Growing pepper seedlings at home
Growing pepper seedlings at home is not a difficult task. For good yields, you need to know the intricacies of watering, temperature fluctuations and how to correctly and successfully transplant plant stems so that they do not become coarse.
Seedling preparation time
The most optimal period for sowing seedlings are the days from February 20 to March 10. So, as in pepper, the fruits begin to ripen 100-150 days after the shoots have appeared, and the seedlings must be planted at the age of 60 to 80 days. If you know the characteristics of the variety, then you can independently calculate more accurate sowing dates.
Initially, all seeds should be inspected and damaged or frail seeds should be removed. Then the pepper seeds you have selected need to be processed to prevent fungal infections. To do this, put them in a small gauze bag, soak them in a fungicide solution (for example, "Maxim", "Vitaros" or "Fitosporin-M") using the instructions. There is also another way: for 20-30 minutes, the seeds must be soaked in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate, after which they are thoroughly washed in bags. Soaking pepper seeds in Epin for 12 hours can give a pretty good result. To do this, you need to make a solution with a ratio of 1-2 drops of water per 100 ml of water. After that, you need to do the following:
- spread the seeds so that they are between two layers of a damp, clean cloth;
- cover them to retain moisture;
- put the seeds in place with a constant temperature of + 25 ° C.
IMPORTANT! After 1-2 weeks, the seeds will hatch and therefore this moment should not be missed since the roots of the peppers are rather fragile and unable to tolerate damage of any nature.
To grow high-quality pepper seedlings, it is necessary to prepare sufficiently fertile soil. That is why the substrate must be prepared very carefully and carefully. To begin with, it must be said that the land from the garden is not very suitable for preparing the substrate, and especially if it has high acidity, it is clayey and heavy. The soil should be moisture-absorbing, loose, contain the required amount of nutrients, have a neutral reaction and be free from pests and pathogens. In such a case, many gardeners and summer residents have their own recipe for preparing a potting mixture. An example of this is a commonly used mixture of humus, turf and beach sand. The proportions of the substrate, respectively: 3: 3: 1. An alternative to sod land can be peat. Then add a glass of wood ash to a bucket of this mixture. For novice summer residents, in order to avoid failures, special soil is sold in specialized stores. For example, a highly nutritious substrate "Biogrunt", which can be purchased at any gardening store.
The sowing dish must be pre-rinsed in a solution of potassium permanganate, then filled with the prepared substrate and slightly compacted so that it is about 2 cm from the soil to the edge of the dish.Naked pepper seeds must be spread out so that the distance between them is from 1.5 to 2 see No need to sow the seeds thicker, because, as a result, pepper shoots can shade each other and, as a result, stretch out. Then you need to fill a layer of soil mixture from above with a height of about 1 to 1.5 cm.After that, compact again a little. Watering requires special attention and care so that the pepper seeds do not wash out onto the surface of the soil. Then assign notes with the names of the varieties to the containers with the crops. To retain moisture as long as possible, crops are placed in a greenhouse. The constant temperature should be + 25 ° C. A week later, shoots appear. You should adhere to certain rules for caring for them:
- Place crops in a bright place, the temperature of which will be + 15-17 ° С;
- Water with warm water should be sparingly and be sure to ensure that it does not accumulate inside the pan;
- The container with seedlings must be rotated all the time relative to the window so that the seedlings do not tilt (you can illuminate with a phytolamp).
Video "Sowing sweet pepper seeds"
How to prepare bell pepper seeds for sowing. Seed sowing technology. Detailed instructions, nuances, tips are in this video.
Picking and feeding
In order to avoid the risk of damage to plants, peppers dive at the stage of two true leaves without deepening or deepening only half a centimeter and no more. There is also another way: seedlings tolerate diving best at the stage of cotyledons, and therefore at this moment they can also dive. When using this method, deepening is allowed to the level of the cotyledonous leaves. Most often, this picking method is used for growing in greenhouses. But for growing at home, the first method is more suitable. 1-2 true leaves of a seedling appear after 3-4 weeks after germination. This is the most optimal for picking peppers at home. Beforehand, it is quite good to spill the soil in the container, and then wait for the water to drain onto the pallet. Since the period of development of pepper takes a considerable amount of time, it should be dived into small pots with a volume of about 100-150 ml. In such pots, the seedlings can master the earthen ball much faster, as a result of which the earth then does not sour during watering and the roots are less exposed to rot damage. The sequence of actions when picking seedlings:
- It is necessary to carefully take the seedlings by the "ears" and then place them in the hole in the pot in such a way that the roots are there freely without bending;
- After that, you need to sprinkle the hole with a small amount of soil and compact;
- We must not forget that the root collar can only be deepened by half a centimeter;
- Watering should be done carefully and until the water is absorbed, while holding the seedling;
- The seedlings should be installed on the windowsill in such a way as to preserve them at first from direct sunlight;
- It is imperative to monitor temperature fluctuations in the pots, the permissible rate is from + 15 ° C to + 13 ° C.
