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Kuril bamboo - Kuril saza or bamboo (Sasa kurilensis) - use in landscape design

Kuril bamboo - Kuril saza or bamboo (Sasa kurilensis) - use in landscape design


Kuril bamboo - oriental motives in landscape design

In the translated literature on landscape design, recommendations are often given for the use in certain compositions of such plants, which have no analogues in our climatic zone, or almost none, in any case, widely introduced. This situation has developed, for example, with a banana. The situation is almost the same with bamboo. It is especially necessary when creating compositions in the oriental style.

Previously, only screens made from dead bamboo trunks could be found, which, of course, could not completely replace living plants. However, now a solution has been found. Although there are more than 600 species of bamboos in the world, almost all of them grow only in the tropics and subtropics, and cannot stand freezing temperatures at all. But still there are several types of winter-hardy bamboo, and it grows in our country - on Sakhalin and the Kuriles. They are hardy enough to grow in the Midland and even in the Northwest. I must say that these bamboos have already been introduced into culture here literally in recent years, although their ecology and even morphology have not yet been fully studied.

These are the types of Kuril bamboo of the genus sasa (sasa). Their stems are outwardly the same as those of more southern species. Growth is fast, but short, like in all bamboos; later on, short lateral shoots with several leaves only grow on the trunk. The stems are perennial, woody, articulate-knotty, hollow inside. Their wood is very durable, hard and resilient. The root system is powerful. The leaves are long, pointed, dense, rough, green above, shiny, below - glaucous; hibernate green, fall off in early summer. The flowers of this bamboo are bisexual, inconspicuous, collected in a loose paniculate inflorescence, pollinated by the wind. Flowering does not happen every year. The fruit is a weevil. These types of Kuril bamboo are light-requiring, but withstand light shading. They cannot stand excessive moisture, especially stagnant moisture. In nature, they grow in the form of clean thickets, or as an undergrowth in thinned stands. Can be used to anchor slopes.

The main interest for landscape design, as decorative species, is represented by five closely related species of bamboo, and, moreover, they are quite similar to each other so that often only a specialist can distinguish them. it kurilian bamboo ordinary (Sasa kurilensis Makino et Shibata) - with branched stems up to 2.5 m high and a stem diameter of about 1 cm. Leaves up to 12 cm long and 2.5 wide, dark green above, glaucous below.

Kuril bamboo paniculate (Sasa paniculata Makino et Shibata) - stems up to 2.5 m tall, stem diameter - 0.5 cm. Leaves up to 30 cm long and about 6 cm wide, ovate-lanceolate, narrowed towards the end; shiny above, pubescent below. This type, in addition to landscape design, may be of interest for fixing slopes, at home it is used for weaving baskets, it is very winter-hardy.

Kuril spikelet bamboo, or dlinnokoloskovy (Sasa spiculesa Makino) - up to two, and sometimes even up to five meters and 0.5 cm in diameter. Branching is not dense, the leaves are linear-lanceolate, up to 12 cm long and 2 cm wide with a ciliate edge.

Kuril Tesian bamboo (Sasa tesioensis Tatew.) - up to 2 m tall, branching is not dense; leaves are large, up to 20 cm long and 5 cm wide, with a long cusp.

Kuril bamboo pseudo-nippon (Sasa pseudonipponica Tatew et Nakai) slightly lower, stems up to 1.5 m tall; leaves - up to 25 cm long and up to 6 cm wide, pointed, short-haired along the edge. Since all of them, as already noted, are quite similar in appearance, in this regard they are almost equal. The question is very important: which of these species is the most winter-hardy, but the answer to it is still unclear. More research and testing is required. But nevertheless, in recent years, these species have really begun to be introduced into culture, their planting can already be found in landscape compositions created in gardens located in the middle zone of our country, and even in the Northwest.

In addition, in the same place on Sakhalin there are three more types of bamboo, which can only find limited use in landscape design: on alpine slides and as a bonsai stylization. These are undersized species: kurilian bamboo hairy (Sasa pilosa Nakai), depleted kurilian bamboo (Sasa depauperata Nakai) and Kuril bamboo Sugawara (Sasa Sugawarae Nakai), which have stems only 20–80 cm high. They are too low to imitate thickets of real southern bamboos, but are quite suitable for stylized bonsai and bon-kei, as well as for other low-growing compositions.

