 cm.
Planting seeds in moist soil
Cover the seeds with foil or glass
After sprouting, they must be transplanted into pots.
Video: practical tips for growing gloxinia from seeds
Conditions for successful growth
For proper growth and flowering of gloxinia, you need to provide it with comfortable conditions.
Each grower, growing gloxinia, seeks to get a flower with a large number of buds of saturated shades. The achievement of such a result directly depends on the following factors:
1. Intensity of illumination. It should be bright and diffused. A plant that is in a shaded area may not bloom. Its stem begins to stretch and takes on a liana-like shape. And if flowering occurs, then the inflorescences will have a pale color. In some cases, green spots form on them.
There will be sufficient sunshine in the summer. But you should avoid direct exposure to rays. In the first half of the spring and autumn, it is necessary to provide additional artificial lighting for gloxinia. She will feel most comfortable on the east or west side.
2. One of the main conditions that are required for the development of gloxinia is maintaining the desired temperature level. In its natural environment, it grows in tropical climates. Therefore, the appropriate temperature must be provided for the flower and for home cultivation.
It is important to empirically identify the optimal indicator at which gloxinia will grow correctly. If she is overstretching, it indicates that she is hot. You can determine the required moisture by observing the leaves.
If its level is insufficient, their tips dry out.
For the timely emergence of seedlings and development of the flower at the initial stage, the temperature indicator should be between 22 ° C -28 ° C. At a lower level, the sprouts will appear with a significant delay.
When the buds begin to form, the indicator should be reduced to 20 ° C, and during the flowering period it can be increased again to 25 ° C -28 ° C. This temperature is also optimal for the development of stems and leaves.
During dormancy, the flower should remain in a room with an indicator of 10 ° C -15 ° C.
3. The health of gloxinia also depends on the abundance of irrigation and the quality of the water used. Only warm water is used for irrigation. In this case, care must be taken that moisture does not get on the leaves. It is necessary to moisten the soil as its surface layer dries up. It is important not to overdo it.
Excessive watering is just as undesirable as moisture deficiency. This can lead to insufficient opening of the inflorescences or rotting of the tuber. Watering is carried out in two ways: from above and into the pallet. Water should be used separated or filtered, tap water is not recommended.
Consideration should be given to both the temperature and the degree of cleaning.
4. Gloxinia is grown in a soil mixture consisting of two parts of leaf humus, a similar amount of black soil, one part of peat and river sand. To increase the nutritional value of the soil, you can add hydrogel granules, which are placed in a fertilizer solution before use.
Vermicompost is also used at the rate of 250 g per 1 kg of land. Before use, it is recommended to disinfect the soil with the help of the "Maxim" preparation. Half the ampoule is diluted in a liter of water and the resulting solution is poured over the soil, after which it should dry. You can purchase a ready-made soil composition.
The composition is suitable for Saintpaulia or Ecoflora.
5. After 1.5-2 months after planting, top dressing is started. For this, fertilizers of mineral and organic origin are alternately used. Nutrients are added in liquid form once every 14-15 days. After watering, at least an hour should pass. With the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen fertilizers are introduced:
- potassium nitrate
- calcium or ammonium nitrate.
When 5-6 leaves appear and buds begin to develop, they switch to phosphorus elements:
- bone meal
- potassium phosphate.
On sale you can find ready-made mixtures - "Mikom", "Uniflor-flower", "Uniflor-growth". After the flowering stage, the plant is fed two more times with phosphorus fertilizers, after which this process is completed, since a dormant period begins.
Just a few simple rules and your gloxinia will delight with abundant flowering.
The duration of this process depends on the number of opened buds and the duration of the stay of the flower on the culture. You can influence this by creating certain conditions for the plant. The development of buds depends on several factors:
- First of all, lighting plays a role.
It should be bright enough and reach the flower from 12 to 14 hours during the day.
If you remove all the leaves, retaining only a 2 cm part of the stem, you can achieve re-flowering. Its abundance also depends on the variety. After the end of the flowering period, the regularity of watering is reduced, and feeding is stopped.
Video: tips for caring for gloxinia after flowering
Reproduction of gloxinia
It is recommended to start this procedure in the spring. Gloxinia reproduces in three ways:
- dividing the tuber
- by cuttings.
The first method involves the following actions:
- The tuber on which the sprouts are located is cut into pieces. The knife is disinfected before this.
- The cut areas are treated with crushed activated carbon.
- Parts of the tuber are planted in separate pots.
Reproduction of gloxinia by dividing a tuber is not the most effective method
Leaves are used for grafting. Florists recommend that they be selected during the period of bud formation. The breeding process has the following features:
1. The container is filled with soil mixture, a hole is made and a leaf cutting is placed in it.
We deepen the cutting into the soil mixture
2. Then the pot is covered with a glass jar, creating a greenhouse effect.
We wrap the handle under the bag
3. The root system of the cutting will be formed within a month, after this time the jar is removed.
When the cutting takes root, remove the film
Seed propagation is not popular because it is a time consuming process. Young shoots are weak and need careful care, in the absence of which they often die.
During dormancy, small shoots form on the gloxinia tubers. It is during this period that the culture should be transplanted. The process itself is performed in this way:
- First, you need to prepare the tuber. Dry old roots are removed from it.
- It is then washed in water and inspected for damage or rot.
When choosing it, it should be remembered that the development of the root system of the culture is directed in width, so there is no need to acquire a deep capacity. At the bottom, a drainage layer of crushed foam or expanded clay is first laid. Then the soil is poured with the addition of peat.
A depression is made in the mixture, where the tuber is placed 2/3 of its size.
Video: gloxinia transplant master class
During wintering, the entire ground part dies off, and in the spring new shoots sprout
From November to February there is a break in the flowering of culture. This time period is called the rest period. By the time it begins, gloxinia has time to lose flowers, and the stem and leaves dry out.
At this time, the regularity of watering is reduced, and fertilizing is stopped. Dry leaves are removed, leaving a small stump. The plant is moved to a cool, dark room.
In winter, the culture can be kept in moist sand.
Possible problems and solutions
Gloxinia is susceptible to fungal diseases and putrefactive processes. Such problems arise with sharp regular temperature changes, dampness, and lack of air circulation.
Their solution is to transplant the plant with the treatment of tubers and soil with fungicides.
To protect the flower from the attack of pests, every year before flowering, it is treated with Fitoverm, which is applied three times at intervals a week.
Gloxinia belongs to the category of undemanding plants. This contributes to the spread of this tropical culture in our area. But in order to get a healthy beautiful flower, you need to follow all the recommendations regarding the conditions for its growth.
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