Miscellaneous

How to create a flower garden in the shade of trees

How to create a flower garden in the shade of trees


The overwhelming majority of summer cottages and garden plots have a very limited area, amounting to only 4-10 acres. If its owner prefers a garden and a vegetable garden, then there is often a problem with the placement of flower beds and various ornamental plants in the country.

How to be? Is there a way out of this situation? Of course there is. I will share my experience and that of one of my site neighbors.

We place flowers and ornamental plants in the near-stem circles of fruit trees, and without any damage to fruit crops. True, here it is necessary to exclude those trees that have not yet reached four years and are kept under clean fallow.

The cultivation of annual flowers under the crowns of the garden is especially good; ground cover crops and low perennials with a superficial root system feel comfortable there.


The most suitable plants for such a garden are a variety of stonecrops - white, thick-leaved and others. Small-bulbous flowers feel and look great under the crowns of trees: hyacinths, crocuses, muscari, daffodils and even tulips. Viola (pansies) and biennial pyrethrum with flowers resembling small-flowered chrysanthemums are good neighbors for these flowers.

Perennials look very impressive under the crowns, for which partial shade and even shade are preferable to illuminated places: aquilegia, periwinkle, brunera, iris, marigold, daffodil, primrose and others.

Under the crowns of old trees, the roots of which go deep into the soil, you can place a wide variety of flower beds, and in some cases you can even create miniature flower beds of continuous flowering under each of the trees, and perennials feel great under these conditions. They are durable, hardy, very decorative and do not require much maintenance.

For example, gardener Elena Kuzmina has a primrose, crocus and iris growing and blooming under the crown of an old rooted plum for many years, and in the center of such a flower garden there is a poultry garden, a dicentra and several bushes of paniculata phlox. Such a set of plants in the near-stem circle ensures flowering from April (crocuses) to October (phlox), and in the case when phloxes outgrow, they cut off several stems into bouquets, and new shoots grow from the axillary buds, blooming at the end of summer and continuing delight the gardener until frost.

In my garden, under a very old apple tree, several raspberry bushes grow very successfully, which produce berries that are almost twice as large as in a regular raspberry tree.

At one of the gardeners I happened to get acquainted with an apple tree, under which doronicum grows and blooms in May-June, later tulips bloom, then peonies, and all these beautifully flowering plants are trimmed with viola at the edges of the flower bed. The flower garden, therefore, pleases the eyes from spring to frost.


Under another apple tree, tulips first bloom freely, and then in the summer they are replaced by calendula and viola. Under one of the old sea buckthorns I have very well placed peonies, and under the other - several bushes of asters with a spherical crown, blooming in July-August with lilac-pink inflorescences-baskets.

I want to note that such asters, without taking up much space, create a true symphony of beauty and comfort for some gardeners in small flower beds. I also know that in some areas summer residents and gardeners in near-trunk circles successfully grow rhubarb, sorrel and other vegetable plants.

Caring for plantings in near-trunk circles is quite simple.

In early spring, as a rule, nitrogen fertilization is given by spraying urea or nitrate over the entire near-stem circle at the rate of 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per 1 m². Then, in June-July, the plants are fed twice more, for example, Kemira floral or universal.

Spreading the entire area of ​​the garden with fertilizers, as recommended by some authors, is unjustified, since up to 30% of the garden area is occupied by passages and paths that do not require nutrition.

In dry weather, all plants in the near-stem circles should be watered.

At the beginning of autumn, you need to clear the near-trunk circle of weeds, cover the ground with compost, peat or rotted sawdust with a layer of about 5-6 cm. The stems of faded plants should be cut off and left in the same place for better snow retention, and in the spring, remove and put everything in a compost heap ...

In conclusion, I want to make three clarifications:

- if in the lower zone of the tree there are branches that do not yield or are withered, then they should be cut off so that they do not interfere with the plants planted in the circle;
- if apple trees grow on low-growing rootstocks, then trunk circles with a diameter of about 1 m should be left unoccupied;
- before planting plants in a near-stem circle, it is very useful to study their features: whether this plant is suitable for growing in the shade and partial shade, and also to consult on this issue with more experienced gardeners.

Based on my experience and the experience of other summer residents and gardeners, I can conclude that after planting plants in tree-trunk circles, the garden is transformed, giving the site beauty and comfort. At the same time, land savings of 20-30% are achieved, and all this is beneficial for the site and a noticeable improvement in its design.

