A plant like vallot (Vallota) is directly related to the Amaryllidaceae family. It comes from the humid subtropical regions of South America. This plant is named after the Frenchman Pierre Vallot, who was a botanist.
This bulbous plant is a perennial. On the surface of the small oval-shaped bulb is a layer of dry brownish scales. The dark green leaves at the base are purple in color. They have a xiphoid shape and reach a length of 50 to 60 centimeters. The leafless peduncle bears an umbrella-shaped inflorescence, which consists of 3-9 flowers. Such a plant can be easily distinguished from other representatives of the amaryllis due to some characteristics. Only in this plant are the bases of the leaves of a rich purple hue, and the inner scales of the bulbs at the same time have a light crimson color. The formation of children is very unusual in the Vallotta. So, in other plants, children break through the covers of the bulb at the very base. And in this plant, special legs appear directly in the bulb, pushing the children upward. Often such babies can be seen on the surface of the soil, but nothing threatens them. The fact is that they have special roots that gradually pull the children into the depths of the soil, which allows such plants to capture new territories.
Caring for a wallot at home
Loves light very much. Recommended to be placed on a windowsill. An east-facing window is great.
In the warm season, a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees is required, and in the winter - from 10 to 12 degrees.
In summer, when the temperature rises above 25 degrees, the foliage is systematically moistened from the sprayer. At the same time, do not allow water to enter the surface of the flowers. You also need to systematically wipe the leaves with a damp cotton napkin.
How to water
Water sparingly during intensive growth. This is done after the top layer of the substrate dries out. In winter, the frequency of watering is related to the temperature in the room. So, at this time, the plant is provided with either poor watering, or it is completely stopped being watered. Do not allow the leaves to die off, because this has an extremely negative effect on the condition of the plant.
Top dressing is carried out during the period of active growth once every 2 weeks. For this, fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants.
If the bulb is well developed, then it will bloom twice a year. The flower lasts about 5 days. In this case, 2 or 3 flowers open at the same time.
The soil must be saturated with nutrients. To prepare the soil mixture, combine the sod and deciduous soil with humus (1: 4: 2), while sand is added to the mixture.
The plant reacts negatively to damage to the bulbs and root system, since this can cause it to rot. In this regard, the transplant is rarely carried out, about once every 2 or 3 years in the spring and only with a strong proliferation of bulbs. During transplantation, the babies are separated from the bulb, since they deplete the mother plant. It is recommended not to deepen the neck of the bulb during planting, so you can quickly separate the children.
You can propagate by seeds and children.
During transplantation, the separated children are seated in separate containers, the diameter of which does not exceed 9 centimeters. They should be buried in the soil only 2/3. Watering should be sparse at first. Flowering is observed already in the second year of life.
Sowing seeds in moist soil is carried out in October or November. The container is covered with glass or foil. The greenhouse must be ventilated every day and at the same time the substrate must be moistened from the sprayer. Maintain the air temperature from 16 to 18 degrees. Seedlings will appear after 3-4 weeks. If there is such a need, then they can be transplanted. The 1st pick is carried out after 6 months. Young bulbs are planted in the soil so that their necks are not visible. Water in moderation. In spring, in the 2nd year, the plants are planted in individual pots, while their neck should rise slightly above the surface of the substrate. Flowering is observed 3 years after sowing.
Pests and diseases
The greatest danger is root rot (fusarium), especially for young bulbs. Plant growth slows down, leaves die off, outer scales begin to rot. Often, the plant becomes infected with this disease from the soil. Therefore, before planting a vallot, the soil must be calcined.
Gray rot is formed if the plant is watered abundantly during the dormant period.
Spider mites, aphids and scale insects can settle.
This genus unites 3 species, but according to the latest data Vallota speciosa and Vallota purpurea are transferred to the genus Cyrtanthus, and Vallota miniata to the genus Clivia.
This plant is also called sublime cyrtanthus (Cyrtanthus elatus), purple amaryllis (Amaryllis purpurea Aiton), beautiful crinum (Crinum speciosum). On the surface of the oval-elongated bulb is a layer of brownish scales. The dark green, leathery leaves reach 40 centimeters in length and have a xiphoid shape. The length of the leafless hollow inside the peduncle is about 30 centimeters, and it grows from the center of the bulb. The umbrella-shaped inflorescence bears 3–6 flowers. The corolla consists of 6 petals; the flower can be up to 8 centimeters long and 8 to 10 centimeters in diameter. They can be painted in various shades from dark red to orange. But the “Alba” variety has white flowers.
