Strawberry - Fragaria vesca
The strawberry is the sweet and small red fruit that develops spontaneously in the hilly and alpine undergrowth of our country. Over time, its cultivation has spread throughout most of Italy, both in the context of a protected cultivation and as an open field cultivation, in numerous varieties. The strawberry belongs to the Rosaceae family and is classified with the name of fragaria vesca. Its preferred conditions are found in those places characterized by a cool and well ventilated temperature, which however do not have stagnation of hot air or excessive humidity. Its resistance is very high against cold temperatures, although more or less serious damage to the plant can occur in the case of late frosts or cold returns when the plant is in the vegetative recovery phase or in the middle of the phase of growth. flowering. A strawberry that can develop at its best will therefore occur in mountain or hilly areas with good exposure, taking into account that specimens of late strawberries grow with an optimal development even at 1500 meters above sea level. There will be no favorable conditions for its cultivation, however, in places at the bottom of the valley, with a significant presence of humidity.
The favored soil for the growth of the strawberry is a fairly fertile, loose soil with a good supply of organic matter. On the other hand, it does not tolerate excessively calcareous ones or those with a significant presence of water stagnation, since these would very easily cause unpleasant rot at the roots.
The new strawberry plant should be planted at the end of the summer season, preferably in August, so as to allow optimal rooting for the autumn season, before the arrival of a cold climate typical of winter. In this way, a vegetative restart will follow in optimal conditions at the end of winter and therefore an important premise for an abundant harvest and a rich flowering.
The strawberries are planted in rows, on a land enriched with mature manure in an amount of about 50 quintals per 1000 square meters of field, with a further and important integration of potassium and phosphorus that the strawberry needs to grow in health and for taste good. Therefore, especially in those potassium-poor soils with appropriate additions (an effective method will be to add wood ash, in quantities of about 50 kg every 1000 square meters of field). The plants must then be spaced about 25 centimeters from each other, while, between the different rows, a distance of about 75 centimeters must be maintained. It is also definitely advisable to cover the ground along the rows, in order to avoid the presence of weeds, which cause suffocation effects and facilitate a possible attack of harmful fungi.
The need for irrigation of the plant is very high, and it is of decisive importance to set up a valid irrigation system since the plants in the growth phase should not undergo stress related to the absence of water, especially in the flowering and flowering phases. of maturation. Therefore, water both with a lateral infiltration method or with an appropriate perforated hose that goes to water the plants every other day and guarantees them the necessary freshness. It is also possible in this way to enrich the irrigation water with a natural liquid fertilizer, such as seaweed, which will have the effect of increasing the defenses of the strawberry. Instead, it is not recommended to sprinkle irrigation during all stages of growth, because it could facilitate unpleasant attacks of fungi.
Among the most common enemies for the strawberry, which when cultivated is more prone to dangers than the spontaneous strawberry, we find some fungal diseases. Botrytis cinerea, or gray mold, is one of the most common which can be prevented with a good addition of nitrogen or by placing the crop in adequately ventilated spaces. Another recommended intervention will be to spray the leaves with a special product consisting of herb or algae macerate. Aphids or mites are equally insidious presences for the plant, against which it is possible to intervene with good results using products based on natural pyrethrum.
The plants grown in the open field can be harvested between late May and August, the month in which the latest mountain strawberries are harvested. In forced cultivation, in tunnels or in greenhouses, the harvest takes place shortly before.
Strawberry: Properties of the strawberry
There are several beneficial properties of the strawberry. These small fruits in fact boast a high content of vitamins, especially vitamin C, as well as vitamins K, E and B and, moreover, mineral salts in good quantity. They have a high content of ellagic acid and interesting purifying, moisturizing and antioxidant properties, as well as facilitate relaxation and good mood by contributing to the production in our body of melanin and serotonin. The fruit is also characterized by being a good source of fiber and also having a minimum rate of calories.
Reblooming Strawberry "Annabelle" (Fragaria vesca)
The Annabelle Re-flowering Strawberry plant (Fragaria vesca) is a variety bifera or remontant very productive, a small perennial shrub, about 15/20 cm tall, native to Europe, Asia and North America. It forms small tufts of basal leaves, supported by single thin stems, consisting of three small oval leaves, of a bright green color. In spring and late summer it produces small flowers, consisting of 5 rounded petals, of white or pinkish-white color, in late spring (April - May) and in the autumn months (September - October), it produces numerous small false red fruits, dotted from seeds, of medium / small size, with tasty pulp and wild strawberry flavor. It prefers cool, shaded or semi-shaded places, it does not fear the cold even with particularly harsh winters, the aerial part of the plant can dry out, but it will develop without problems the following spring. In spring it must be watered regularly, especially in case of prolonged drought, in summer it is possible to suspend watering only for plants that have been planted for a few years. It loves a soft and loose soil, fresh and humid, like that present in the undergrowth, consisting of a good percentage of organic matter. Strawberry rhizomes produce numerous creeping stolons, at the end of which a new plant develops, these plants can be detached from the mother plant and cultivated as single plants. For a good production of fruits and a good development of the plants it is good to periodically uproot the new seedlings that are produced every year.
ADVICE: for a better development of the fruits it is good to enrich the soil every year with well-mature organic fertilizer.
