Siberian apple tree

Siberian apple tree

Siberian apple tree will decorate your garden

The very first apple tree, which began to be used for decorative purposes, was the Siberian apple tree, synonyms - berry, Siberian crab (Malus baccata L.) Borkh).

The birthplace of this culture is Transbaikalia, the valley of the Angar River, Buryatia. The trunk of this apple tree is low, winding, the crown is rounded. The bark is rough, ash-gray, red-brown on the shoots.

Flowering is usually very abundant. Its flowers are 2-3 cm in diameter, white, pinkish outside; collected in umbrellas of 4-8 pcs.

Fruits (apples) are very numerous, spherical, up to 1 cm in diameter, weighing up to 10 g, red or yellowish-red in color. They taste sweet and sour, tart. Fresh they are not very edible, but they are quite suitable for making jams, marmalades, juices.

These apples wonderfully adorn tree crowns from mid-summer to late autumn. The species is very unpretentious, withstands frosts below -55 ° C. Drought-resistant, not picky about soil conditions. Although it still prefers rich, fairly moist and well-drained soil. It easily takes root during transplantation. Propagated by seeds and root shoots.

Vladimir Starostin, dendrologist, candidate of agricultural sciences

Read also:
• Apple tree for garden decoration, decorative varieties
• Apple tree: origin and groups of varieties

Description of culture

The tree is found in the northern part of the hemisphere, it is most adapted to a temperate climate, it develops well in the subtropics. Due to its bright, exuberant inflorescence and unusual color of the foliage, the apple tree belongs to the group of decorating trees and shrubs.

Inflorescences are pale white, bright red or deep pink color, flowering abundantly spreads along the length of the branch, in an umbrella-like form, and since the tree size is about 10 meters (which is much smaller than that of a domestic apple tree), an artificial effect is created, which attracts attention of everyone around.

The average flower diameter is 4 centimeters. The foliage of the decorative culture also has features. Size - 8-10 centimeters, oblong-ovoid. Most often, at the initial development of the bud (first half of May), there are no leaves on the tree yet.

Among the decorative varieties, there are undersized, dwarf and half-dwarf crops. Many types of such plantings have been developed, which are distributed according to the crown type.

Variety of decorative apple crowns:

  • spreading (branches are randomly located in all directions)
  • weeping (branches are directed downward, creates the impression of a mushroom cap)
  • compressed (have a small number of branches held near the base of the trunk)
  • columnar (have many skeletal branches, gradually diverging from below to the sides).

Fertility is inherent, but it is not recommended to use the crop, since the taste characteristics do not at all correspond to ordinary fruits.

    Red-leaved decorative apple tree of Nedzwiecki

    The red-leaved ornamental apple tree of Nedzwiecki is a hybrid between the apple trees of Nedzwiecki and the blood-red one. These are mainly small trees - about 4-5 m in height with burgundy young leaves and shoots. In some varieties, the leaves turn completely green over time, while others have a deep purple or reddish hue throughout the summer.

    Look at the photo of Nedzwiecki's decorative apple trees - these trees are good not only for their leaves, but also for their very beautiful flowering:

    Flowers, depending on the variety, from pale pink to maroon, double or simple, can completely cover the entire tree. In favorable weather, flowering can last up to two weeks. Then the flowers are replaced by purple-red, decorative small apples. In some varieties, they are edible and very tasty.

    Siberian apple-tree winter-hardy

    Siberian apple-tree winter-hardy

    In this category - only varieties for the northern regions of our country. These are not thermophilic southerners, sneezing when sick, but strong Siberians!

    Of course, there are no unkillable varieties in nature and cannot be, because there are very extreme years (autumn and winter), which in one way or another have a negative effect on plants. But nevertheless, the varieties presented here are very winter-hardy.

    The varieties I personally tested and tested. Winter hardy, tasty, fruitful.

    There are varietal apple trees, and there are delicious varieties that are not in the state register, but this is a worthy result of folk selection in a harsh, but at the same time most picturesque region - Altai Territory.

    If you want to plant such an apple tree in your garden - you have come to the right place!

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    Trees are undersized, branches grow at right angles to the trunk. Fruits are medium in size, round in shape, with large, well-visible ribs. The color of the fruits is greenish-yellow; as they ripen, red stripes appear on their surface, merging into a solid blush. The pulp is greenish in color, dense, fine-grained, juicy, with a sour-sweet aftertaste. The variety is winter-hardy, fast-growing, high-yielding. However, in a rainy summer, the leaves are affected by scab.

    Apple variety Zhigulevskoe begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year of planting. The tree is considered the most resistant among autumn species to negative factors. It successfully resists many diseases and pests, does not cease to give equally abundant yields of large fruits as it ages. But he is afraid of severe frosts, so the apple tree is carefully covered for the winter.

    Zhiguli apples ripen at the end of September:

    • size - very large
    • weight - up to 350 g
    • shape - rounded, slightly flattened along the axis
    • skin color - red-golden
    • the apple tastes juicy, sweet and sour, with delicate coarse-grained pulp.

    Apple-tree Streyfling or Autumn striped also does not tolerate frost, therefore it needs winter “clothes”. The reason is the shallow bedding of the root system. Apples ripen in September:

    • size - large
    • weight - about 150-200 g
    • shape - rounded, slightly elongated
    • color - green with bright vertical stripes around the entire circumference
    • taste - sour-sweet, full-bodied.

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