This bulbous plant is a perennial. Its leathery, short, narrow leaves reach 25-30 centimeters long. They are painted bright green. Inflorescences bear 2-8 small flowers, which reach 5 to 6 centimeters in diameter. Bell-shaped flowers are red in color and slightly pointed petals.
Location and lighting. This plant needs a lot of light. Therefore, in addition to the usual eastern and western windows for indoor plants, you can safely put it on the south side. Some direct sunlight will not harm her, but on the contrary. But in the heat of summer, at noon, protection from the sun is still needed. But it will be even better if you take her out into the fresh air for the summer, where she will feel most comfortable.
Temperature. During active growth, the vallotta prefers warmth (optimally + 20-25 degrees). But it should be borne in mind that when the optimum temperature is exceeded, it is advisable to rearrange it in a cooler place. Drafts and sudden changes in temperature are highly undesirable! Wintering should be cold. This is essential for the normal development of the plant. The optimum temperature during this period should be within + 10-12 degrees. Decrease to +5 is allowed, but not less. After flowering, the vallotta begins a dormant period. It lasts for two months.
Watering, air humidity, feeding. This plant does not need abundant watering. On the contrary, watering should be moderate. During the growing season, water only every other day or even two after the ground dries up. Don't forget to drain the water from the sump! At the beginning of autumn, when the flowering period is over, watering should be gradually reduced. During this period, one must be very careful. You can't let the Vallote drop the leaves. They should be slightly lethargic. It is impossible to allow the soil to completely dry out for a long period. You can often find recommendations for a dry period for the wallot (February-April). But I would advise a novice florist to refrain from such experiments. Perhaps a little later, when you gain experience in communicating with this plant, study its "habits" and features, then you can try.
This flower does not have special requirements for air humidity, but if it is hot outside, and it is in your room, then be sure to spray it regularly. Do this carefully, do not allow moisture to get on the flowers. It will be great if you regularly wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. This is both the moisture and hygiene of the plant.
No special fertilizers are needed. Ordinary liquid fertilizers for flowering houseplants will work. Here, feed them twice a month.
Transfer. Try to refrain from frequent transplants as much as possible. The vallot does not like them, and with great difficulty. But this is only one reason ... One can often hear complaints that the vallotta does not bloom. And in 90% of cases, the reason is the size of the pot. Pitying the "poor little flower" huddled in a small pot, compassionate flower growers transplant it into a large, spacious pot. As a result, there is no flowering and a huge number of children. In order for the vallotta to bloom, she needs a cramped pot. But be that as it may, but a transplant is needed. Depleted land must be replaced every three years. It is necessary to transplant very, very carefully. If you accidentally damage the root during transplantation, then in the future it can very easily rot and destroy the entire plant. The very same transplant technology is not much different from planting - bulbous transplant. The main feature of such plantings is incomplete burial of the bulb into the substrate. At its maximum, it deepens to its widest part. This is about one third of the height. There are a lot of earth compositions for this plant. There are traditional, proven by many generations of flower growers, there are copyright, experimental. But for beginners, I would advise either to buy ready-made land in the store, or to use proven recipes. I will cite only one of these, it is thoroughly tested and consists of quite affordable ingredients.
- Sod land - three parts
- Leafy ground - two parts
- Peat - two parts
- Thoroughly rotted mullein - one part
- Sand is one piece
Good drainage is a must!
Be sure to separate the children during the transplant. You can use it for reproduction.
Reproduction. Reproduction by children is the most common and simplest way of reproduction. In any case, they appear on the mother plant, and I have not yet met a grower who would throw them away in cold blood after transplanting. True, for planting, you need to choose those children who already have their own roots. Moreover, it is the best way to get flowers in the shortest possible time. After two years, a young vallot can bloom. Children are planted in small (9-10 cm) pots. The technology and composition of the soil is the same as for an adult plant.