Strawberry or Wild Strawberry "Alexandria" (Fragaria vesca) [Vase 8x8cm]
The “Alexandria” Strawberry or Wild Strawberry plant (Fragaria vesca) is a variety bifera or remontant, a small perennial shrub, about 15/20 cm tall, native to Europe, Asia and North America. It forms small tufts of basal leaves, supported by single thin stems, consisting of three small oval leaves, of a bright green color. In spring and late summer it produces small flowers, consisting of 5 rounded petals, white or pinkish-white, in late spring (April - May) and in the autumn months (September - October) it produces numerous small false red fruits, dotted with seeds, smaller than the common strawberry, with a very intense aroma. It prefers cool, shaded or semi-shaded places, it does not fear the cold even with particularly harsh winters, the aerial part of the plant can dry out, but it will develop without problems the following spring. In spring it must be watered regularly, especially in case of prolonged drought, in summer it is possible to suspend watering only for plants that have been planted for a few years. It loves a soft and loose soil, fresh and humid, like that present in the undergrowth, consisting of a good percentage of organic matter. Strawberry rhizomes produce numerous creeping stolons, at the end of which a new plant develops, these plants can be detached from the mother plant and cultivated as single plants. For a good production of fruits and a good development of the plants it is good to periodically uproot the new seedlings that are produced every year. Multiple properties: diuretic, astringent, purifying, the leaves and roots contain tannin and vitamin C, while the fruits are rich in mineral salts such as sulfur, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium.
ADVICE: for a better development of the fruits it is good to enrich the soil every year with well-ripened organic fertilizer.
Strawberry - Fragaria vesca - garden
Fragaria vesca, commonly known as wild strawberry, is a herbaceous plant of the rosaceae family that you can find at NURSERY PRANDINI. It is a spontaneous species that grows in the Italian undergrowth and is cultivated for its fruits: small strawberries with a very intense aroma.
The wild strawberry loves soils rich in organic substance, loose and fresh, it needs abundant watering, avoiding water stagnation. It prefers a sunny exposure and it is good to fertilize the soil before transplanting with mature manure.
FLOWERS AND FRUITS
The wild strawberry flowers are reminiscent of strawberry flowers, they are pure white in color and give us fruit from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn. They are fruits with a very sweet flavor and an intense and enveloping aroma.
USE AND HEALTHCARE CONTENT
The wild strawberry has tannin, mucilage, vitamins and mineral salts. Its properties include nourishing, astringent, diuretic and purifying properties. The infusion of the leaves is used against dysentery and to facilitate diuresis the infusion of leaves and rhizome against rheumatism and diseases of the kidney system. The fruits, rich in calcium, iron, phosphorus and vitamin C, are easily assimilated and useful in case of convalescence, anemia, arthritis and gout. The juice of the fruit, for external use, is indicated in case of sunburn, skin spots and dull teeth. The pulp of the fruits is an effective remedy in the prevention of wrinkles in fact it makes the skin of the face soft, velvety and elastic. The rhizome has aperitive, purifying and diuretic properties that can be exploited by rheumatics and those suffering from sciatica and stones, it is also a good gingival astringent. Chopped leaves can be applied to purulent abscesses. The rhizomes and the lateral roots are collected in spring and autumn, and dried in the sun, they are kept in paper or canvas bags. The leaves must be detached before flowering, if they are not used fresh they must be dried in the shade and stored like rhizomes. There are no particular side effects reported regarding the use of wild strawberry. Some predisposed individuals may experience allergic reactions if they consume the fruit. As a precaution, the use of wild strawberry and all its extracts is not recommended during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- 1 History
- 2 Cultivation
- 2.1 Manuring and harvesting
- 2.2 Pests
- 2.3 Diseases
- 2.4 Domestic cultivation
- 3 Production
- 4 Culinary
- 5 Nutrients
- 6 Phytochemicals
- 6.1 Color
- 6.2 Flavor and fragrance
- 7 Marketing
- 8 Genetics
- 9 Allergy
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Strawberry, characteristics and properties
There strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Rosaceae family characterized by leaves arranged in a rosette, rooting aerial stolons, small white flowers and edible fruits.
The strawberry fruit consists of an enlarged receptacle - the red part - sprinkled with small yellow-green achenes on the surface.
The strawberry receptacle is rich in flavonoids, including anthocyanins, with an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and vasorelaxing action. Strawberries also have antiviral, hypocholesterolemic and hypolipidemic properties.
The achenes are the real fruits of the strawberry, which can give rise to a new plant, as they contain the seeds.
In this strange period, those wishing to enrich their garden on the balcony with some strawberry plants may find it difficult to find already developed plants. However, this can turn into an opportunity to experiment and try to obtain strawberry plants starting from the achenes.
The leaves gathered at the base in small tufts, are trefoil and serrated. The small white flowers with 4 to 6 petals bloom throughout the period from April to July, sometimes the plants bloom again in autumn. The fruit is actually a false fruit, which supports the fruits properly called achenes which are the seeds which sprinkle the surface.
Undergrowth, sparse woods, escarpments. It is found almost throughout Europe.
It prefers fresh, rather acidic soil and a sunny or partial shade exposure.
Fruits can be harvested no earlier than 8 months after planting. They are also difficult to keep and must be consumed or processed quickly.