Anatoly Veselov, gardener

Also read:
• How to create a beautiful flower garden in a wet area
• How to create a flower garden in a shady place
• How to create a flower garden by the reservoir
• How to prepare the soil for flower beds
• Arrangement of a flower garden in a garden plot
• Plants for a beautiful flower bed
• How to create a beautiful flower garden

How to choose plants for planting in a shady area?

Any ennobled area has shady areas, such as the north side of the building, places under the crown of decorative and fruit trees, as well as under a hedge or fence. The sun rarely hits such places, and if it does, it quickly leaves, preventing the garden plants from fully showing their decorative effect and even more so showing their special flowering.
In addition to sun-loving plants: daffodils, tulips, lilies, peonies and roses, there are many more beautiful shade-loving plants that have luxurious foliage and original flowering. They profitably fill the empty space of any shaded flower bed and look very good.

In order to properly break a shady flower bed, you need to determine its degree of illumination.

After all, there are northern areas, on which direct sunlight practically does not fall, but scattered ones fall. And there are places with very dense shade, especially under the crown of lush fruit trees, where the grass itself does not grow well.

Your personal plot can be conditionally divided into lighting zones:

  • sunny area, where about 6 hours the daytime and midday sun falls
  • a semi-shaded area, the sun gets on it from 4 to 6 hours, including morning and evening
  • shadows, the sun is there only for a couple of hours
  • openwork shade, where the sun's rays penetrate only through dense foliage
  • deep shadow, the sun gets there very rarely (up to an hour a day)

After correctly defining the zone, you can safely select plants for the prepared flower bed, without fear that the plants will not develop or die in the shade.


Unpretentious perennial plants

For busy gardeners, gardens are their favorite perennial flowers that don't need regular maintenance.

Astilba (lat.Astilba)

This is a beautiful plant that will delight the grower with continuous flowering from mid-July until the first frost. The culture prefers sunny positions. Single flowers capable of reaching a height of 1.5 meters, making them ideal for planting in the center of the bed.

Long blooming perennial flowers for the garden - Astilba

Willow sunflower (lat.Helianthus salicifolius website)

This tall perennial plant will be an excellent decoration in the garden. The only treatment he needs is pruning to form the trunk and vertical shoots. To create a unique and amazing flower, several types of decorative sunflowers are used in one composition.

The willow-leaf sunflower bed is ideal for places in the area

Rudbeckia (lat.Rudbeckia)

This is a great choice for a busy summer resident. Everything you need for plant development and plenty of sunlight. Large chamomile flowers are adorable only in flower beds.

Rudbeckia is very bright and rich - it is used to highlight an architectural element or garden decoration

Tulips (lat.Tulip)

Classic colors that suit any garden. Unlike most blooms, these flowers require minimal maintenance, but growing abundantly must be considered.

Delicate tulips are perfect for creating a monocrom

Narcissus (Latin Narcissus)

These plants are highly decorative. They look great in combination with other cultures, harmonious in flower beds and gardens.

Slender daffodils look favorably among other greenery and trees

Read about how to plant daffodils in our article.

Lily of the valley (lat.Lily of the valley)

Lilies of the valley are a gentle symbol of spring, one of the first to enjoy its aroma. Flowers in the garden can grow in one place for up to 10 years, they take root well in the shade and in the sun. Recommended to combine with low-growing crops, pastel, dull colors.

Garden lilies - beautiful and delicate primroses

If planting lilies does not give seedlings, our material will help you.

Aquilegia (Latin Aquilegia)

This bell-shaped plant adorns the garden from late May to September. After flowering, it does not lose its decorative properties due to the leaves becoming purple or violet. Due to the unusual shape of the flowers, it attracts special attention.

Aquilegia is valued not only for decorative flowers, but also for leaves.

Geranium (lat.Geranium)

The characteristic of plants is the short lifespan of each flower. But in order to replace the faded, new ones immediately come. Flowering can last from May to August. Often used for growing in pots or planters that are placed on the ledges of buildings, wide window sills.

Geraniums in the garden bloom throughout the summer season

Cornflowers (Latin cornflower)

These flowers thrive on any soil. They are tall enough and easily get along with other plants, they can become an excellent backdrop for flowering plants, look great among ornamental grasses. Competently combining perennials, you can create a picturesque garden that will delight you with flowering until late autumn.

