Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora (Red Pagoda)

Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora (Red Pagoda)

Scientific Name

Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora (Thunb.) Toelken

Common Names

Red Pagoda, Pagoda Village, Shark's Tooth Crassula


Crassula thyrsiflora, Crassula corymbulosa, Crassula rhodogyna

Scientific Classification

Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Crassuloideae
Genus: Crassula


Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora is an eye-catching succulent shrub that produces several pinkish-red rosettes that become stacked in a pagoda form and turn red. The stems grow up to about 8 inches (20 cm) long. The tiny, white flowers appear in summer and fall at the ends of unbranched spike-like inflorescences.


USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b: from 20 °F (−6.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).

How to Grow and Care

Crassulas are easy to grow, but they are susceptible to mealy bugs and fungal diseases. As with all succulents, overwatering is sure to be fatal, so err on the side of too dry rather than too wet. Never let your plant sit in water. If you water from beneath by letting the plant sit in a saucer of water, make sure to pour off any excess water after a few minutes.

These succulents are generally started by division, offsets, or leaf cuttings. Crassulas can be easily propagated from a single leaf. Sprout leaves by placing them into a potting mix for succulents, then covering the dish until they sprout.

Repot as needed, preferably during the warm season. To repot your Crassula, make sure the soil is dry before repotting, then gently remove the pot. Knock away the old soil from the roots, making sure to remove any rotted or dead roots in the process. Treat any cuts with a fungicide. Place the plant in its new pot and backfill with potting soil, spreading the roots out as you repot. Leave the plant dry for a week or so, then begin to water lightly to reduce the risk of root rot.

Learn more at How to Grow and Care for Crassula.


Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora is native to Namibia and South Africa (Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape, Western Cape).


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Crassula Corymbulosa Or Red Pagoda – An Amazing Succulent

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For anyone who likes succulents, and not only, Crassula Corymbulosa (Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora), also known as a Red Pagoda plant or Shark’s Tooth will be of a much interest because of its attractive foliage – triangular shaped leaves, which form architectural pyramids. This unique plant evokes images of a trip to Shanghai where religious temples reflect the unimaginable forms of architecture.

It is not so easy to describe the clusters of stacking pagodas growing not randomly but in amazingly coherent formations, so it is better to see it.

Crassula Corymbulosa is an evergreen succulent native to South Africa growing to 6 – 10 inches tall and 14 – 24 inches wide. Symmetrical overlapping leaves of the Red Pagoda plants eventually develop into pagoda-like rosette’s that exhibit a vibrant red tinge if grown in enough sun. Foliage color tends to stay green in shadier exposures.

It is also known that ‘Red Pagoda’s’ color is brightest in winter in response to short, cool nights and bright sunlight. Plants start out green and gradually brighten to a rich red.

Tiny white flowers appear on the branch tips in fall before dropping its leaves, which will then produce new rosettes of their own. This makes it possible to create dozens of individual plants from one initial specimen. Crassula Red Pagoda will eventually form a dense mat up to two feet in diameter. Plants form roots at their joints even before they make contact with the ground.

Growing Crassula Red Pagoda

Red Pagoda Crassula is an easy-to-grow plant and is a great addition to any succulent collection. It can grow at home as a houseplant or amongst a display of other succulents in the garden.

Here we give just several tips on how to grow this interesting succulent.

• It does well in containers and hanging baskets. The stems are initially erect but over time, as new rosettes form, it will begin to trail.

• Requires a well-drained soil and has very low water needs once established (allow soil to dry between thorough waterings).

• Prefers a sun to partial shade exposure.

• For a neat appearance, remove old foliage before new leaves emerge.

• Divide clumps every two to three years in early spring.

• You can feed the plant once every month during growing season.

• Hardy down to 32 F, so if you live in a colder climate it is advisable to grow Red Pagoda Crassula plants in a pot and bring them indoors in the winter.

About crassulas in general

Crassula is a genus of succulent plants containing about 1480 accepted species, including the popular jade plant (Crassula ovata). They are native to many parts of the globe, but cultivated varieties originate almost exclusively from species from the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

Do you grow Crassula Corymbulosa Or Red Pagoda Succulent? What is your experience with this plant? Please share with other fellow gardeners in the comments below!