Before planting in the ground, the pepper must be fed at least twice. Namely: 14 days after the pick and 14 days after the first feeding. Usually, under-edges are applied in liquid form. For ease of use, you can buy already prepared fertilizers for seedlings. Here are some of the most used ones: Agricola, Fertika Lux, Krepysh, Solvent. Start transferring seedlings into large pots (0.8 - 1 l) in late spring. The transshipment must be treated with great care and attention so that the earthen lump is preserved. In this case, the seedlings continue to grow. You can use the composition of the soil that was intended for sowing and picking. But this time it should not be sifted as with a lumpy structure, there is more access to the air for the roots. Then add 1 tablespoon of double superphosphate, half a glass of wood ash to a bucket of potting soil. Wood ash can be replaced with three tablespoons of Señor Tomato Pepper and Tomato Fertilizer. For 14 days before planting in the ground, you should start hardening in the fresh air, taking into account the preservation of seedlings from direct sunlight.
Landing in the ground
It should be remembered that planting in the ground begins only when both conditions are met: a stable average daily air temperature of + 15 ... + 17 ° C and the beginning of the formation of the first buds. Cold heavy soils are not suitable for peppers, so those can be diluted with peat or humus. After that, the soil is dug to the depth of the shovel bayonet and equalized. Planting holes are made at a distance of half a meter from each other. The depth of the hole should be equal to the height of the earthen coma. Then add 1 tablespoon of complete mineral fertilizer to the hole, which consists of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. After that, the plant is carefully removed from the pot and placed in the hole. The hole is filled up so that the bulk of the roots becomes closed. You need to pour about the same amount of water, which is a third of the bucket. After the water is completely absorbed, part of the hole is filled with loose earth. Then the plantings need to be mulched with peat and, if necessary, tied up with bushes. At temperatures below + 13 ... + 14 ° С at night, plants should be covered in arcs with non-woven material.
Video "Diving of sweet pepper seedlings"
It is very important to dive the shoots correctly, the further development of the plant depends on this. How to do this - see this video.
Growing strong bell pepper seedlings at home
Pepper - Bulgarian and hot - refers to warm and light-loving crops. The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings for planting in open ground is the end of February-beginning of March. For growing peppers on a windowsill, seedlings can be prepared all year round.
- Selection and preparation of a site for planting pepper
- How to plant peppers for seedlings at home on a windowsill
- When to plant (sow) pepper seeds for seedlings according to the lunar calendar in the year?
- When to sow pepper for seedlings in Siberia, the Urals, in central Russia
- When to plant peppers for seedlings: lunar calendar 2018
- Preparing the soil before planting peppers
- Proper care of bell pepper seedlings
- At what temperature to grow
- Necessary lighting
- Watering and humidity
- Do I need feeding seedlings
- Soil fertilization
- Pest and disease control in sweet pepper
- Site selection and soil preparation
Care for pepper seedlings after sowing before germination
For germination, pepper seeds need certain conditions: high humidity, high air temperature, regular watering. If the proper microclimate is not provided, then the seedlings can not be expected.
So, the main points of care after sowing sweet pepper for seedlings and before germination of seedlings:
- Immediately after landing, you need cover the container with a lid or film to create a mini greenhouse. Thanks to the shelter, you can easily maintain high temperature and humidity.
- At this stage of cultivation, it is necessary water exclusively from a spray bottle. Do not allow the surface of the substrate to dry out; the soil should always be moderately moist. Gentle irrigation will provide an even distribution of moisture over the entire surface of the soil with the sown seeds. If you use other vessels for irrigation (for example, a syringe, a syringe), then you can deepen the seeds with the pressure of water (because of this, they may not germinate) or wash them out (the seedlings will turn out to be uneven). The water must be clean and at room temperature.
