On everyone's lips: the best varieties of tomatoes for central Russia
About 30 years ago, a couple of proven tomato varieties were known in our country, the names were passed down from generation to generation and multiplied independently. But the last decade has come a "tomato boom", a huge assortment of tomatoes of various sizes and colors, for the most exquisite taste makes those who have never done this to take care of tomato beds.
Tomato varieties for growing in central Russia with a description and characteristics
Among the thousands of varieties known for their high yields, heat-tolerant and temperature-resistant, those tomatoes that rarely get sick and bear fruit during the entire summer season are especially popular. I would like to especially note the tomatoes that are approved for use by the State Sort Commission of the Russian Federation and others that have many positive reviews from practicing gardeners.
Video: proven tomato varieties for central Russia
The earliest varieties of tomatoes
Tomatoes, which begin to ripen after 85–90 days from the moment of planting, can be safely attributed to early ripening. But some specimens are able to please with the harvest after 75–80 days.
Experienced summer residents are convinced that the determinant variety Lyubasha is the earliest tomato for the regions of Central Russia. Tomatoes turn red 68–72 days after sowing. At the stage of maturity, the fruits gain 140 g, the average weight is up to 100 g. Sugar fruits with dense skin are universal in consumption. The plant reaches 1–1.2 m, it must be tied up and periodically pinned. The variety is tolerant to late blight and apical rot.
The yield of Lyubasha tomatoes can reach 20 kg per square meter
Alpha is a standard variety, the first ripe fruits of which are plucked after 65–70 days from the appearance of the first shoots, due to which it rarely suffers from late blight. Alpha's tomatoes have a good taste, round, deep red, gain weight up to 60-80 g, from 1 m2 about 6.2 kg can be collected. The bush grows no more than 50 cm, does not require pinching.
Ultra early determinant grade Alpha in salads and slices is irreplaceable
Sweet and sour fruits of the Spring Round Dance variety with dense pulp can be tasted 85–90 days after germination (weighing 80–120 g). One plant can give about 4-4.5 kg / m2, a salad variety, but also good for canning and juicing. Determinant tomato reaches 0.8–1 m, fruitful bushes cannot stand without support.
A versatile tomato with a memorable name is quite hardy, rarely suffers from diseases, dampness and sudden cold snap
Another determinant - Irishka - is productive (up to 8-11 kg / m2) and an unpretentious tomato for open ground. Medium-sized fruits often weigh 50–95 g; smooth, juicy and very tasty - it is not a shame to put them in a salad and in a jar. Irishka grows no higher than 50 cm, rarely gets sick with tobacco mosaic and tolerates drought well.
It is impossible not to fall in love with the beautiful fruits of the Irishka variety
A gardener's dream - tomatoes fully live up to the name. This variety has small (60–70 cm) bushes, while the yield reaches 10–12 kg / m2; high immunity and longevity - these qualities are primarily noticed by users. Tomatoes can weigh up to 160g.
Even in a rainy summer, the determinant variety Gardener's Dream always has a pleasant taste with sweetish notes
Limited in growth (determinants) bushes of the Sanka variety grow no higher than 50-60 cm. With a yield of 6-7 kg / m2 already after 50 days from the moment of planting seedlings, the weight of the fruits can be more than 100 g. These tomatoes are loved for their strong immunity (increased resistance to late blight is noted) and amicable ripening. One-dimensional fruits with dense skin do not burst when canned and perfectly tolerate long-distance transportation.
The low-growing variety Sanka does not require pinching and the formation of a bush
Hybrid Pink miracle with rich raspberry fruits grows to 0.8-1 m. The tomato ripens quickly (85-90 days after sowing), unpretentious; fruits are large (100–120 g each), versatile in use. Productivity - about 7 kg / m2... The only drawback of the variety is that it does not tolerate transportation well, but with preventive treatments it practically does not deteriorate from bacteriosis and apical rot. The tomato belongs to the determinant type of plant.
The pink miracle is grown outdoors and in a greenhouse
Start - an ultra-early variety, the first crop appears on the 67-75th day after sowing. The mass of tomatoes is 90-120 g, the maximum yield of the crop is up to 6, and sometimes 12 kg / m2... The starter is versatile in consumption, keeps well and is immune to root rot.
Tall hybrid Start (up to 1.8 m) of the determinant type tolerates drought well and rarely gets sick
Of the early varieties, the Sanka variety was grown in 2016. Low-growing bushes with small tomatoes at first seemed like an unfortunate choice, since there were only 6 bushes. But when the fruits began to turn red and pour, a new ovary appeared on the tops of the heads, such babies, quite unexpectedly, presented with an amazing harvest. True, even the shoots that had not grown to the knees were tied up, since massive bunches were simply bursting with juicy fruits.
The most popular mid-season varieties for universal use
Among the tomatoes that ripen in the middle of summer, the varieties that became known more than 10 years ago are especially noted. Mid-season tomatoes ripen 90–100 days after planting. Below is a detailed description of the most popular varieties of this group.
Those who have planted the Gin variety at least once talk about the amazing yield and unpretentiousness of the tomato. On low bushes (40-50 cm), up to a dozen tomatoes from 100 to 280 g can ripen by the end of July. Average yield - from 3 to 5 kg / m2... The juicy fruits of the determinant variety are used for harvesting, juice and freezing.