Although it has not yet been tested in the Middle Lane, a representative of another genus is also of great interest - synarundinaria brilliant (Sinarundinaria nitida Nakai), which grows in the mountains of northern China. This type of bamboo is very decorative, has thin straight dark purple trunks, from a distance they seem almost black, up to 6 m in height, in the first year they are not branched; begins to branch from the second year. Narrow-lanceolate leaves up to 12 cm long. Loves moist soil and some shading. Autumn vegetation. Very winter-hardy, withstands frosts down to -30 ° C. True, in Russia this species has not yet been grown, it is only in Ukraine, near Kharkov, where it grows quite successfully; therefore, the prospect of its introduction in the Non-Black Earth Region is quite encouraging.

As ornamental plants, bamboos differ sharply from other types of woody and shrub species with their yellow (sometimes red or black) almost cylindrical knotty trunks and openwork crowns of long, drooping leaves. They look especially decorative in small curtains, screens, trellises. They can be used to cover a fence, a barn, and other utility rooms, and can be used to create decorative green fences. A unique, amazing and life-affirming sight in winter looks like knotty bamboo stems with green leaves rebelliously crawling out from under the snow. This makes an amazing impression on the audience. Bamboo thickets look good at any other time of the year, creating an original oriental flavor.

Vladimir Starostin, candidate of agricultural sciences, dendrologist


Description

If we take the entire bamboo subfamily (Bambusoideae), then it already has more than 1100 species. The entire subfamily belongs to the Poaceae family. Among other things, bamboos can be divided into two main types (tribes):

  • The tribe of bamboos (Bambuseae) are plants familiar to our presentation with lignified tall stems and beautiful crowns.
  • Tribe Olyreae (Olyreae) - these include plants growing like "ordinary grass", thickets. As a rule, representatives of this tribe are small in height and non-woody.

Bamboo is the fastest growing plant on Earth. The growth rate of some species is striking - up to 75 cm per day (according to some reports, one of the representatives of Phyllostachys bambusoides “set” a growth record of 120 cm / day).

In ancient times in China, the plant, because of this characteristic of its growth, was used as a weapon of execution, when young bamboo shoots were planted under a tied person.

The height of mature lignified stems can reach incredible sizes - up to 35-40 meters and a stem girth of up to 80 centimeters (Dendrocalamus brandisii). Leaves are lanceolate, herbaceous with small roots. Bamboo blooms once in its entire life, after which either the entire plant or only the ground part dies off, in the second case, the rhizomes remain and are a substrate or growth points for young animals. But, as a rule, flowering leads to the fact that the plant simply disappears from its usual territory. The beginning of the flowering of bamboo is still a mystery, and the very process that causes this state is not clear. As one of the measures when cultivating this cereal, limit the chances of unexpected flowering by pruning. Inflorescences are often panicle, large. Flowers are bisexual, wind-pollinated.

The rhizome of the plant is developed, with a horizontal arrangement in the ground on which buds are formed - future shoots.

The roots of bamboo grow quickly, and easily, in the process of growth, can take over huge areas, therefore, in the process of cultivation, it is necessary to create fences that prevent them from creeping underground.


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Share this12010-07-14 13:51:50

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You can grow bamboo in the Moscow region! The most hassle-free plant in the garden!

Here is our four-meter handsome man!

And this is information on how to plant bamboo:
“Bamboo is planted in different ways:“ sparse ”,“ thick ”,“ shallow ”or“ deep ”. With the "sparse" method, the shoots are planted at a distance of three to four arshins from each other, so that there is a lot of empty space. With the "dense" method, the shoots are planted as far apart from each other, but four to five shoots are dug into one hole so that the bamboo roots are thick. A “shallow” planting means that the sprouts are buried shallowly, and a “deep” planting means that the sprouts are also covered with clumps of clay. If you do this, the bamboo will grow especially lush. "

Share this22010-07-14 14:46:15

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Here is the one on the photo this winter froze to the level of snow, and then in February only when the frost dropped below 16 frost.
And in the spring he grew up again the same as he was, handsome!

