Propagating Freesias: Methods For Starting Or Dividing Freesia Plants
By: Liz Baessler
Freesias are beautiful, fragrant flowering plants that have a well deserved place in plenty of gardens. But what could be better than one freesia plant? Lots of freesia plants, of course! Keep reading to learn more about how to propagate a freesia.
Freesia Propagation Methods
There are two main methods of propagating freesias: by seed and by corm division. Both have high success rates, so it’s really up to you and how you want to go about things. Freesias grown from seed usually take 8 to 12 months to bloom, while plants grown from divided corms will take a few years.
Propagating Freesias from Seed
Freesias are hardy in USDA zones 9 and 10. If you live in one of these zones, you can sow your seeds directly in the soil in the spring. If you want to start them indoors first, plant them in the fall and plant out seedlings in the spring. If you live in a cooler climate, you’ll want to plant your freesias in containers that can be brought indoors in the winter.
Container grown freesias can be planted at any time of the year. Soak your freesia seeds in water for 24 hours before planting. Plant them ½ inch (1 cm.) deep in light, moist soil. The seeds may take several months to germinate.
Dividing Freesia Plants
The other main method of freesia propagation is corm division. Freesias grow from corms, which are similar to bulbs. If you dig up a freesia corm, it should have smaller corms attached to the bottom of it. These are called cormels, and each can be grown into its own new freesia plant.
Plant the cormels ½ inch (1 cm.) deep in moist potting soil. They should produce foliage in the first year, but it will probably be 3 to 4 years before they flower.
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How to Grow and Care for Freesia Flowers
When many people think about freesias (Freesia spp.), wedding flowers and other floral arrangements probably come to mind. However, you also can grow this African native at home (under the right conditions) to enjoy its wonderful perfume. Available in a rainbow of colors, including pink, red, purple, and yellow, you can create a vivid bouquet using nothing but freesia flowers. Some consider the red and pink flowers to have the headiest fragrance. Healthy plants should produce five to seven tubular flowers per stem, all pointing in one direction like fingers. Freesia foliage is narrow and grass-like.
|Botanical Name||Freesia spp.|
|Plant Type||Perennial bulb|
|Mature Size||1 to 2 feet tall|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun to part sun|
|Soil Type||Rich, moist, well-draining|
|Bloom Time||Spring, summer|
|Flower Color||Pink, red, white, yellow, orange, blue, purple|
|Hardiness Zones||9 to 10|
Freesia Species, Painted Petals, Woodland Painted Petals
|Family:||Iridaceae (eye-rid-AY-see-ee) (Info)|
|Genus:||Freesia (FREE-see-uh) (Info)|
|Species:||laxa (LAKS-uh) (Info)|
Drought-tolerant suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs Water regularly do not overwater
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
Where to Grow:
Suitable for growing in containers
Soil pH requirements:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed sow indoors before last frost
Allow seedheads to dry on plants remove and collect seeds
This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:
Jacksonville, Florida(2 reports)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana(2 reports)
Blythewood, South Carolina
San Antonio, Texas(2 reports)
Mountlake Terrace, Washington
On May 5, 2018, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:
Beautiful and showy. Has been a great multiplier for me. Virtually no care. Last season I scattered seeds around, have not noticed seedlings.
On May 2, 2017, DHannibal from Fremont, CA wrote:
This plant has become a pest in my garden. It goes to seed, and the seeds sprout everywhere. The corms can be found up to 5 inches under ground, and the only way to get rid of them is to dig them up. It is almost as bad as yellow Oxalis.
On Feb 13, 2017, amscram from Baton Rouge, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:
I have to agree with the other poster from Louisiana. this is a pretty plant when in bloom, very cheerful in the early spring, and a rather unusual coral-pink that you don't see often. But it will reseed itself with abandon, so be prepared. The foliage does tend to look a bit ratty when it is dying down at the end of spring, too.
On Aug 22, 2016, Gailene from Petaluma, CA wrote:
I lived for many years in the little town of Sausalito, just north of San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge. I would walk through the hills of the town daily and would pass by these most darling little wild flowers on my walk. They were outside of a fenced in yard, lining much of the path. I couldn't resist and one day took a spoon and dug up two or three of the little plant bulbs. I noticed they multiplied every year there, so I knew they would replenish themselves. 13 years later, they have propagated in several places of all over my property in Northern California and are absolutely captivating in the bloom! I have tried for years and could not find the name of the little flower! Now I know my little melon colored beauties are called False Freesia, or Freesia laxa. So many people ask a. read more bout them, they're easily propagated as when the flower dries back, little seedpods appear all along the stem. They will propagate themselves for years.