Gin's tomatoes from the first days have earned people's love due to the fact that they do not "catch" sores
Gourmand is an early-ripening tomato with one-hundred-gram fruits. The plant is never taller than 0.7 m, the yield is up to 6-7 kg / m2... The undersized variety is not afraid of sudden changes in temperature. These tomatoes have earned their name for a reason - they are the first to be put in stews, baked goods and first courses.
Gourmand of the determinant type, even in unfavorable weather, does not get sick with apical rot and late blight
The yield of the Yamal variety (Yamal 200), even in a cool summer, is not lower than 4.5-5 kg / m2... This tomato is chosen for its appetizing fruits, in which the skin does not crack, and the pulp remains fragrant and sweet even during storage. Its low bushes (25-30 cm) are classified as determinant plants. The average weight of fruits is 120 g. Yamal is shade-tolerant and rarely affected by fungal diseases.
Yamal is appreciated not only in Central Russia, it is successfully grown both in Siberia and in the southern regions.
The fruits of the Dachnik variety come in from 100 to 160 g. Moderate sourness and juicy pulp are the main value of these tomatoes, they are put in marinades and salted, frozen and dressings are prepared. The determinant plant reaches 70–80 cm. The variety bears fruit before frost; he is not afraid of gray rot, bacteriosis and dry spotting.
Up to 9 kg per square meter is an excellent indicator for a tomato Summer resident
The explosion (limited in growth variety) reaches no more than 0.5–0.6 m, and the fruits in a mature state gain 80–100 g. The tomato rarely suffers from top rot and phytophthora, is not afraid of drought. The explosion is considered a salad, great for processing.
Approximately 4-4.5 kg per square meter for the Vzryv variety - the average yield
Hybrid Tarasenko No. 7 - it is not in official sources (in the State Register), but for many gardeners it has been the standard of tomato varieties for more than 10 years. Tomatoes, bred by Theodosius Tarasenko, reach 1 m, do not require pinching. Semi-determinant tomato (at a certain stage - by 10–12 flower clusters - growth is limited) is distinguished by amicable fruiting and high immunity to nightshade diseases. "Cream" weighing 80–90 g can be preserved and eaten fresh. In fruitful years, they collect 12-14 kg / m2.
Tomatoes of the Hybrid Tarasenko 7 variety do not crack and differ in keeping quality
The thermophilic variety, Mikado pink, was created over 40 years ago. During this time, the tomato has learned to adapt to any weather conditions, the variety yields up to 12-14 kg / m2... Mikado fruits reach 700 g (average weight 150-200 g), quickly gain sugar and store well. And also indeterminate tomato is resistant to root rot and late blight.
Fruits of the tall variety Mikado pink (up to 2.5 m) are characterized by a high sugar content
Elongated Raketa tomatoes with a spout gain up to 100–130 g and are excellent for freezing and preservation. The yield reaches from 7 to 11 kg / m2... Plant height is only 0.5–0.6 m (determinant variety), easily tolerates drought and is tolerant to cold weather.
The oval fruit of the Rocket tomato is good for canning in jars
Of all the classic tomatoes that bear fruit in our Black Earth Region, the favorites are Gina and Yamal. Their versatility, unpretentiousness and productivity have not been overshadowed by any new product. Absolutely painlessly react to temperature changes, the harvest is always at a height, the late blight of these varieties strikes the last, if suddenly cold weather comes in August. Fruits are one-dimensional, well stored and practically do not deteriorate on bushes.
Late ripening tomatoes
The growing season of late-ripening tomatoes lasts 120-160 days. Among the rich assortment, there are late tomatoes suitable for growing in the middle zone of our country both for open ground and for greenhouses and greenhouses.
The mid-late variety Goldfish has yellowish-orange fruits (140–180 g), characterized by an increased content of beta-carotene. Such tomatoes are put in salads, used for salting and serving side dishes. Maximum yield - 8-10 kg / m2, tomato has an enviable resistance of the immune system.
Tomato Goldfish with proper care can grow up to 2–2.5 m, the variety is not limited in growth (indeterminate)
About 5-6 kg from 1 m2 - this is the average yield of tomato Nose. Aligned oval fruits (60–80 g) with a pointed tip are juicy; tasty, but moderately sour. The variety reaches 0.6–0.7 m (determinant). Tomatoes retain their presentation for a long time and are suitable for processing, but they will never be left unattended on the table. The tomato is drought-resistant and not prone to cracking.
Fruits with a characteristic narrow tip are a feature of the Nosik variety.
Giraffe is a fairly late tomato variety, ripening 140–160 days after planting. But all the gardener's expectations are justified, as the result is strong juicy fruits with a shiny golden skin (weight 80-110 g), similar to oranges. The harvest can reach 11-13 kg / m2... The stem, which reaches a height of 2–2.7 m, has unlimited growth, so these tomatoes must be tied up.
Sunny fruits of the Giraffe variety are original in appearance and excellent in taste, they are put in salads and side dishes
The Zazimok variety has beautiful, even fruits, with juicy pulp, like bulk apples. They can grow up to 3 m, although according to the author's characteristics, the growth of one bush is limited to 0.9–1 m (the variety is semi-determinant). Tomatoes are suitable for long-term storage, the average weight of a ripe fruit is 140–160 g, the maximum fruit yield is 9–12 kg / m2... The plant is not afraid of late blight and septoria.