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Crassula Species, Pagoda Village, Red Pagoda, Shark's Tooth Crassula

Family: Crassulaceae (krass-yoo-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Crassula (KRASS-oo-la) (Info)
Species: capitella subsp. thyrsiflora
Synonym:Crassula caffraria
Synonym:Crassula corymbosula
Synonym:Crassula corymbulosa
Synonym:Crassula luederitzii
Synonym:Crassula nuda


Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:


Foliage Color:




USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:


Bloom Color:

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Bloom Time:

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:

Seed Collecting:


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Manhattan Beach, California

Gardeners' Notes:

On Dec 3, 2007, Kell from (Zone 9b) wrote:

This is a very entertaining succulent. At first it looks like pink tinged rosettes and then later the leaves becomes pagoda shaped and turn red. It flowers at the ends of the 6 to 10 inch long pagoda chains. Once it finishes blooming, the plant falls apart and the individual leaves hit the ground and root, making new plants. Drought tolerant.

On Jul 23, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Nice looking very angular pogoda-like Crassula with lots of nice color (pinks, dark greens, blue-greens) but I noticed it all over the Huntington garden xeriscape sections so obviously it is a pretty invasive species. CAreful where you plant it.

Flowers in summer and plant looks leggy and weedy then.. but reverts back to its more ornamental, compact form in winter.

This is a very variable species/subspecies, at least from what has been described to me. There are forms of this subspecies that are literallly 4-5x the size of the plants described above- hard to believe they are in the same subspecies as they are thick, less invasive and quite different looking. That plant has been added as Crassula capitella sp. thyrsiflora var. giant form. Hope this doesn't . read more mess everyone up.

Plants→Crassulas→Crassula (Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora)

Botanical names:
Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora Accepted
Crassula corymbulosa Synonym

General Plant Information (Edit)
Plant Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Life cycle: Perennial
Sun Requirements: Full Sun
Water Preferences: Dry Mesic
Plant Height : 7 inches
Plant Spread : 18 inches
Leaves: Evergreen
Flower Color: White
Flower Time: Summer
Containers: Needs excellent drainage in pots

Thread TitleLast ReplyReplies
Succulent ID help by PlantMafiaDonJun 12, 2018 10:23 AM7
what is this plz? by hannahsyayaAug 9, 2016 10:42 AM6
ID this succulent by CintaAug 30, 2015 5:35 PM11

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Crassula “Red Pagoda”

Crassula caffraria
Crassula corymbosula
Crassula luederitzii
Crassula nuda
Crassula punctata
Crassula rhodogyna
Crassula rodogyna
Crassula thyrsiflora
Crassula turrita
Purgosea corymbulosa
Purgosea pertusa
Purgosea punctata
Purgosea thyrsiflora
Purgosea turrita
Turgosea thyrsiflora
Turgosea turrita

Crassula capitella subsp. “Red Pagoda” is native to South Africa.

Crassula “Red Pagoda”, actually Crassula capitella subsp. thyrsiflora is a nice succulent shrub, really appreciated in the world of ornamental gardening for the untidy shape of the shrub due to the abundant, elongated stems, but especially for the bright green and red colours of the leaves. The latter are triangular-shaped and sharp, as in many other Crassulas, arranged in four lines on the stems so that the stems end to look like 4-ranked columns with sharp ribs with an intriguing red point. That’s also because of the high number of leaves, which are tightly packed together. Flowers appear in Summer, grouped in cluster, in particular in inflorescences called “thyrses” (that’s the reason for the subspecies name “Thyrsiflora”.
This plant end up to form a pretty, colourful mat, maximum 15 centimeters tall, particularly suitable for hanging pots because it propagates horizontally through new shoots.

Crassula capitella subsp. “Red Pagoda” is not so difficult to grow if planted in a well-draining substrate. Even if you are not a really good gardener, it will resist.
Pay attention to watering: the main problems that may occur in growing this cultivar are related to overwatering and scarce ventilation. Water interventions should be moderate and frequent in Spring and Summer but reduced and scarce in Winter, to prevent it from root and stem rot. This plant needs a good airflow and plenty of light.
Abundance of light is important to enhance the marvelous colours of its leaves: anyway, a direct exposure in the hottest hours of Summer days should be avoided. It’s better to keep it indoors to avoid frost damages: temperatures below 5ºC could damage the plant.
Its ideal substrate is a porous potting mix, very well-draining. Choose a shallow pot to provide the best condition for its fibrous roots.

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