Cornflowers are often vybiraut as flowers for a rustic garden


Flower garden in the shade

Creating a spectacular herbaceous perennial flower garden in the shade is not an easy task. After all, one has to take into account not only the biological and ecological characteristics of shade-tolerant plants, but also different lighting conditions. The degree of shading depends on the density and closeness of the crowns of trees and shrubs, the height of the house and outbuildings, that is, the shadow is different - thick, light, partial shade.

A dense, dense shade, as a rule, is given by conifers (spruce, fir) and some deciduous species (maple, oak), and it also forms under the canopy of old fruit trees (especially apple trees) and bushes, for example, irgi, hawthorn, hazel, and , in addition, on the north side of the house and various buildings [3]. Few plants can endure such difficult conditions. Among them are various ferns, kupena, brunners - large-leaved and Siberian, geraniums - red-brown and blood-red, Colchis epimedium, or Colchis mountain weasel, hoof, hellebore, common wolf, primroses, corydalis, small periwinkle, creeping tenacious, tiarellah. Skillfully using these herbaceous perennials, you can create an interesting flower garden even in dense, dense shade.

Brighter and more attractive expositions are obtained in partial shade, which is formed on the western and eastern sides of buildings and along the edges [3]. Such habitats are optimal, perhaps, for the vast majority of decorative leafy and flowering plants. Among them are anemone, astilba, astrantia, badan, loosestrife, volzhanka, dicentra, doronicum, irises, bells, meadowsweet, daylilies, decorative bows, violets, peonies, lilies, primroses, hosts, lupine, spurge, phlox, etc.

A light shadow is formed under the canopy of trees and shrubs with an openwork crown (plum, sea buckthorn, cherry, mountain ash, etc.) [3]. These conditions are great for species such as the umbilical cord (Omphalodes verna), daylily, fragrant woodruff (Asperula odorata), lupine, lily of the valley, black cohosh, lungwort, bulbous plants (daffodils, snowdrops). Pine also gives a light shade - individual specimens or a sparse forest. Typically, this tree grows in sandy, nitrate-poor soils. Therefore, planting ranches and lupines here will not only increase the decorativeness of the site, but also enhance the growth and development of pine, due to the ability of plants to fix nitrogen and increase nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil.

In forest areas with a predominance of deciduous species, the variability of the light regime is of great importance. Here, every year the growing season is replaced by two periods of different illumination [5]. The first happens in early spring, when the leaves of trees and shrubs have not yet blossomed and do not impede the penetration of sunlight. At this time, in such places, light-loving, moisture-loving and cold-resistant plants feel good - ephemeroids (woodleaf, anemone, corydalis, etc.), which form spectacular bright spots. But their growing season passes very quickly, so when the tree species are covered with dense foliage, the colorful carpets of early spring species disappear. Aerial shoots die off, and rhizomes, bulbs, tubers remain in the soil, in which a supply of nutrients has already been accumulated. But by this time, shade-loving herbaceous perennials planted on the site become decorative.

In addition to the light mode - one of the main principles for selecting an assortment, there are other equally important factors that must also be taken into account when creating a flower garden in the shade. These are the microclimate of the site, the degree of soil moisture, the presence of forest litter. Of particular importance is the substrate that provides the plants with water and nutrients.

For normal growth and development of most shaded perennials, loose, fertile, humus-rich, usually well-structured soils are required. To improve heavy clay soil, sand, peat, humus are added. On such well-moistened soils, hellebores, snowdrops, kupins, ozhiki, arizema, volzhanki, astilbe, hosts, black cohosh can grow.

Loose sandy soils, poor in humus, dry out quickly. They are "ennobled" by bringing in peat, humus, necessarily adding complex mineral fertilizers. Among the shade-tolerant plants, there are species (although there are very few of them) that prefer poor sandy soil. These are some stonecrops, lily of the valley May (Convallaria majalis), narrow-leaved lungwort (Pulmonaria angustifolia) [3].

If the site is located under the canopy of trees, then a significant amount of organic matter enters the soil from decomposed litter. The latter has a reaction close to neutral, which is favorable for the growth and development of most shade-tolerant plants. But in general, almost all of them grow well on soils, the acidity of which varies widely from slightly acidic to alkaline. True, there are species that prefer alkaline soils, for example, periwinkle, Colchis epimedium [3].