Tomato Zazimok is considered late ripening, but begins to ripen in early August
The ripening fruits of the Novogodniy variety with a bright lemon peel look like balls - one to one, rarely crack and, when fully ripe, do not have a greenish tip at the lobe (weight 150–180 g). With an average yield of no more than 7 kg / m2, the variety is loved for the record keeping of fruits - from 3 to 5 months. The indeterminate plant reaches 0.6–0.8 m and is rarely infected with tobacco mosaic, late blight and fusarium.
A rich orange New Year's tomato is able to stay in the fruit storage until the New Year
The pink bovine heart is a giant variety (fruits reach 350 g), the moment of ripening occurs 130–160 days after sowing. Ruddy fleshy tomatoes are stewed, put in a salad, used to make juices and pasta. The largest yield - 18 kg / m2, while the average does not exceed 4-6 kg / m2... The tomato can grow up to 1.8–2.4 m, but it belongs to the determinant plants. With regular feeding, it bears fruit until frost, even in open beds. Juicy fruits crack when overripe, but are tolerant to black rot and bacteriosis.
Unusual shape, gigantic size, pink color of the peel - this is Bull's heart pink
Indeterminate snowfall in the beds reaches 1.2 m, in the greenhouse - 1.8–2 m. One-sized tomatoes weigh 60–80 g, collected in bunches. Moderate plant immunity allows you to get a good harvest (from 8 to 13 kg / m2) even in a rainy summer. Tomato can be stored well for up to 2 months in a cool place. Fruits with a pronounced sourness are suitable for preserving, drying and preparing pizza.
Most late tomatoes are resistant to late blight, tomato Snowfall is no exception
List of tomatoes for growing in greenhouses
Sometimes it is possible to grow such varieties under a film cover, which in the open field will not be able to reveal their full potential and achieve maximum yield indicators.
The Red Arrow variety has been known for over 25 years. He earned attention to himself with round beautiful fruits up to 180 g each and over-yielding - up to 15-20 kg / m2... Tomatoes grow up to 1.2 m (indeterminants), are universal in consumption. The plant is not afraid of bacteriosis, which is very important for greenhouse tomatoes.
The red arrow rarely gets sick in temperate climates, suitable for open ground and greenhouses
One and a half meter bushes of the indeterminate Budenovka with cone-shaped fruits, 180-250 g each, are distinguished by high productivity. Up to 15 kg from 1 m2 - this is not the limit for a large-fruited tomato. The variety is resistant to late blight and rotting diseases. Tomatoes are ideal for making juices, tomato paste and canned salads.
"Pink heart" - this is how, lovingly, summer residents call the fruits of the Budenovka variety
Large-fruited Giant (fruits of 200-300 g) shows good results in greenhouse conditions - up to 12-15 kg / m2... The plant reaches 1.8 meters, since the growth of shoots is not limited; differs in long-term fruiting and rarely suffers from apical rot and late blight.
Fleshy giant fruits of the Giant variety can gain up to 500 g, from which salads, snacks and stews are prepared
Tomato Korneevsky (Korneevsky pink - the second name) has been known for many years, promising yield indicators - 10-13 kg per square meter, large juicy fruits - 500-600 g, high immunity to fusarium and tobacco mosaic - these advantages of the variety cannot be overlooked. Tomatoes contain few seeds and are suitable for making juices and tomato paste.
Indeterminate Korneevsky, with proper care, grows up to 1.8-2 m, therefore it requires regular pinching and strong support
Yellow-fruited Honey Spas with round and heart-shaped fruits is appreciated for its sweetish juicy pulp. Fruit weight - 300-600 g, suitable for preparation and preparation of side dishes and salads. According to gardeners, a tomato is capable of bearing fruit in greenhouses before cold weather, while the yield indicator is not less than 11-14 kg / m2... The average size of an indeterminate bush is 1.6–1.9 m. Resistance to bacterial diseases is high.
Cold-resistant Honey Spas with orange-golden fruits fully justified its name - the sweet fragrant pulp was appreciated by gardeners
Greenhouse variety Icicle pink with fleshy fruits, 90–130 g each in the form of a drop, is ideal for canning and fresh consumption.According to information from the dacha forums, the variety practically does not get sick, 7-11 kg / m2 Is the tomato standard. Semi-indeterminate plant drives up to 2 meters, is rarely affected by late blight.
According to gardeners, the pink Icicle tomato should be planted if only because of its amazing taste and impeccable storage for up to 1.5 months
The best low-growing varieties of tomatoes
The choice of tomatoes, limited in growth, allows you to reduce labor costs and without hassle (garter, installation of support, removal of stepsons) to grow a good harvest. These tomatoes are easy to cultivate at home. It should be remembered that low-growing ones in terms of yield are most often in second place after tall tomatoes.
The cheerful gnome is a low-growing variety (0.4 m) with fruits - cream with a "nose" love for the fact that the bush does not need to be tied up and pinned. The yield of the determinant tomato is almost 9 kg / m2 (fruit weight 90–100 g). The variety is recognized as a salad.