The minimum temperature for some bamboos is up to 30 ° C. icon_wink.gif
Photo? Pzhlsta:
Its height is 180 cm right now.

Planted last summer. Was green until February. Then the aboveground part froze to the snow cover. And in May it gave new shoots.
Now he has a second wave of shoot growth.

I also have another type of bamboo. So his leaves remain green even in the most severe frosts. It has been growing for the third year already.

In vain. There are 10 types of bamboo recommended for growing in the Moscow region.

Firstly, bamboos do not propagate by twigs, but only by rhizomes.
In the photo, phyloblast is Chinese (in just the adverb bamboo). The optimum temperature for life is + 30 to - 9 C, withstands short-term frosts up to - 20 C, at lower temperatures it freezes to ground level. In an area where the ground freezes, it freezes completely. It is not promising for wintering in the Moscow region, due to its low frost resistance.
For the Moscow region, we can recommend a group united under the name bamboo (Saza, philoblast, etc.): Arundinaria murielae, Pleioblastus simonii (and its varigate forms), Sasa tsuboiana, etc. In beauty they are not inferior to southern species, they can be from 30 cm to 3 m. Frost resistance zone 5-3.

Share this32010-07-14 15:00:21

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And here is my bamboo. Last year in Krasnodoi in winter it was up to -35, I already mentioned a little about bamboo in the topic about passionflower. He was from Gelendzhik, growing up there 2-3 meters in height and forming dense thickets very quickly through the root suckers. I have it for the 3rd year. For the winter, I pinned it to the ground, on top - pieces of old film. It was then covered with a thick layer of snow before severe frosts. His leaves and stems are "dry", in the sense of little juicy, maybe that's why he didn't suffer from frostbite at all. This year I started up a couple of new shoots and looks like (again pinned to the ground - fortunately, it is very flexible, but almost without shelter). It seems to me that he would not have liked a cut at the root in the fall, and if you take mine, what kind of fishing rods he has, 2 meters long and all in branches. Here I lived in Batumi, yes, bamboo is like bamboo - they made big piggy banks from internode tubes, leaving a partition.

Share this42010-07-14 15:13:35

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Not really about shrubs. The EDSR says that only some species of Fargesia and Saz can be grown in the middle lane, but a leaf grate has been successfully growing among my relatives near Moscow for thirty years (the species could not be determined). It grows well, littered the entire garden (which the same Fargesia cannot do). In cold winters, the aboveground part dies off, but in spring it recovers very quickly. Western sources give very different, but encouraging data on the temperatures at which the aerial part perishes for Phyllostachys. European sources are generally more sanguine than American sources. Further, the minimum and maximum (temperatures are converted to the Celsius scale) denote extreme estimates taken from different sources. Which of them will turn out to be true for the middle zone of Russia, I do not know. For comparison, I present data on two types of fargesia.

Fargesia (Sinarundinaria) murielae: -26.1 to -30
Fargesia (Sinarundinaria) nitida: -26.1 to -30
Phyllostachys atrovaginata (Ph. Congesta): -26.1 to -35
Phyllostachys aureosulcata: -26.1 to -35
Phyllostachys bissetii: -23.3 to -30
Phyllostachys vivax: -20.5 to -35
Phyllostachys nuda: -26.1 to -35

Of course, the root system dies only in much more severe frosts, and if we consider that our snow cover is much thicker than in the corresponding climatic zones in America, we can assume that nothing threatens the bamboo root system in our country.
I have a dacha near St. Petersburg (the absolute minimum is a little over -40, but this happens very rarely, and if you look at the average minimum, as it should be, then the climate corresponds to USDA zone 4a.), And so far I have not got my hands on before bringing a leaf grate there, but this year I will try.

If anyone knows where else you can get these types of bamboo (better in St. Petersburg), please let me know, I'd really like to try. It is quite possible that some of them are sold here as indoor plants. It may be worth trying some more Arundinaria and Borinda species.

Share this52010-07-14 15:23:52

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Description: about 70 species in central and eastern Asia. Many species are in the mountains and go far north.