You can, of course, propagate by seeds, but I usually, unless it is due to expediency, do not recommend this method of plant propagation to novice growers. Unless as an experiment ... It's troublesome. And flowering will come later. There is an even more complicated way - by dividing the bulb. But without enough experience, it's better not to try!
Diseases and pests. As I have already noted more than once, with good and proper care, any plant is not afraid of any diseases and pests. For the vallotta, a particular danger from diseases is fusarium and gray rot. Of the pests that can attack the plant, it is necessary to isolate the spider mite and the scabbard.
Attention. The plant is poisonous! Be careful when handling it. And of course, keep away from children and animals.
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Feijoa location, planting, care, pests, reproduction
Feijoa (Acca, Feijoa) - myrtle family. There are 6 known species that grow in the tropics of South America.
Feijoa sellowiana... Homeland - Uruguay, Paraguay, Northern Argentina, Brazil.
Evergreen shrubs or small trees 4-6 m tall. Leaves are dense, almost leathery, round or elliptical, up to 6 cm long and up to 4 cm wide, green above, silvery-white below, pubescent. Flowers 3-4 cm in diameter, bisexual, collected in several pieces in small inflorescences. Petals are white outside, light crimson inside. Stamens are numerous, light carmine. The fruit is a berry, ovoid, pear-shaped or round in shape. Length 4-6 cm, diameter 3-5 cm. Outside, the fruit is covered with a gray waxy bloom. The fruit is edible. In taste and aroma, it resembles both pineapple and strawberry. Feijoa begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year.
Self-pollinating and cross-pollinating varieties are known in culture. The former are more suitable for growing indoors.
Location... The plant is photophilous, but protection from direct sunlight is required. In summer, it is recommended to take it out into the open air. In winter, place in a cool, bright room with a temperature of 8-12 ° C.
Landing... The first 2-3 years, the plant is transplanted annually. Adult plants in tubs, flowering and fruiting annually, are transplanted once every 5 years. When transplanting, be sure to preserve the soil lump and in no case deepen the root collar of the plant.
The soil mixture consists of leafy, turfy land and sand, which are taken in equal shares.
Care... In summer, feijoa should be watered abundantly and sprayed with water. In winter, watering is reduced.
The first time the seedling is cut by 1/3, when it reaches a height of 25-30 cm. Lateral shoots are also pruned, preventing their excessive elongation.
They are fed with a mixture of ammonium sulfate (3 g), potassium chloride (3 g) and superphosphate (5 g), which are dissolved in 1 liter of water. Before use, the solution is diluted 10 times. You can combine mineral fertilizing with watering with slurry, which is also diluted with water 10 times. Nitrogen and potash fertilizers are applied in spring and early summer.
Pests and diseases... The plant is affected by scale insects and scale insects. Improper care leads to gray mold infection.
Reproduction... Perhaps by seeds, cuttings and layering. When propagated by seeds, strong splitting occurs, and young plants practically do not retain varietal characteristics. Seeds are sown in January-March in flat boxes filled with a mixture of turf and sand (1: 1). Before sowing, the substrate should be well watered and compacted. At a temperature of 18-20 ° C, seedlings appear in 25-30 days. The soil surface should be sprayed daily.
Cuttings practically do not take root without special treatment with a physiologically active substance - heteroauxin. They are cut 8-10 cm long in November-December from the upper or middle part of the crown of the plant.
Beneficial features... The sour-sweet feijoa tastes like pineapple. They contain 5-14% sugars, 1.5-3.5% acids, about 50 mg% vitamin C. They contain vitamins P, B, E and up to 0.6% water-soluble iodine compounds. Eating them in food prevents thyroid disorders.
The fruits are consumed fresh, they make jam, compotes, jellies, liqueurs and liqueurs are made from them. For medicinal purposes, they are used for prophylaxis and in the early stages of thyroid diseases. They also have a beneficial effect on the human body in atherosclerosis and are useful for its prevention.
It is recommended to eat 250-300 g of fresh fruits daily for 2-3 weeks for 2-3 weeks. In winter, they drink an infusion of dry fruits (2-4 tablespoons of fruits are poured with two glasses of boiling water, insisted in a thermos for a day). The next day, take half a glass 30 minutes before meals.
Note. To obtain fruits in room culture, artificial pollination is necessary.