- It is very important for seed germination the correct temperature is about + 25 ° C.
- Daily open the greenhouse for ventilation... It is best to remove the lid 2 times a day: in the morning and in the evening, preferably 30 minutes. Before closing the greenhouse, remove condensation from the surface of the lid or film with a dry cloth. Regular airing will protect future seedlings from waterlogging and, therefore, from fungal diseases and mold.
- Gradually remove the cover after emergence. When the pepper seeds sprout, you need to remove the lid for the first 2 days in the morning and in the evening for one hour, then increase the time by 3 hours, on the 4th day, remove it completely.
From the "loops" phase
As soon as young sprouts of pepper appear above the ground (phase of "loops"), the cellophane must be removed and placed in a sunny place, providing it with a comfortable temperature regime: +23 ° C during the day and + 16..18 ° C at night. At this stage, young plants need to be provided with additional lighting so that the light period is 14 hours a day. It is recommended to turn on ultraviolet lamps even in cloudy weather.
Watering pepper seedlings also requires a competent approach. Before the formation of two true leaves, the plants are not watered, but sprayed to avoid waterlogging of the soil substrate. In general, watering is done in moderation, but often enough so that the soil is always moist. Water for irrigation must be at room temperature. When watering, it should not fall on young leaves.
It would be nice to make sure that the air at the location of the pepper seedlings is not dry. To do this, young plants are sprayed daily from a spray bottle or a humidifier is installed next to the bowls. And more ... Pepper is afraid of drafts, so it must be covered when airing and placed away from walking air currents.
Pickling pepper seedlings. © Jimmy Cracked
Preparing pepper seeds for sowing
Before sowing, pepper seeds must be disinfected in 1% manganese. Soak them in liquid for 20 minutes, then rinse under running water.
Hardening will help to increase the germination and resistance of seeds to weather conditions. First, the seeds are sent to the refrigerator for several days (on the lower shelf), then they are removed and left at a temperature of + 18 ° C for about a day. After that, they are again sent to the cold for two days.
If you want to germinate seeds, place them in a damp cloth and place them in a room with a temperature of + 25 ° C to germinate for about seven to fourteen days. Spray the fabric regularly to keep it from drying out. Pepper sprouts are tender - they should be planted very carefully.
When to plant peppers for seedlings: lunar calendar 2018
At the end of the twentieth century, it became fashionable to compare your life with the rhythms of the planets, astrological forecasts and other moments related to the movement of heavenly bodies in their orbits appeared. In the same years, gardeners and gardeners drew attention to the lunar calendar, which describes the location of the moon in a particular constellation. There is a theory that the phases of movement of this heavenly body somehow affect the success of plant development: from sowing seeds to any other manipulations. Every year, for each culture, calendars are compiled and published, which indicate favorable and unfavorable days for planting, transplanting, inoculating, picking, etc. The irony is that in different sources these dates rarely coincide.
If you believe this calendar, you can generally be left without pepper: he does not allow sowing in February
So, one of the respected publishers advises sowing pepper seeds for seedlings in 2018 on February 6, 7, 20-22, 25 and 26, and prohibits doing this from the 15th to the 17th. However, in another edition, February 14-16 is positioned as the most auspicious days. The third source advises to do this only on February 21 and 22, and the fourth adds 17 and 18 numbers to them. Having analyzed in this way more than a dozen publications (newspapers, magazines, Internet sites), one can come to a sad conclusion: everyone writes what they think is necessary, or, as our people say, “sucks it out of the finger”. However, the conclusion is not only sad, it is also optimistic: we carry out gardening work when we have the strength and time, based on our knowledge and experience.
When and how to plant pepper seedlings in open ground: optimal timing
Planting pepper seedlings in a permanent place should only be when the threat of recurrent frosts will pass, and the air temperature stabilizes at +15 degrees regardless of the time of day. Wherein the soil should warm up to at least +10, and better up to + 12..15 degrees.
By the way! The site already has a separate article about when and how to plant pepper seedlings in open ground or in a greenhouse, which also gives advice on choosing a place on the site and preparing the garden.
Thus, even a novice summer resident can grow pepper seedlings at home.You just need to follow all the rules and recommendations for choosing a variety, pre-sowing seed preparation, planting, care, which includes the creation of suitable temperature and light conditions (regime), timely watering and picking, as well as feeding as needed. Strong seedlings and a rich harvest!
Video: how to grow strong pepper seedlings