Adequate moisture, especially in spring, is the most important prerequisite for a good shade ground cover. Most shade-tolerant and shade-loving plants are mesophytes, that is, they need a normally moist soil and high air humidity, as a rule, they do not tolerate drought well [3]. There are species with a particularly high demand for water, the so-called hygrophytes.These include astilba, primrose, butterbur, meadowsweet, hosta, Manchurian saxifrage. In hot dry weather, they droop, the leaves lose their turgor. But among the shade-tolerant plants there are also xerophytes - species that tolerate drought well, for example, horny goat weed, periwinkle, forest anemone, kupeni, geraniums, stonecrops. As a rule, these are plants with dense, thick leaves, often pubescent or covered with a waxy bloom. They can even be planted near tree trunks.

In addition, it should be remembered that during the rain, water partially remains on the trunks, branches, leaves of trees, as well as on the surface of other plants, from where it evaporates without entering the soil. For example, the spruce canopy retains more water than the pine canopy due to its dense branching and better coverage [5]. Therefore, during the growing season, it is necessary to carefully monitor the soil moisture and, if necessary, water the plants. Hygrophytes need constant moisture, mesophytes need moderate moisture.

Any gardener wants a shaded flower garden to be interesting and inviting. This can be achieved only by the correct selection and placement of plants, as well as competent care, which requires a lot of work, diligence and great patience, but the result is worth it!

1. T.K. Goryshina "Plant ecology". - M .: Higher school, 1979 .-- 368 p.

2. Zelikov V.D. "Soil Science with the Basics of Geology". - M .: Publishing house MGUL, 2002 .-- 220 p.

3. Karpisonova R.A. "A flower garden in the shade." - M .: Publishing house "Kladez-Buks", 2005. - 143 p.

4. Karpisonova R.A. "Color and terms of decorativeness of perennials". - M .: JSC "Fiton +", 2010. - 112 p.

5. Shennikov A.P. "Introduction to Geobotany". - St. Petersburg: Publishing house of the Leningrad University, 1964 .-- 447 p.

The magazine "Floriculture", No. 5, 2012


Ornamental plants of primary colors

Our table will help you choose the plants (mainly annuals) of the desired shades. This list is incomplete, but we tried to include in it common ornamental crops, among which you will find varieties with inflorescences and leaves of certain tones.

Culture name

Ageratum, alissum, antirrinum, aster, balsam, begonia, cornflower, venidium, verbena, cloves, dahlia, godetia, sweet peas, iberis, cleoma, cosmea, lavater, levkoy, pelargonium, petunia, tobacco, zinnia.

Ageratum, brachikoma, cornflower, viola, delphinium, sweet peas, lobelia, salvia.

Antirrinum, marigold, viola, gailardia, gatsania, gelichrizum, dahlia, calendula, coleus, coreopsis, nasturtium, nemesia, pyrethrum, sunflower, tobacco, cellosia, zinnia, escholzium.

Adonis, antirrinum, aster, balsam, begonia, verbena, gatsania, cloves, dahlia, godetia, sweet peas, poppy, nasturtium, nemesia, pelargonium, petunia, tobacco, phlox, cellosia, zinnia.

Marigolds, viola, gatsania, calendula, coreopsis, nasturtium, escholzia.

Gaillardia, godetia, lavatera, clarkia, nemesia, scabiosa, celosia.

Ageratum, aster, balsam, begonia, carnation, godetia, delphinium, sweet peas, clarkia, cleoma, cosmea, lavater, levkoy, lobelia, lobularia, petunia, salvia, tobacco, phlox, zinnia.

Aster, cornflower, viola, verbena, helenium, delphinium, levkoy, lobelia, petunia, salvia.

Alissum, brachikoma, verbena, viola, heliotrope, helenium, godetia, cleoma, cosmea, levkoy, mattiola, salvia.

We hope the laws of color have inspired you to create an attractive flower garden that adheres to the basic design rules. Of course, they are not rigid - there may be exceptions. The main thing is that admiring the plants brings you pleasure!


12 shade garden ideas

She gives the desired coolness without having legs, moves around the garden, giving it depth and mystery. The mysterious lady of the half-light named Shadow can be completely different - she is full of contrasts and halftones, which indirectly affect our emotional state and directly - the choice of suitable plants in our favorite garden. Let's find out more about her habits and whims!

Penumbra, or diffused light, reigns in places that are caressed by the rays of the sun for no more than 4-5 hours a day. Its characteristic constant play of glare, coolness and higher humidity have a beneficial effect on many green dwellers, for example, astilba, astrantia or fern. And even among sun-loving herbaceous perennials there are many that tolerate openwork shade well, for example highlander candlestick or basilisnik Delawai... But in full shade, say, on the north side of a tall building or under trees and shrubs with a large and dense crown, sunlight is chronically lacking. Only the most persistent are able to survive here, such as periwinkle (Vinca) or ivy. What is the best design for your shady garden?