Tomato Jolly gnome endures bad weather and practically does not suffer from late blight
The ribbed tomatoes of the Firewood variety, forked at the end, grow on bushes that reach no more than 30–35 cm. This variety has few seeds, does not crack and is well suited for pickling in jars. Productivity 5-7 kg / m2... Good immunity and heat tolerance distinguish this variety from other undersized varieties. The determinant bush is compact and does not require a garter.
Tomato tomatoes Firewood grows 50–70 g, fruit length 7–9 cm
Summer residents appreciated the low stature and unpretentiousness of the mid-season variety more than 10 years ago. Kalinka-Malinka has a low-leafed bush (up to 25-30 cm), limited in growth. Tomato with a yield of 4-5 kg / m2 requires a minimum of maintenance. Only in very damp weather does the plant suffer from late blight.
Average weight of Kalinka-malika fruit - 50 g
On determinant bushes (35-40 cm) of an early-ripe Liang tomato, fruits grow 60-90 g each, the average yield of the variety is 7 kg / m2... The variety is slightly susceptible to septoria and late blight, suitable for salting and drying.
But the most delicious is Liang's tomato in fresh salads.
Mongolian dwarf (determinant variety), despite the size of the bush - 20-30 cm, bears fruit well. Average plant yield - 6-7 kg / m2... The weight of the fruit can be from 90 to 200 g. They are distinguished by their sweetness and are well processed. In comparison with other undersized varieties, it rarely gets sick and does not suffer from dampness.
Mongolian dwarf combines large size and short stature
Wind rose is a heat-resistant plant, tolerant to fungal diseases, is popular for its small size of the bush (0.35-0.40 m) with decent yield indicators (up to 8 kg / m2). Fruits 120–160 g each with pink skin and juicy pulp are loved by many gardeners.
The determinant wind rose tomato with appetizing ruddy sides is chosen for salads and the preparation of canned snacks for the winter
Tom yellow - a representative of dwarf tomatoes with yellow fruits (20-30 g each). The yield reaches 3-4.5 kg from 1 m2... The height of the bush does not exceed 20-25 cm, such tomatoes are easy to grow on a windowsill. Reacts painlessly to temperature changes and does not suffer from viruses and phytophthora.
Tom yellow - undersized determinant tomato with small fruits is no less attractive than varieties with giant fruits
The most delicious tall tomatoes
Tomatoes that reach two or more meters in height require much more attention. They must be tied up additionally and regularly pinned. But the yield of such varieties is an order of magnitude higher, and they take up less space on the site, this is an ideal option for greenhouse cultivation.
The mid-season variety Alyosha Popovich with gigantic fruits of 250-300 g each can stretch up to 2.3 m (unlimited growth), especially in a greenhouse. Tomato yield can reach 9-11 kg / m2... Good taste and versatility of fruit processing contributes to the fact that this tomato does not lose its popularity. Prevention of phytophthora is required.
Powerful bushes of the Alyosha Popovich variety require reliable support
The indeterminate variety Babushkin Secret grows up to 1.7-2.2 m. Fruits are formed weighing 500-700 g, with a yield of 1 m2 - 10-12 kg. Users note a decent taste with a slight sourness, tomatoes are suitable for harvesting and preparing tomato juice for future use.
According to the reviews of some gardeners, Grandma's secret steadfastly tolerates late blight, but caterpillars often eat it, which confirms the excellent taste of the pulp and juiciness of the fruit.
The Big Dipper variety is justifiably called the leader among giants and tall tomatoes. Plant yield - 11-14 kg / m2, the bush drives out up to 2.5 m with proper agricultural technology (indeterminate plant). The variety is not prone to cracking and bacteriosis.
The average weight of fruits is 300 g, but can reach 700-800 g
De Barao is a tall variety with creamy fruits of various colors. The plant is not limited in growth, reaches 2.5-3 m, the yield with a fruit weight of 50-80 g is from 3 to 7 kg / m2... Tomatoes must be formed on a trellis. The versatility of these tomatoes is very high - they are pickled, stewed, frozen and dried.
Among the several varieties of De Barao, any gardener will find his favorite tall variety.
The mid-ripening variety Chukhloma with elongated fruits, 90–120 g each, comes with bright orange and red peel. It is used in slicing, put in salad and dried. The yield per square meter is 4.5–5 kg. Chukhloma can grow up to 2.5–3.2 m (indeterminate plant). Cladosporium and the tobacco mosaic virus are not scary for this tomato.
The Chukhloma tomato firmly endures bad weather and bears fruit stably in open and closed ground
A selection of late blight-resistant tomatoes
Tomatoes, rarely suffering from late blight, must be in the garden. After all, you can never guess what summer will be. If July is rainy, and August is cool, with fogs in the morning, tomatoes resistant to fungal diseases are salvation for gardeners.
One-dimensional fruits of the early variety Fighter (50–70 g each) are salted in jars, put in salads and dried. The undersized determinant tomato (0.5 m) is resistant to bacterial diseases, drought and premature cold weather, is distinguished by long-term fruiting and is well stored. Tomatoes are used in cooking and preservation.
Tomato Fighter under normal weather conditions is able to give up to 9-11 kg per square meter
Leningrad Chill - a proven variety with fruits of 50–85 g each. Plant yield - 4–7.5 kg / m2... The tomato is worthy of attention due to its resistance to many tomato sores. Early maturity allows a low-growing plant (up to 0.5 m) to avoid the invasion of late blight. He is loved for his versatility. Tomatoes are good in salads and canned.