On Mar 31, 2016, marasri from Dripping Springs, TX wrote:
I grow it in an unirrigated spot and it has not spread . I wish it would spread more avidly. IT has stayed alive through thick and thin for 5 years on arid alkaline soil under a cedar tree in central texas. It is tough. Maybe it would spread if I watered it. HMMM. It is a delight in spring and brings a touch of color right when the yellow columbine are blooming. Maybe I should move them closer together. HMMMM.
On Mar 30, 2015, abken from New Orleans, LA wrote:
I was unsure whether to check positive or negative on this pretty little bulb. Positive, because it blooms so dependably and adds lovely color to my spring garden negative, because it is all too tenaciously invasive, happily propagating itself by increasing cormels and by seed which seem to pop up everywhere and germinate with no trouble. I don't want it to take over the garden. Pot culture is an option, but unreliable as a method to tame it. So, to those who struggle to keep it going, be happy. Others, consider yourselves warned.
On Mar 18, 2013, Kelli from L.A. (Canoga Park), CA (Zone 10a) wrote:
Easy to grow, naturalizes in my climate. Is one of the first things to bloom in late winter.
On Mar 19, 2012, JaxFlaGardener from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:
This plant will spread to cover a fairly large area within a few years. The tiny rhizomes (Iris Family) would be great to plant under sod when installing a new lawn (or rebuilding an old lawn). They will flower for about a month in early spring and will disappear with browning leaves before the grass needs to be mowed.
On Aug 2, 2011, Ficurinia from Portland, OR wrote:
Mine were grown from seed this year and they are blooming right now. I am still shocked. This bulb—if grown from seed—will bloom in its first year. Hurray!
On Sep 18, 2010, natureguyfrog from San Diego, CA wrote:
I could comment under each entry for this little treasure of a plant. [See my comments under Anomatheca laxa Joan Evans.] The more pasty reddish form mentioned here is less common in my garden but I have mostly a salmon-pink red. There are also white and pale pink so far are much less common and a blue which is really wonderful! All re-seed quite readily. They are a zero maintenance plant. well at least as close as one can get!
All-in-all this is a remarkably amiable plant in San Diego gardens. It is never a nuisance yet pops up in some of the most surprising places! The flower color may be variable but the flower size is the same. however the larger the plant the more flowers and branches on each flower scape. Blooming plants range from a few inches to nearly 2 ft. It . read more is extremely adaptable to many garden conditions. I cannot see my garden as ever being without it.
On Sep 10, 2007, Lenny59 from Medford, OR (Zone 8a) wrote:
I love this plant! I was given a corm by my mother 3 yrs ago, and this year I had 2 babies, about 6-8" away from the 'mother' plant. They all bloomed, and bore seed. The original corm was from the coastal area of Oregon. My location is inland So. Oregon.
It's small, and is quite lovely in my 'shady woodland area' on the south side of the house, next to my Trillium.
We don't get ground freezing here very often, and whenever it gets close to that temp., I put down some leaves, straw, or whatever I have handy, in the 'shady areas'.
On Oct 15, 2006, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:
All of the Freesia laxa species and hybrids are unique and beautiful rarely grown spring blooming bulbs native to Africa but are easily naturalized in southern gardens. Freesia laxa species has been in cultivation for 200 years, but is rarely seen in commerce today although is an extremely reliable tiny naturalized bulb in southern gardens. It blooms in February through March on 12” stalks going completely dormant by early summer in southeast Texas. It seems to not be bothered by moisture during its dormancy and provides a welcome respite from winter blandness. This underused little beauty is a rapid reproducer and is undergoing a resurgence in popularity due to its easygoing cultural requirements and myriad of hybridizing possibilities.
On Jul 28, 2006, dpmichael from Rethymno, Crete,
Greece (Zone 10b) wrote:
a very easy to grow-from-seed plant, which yields from the first year several big and healthy seeds for further use - it has a very unusual pink-red colour, and thrives in zone 10B if some shade is provided. As the summer settles in, the leaves quickly dry up and it does not look good anymore, but for some color in springtime it is superb. Keep in mind that it is a very low plant (15cm, 6").