1. Secluded corners under deciduous trees in the summer they beckon with coolness. Here you can also enjoy the mesmerizing play of light and shadow, which is formed by the rays of the sun, making their way through the foliage. Bellflower (Campanula), hydrangeas, ivy and numerous ferns grow well in the openwork shade.


Secluded corners under deciduous trees in summer beckon with coolness

2. Pink inflorescences of Astilba Arends similar to air feathers (Astilbe × arendsii) ‘Bressing Beauty’ looks very impressive against a contrasting dark background. This is one of the few plants that can bloom profusely and continuously in the shade. However, the complete absence of the sun is contraindicated for astilbe; an openwork shadow suits her best. This perennial wintering well in central Russia and is not successful with insect pests.


Astilba Arends

3.With a pergola, densely braided with wisteria and clematis, the shaded far corner in the garden turned into a cozy, protected from prying eyes place for leisure.


With a pergola densely braided with wisteria and clematis, the shaded far corner in the garden has turned into a cozy, protected from prying eyes place for leisure

4. Stylish solution: a flower garden with Heuchera and a bell (Campanula), it is enough to add a suitable accessory, for example, a clay figurine, and the composition will take place!


Stylish solution: a flower garden with a Heuchera and a bell (Campanula) is enough to add a suitable accessory, for example, a clay figurine, and the composition will take place!

5. Lush herbaceous perennialssuch as geraniums and 'Aureola' hakonechloa adorn the winding clinker path.

6. White-pink flowers of large Astrantia (Astrantia major) look like fishnet buttons. This filigree herbaceous perennial captivates with its natural charm. The plant reproduces well by self-seeding.


5. Lush herbaceous perennials such as Geranium and Aureola Haconechloa adorn the winding clinker path. 6. White-pink flowers of large Astrantia (Astrantia major) look like openwork buttons

7. Warm tones in partial shade: two lush ferns - (1) female kochedzhnik (Athyrium filix-femina) - spread their delicate leaves, as if grabbing a catchy (2) palm-shaped kirengesh (Kirengeshoma palmata), which is adorned with delicate yellow flowers and leaves, similar to maple. On the right brings bright colors to the composition (3) hybrid adenophora (Adenophora hybride) 'Amethyst' with blue-purple bell-shaped flowers. Eye-catching in the foreground (4) lyriope muscaria (Liriope muscari) with thin gramineous leaves. In August-September, she has remarkable candle-shaped inflorescences. Liriope complements orange yellow (5) meconopsis cambrian (Meconopsis cambrica) ‘Aurantiaca’, which appears in all its glory only in cool shade.


Warm tones in partial shade

8. Shade-tolerant tall representatives of floraeg Volzhanka dioica (Aruncus dioicus), great and solos. The tenderness of the white lush inflorescences of the plant emphasizes the bright background of the red structure.

9. The steps look organic in the embrace of thickets meconopsis cambrica (Meconopsis cambrica), Corydalis and variegated hosts 'Golden Tiara'.


8. Volzhanka is dioecious. 9. Steps in the embrace of thickets of meconopsis cambrian, corydalis and variegated hosts Golden Tiara

You can always find on sale planting material for creating a shady garden using our market. Compare the prices of different online stores and choose plants for the garden in the shade and partial shade.

10. Juicy colors on top. Plants for a raised flower garden, located in partial shade, are deliberately matched tone-on-tone: this is a classic version that always looks harmonious. In all their glory, "pets" appear at the peak of summer. At this time, compact pink inflorescences appear. (1) highlander candlestick (Polygonum amplexicaule) 'Anna'. Nearby, with every breath of the breeze, lovely panicles sway (2) silver sedge (Carex pendula) with picturesquely drooping beautiful leaves. In July, the composition is supported by purple-red heads (3) a large (Astrantia major) 'Abbey Road'. The flaming flower bonfire adds color and (4) Heuchera hybrid (Heuchera hybride) 'Obsidian' with deep red leaves and lovely pink buds. Between the geychers there is a ground cover (5) hybrid geranium (Geranium hybride) 'Sue Crug', which captivates with pink-purple flowers from July to September.