The Leningrad chill practically does not suffer from late blight, not only in central Russia, but also in the northern regions
Tomato Leader belongs to the group of early varieties (first harvest 80–90 days after planting) with high immunity. Fruits gain about 70–90 g with a yield of 5–6 kg / m2... The determinant tomato, tolerant to low temperatures, bears fruit in open beds no worse than under a film cover.
Tomatoes with tender flesh at the stage of full maturity are put in salads and pizzas
Cherry tomatoes for central Russia
The achievements of modern breeders allow you to choose any tomatoes, but especially often in recent years, gardeners like to experiment with the shape and size of the fruit. Cherry tomatoes are often grown in flower beds and as a pot culture.
Tall variety Cherry with spreading bushes (up to 1.8 m) is not limited in growth, is able to yield up to 4-5 kg / m2... Fruits of 15–20 g are formed in bunches (up to 250–300 g). These small-fruited tomatoes are not distinguished by high immunity, but with regular prevention of diseases in the middle lane, they bear fruit until frost.
Small-fruited Cherry is the best summer side dish
Sweet girl is an ultra-early small-fruited cherry variety. Up to 3-4 kg / m2 fruits of 10–20 g each can be harvested at the end of June (indicators of the Voronezh, Belgorod, Lipetsk regions). The plant reaches 0.9–1.1 m in height (determinatively).
Tomato Sweet Girl is suitable not only for serving dishes, but also for whole-fruit canning
Sweet cherry - small, crunchy baby fruits (15–20 g) are suitable for decorating salads and side dishes, baby food and making sauces. Bushes can grow up to 2.5 m (grow without restriction). This variety is distinguished by a high sugar content in fruits (10–12%), and is not very susceptible to infection with late blight and bacteriosis.
Sweet cherry is a wonderful small-fruited tomato variety, but the best yields will be achieved when grown indoors.
Table: a selection of rare varieties of tomatoes suitable for growing in central Russia
|Variety name||Weight g, yield kg / m2||Brief characteristics of tomato|
Photo gallery of the above tomato varieties for cultivation in central Russia
Features of growing and caring for tomatoes in central Russia
Proven varieties and the latest hybrids in the middle lane feel good both in open beds and under a film cover. Tomatoes bear fruit with different ripening periods up to severe cold weather in the open field, and a heated greenhouse makes it possible to feast on tomatoes until the New Year.
Sowing for seedlings is carried out, depending on the variety, 1.5–2 months before transplanting seedlings to the site. Sprouted tomatoes are left in partial shade, watered as the soil dries up and fed with complex liquid fertilizers every 2 weeks.
With the necessary access to light and maintaining moisture, the seedlings already after 1.5 months have 4 leaves and are ready for picking.
If you decide to grow tomatoes on your own, you should remember that tomato seedlings require no less attention to themselves than other house plants.
Tomatoes are transplanted to permanent beds in Central Russia after May 15, when warm weather sets in and the threat of frost has passed. The grown seedlings (shoots 15–30 cm high) are placed in pre-shed holes (20–40 cm deep), the roots are sprinkled with loose earth, then the plant is mulched. For the next 5-7 days, it is advisable to water young tomatoes every day - on the sand, every other day - on black soil (if the weather is sunny).
I plant young tomatoes in holes, into which I add a handful of rotted manure and a pinch of ash. I place the shoots in the hole at an angle (half-lying), the plant thus grows roots better and is less sick. I arrange seedlings in sunny, well-ventilated areas, 2-3 long rows, trying not to thicken the planting.
Regular fertilization does not give a 100% guarantee of the crop variety declared by the authors, but it maintains the plant's immunity and prolongs fruiting.
- After transplanting (after 5–7 days), the tomatoes are fed with liquid organic matter.
- At the budding phase, complex fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are applied.
- At the beginning of flowering, it can be treated with boric acid in the appropriate dosage or with a yeast solution.
- At the time of flowering and at the beginning of fruiting, it is best to apply liquid organic fertilizing to the hole ("green" fertilizer, humates).
Tomatoes are irrigated more often at the root or along the furrows, since sprinkling contributes to the development of fungal diseases in this culture. Watering tomatoes in the middle lane is recommended in hot summer every 3-4 days, pouring under each plant about 3-5 liters - during budding and flowering and 5-7 liters of water - during active fruit setting. The ideal option for maintaining moisture in tomato beds is a drip irrigation system.
In a damp summer and at the end of August, watering of tomatoes is reduced, the condition of the soil is monitored and irrigation is carried out only as needed. High air humidity (over 65%) is the cause of fungal diseases.
What else do tomatoes need for a good harvest
There are practically no fundamental differences in growing tomatoes in central Russia. Here, tomatoes do not need shelter from frost in May, they can bear fruit until the end of September due to climatic features and do not require abundant irrigation, as is necessary in the southern regions.
- It is important to loosen the soil between the rows more often and remove weeds.
- Tall plants are placed in such a way that they do not obscure low tomatoes. Giant tomatoes are fixed on a support 2 weeks after planting, standard tomatoes, if necessary, are tied up to support fruiting bunches.
- From the end of June, when the fruits are poured, the lower leaves are removed from the tomatoes. This regulates ventilation in tomato beds, reduces the likelihood of developing nightshade fungal diseases.
