Physalis Marmalade: features of the variety
The vegetable physalis, which is of Mexican origin, is not yet very common in our beds and can be perceived as an exotic plant. Having received more information about this culture and choosing the right varieties, you can prescribe another useful and rather unpretentious plant on your site.
Description of the variety, its characteristics, region of cultivation, application
Variety Marmeladny - included in the State Register for the Russian Federation in 2009, recommended for growing in open ground and under film shelters through seedlings in all regions of the Russian Federation. Can be eaten fresh, used for canning, pickling and making caviar, preserves, jams.
The plant is cold-resistant, can even spread by self-sowing, fruitful, fruits are well stored.
Table: characteristic of the variety (according to the State Register)
Physalis Marmalade is registered in the State Register
Among the seeds of the Sedek company, you can find another version of Physalis Marmalade - with purple fruits. The State Register does not provide information on this option. The description on the package is as follows:
Table: variety Marmalade (purple)
The fruits can be used for pickling and salting, you can cook jam, jam, jams from it, cook candied fruits, various desserts and a variety of vegetable salads.
Physalis has a taste and aroma of plum
Gallery: sweet and savory preparations from physalis
Even dry wine can be obtained from the vegetable varieties of physalis.
Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties
The Mexican varieties of physalis have a lot of gelling agents. They have rather large, medium-sized tomato-like fruits.
One of the main advantages of the variety is its versatility - it is referred to as berry and vegetable varieties. This means that the fruits can be used both as vegetable varieties (for making sauces, marinades, caviar, etc.), and as berry varieties (jams, preserves, marmalade, etc.). The taste of the fruit improves during processing.
Growing physalis is a lot like growing tomatoes. In central Russia, it is recommended to grow it in seedlings.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
It is better to grow physalis Marmalade through seedlings that have reached the age of 40–45 days. Seeds are sown around the end of March. Previously, they are kept in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, dried and then sown in a small container filled with loose soil for seedlings of tomatoes or peppers.
- The earth in the container is lightly tamped and the seeds are carefully laid out with tweezers;
- Then the seeds are sprinkled with earth with a layer of no more than 1 cm and carefully moistened;
- The container is placed in a plastic bag, and then in a warm place with a temperature of +17, +20about FROM;
- Seedlings will appear no later than a week after sowing.
You need to care for seedlings in the same way as for tomato seedlings. Because she needs a lot of light, a container with seedlings is placed on the windowsill. It is good if there is a possibility of using phytolamps for supplementary lighting.
Seedlings dive after the appearance of three true leaves.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Physalis seedlings can be planted when the seventh true leaf is formed
Seedlings can be planted only after the threat of frost has disappeared. Most often this happens in late May - early June. Seedlings are planted according to the 60 × 70 scheme, because thickening leads to a decrease in yield. There should be no more than 5 bushes on one square meter.
The best predecessors for physalis will be cucumbers or cabbage, the most unsuccessful - any nightshade crops.
The planting site on the site should be sunny, physalis does not like low places and excessive humidity. Any soil is suitable for physalis, if it does not have high acidity. Although if it is fertile, the yield and quality of the fruit will increase. Before planting seedlings, nitroammophos can be added to the soil: 50g / m2.
Video: growing physalis
Physalis is quite unpretentious, therefore, special efforts to care for it are not required:
- One of the main conditions for good growth is a sufficient amount of heat and light;
- Watering the plantings is necessary only at the very beginning of growth, when the root system is actively forming. In the future, Physalis does well without frequent watering. They are needed only during hot dry periods.
- But physalis is especially responsive to loosening. They need to be carried out at least three to four times per season.
- Tall plants, especially during the fruiting period, require a garter.
- The plants are fed two weeks after planting. It can be infusion of mullein in a ratio of 1: 8. Two weeks later - feeding with full mineral fertilizer - 1 table. spoon on a bucket of water.
Physalis is very responsive to loosening
Although physalis, like tomatoes, belongs to the nightshade family, it does not require pinching... This is due to the fact that the fruits of physalis are formed in the axils of the branches, which means that the more branches a plant has, the more fruits it will give.
Physalis does not need pinching: the more branches, the more fruits
Having grown the seedlings, at the end of May I picked up a sunny corner on the site, transferred the 40-day seedlings into the holes, watered them and almost forgot about them. After all, they especially did not require attention to themselves. I weeded twice and once fed my new pets with mullein solution. By August, the physalis bushes were loaded with fruits. Some twigs had to be pinched, and so that they would not break from the weight, they had to be tied up. Collected as it ripened in dry weather, stored well. Fresh, my family does not really accept physalis, but in the form of pickles and caviar - for a sweet soul. Many such bushes do not need to be planted at all. Physalis bears fruit very well. And now I can share the collected seeds with my friends.
Video: collecting and storing physalis
Video: vegetable physalis jam
Physalis Marmalade ideal for pickling
By planting physalis, we thus also insure ourselves against crop failure of tomatoes in an unsuccessful summer, because physalis is more tolerant of weather adversity. And if physalis of the Marmalade variety appears on your site this summer, then in the winter you can please yourself and your family with a jar of fragrant jam, preserves or marinade.
My name is Natalya. I am a teacher of the Russian language and literature by profession.
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