Juicy colors on top

11. White-green oasis under the trees... In this example, tall and short plants are planted in a layered arrangement as they normally grow in nature, with the tallest in the background and the lowest in the foreground. On the right, a stately man proudly stretches upward (1) aconite nodule (Aconitum napellus) which blooms from July to August. Nearby she fluffed her unusual huge leaves (2) rogers horse chestnut (Rodgersia aesculifolia). Contrasts beautifully with her (3) Delawai's basilis (Thalictrum delavayi) 'Album' is a delicate herbaceous perennial with airy openwork buds that are great for cutting. On the left, the flower garden is decorated with one of the most beautiful summer flowering plants - (4) large-leaved hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla), whose snow-white inflorescence balls attract the eye with incredible size. In the center is an unusually hardy (5) male shieldworm (Dryopteris filix-mas). The edge of the flower garden is lightened by the wide oval leaves of variegated (6) hosts hybrid (Hosta hybride) ‘Patriot’.


White-green oasis under the trees

12. Jungle in mini format: coexist in one container ivy, hillia (Gillenia), multirower bristle-bearing (Polystichum setiferum) 'Dahlem', bell point (Campanula punctata) ‘Sarastro’ and Derbyanka (Blechnum).


Ivy, Gillenia, Polystichum setiferum Dahlem, Campanula punctata Sarastro and Derbyanka Blechnum coexist in one container.

You can clearly structure the site by laying flower beds of strict geometric shapes. Or, conversely, to make your green oasis more intriguing, with a predominance of smooth lines and transitions, that is, close to nature. The choice of a stylistic strategy largely depends on specific conditions: for example, an imitation of a forest glade will look better under a sprawling large tree, and a formal "straightforward" style is more appropriate in the heavy shadow of a building or in courtyards. The "semi-light" scattered by deciduous trees pacifies, but the sharp, dense shadow from the house can be melancholy and depressing. However, each case is different: for example, the corner on the east side of the building, illuminated by the morning sun, is perfectly suitable for a terrace where you can have breakfast and enjoy the beauty of nature.

Alas, there are much fewer flowering plants adapted to the shade than sun-loving ones. But among the shade-tolerant, there are plenty of decorative-leaved beauties with a different structure, shape and color of leaves - it is worth betting on them, making out a shady corner, because it is these modest heroes that set the tone in such places. For example, the Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium), Rogersia (Rodgersia) and Hosta (Hosta), although they come from East Asia, grow well in our latitudes.

Flower beds from Darmera and Rodgersia with large leaves in combination with filigree ornamental grasses and ferns look very dynamic. For color, they can be diluted with floral herbaceous perennials such as Astrantia, Cimicifuga and Astilbe.

When choosing a color scheme for planting in the shade, give preference to plants with variegated white-green leaves and white flowers - in dark corners they will serve as so-called illuminators. Pastel blues, pinks and lilacs also look most impressive in dim light. And finally, one cannot but recall a couple of indisputable advantages of shady flower beds: dense plantings with hardy herbaceous perennials bypass weeds, and moisture from the soil does not evaporate as quickly as in the sun.


Photo: archive of the magazine "Mein schöner Garten"
Drawing: MSG / Claudia Schick


5 plants for a flower garden

In this flower garden there are only 5 different plants, selected taking into account the conditions of the place of growth and long-term decorativeness. The table below shows the main assortment of plants and offers options for replacing each crop in case you do not like the main type or cannot get it.


5 plants for the flower garden "Bright colors in partial shade"

Avens

Gravilates are light-requiring, but can tolerate light shading. They are undemanding to the soil, develop poorly on damp and acidified soils, responsive to watering. It is advisable to cover terry forms for the winter with leaves. In our flower garden there is a variety of Chilean gravilata ‘Mrs J. Bradshow’ - it is a perennial plant with double, bright red-orange large flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, blooming from July for a month.


Gravilat is in the foreground of the flower garden

Astilba

Most astilba varieties can grow in areas with fairly high groundwater and can even tolerate stagnant water. But the plants cannot stand long-term drought. Poor soil, open sun and lack of rain can ruin them. In such cases, the astilbe should be watered twice a day, early in the morning or in the evening. Fertile soil, dense planting, mulching with shavings or bark will also help plants.


Choose an Astilba variety with pink or purple panicles

Astilbe very poorly tolerate overheating of the upper part of the rhizome, and mulch helps to reduce overheating, reduce moisture loss, maintains looseness of the soil, prevents weeds and, which is very important, creates favorable conditions for wintering. In flower beds, it is best to mulch the plants immediately after planting, covering the entire surface of the soil with a layer of mulch of 5 cm.


Watch the video: Landscaping. Edging. Mulching Around Trees