- In vigorous varieties, "stepchildren" are removed.
- During fruiting, tomatoes tainted with dry rot, tobacco mosaic and late blight are removed from the bushes, this will help to avoid contamination of all plantings.
- In late July - early August, bacterial diseases are prevented, tomatoes are sprayed using folk remedies (brilliant green, iodine, milk whey) and systemic fungicides based on natural ingredients (Fitosporin).
- One of the important points is the timely harvesting of ripe fruits. If this is not done, the hot summer sun of temperate latitudes can spoil the harvest and shorten the shelf life of plucked tomatoes.
Harvest-rich tomato beds with beautiful fruits are the pride of every gardener
When choosing varieties of tomatoes, you need to remember that it is better to choose proven tomatoes, and plant new items in limited quantities (10-15 bushes). Then the sad result will not be large-scale, and in the case of an excellent harvest, even a few copies are enough to "test the strength of the variety." To prolong fruiting, it is recommended to form tomato beds with different ripening periods. In order not to be mistaken in the quality characteristics of each variety, the ideal option is to keep records for each tomato.
And I remembered Gina for excellent fruiting (in 2013 she grew up in the OG), rather large (for summer) fruits and a normal tomato taste. Slightly with a sour note, ripened longer than the period indicated on the package.
Today, sophisticated summer residents of the middle zone of our country can choose a variety for a greenhouse or open ground, which will be able to yield before the first frost and will have strong immunity to most nightshade diseases. The wealth of choice allows you to grow tomatoes with an early and late ripening period and for a variety of culinary purposes.
[Votes: 2 Average: 5]
Everything about the black Crimea tomato: what it looks like, characteristics and description of the variety
The Black Crimea tomato was first bred on the Crimean Peninsula, as a result of which the variety was given a name directly related to the place of selection.
This type of tomato was bred back in Soviet times, today the variety has been preserved, but has slight changes. On the territory of Russia, the variety is called the Crimean Black Tomato.
As experienced gardeners managed to note, tomatoes taste significantly different from the very first type.
Tomato King of Kings: variety description, cultivation of varieties, reviews, yield
OSemenah.Ru »Tomatoes» Tomato King of Kings: description of the variety, cultivation of the variety, reviews, yield
Tomato King of Kings: reviews, photos, yield
It is difficult to imagine a garden plot without tomato bushes. The culture has become widespread among vegetable growers.
When creating more and more new tomato varieties, breeders invest in them the best properties and characteristics of existing predecessors.
Tomato King of Kings - belongs to the varieties that have won the trust of most vegetable growers. It holds the record for fruit size among tomatoes.
Photo of tomato varieties King of Kings
Origin of the variety
The King of Kings was bred in Russia. The place of "birth" is the Vavilov Institute of General Genetics. In 2000, it officially entered the state list (register). Designed exclusively for indoor cultivation. However, in the southern parts of the country, with a warm, sunny climate, tomatoes are also cultivated outdoors. Below is a detailed description of the King of Kings tomato.
Tomato King of Kings: characteristics and description of the variety
The tomato is truly amazing and unique. The main difference is the size of the adult fetus. The maximum possible weight of a ripe tomato reaches ... from 1 to 1.5 kg! The minimum weight starts from 200 grams. A real "Gulliver" among other varieties and hybrids.
Tomato King of Kings photo description
The yield declared by the producer "Siberian Garden" is from 5 kg per bush. More on the yield - a little below. Tomatoes King of Kings belong to the indeterminate species. When the ovaries are formed, the stems do not stop growing, but continue to grow and develop. They can reach enormous sizes. In this regard, "artificial" control of the sizes of stems and branches is required. Otherwise, an adult bush can grow up to 4 meters in height. This growth creates difficulties in maintenance and harvesting. Due to this size, the shrub must be tied to supports. This is especially true when grown outdoors. In greenhouse conditions, the high growth of tomato is not a "minus". Here, on the contrary, tall plants are welcome.
Tomato variety King of Kings is good to eat fresh. Not suitable for winter preparations. The tomato has a thin, soft, delicate skin. This makes the conservation process difficult. You can marinate. However, the real taste and aroma of the fruit can only be felt when consumed fresh.
Taste characteristics are excellent. The sweet taste dilutes the sourness.Despite the thin, delicate skin, tomatoes are excellent for long-distance transportation. They are well stored, retaining taste, nutrients, aroma. In addition, they retain a great look. And these are not all advantages. The variety has a high resistance to diseases. Especially to late blight. It often affects crops that grow in greenhouses. However, the tomato is susceptible to pest attacks. Good prevention is needed here.
Description of fruits
Ripe tomatoes have a smooth and rounded shape. The surface is slightly ribbed, slightly flattened. A ripe tomato has a rich and juicy red color. Inside - a fleshy, dense pulp. Consists of chambers from 4 to 8, with seeds. The partitions between the chambers are quite thick.
Tomato King of Kings - the yield of the variety
Tomato yield King of Kings deserves special attention. It is a very high yielding variety. According to the information received from the seed producer, the yield of the King of Kings variety is up to 5 kg per plant.
It is recommended to place no more than 3 plants on one square meter, which means that the yield can reach 15 kgm2.
In greenhouse conditions, the yield will correspond to the declared values, and in the open field it may be lower.