On Mar 15, 2005, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:
After planting these last year in partial or filtered shade, I am happy to report that they are up and blooming right now. They self-seeded and appear to have produced new bulbs around the mother bulbs as well. The bloom stalks have 6 to 10 blooms per stalk and althougt the blooms are small, they really standout due to the color. I am delighted with this plant whose leaves are somehat grassy looking. I plan to buy more if I can find them and plant them in several more locations. It is difficult to find spring bulbs that return and bloom as well as naturalize without chilling in my area of Texas. After blooming and the seeds have matured (which they have done here already), the foliage disappears.
In my Zone, they come back up in very early spring (I think they appeared in l. read more ate February and started blooming in the middle of March). From what I have found while researching whether they are frost tender, hard frosts can damage the foliage at this time, but more leaves come up when the weather warms. They are supposed to be hardy as long as the soil does not freeze. We have not had a hard freeze when they are up since I have had them so I am not speaking from personal experience.
Added note: They have produced seeds which are very easy to collect. For the size of the plant, they are fairly large. They should be sown in the spot you want them to grow and very lighty covered with soil. The ones that self-seeded bloomed this first year.
How To Propagate A Freesia - A Guide To Freesia Propagation In The Garden - garden
Even More How to Grow:
How to Grow Freesia Flowering Plants
If you've ever grown Freesia, it may well be one of your favorite flowers. Floral shops love 'em , too. Easy to grow, Freesia is an attractive flower, with a strong, pleasantly sweet, citrus-like scent. They look great in flower gardens, or in pots indoors or on your deck. As cut flowers the blooms are long lasting.
Freesia colors include: blue, orange, red, violet, white and yellow. There are a few bi-colored striped flowers, too. The pretty, fragrant flowers grow on stalks surrounded by spiky, sword-like, green foliage.
Freesia are native to South Africa. They look their best when grown together in clumps or masses.
Freesia Plant Propagation:
Freesia plants are grown from bulbs. Over the course of a few years, they will multiply rapidly, forming dense clumps, or masses. The plants can get overcrowded . It is best to dig up the bulbs, and separate them every 2-3 years.
Freesia can also be grown from seeds. This is done primarily by horticulturalists. It takes longer to produce flowering plants.
How to Grow Freesia Plants:
Freesia plants are easy to grow. In the fall, acquire good, healthy bulbs from a quality, reliable source. You can also plant them in early spring. Plant Freesia bulbs about two inches deep, and three inches apart. Do not plant them closer, as they will fill in over a couple years.
Tip: Freesia are attractive in pots and containers. If you are growing Freesia in pots or containers, plant bulbs close together, so the arrangement looks full.
Freesia plants like rich, well draining soil. It is most important that the soil is not wet or soggy for extended periods of time.
Water plants only if the soil is dry a few inches below the surface. Add a layer of mulch, to keep the weeds down, and your Freesia will grow almost maintenance free.
Add a general purpose fertilizer after the flowers have died.
After the plants are done flowering, allow them to continue to grow until they die back naturally for the season. Then, you can cut the dead plants off at ground level.
You should experience few problems with your Freesia plants.
Importantly, bulbs can rot in soggy, wet soils, if planted in low areas, with poor drainage.
Flower Gallery Pictures of your favorite flowers..
Pest problems with Freesia
- Well, for freesia you do not need to worry too much, but there are still some common problems that it usually bothers.
- Small-sided aphids, sap-sucking insects, due to which the leaves and flowers become twist and become sufficiently yellow in color. And if you do not have constant spraying or proper care, then problems can arise. Keeping the ants can be beneficial for you at this time. Slugs and snails can also be a problem for this, if you suspect them take off the flashlight at night and remove from hand as soon as possible or, regularly spray diatomaceous earth.
- Bacterial soft rot which spreads due to bacterial infection starts in the form of small water spots on leaves or stems or blooms and later spreads much if the plant becomes more infected then destroys it.
- Fusarium wilt is another problem, due to which the entire plant is destroyed. This fungus is inactivated in the pathogenic soil, which infects the plant. Improve drainage and make changes in the soil.
- Yellow to green water-soaked spots are signs of Iris leaf spot . After blossoming the plants become more infectious. the better draining site is a good improvement for this.
Read also: Anthurium plant Growing indoors. Princes flowers growing in containers. Garlic vine growing in containers. 11 Best winter flowers for your garden. Celery growing in containers. Growing Black peppers in containers. Know how to grow Pansy flowers . Jade Plant growing indoors. Onions growing in containers. Ranunculus flowers growing guide. Best flowers for Bees and Butterfly . Cantaloupe’s growing and caring tips.
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