One of the most cold-resistant bamboos, forming dense thickets under the canopy of a forest or on the edges. The only genus of bamboo that grows wild in Russia. Stems from 30 to 250 cm in height bear wide oval leaves, bright green in spring and summer and drying at the edges in autumn, which creates a variegated effect. It comes from the mountain forests of Japan, Korea, China, grows on the slopes of the mountains in the south of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.


Sasa veitchii


Sasa tsuboana

All species of the genus Saza are poorly defined in the vegetative state. In culture, although it is quite rare, mainly Kuril saza (S. kurilensis) is found.

Kuril Saza - Sasa kurilensis (Rupr.) Makino et Shibata

Homeland - the Far East, Japan, China.


Sasa spiculosa

One of the few species of bamboo that can grow in the middle zone of Russia. Depending on the variety, the plant height ranges from 25 cm to 2.5 m. Stems are up to 6 mm thick; leaves are about 13 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, ovoid-pointed. Like other bamboos, it blooms only once, and dies after flowering. A plant that is quite stable in the conditions of central Russia, but in harsh winters without shelter with spruce branches it can suffer.

In our conditions, it grows slowly, only undersized forms that winter under the snow take root well. Used for planting in Japanese gardens and as a ground cover. 'Shimofuri' variety with yellow shading on the leaf.

Saza Vicha - Sasa Vеitshii (Carr.) Rehd.
Japan. Stems green 0.5-1 m in height internodes 8-12 cm long. Leaves are wide, oval, 10-25 cm long. In spring and summer, the color of the leaves is bright green, in autumn - with a wide creamy stripe along the edge. In culture in Batumi. Hardy, grows well on steep mountain slopes. There is a low-growing form of Veitch's saz (S. veitchii f. Minor), 30 cm high. Zones 5-6.

Golden saza - Sasa сhrуsantha (Mitf.) E.G. Camus.
Japan. Art.0.5-2 m tall, tubular internodes 5-12 cm long.

Spikelet carp - Sasa spiculosa (Fr. Schmidt) Makino.
South Sakhalin. Stems up to 2-5 m in height and about 0.5 cm in diameter, branched. Grows on mountain slopes, usually above 700 m above sea level. at. m.

Panicled carp - Sasa paniculata (Fr. Schmidt) Makino et Shibata.
Sakhalin Japan. Stems up to 2 m in height, 0.3-0.5 cm in diameter with internodes 12-15 cm, covered with a waxy bloom. Leaves 15-32 cm long. In culture - in the botanical gardens of Batumi, Sukhumi, Sochi. Very hardy. It is used for weaving baskets, for strengthening steep slopes and in decorative gardening.

Saza finger-Sasa palmata E. G. Camus.
Center. China, Japan. Stems 0.6-1.5 m tall, leaves 25-35 cm long. In collectible plantings in Batumi and Sukhumi. Decorative and noteworthy.

Netted carp - Sasa tessellata (Munro) Makino et Shibata.
China, Japan. Stems up to 1.5 m tall, slightly tubular, leaves up to 50 cm long and 20 cm wide. In Sochi - Batumi. Deserves promotion to the North. Caucasus, Crimea and the western outskirts of Russia.

Branched Saza - Sasa ramosa is a wonderful low groundcover, suitable even for dense shade.

Location: Feels equally good in the sun and under the canopy of trees. Relatively cold-resistant.


Sasa ramosa

Soil: Grows well in various types of soil as long as constant moisture is provided.

Reproduction: dividing the bushes in the spring. Saza clumps grow rapidly with the help of rhizomes. It is better to transplant and divide in spring or in the first half of summer.

Care: in the southern regions of Russia it can grow strongly and requires a limitation of the cultivated area. In the central regions, including the Moscow region, it does not grow so actively, but it needs a dry shelter for the winter. When transplanting and dividing the bush, young plants require abundant watering for a long time.

Usage: in large gardens, especially shady, can be used as a ground cover plant. In small areas, saz is planted in picturesque clumps near trees, shrubs and various perennials. An obligatory plant for compositions imitating Japanese gardens in Russian conditions.


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