Tomato King of Kings: planting, growing and care, feeding
The King of Kings variety is grown exclusively using seedlings. Tomato seeds King of Kings are purchased in specialized departments, can be ordered in the online store.
Planting and growing tomato seedlings
The purchased seeds must be disinfected by soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate for a day. After that, they are thoroughly washed under running water and placed in another solution - with a growth stimulator. It is also left in it - for 24 hours. Dried tomato seeds King of Kings are placed in containers for germination.
Simple cardboard boxes are suitable as pots. When a pair of real, green leaves appear, they are transplanted into separate containers. Peat pots are great. A good drainage system and frequent loosening of the soil are important at this stage.
This facilitates the access of oxygen to the developing root system, which directly affects the development and health of the entire plant. Also - moderately watered. After a couple of months, the grown seedlings are moved to a permanent place of growth. This applies to indoor conditions.
In open ground, planting is carried out only if the soil is sufficiently warmed up to 15 degrees Celsius.
Landing in the ground
Bushes grow large and branched, and therefore require a lot of space. No more than three bushes can be placed on 1 m2. The distance between the bushes should be at least 40 cm, and between the rows - at least half a meter. The place of growth should be chosen correctly. The tomato needs sunlight. The soil should be of low acidity, or, in extreme cases, not above average.
Tomato Care King of Kings
The tomato is not picky about care. It is necessary to water in a timely manner, loosen the ground, weed, garter and prune. It is also appropriate - and mulching - to retain moisture in the soil.
Special attention should be paid to feeding the tomato King of Kings. You need to apply fertilizer in a timely manner, just in time:
- the first fertilization is carried out two weeks after the pick
- during disembarkation at a permanent place of growth - bring in products containing phosphorus
- at the stage of flowering and formation of ovaries, compositions containing nitrogen are required
- when the fruits ripen, fertilizers are required, with potassium in the composition.
Since the tomato grows very tall, you need to artificially limit its growth. Carry out the pinching procedure. The first time, pruning is done when the shrub grows only 6 cm. The shoots are removed at the very bottom.
During the season, it will take only three times to carry out pinching. Pinch the tops periodically. This slows down the growth of the bush. And as a result, nutrients are sent to the formation of tomatoes.
The King of Kings variety is formed into one or two stems. The first brush begins to form over the 9th leaf. The rest - every 3 plates.
The garter of the bush is not carried out immediately, but gradually, in the course of the formation and growth of the bush. It is important to do this at the right time, since otherwise the branches can simply break, even with unripe fruits.
Diseases and pests of tomato culture
The tomato of the King of Kings variety has excellent resistance to diseases inherent in the tomato culture. But, as far as pests are concerned, it is worth being fully armed. The whitefly is especially dangerous. She is capable of destroying an entire plantation in a short time, let alone a greenhouse.
Tomatoes should be carefully monitored and plants should be regularly inspected for pests. The very first sign of damage is the presence of a small size of white dots on the back of the sheets.
Important! If a pest infestation is detected, all shrubs are treated with special means, among them: Actellik, Vercillin, Mospilan.
Tomatoes King of Kings is an excellent tomato for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. He is not capricious.
Caring for tomatoes is simple: watering, fertilizing, weeding, loosening. The only thing - difficulties may arise with pruning - for beginners. This is not a reason to give up growing this tomato.
Tomato King of Kings: reviews of those who planted
Vegetable growers who have already tried growing the variety are happy to share their observations and recommendations on how to grow King of Kings tomatoes. Reviews - below.
Konstantin, 57 years old, Krasnodar:“I have been raising the King for several years in a row, I like him.
I get a high harvest, which significantly covers the cash costs of purchasing seeds. In principle, it is not even comparable. The variety is not picky about care: watering, timely pruning, feeding, a lot of sunlight. That's basically it. The tomatoes are delicious.
King of Kings: photos and reviews of those who grew tomatoes
Tatyana Sergeevna, 62 years old, Moscow region:“The first year the tomato was grown by the King of Kings. Reviews on the Internet are mostly positive. I prefer large-fruited tomatoes and this one made me very happy. There were no difficulties in obtaining seedlings, growing in a permanent place - a greenhouse. The only thing was that I strictly followed the described fertilization scheme. An excellent yield of about 13 kg / m2 was obtained. I think this is not the limit. "
Lyudmila I Alexander Vorontsov, Sverdlovsk region:“We are tomato lovers. In our garden, this is the first crop that we began to grow. We often try new varieties. The year before last, the King of Kings was grown. I was pleasantly surprised by the round, dense, large fruits. The most massive fruit that we have managed to grow has reached a mass of 1 kg. We eat fresh. I like the sweet and sour taste. By the way, ideal for fresh juices. Try it. "
Tomato "King of Kings": description and characteristics from the manufacturer
Medium-late giant cultivar for protected ground. Perfect for gardeners who prefer to grow large-fruited tomato varieties in greenhouses. The plant is indeterminate, powerful, 1.4-1.8 m high, which allows you to fully use the volume of the greenhouse. The fruits are very large, bright red, dense, flat-rounded.
The minimum weight of the fruit is 300 g, the maximum is 1300-1500 grams, and the better the care of the plant, the larger the fruits and the more abundant the harvest. The first brush is laid over 9 sheets, the next after 3 sheets. The yield is up to 5 kg per plant. Sowing for seedlings is carried out 60-70 days before planting the plants in a permanent place.
The optimum constant temperature for seed germination is 23-25 ° C. When planting in the ground per 1 sq. m. 2,8-3,1 plants are placed. The variety responds well to watering and feeding with complex mineral fertilizers. Grown in one or two stems with a garter to the support.
To accelerate the germination process of seeds, improve plant health, improve fruit set, it is recommended to use specially designed plant growth and development stimulants.
Manufacturer: Siberian Garden
Video Tomatoes King of Kings
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The best reviews from our readers
Tatiana: the president raised it - I liked it very much. In addition to onion husks, I did not process it with a herbal solution. The bushes are always rich in harvest. Fed with herbs, nettles, ash, yeast 2 times per season. I liked President-1 more than 2. Sit down you won't regret it. It is very suitable in the Kuban in such heat.
Irina: We have been growing this variety for 10 years, both in the greenhouse and in the ground. In the greenhouse I stretch it up to 2 m. It is recognized by our family and neighbors - there is no tomato tastier than a PRESIDENT. We experiment with other varieties and every time we all say in chorus that the PRESIDENT is the best! Disease resistant, tasty, even fruit. We sow seeds collected from tomatoes from purchased seed material only for the 1st year. Tomatoes from them are no worse than those from purchased seeds. Out of 10 points - score 10+
Evelina: I have been growing the President variety for two years. But I don't have an F-1. The variety is excellent. Early, bright red fruits. Very good taste. I will continue to plant this variety. Practically not susceptible to disease. I sprayed it with iodine and boric acid, HB-101, EM-1 - I alternated these solutions 1 time a week.
Irina: President has heard a lot about tomato. Last year I planted it in a greenhouse. Delicious large tomatoes. My family loved it. The pulp is dense, very high taste. Suitable for canning and fresh consumption. And most importantly, the tomato is resistant to disease. For the entire ripening period, two treatments with copper sulfate. She formed a tomato into two trunks. I liked the variety very much. I have already purchased seeds for planting. Plant will not regret it.
Olga: I have been growing the F1 President tomato for 4 years in the greenhouse (sometimes I plant the surplus in the exhaust gas), I appreciate it for the high reliability of the yield in any weather and resistance to diseases. Early tomato, height 1.7-1.9 m in the greenhouse, 1.5-1.7 in exhaust gas, form in 2 trunks, yield at least 6 kg per bush, weight 150-300 g, completely red (not as on photo), dense, good taste. Since the bush is powerful, reliable support is required. Better to plant at a distance of 60 cm from each other. Not to be confused with tomato President 2 F1 (it was also planted, height 1.5 m, but also powerful and productive).
Pest and disease control
Judging by the reviews, the Gulliver tomato variety is little affected by diseases. To exclude them, the greenhouse is constantly ventilated after watering and the optimum temperature and humidity are maintained. In the garden, plantings are not thickened, and the plot with tomatoes is not placed next to the potatoes. These crops have the same diseases and pests. In the event of a rainy summer, tomatoes are sprayed prophylactically with copper-containing or folk remedies. Good effect from "Fitosporin-M".
Tomatoes are annoyed by aphids, whiteflies, Colorado potato beetles, against which insecticides are used.
The nuances of growing and caring for a crop
The undemandingness of the F1 President hybrid in care does not mean that after planting, you can forget about tomato bushes. Obtaining a bountiful harvest is possible only if favorable conditions are created and the plants are provided with everything necessary.
When growing outdoors for tomatoes, F1 President will have to build a trellis; in a greenhouse, you can simply stretch a thick wire under the ceiling.
The best way to grow is seedling. At the age of 45–55 days, the seedlings can be transferred to the garden bed. To provide future fruits with enough nutrition, heat and sunlight, a maximum of three bushes are placed per 1 m².
Tomato seedlings need to be transferred to the garden on time, overgrown specimens adapt worse to new conditions, undergrown ones are simply too weak
In general, the agricultural technology of the hybrid is standard. But there are also some nuances. Powerful plants require tying immediately after planting seedlings in the ground. The most convenient way to do this is to use trellises, stakes and other props, they can just withstand such a weight for me. As the formation progresses, fix the fruit brushes, they turn out to be quite massive.
Stepsons on plants must be removed throughout the growing season. You also need to get rid of all the growth that forms below the first fork.
The need to form a bush is noted in the State Register. The originator recommends doing this for the F1 President in one or two stems to obtain the highest possible yields. In the second case, it is necessary, in addition to the main stem, to leave the most powerful and most developed stepson above the first fruit cluster. Experienced gardeners advise to ration the harvest, leaving 7-9 fruit clusters on each bush. Otherwise, the plant simply does not have enough nutrients to ensure their ripening. Tomatoes become smaller, the ripening period is extended.
The size of the plant and its yield require higher doses of nutrients. Natural organic matter is applied once, 10–12 days after planting. Further, the F1 President reacts very positively to foliar feeding. You can spray the leaves with nutrient solutions once a month. For this, store-bought fertilizers or self-prepared formulations are used. Of the trace elements, the presence of copper, zinc, boron, manganese is required.
Shop fertilizers are distinguished by a balanced composition, taking into account the specific needs of tomatoes for macro- and microelements